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tv   Newsline  PBS  October 11, 2014 12:00am-12:31am PDT

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hello and thank you for joining us on this edition of "newsline". this year's noble peace prize is going to two champions. one is honoring an indian and pakistani teenager. >> noble peace prize for 2014 is to be awarded to india kailash satyarthi and malala yousafzai for their struggle against oppression of young people and children and children's right to education. children must go to school, not be financially exploited.
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>> kailash satyarthi has protested for over three decades against exploitation of children and founded aid volunteer group to stop child labor. >> it's a great honor for all of those children who are deprived their childhood globally. it's an honor to my fellow indians. it's not just an honor for me. it's an honor for all those who were fighting against child labor globally. >> malal a, at 17 is the youngest nobel laureate in university history. >> i'm proud that i'm the first pakistani and the first young woman, or young person, to get this award. it's a great honor for me. and i'm also really happy i'm sharing this award with a person -- with a person from
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india whose name is kalaish and his great work for child's rights, his great work against child slavery inspires me. i'm really happy there are so many people working for children's rights and not alone and he totally deserved this award. i feel honored i'm sharing this award with him. both are the two nobel award receivers, one from pakistan, one from india. one strongly believes in hinduism and one believes in islam. it gives a message to people. it gives a message to people of love between pakistan and india and between different religions. and we will support each other. it does not matter what's the color of your skin, what language you speak, what religion you believe in. it is that we should all consider each other as human
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beings and respect each other and all fight for the routights children and women and every human being. malala's life as changed dramatically. she went from near death to winning one of the world's top honors. nhk world has this report. >> reporter: malala yousafzai started writing a blog for the bbc when she was 11 years old. she described going to school under threat of attack by islamist extremists who oppose education for girls. and she spoke out about her belief that everyone should get an education regardless of gender. malala lived in the swat valley. two out of three girls there are unable to attend school. malala was airlifted to britain for treatment after she was shot. when she regained consciousness,
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she says the first thought that passed through her mind was thank god i'm not dead. she now lives in the city of birmingham with her parents and two brothers, and she's back at school. malala is undeterred. she's carrying on with her work, lobbying for girls and women to get the same educational opportunities as boys and men. she celebrated her 16th birthday by making an address at the united nations. >> one child, one teacher, one book and one pen can change the world. [ applause ] >> reporter: malala has become an advocate for the 57 million children around the world who are unable to attend school and
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this prize is a victory for them as well. not everyone in malala's home country is celebrating. islamic militants who oppose education for women has been blowing up schools. here's more. >> reporter: in the capital islamabad, people were surprised and overjoyed to hear malala had won the nobel peace prize. they congratulated her and expressed the hope she would do even more. >> translator: it's a really big thing for peace in pakistan. this is a great opportunity for women to get more power. >> translator: malala has done a lot for education. which is an honor for the country. pakistan can be proud of this. >> reporter: despite the accolade for malala, education for girls in pakistan faces
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serious threats. there are extremist groups active in the northwest of pakistan who strongly oppose the idea of education for women. so far this year, at least 23 schools in this region have been attacked with bombs or hand grenades. 70% of them are girls schools. the commander of the pakistani taliban sent an open letter that he had previously written to malala. he accuses the student of mounting a smear campaign against the group's efforts to establish an islamic society. he claims that the reason for the attack on malala was not because she was attending school, but because she had made light of islam. malala's award can be expected to provoke a backlash from
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islamic militants and conservative islamic groups. the situation in pakistan highlights the huge divide in the view of education held by the pakistani taliban and malala and the international community. nhk world, islamabad. rescuers who spent two weeks searching for victimscanic erup against time the they are trying to find eight hikers before the arrival of a typhoon. officials say about 1100 people will keep up their search on saturday. the rescuers are struggling. they are sinking up to their chest in rain soaked ash. some are suffering health
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problems, including altitude sickness and hypothermia. a typhoon has forecast to approach central japan early next week. rescue officials will work as quickly as they can until the weather worsens. scientists who advice the japanese government say they'll monitor mt. ontake more closely. some members of the panel said they should try to predict any further eruptions. they called for more observation equipment near the summit. scientists at universities monitor volcanos across japan and began focusing on 16 locations several years ago for financial reasons and excluded mt. ontake, they'll look at all 110 active volcanos around the country and decide which to watch more closely. in other news, a huge crowd of pro democracy protesters have gathered once again in hong kong. they're angry about the government's decision to cancel talks between both sides and
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they're warning the demonstrations will expand if their demands are ignored. nhk world's estella mak reports from the city center. >> reporter: thousands of people have come out to join the protests. the crowd is expected to become bigger over the weekend. students are coming back here in big numbers. they are once again digging in their heels and they are rallying people to join the demonstrations. but over the past few days, the number of protesters outside a government headquarters had dwindled. the city's chief secretary carrie lam announced that no discussions will be held for the time being. she said the dialogue had been under mined by the student's appeal earlier on thursday for people to rally in the streets. the two sides reportedly are
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still trying to end the standoff through dialogue. if protesters create further disruptions, they could alienate the very people they're trying to enlist in their cause. and whatever the outcome of the lingering standoff, public opinion will likely be a key factor. estella mak, nhk world, hong kong. and taiwan's president has reiterated his support for the protesters in hong kong. ma spoke on national day when people celebrate the revolution that toppled china's ching dynasty. >> translator: i strongly support the people of hong kong in their pursuit of democratic elections. the democratic development of mainland china and hong kong will be determined by the wisdom and character that mainland chinese leaders show in their attitude toward reform. >> taiwanese students occupied
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their parliament building in march in protest against an economic pact with china. people rallied in september to show their support for protesters in hong kong. chinese president xi jingping told a taiwanese delegation the same month he favored the one country/two systems approach. he said it would be the best way to achieve unification. taiwan's president rejected that idea. the south korean military is on alert after bullets fired from north korea landed in the south. the incident occurred after north korean troops open fire at propaganda balloons released by activists in south korea. the balloons were carrying leaflets criticizing the north's government. south korean military officials say ten shots were heard in the border region. several bullets landed near one of the country's military posts south korean troops broadcast a warning and open fire on a north
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korean border post shooting more than 40 machine gun rounds. troops from two sides then exchanged fire. on thursday, the north committee for the peaceful reunification of korea said officials in seoul should stop the planned leaflet launch or face what they call an uncontrollable catastrophe in inter-korean relations. it's been more than a week since fierce artillery exchanges took place in kashmir. a region claimed by both india and pakistan. bilateral relations were expected to improve after the inauguration of indian prime minister modi, but with the combined death toll on both sides reaching 17, the international community is becoming increasingly concerned. patchari raksawong in bangkok is has the details. the flare-up is the most serious violation of a 2003 cease-fire between india and pakistan. after several days of heavy
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fighting in kashmir, the reuters news agency on friday quoted a senior local police official as saying the fighting seems to have stopped for the time being. but there is no word yet that either government has made any concrete moves toward resolving the situation. reuters says there have been eight civilian deaths on the indian side and nine on the pakistani side in the violence which has lasted more than a week. thousands of people have been displaced on both sides of the de facto border shared by the two countries in the region. residents there are running out of patience, having suffered massive floods just last month. >> translator: we're so fed up with this constant gunfire. why don't india and pakistan stop fighting and get this over with once and for all? our livestock are dying of hunger, the floods have destroyed our crops and now we have this gunfire. >> on thursday, the u.n. secretary-general ban ki-moon
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expressed concern over the recent escalation of the violence and then deplored deplored the deaths and displacement of civilians. in may, newly elected indian prime minister narendra modi invited pakistani prime minister nawaz sharif to his inauguration ceremony. the leaders met on the sidelines and agreed to work toward improving bilateral ties. but there are now widespread fears that the recent resurgence of violence will once more destabilize the region. the darjeeling himalayan railway, a unesco site, also known as the toy train, is set to go back into service in eastern india after a landslide brought it to a halt the train service was cut off for three years because of two massive landslides in 2010 and 2011 that severed the train service between two towns. on friday, the divisional railway managers said fresh hopes have emerged that those services along the route would
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resume from november this year. >> translator: we've already laid about 600 meters of track and we'll lay the remaining 200 meters within the next 15 days, as soon as we get road connections. >> the darjeeling himalayan railway ran its first train in 1881 when india was under british colonial rule. it is the first and the most outstanding example of a hill passenger railway. in 1999, unesco declared it a world heritage site. people in the malay peninsula and indonesia have performed a shadow puppet theater for more than 1,000 years, but recently they've seen participation dwindle as people turn to the internet and other forms of entertainment. one young malaysian puppet master is trying to turn things around by exploring new possibilities in the traditional theater. nhk world with the report.
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>> reporter: characters in stories are drawn from ancient indian epics. the prince in this tale is on a path to rescue his wife from a devil who kidnapped her. there's no script. people have passed the story down orally. the puppet master is at the center of the action. the 36-year-old man is one of only a few rising stars in the field. he narrates the story and manipulates several puppets at the same time, all the while directing a traditional orchestra. he follows the story, but adds new episodes and dialogue. and often gives the show a new look.
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he also makes puppets himself. he uses cow hide and goat skin to ensure the figures move smoothly. >> puppet skin that's properly processed can stay long. might be 20 years we have lasted but cannot stay long with plastic. >> reporter: kamrul's father gives him hands on advice. 65-year-old hussein also a puppet master. >> translator: kamrul was watching the shows until very late at night, even when he was small. i'm so proud of his success. >> reporter: families for generations have passed down
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their knowledge and techniques. once there were 300 puppet masters in the province where kamrul grew up. now just a dozen or so remain. kamrul wants to preserve the tradition so two years ago he began teaching it to local children. he invites children over three years of age to take part. he writes unique rhythms on a piece of paper so everybody can understand. then, just as his father did with him, he takes the children by hand and teaches them step by step. >> translator: there are a range of puppets and the fighting scenes are exciting. >> reporter: kamrul is also exploring new possibilities for the puppet theater. in august, he took part in a
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joint show in kuala lumpur with a japanese group who performed a type of puppet theater dating back to the 17th century. kamrul found a lot of similarities between two types of theater. the performers overcame the language barrier and put on a professional and captivating show. [ applause ] >> new approach to make it have more understanding and then more flexible. this is a step for us to continue and it might be a new contemporary thing.
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>> reporter: kamrul continues to explore new horizons while preserving the traditions of puppetry. nhk world, kuala lumpur. that wraps up our bulletin. i'm patchari raksawong in bangkok. emerging economic powers still struggle with poverty. emboldened citizens still demanding democracy. the threat of violence, push for peace. shadow of conflict. get news and insight on south and southeast asia every weekday live from bangkok only on nhk "newsline." the heir to the thrown of luxembourg is encouraging firms to get involved in his country's information communication and technology industries. the prince is leading a delegation of around 60 business
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leaders. he told nhk that luxembourg is attractive because of its location. >> it is truly a gate way into the european market. with more than 500 million consumers. we have in luxembourg the chance of having a very business friendly mindset. we're open always been open to the outside world. >> the prince said his country is diversifying beyond its traditional role as a financial center. >> we've developed over past ten years a very big and very good infrastructure for a city, for internet connectivity with highly secured data centers who hopefully in the future will attract many startups in the ict area. >> he said business people in level luxembourg hope to build
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strong partnerships with firms in japan. >> october 10th, mark 50 years since the tokyo summer olympic, the games help transform the city into a modern metropolis. an athlete who competed in the 1964 event is helping keep the spirit alive on the other side of the world. nhk world has the story. >> a member of brazil's national volleyball team in 1974, now the president of the organizing committee for the rio olympics in 2016. he says he has found mom remem y rememories of the tokyo olympics. >> i'm proud i took part in the
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1964 tokyo olympics as a competitor. the games were perfectly organized and opening ceremony was beautiful. >> the tokyo games were first ever to be held in asia and athletes from 94 countries and regions took part, the largest number up to the time he knows japan very well, visited the country 36 times and impressed by the way tokyo has changed. >> tokyo greatly benefited from the olympics, it's the best example of how the games can change a city. >> the tokyo olympics dramatically transformed the lives of the japanese people as well as their cities. the bullet train linking tokyo and osaka was launch the nine days before the opening
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ceremony. after that train travel in japan was never again the same. the road network was also greatly expanded, including the construction of the tokyo metropolitan expressway system. honorship of color television sets spread rapidly, leading to a surge in interest in sports among japanese. he expects the olympics will have a similar effect on rio dejanuariend dejanner ro. >> in 2016, rio will be the first city in south america to host the games. >> reporter: he says the organizers of the real games are learning a lot from the 1964 event. he believes 2020 will be another milestone for japan. >> translator: i expect the next tokyo games will make history as the olympics and paralympics did
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in 1964. i'm sure they will bring many benefits, both for the japanese people and for the athletes. good look, rio is with you. >> tokyo! [ cheers and applause ] >> tokyo has a lot of work ahead as it prepares for the olympics. construction of a new national stadium is nearly six months behind schedule because of problems with the bidding procedure. and another problem officials initially wanted to hold a contact olympics with most of the venues centrally located to make it easier for athletes and spectators to get around. but because of a surge in construction cost, they are being forced to review their plans. hosting the olympics is never easy. officials planning the 2020 olympics are facing many obstacles, but they are sure the
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shining success of the 1964 games will help light their way. nhk world. and next here's the three-day outlook on the world's weather.
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that's all for now on this edition of "newsline." i'm raja prad han in tokyo. from all of us at nhk world,
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thanks for joining us.
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♪ this week on "moyers & company," 18-year-old kelsey juliana on defending our future against climate change. >> you don't have to call yourself an activist to act. i think that's so important that people my age really get into their heads. as a younger person, i have everything to gain from taking action and everything to lose from not. >> announcer: funding is provided by -- anne gumowitz, encouraging the renewal of democracy. carnegie corporation of new york, supporting innovations in education, democratic engagement and the advancement of international peace and security at carnegie.org. the ford foundation, working with visionaries on the front lines of social change worldwide. the herb alpert foundation, supporting organizations whose mission is to promote compassion and creativi i

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