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tv   Journal  PBS  November 21, 2014 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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>> live from studio to this is your world news in berlin. >> great to have you with us. one year on, ukrainians commemorate the start of the revolution. >> justice for who? china dissidents go on trial behind closed doors. >> going it alone. barack obama use his executive order to overhaul u.s. immigration law setting up a major clash with the republican party. we go live to washington. >> they are known as the
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demonstrators who brought down the government and threatened to rekindle the cold war. >> see protesters in the ukraine, one year ago today when they began filling independence square angry at the president for turning down closer ties with the european union in favor of russia. >> today they have a new president, and even he was heckled today. the revolution remains unfinished for some people. >> it is again filled with people. a year ago crowe test begins which forced out a president who rejected europe in favor of closer ties with russia. the commemoration honor those who died, in the hope their deaths and the resulting conflict was worth it. u.s. vice president joe biden traveled to kiev to moc to delir
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a sharp message to russia. he said the cease-fire agreement must be upheld. >> remove now illegal military formations, military equipment, and militants, and facilitate and release of all hostages. that is what was agreed to on mr. putin. none of that has occurred. >> earlier, thousands marched through central kiev. some even wearing military fatigues. >> today is the day of ukrainian victory. this is a victory of nation, freedom, i and solidarity. this day means a lot. first of all, we will commemorate those guys who died, and the victory of the ukrainian people.
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>> for residents, the anniversary evokes pride in the events a year ago. this is mixed with alarm for the future may hold. >> let's bring in our correspondent sue is standing by in kiev. frank, what kind of anniversary is this? >> it is a bittersweet anniversary. it is commemorating the young people, 77 young people that have died during the protests. the president was heckled, booing what he yet done to find out who was behind the killings. until today no one has been convicted for these killings. people are demanding much more
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from this new government. >> you have been talking to people today who were crowe testers a year ago. did they realize, what chain of events for beginning when they began protesting last year? crimea, eastern ukraine. all of that started a year ago. >> i don't think people were aware at the time. this is part of the sadness that can be felt today. people think about the war in the east, 4000 people that have been killed. there are students that have been protesting starting a year ago, students that are volunteers fighting at the front line. some came back for the state today. i've seen some of them wearing camouflage. it is a mixed feeling.
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>> before we let you go, you have been talking to a lot of evil. would you say the drive to change the ukraine is as strong as it was a year ago? >> there is a strong feeling. there is no doubt about that. one person has told me, he said we have to fight this war on one side and do reforms, because otherwise there could be a third revolution here. >> thank you. >> as we saw in our courts, many protesters who took part in the demonstrations were in kiev this friday commemorating the revolution and the people who lost their lives. >> as our report shows the reminders of what was lost are everywhere. >> the memory of the slain protesters is everywhere.
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a year ago, opponents of autocratic president's call for protests via social media. at the time he was a well-known journalist and critic. after the revolution he changed roles. he took his place in the newly elected parliament for the party of president poroshenko. >> i remember how many people were disappointed. then they rise again. i think it was worse to do that. on the other side, i am sad we have the result we have now. >> many of those protesters are today in uniform. pro-europeans will fight against the pro-russian rebels. among them, many students.
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many fear that as long as the war goes on the political system will not change. old the lethal find their way back. -- fold you lease will find their way back. things have to move quickly. he is off to parliament for coalition negotiations. it is an urgent task. >> if we do only reforms, we will have problems. if we do only war, we will have problem here in keo's stas-- in. >> protests responded to emergency calls. the one to be hurt politically. >> we want to be heard, to raise committees, to draft laws.
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>> many old lawmakers still have seats in the new parliament. diane criticized many of them. now he sits beside them. >> i think the most effective way to solve this problem is to build something attractive here in the ukraine, to push people east of ukraine to be part of ukraine. that way, we don't have any other choices. >> otherwise everything that began a year ago would have been in vain. >> we are to on commercial trials -- controversial trials in china. gao yu, a prominent reporter who has worked for dw, is known for
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critical arguments on the chinese. both are outspoken and face life in prison. the hearings took place behind closed doors. >> the courthouse was cordoned off. journalists were kept at bay and prohibited recording. they kept gao yu's reporter -- attorney from speaking to reporters. her brother wanted to attend the trial but decided to stay home after being intimidated. gao yu is accused of leaking state secrets. the well-known journalist has reported for deutsche welle and others.
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without formal charges, she offered a confession on camera. >> i think what i have done has violated the law and harm the natural interests of my country. i admit my guilt. >> during the trial, gao yu retracted her confession, saying it was forced. she wanted to protect her son. her lawyer can only speak about the trial by telephone. he is constantly watched by police. >> gao yu says her confession was given under duress. but it remains unclear which state secret she is accused of betraying. it could be elite communist party memo that warned western values, democracy, and press freedoms could pose a threat to the parties authority.
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she could be there and with life in prison -- she could be sentenced to life in prison. >> we asked her whether justice is being carried out here or is this as critics allege a political show trial. >> it seems to be political show trial. i spoke with gao yu's lawyer. he said there was little proof for her committing this crime, she is accused of handing this information over to an overseas website. the website denied they've received this from her. the evidence on the conviction- of gao yu herself. she confessed in jail being threatened. usually these confessions are
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not valid. we are not talking about the usual thing here. this may be enough to get her in jail for a long time. >> christine reporting from beijing. german foreign minister frank-walter steinmeier will mark the end of apartheid. >> he made the trip in spite of the diplomatic crises that forced him to cancel other visits. >> it is a visit that nearly didn't happen. crises in the middle east and ukraine have cap steinmeyer busy. germany's forign minister didn't want to cancel his trip in the year that south africa celebrates the 20th anniversary of the end of apartheid. >> in the past everything else was always more important than europe and germany's relations to africa. i think we have to change this
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attitude. that is the reason for the to africa, precisely in a time like this. >> germany is one of south africa's most important trading partners. he praised long-standing business ties between the countries. last year south africa unexpectedly canceled its bilateral investment treaty with germany. >> it was a disastrous signal. many companies that aren't prepared to invest in south africa and elsewhere are very disconcerted. they are holding back when it comes to making investments. >> the political scandal surrounding the south african president is calls for concern. he met with opposition to meet about this opposition off and -- to meet with this opposition.
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>> it is of great concern to see police enter parliament to remove a member of parliament. those images we never thought we would see in a democratic society. we need to fight back against that. >> he has promised to bring up the issue with the president. >> for is u.k. independence party is celebrating the went up another seat in parliament. >> mark reckless was sworn in today as the new member of parliament for the constituency in southeast england. he defected to the party in august amidst support for its tough stance on immigration. the popularity of the party could make it difficult for either of the main parties went a majority in the next general election. stay with us. we will take a break. then we will be right back.
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and a look at sports. >> well worth waiting for. >> business brief. news from the world of business. all the latest figures from the international financial markets. everything you need to know about world trade, currencies, and market prices. business brief, monday through saturday. ♪
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>> welcome back. we turn our focus to the united states. millions of undocumented immigrants are on the verge of coming out of the shadows. >> that is because of president barack obama announced his plan to overhaul the immigration system that will spare many from deportation. >> it is a life changing decision for many immigrants who can stay in the country. not everyone is onboard with the president's executive order. >> it is not often the prospect of paying taxes leaves people crying with happiness, but that is the case for millions of people in the united states. they have been living and working without papers, which means their lives were dominated by the constant fear of being deported. it is only temporary. these people will be able to stop looking over their shoulders, to use their real
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names, and even qualifications they have acquired. >> i had a bachelors degree in criminal justice, a masters in public administration. unfortunately due to the age requirement in the previous deferred action, i did not qualify. these last years has been hard trying to mitigate my circumstances, having studied and not being able to work. >> performing what everyone agrees is a broken system has been prevented by the bitter standoff because of the standoff between republicans and president obama. >> if you have children who are american citizens or legal residents, you register, pass a criminal background check, and you are willing to pay your fair share of taxes you will be able to apply to stay in this country
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temporarily without fear of deportation. you can come out of the shadows and get right with the law. >> his announcement was just before the latin american emmy award ceremony. many stars mentioned it in their acceptance speeches. >> tonight is not only historic for latino artist, but all the latino people living in the united states. >> the republicans are furious obama acted in defiance of their opposition. >> the president has said before that he is not kidding -- not a king, not an amber -- not an emperor. >> for those who have been dealing with the constant fear of deportation, politicians are focusing on the election in two years. democrats and republicans will need support from latin american voters. most support obama's move. >> 24 hours after obama announced his plan, what has changed?
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let's ask richard walker in washington. let's start with the people obama was talking about, the undocumented immigrants. >> you said it. this could be a life-changing moment. we're talking about between 4-5,000,000 people who have been in the united states for more than five years. they put down roots in this country in the shape of children, who are largely u.s. citizens themselves. these people now have the opportunity to come out of the shadows, engage fully with society, and apply for what is a temporary relief from the threat of deportation for three years at a time. it is important to stress those limitations. this is not the path to
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citizenship that was envisioned in the senate bill that passed last year. it is not that. you can imagine some undocumented immigrants having to think twice about whether they really want to come out of the shadows and go for something like this when they see the controversy involved and the fear that this may be undone if not by congress and by a future president. >> you also got the feeling last night that obama had 2 audiences. he had these immigrants in mind, but he was talking to the establishment in washington. congress and the republicans. >> absolutely. the ball is now very much in the republican court. we don't know what they are going to do with it. we have heard from both of the top republicans in congress that the leader of the house spoke to the press on friday morning.
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in terms of tone, he was not throwing any punches. he said obama was deliberately sabotaging any chance of enacting bipartisan reforms. then he added the u.s. does have a broken immigration system and that congress will have to act by passing laws and sending them to obama. the question is, can he do that? can he engendered the support that he would need for that? >> a whole nation is waiting for that legislation. richard, thank you. the president of the european central bank, mario draghi, has said more drastic measures could be necessary to will be eurozone from the brink of deflation. >> speaking to bankers and frank
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-- in frankfurt he warned there is no sign of improvement for the months ahead. critics questioned whether it is enough to turn the tide. >> mario draghi was the center of a tension in frankfurt with good reason. he signaled he is ready to take more dramatic measures to prevent the eurozone from sliding into deflation. >> we will continue to meet our responsibility. we will do what we must to raise inflation and inflation expectations as fast as possible. >> nearly six years since the start of the euro crisis inflation is still radically nonexistent. it is nowhere near the target of 2%. some critics say pumping more money into the system isn't the right method to jumpstart the economic engines. >> it is doubtful this will
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work. the environment needs to change. cash can only get us so far. >> with interest rate at historic lows and plenty of money to go around critics will worry the ecb is running out of options to spur lending which is needed to fuel spending. >> mario draghi is saying the actions can only buy time. more and more critics are saying by loosening the monetary policy even further mario draghi is actually preventing reforms from happening. >> on fridays market action, we are certainly welcomed by investors. they sent us this summary of the day's trading in frankfurt. >> mario draghi has the nickname magic mario. his impact was almost magical.
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the dax rallied after a very successful week. only the euro took a hit after the announcement. the ecb is going to use the strongest weapon to buy government bonds. the chinese central bank also cut several benchmark interest rates to get economy there working again. the flooding with money is going on. there are signals for a turnaround. >> we have a quick look at the numbers. the dax finished 2.6% higher. across the atlantic, the dow up by nearly 4/10 of 1%. the euro down against the greenback.
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german automaker volkswagen has announced a five-year plan that will involve spending 86 early in dollars -- billion euros. >> much of the spending will be dedicated to developing more efficient production methods and cars. the aim is to develop electric and hybrid motors, and a new sports utility range. they are aiming to expand in china their biggest, investing 22 billion euros by the year 2019. >> the formula one season comes to an end this weekend. racing fans look forward to a gripping showdown between archrivals and lewis hamilton. >> hamilton has a 17 point lead on his german teammate. with double points on offer, they could still champion -- they could still capture the
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championship. >> it is unlikely they will be this relaxed during the weekend season finale. hamilton intends to give it everything he's got. >> i have come to win this. nothing changes that. in terms of the pressure. >> rothberg's championship hopes are on a missed fortune. >> i needed bill of health from lewis. he doesn't finish second. that is it. i am hoping he can come up with something. >> hamilton performed flawlessly in practice. he was the fastest in both sessions. the mercedes cars were well ahead of the rest of the field. that points to mercedes at the front of the grid. rothberg needs help from the field.
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he pledges to keep the race clean. >> it's already been discussed. we are not children. we should know what is wrong and what is right. >> lewis can drive cleanly himself. it is not like he can't do anything. >> the stage is set for a thrilling finale. >> gentlemen start your engines. >> thank you for watching.
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♪ this week on "moyers & company" -- >> the right to vote was sacrosanct because it was the thing that came with your citizenship. it was the great equalizer. and we're seeing a different philosophy about the meaning of that exercise of citizenship. >> we have a supreme court that wants to make it easier for millionaires to buy an election, but harder for everyday people to vote in one. and that's a very, very disturbing reality right now. >> announcer: funding is provided by -- anne gumowitz, encouraging the renewal of democracy. carnegie corporation of new york, supporting innovations in education, democratic engagement and the advancement of international peace and security at carnegie.org. the ford foundation, working with visionaries on the front lines of social change worldwide.

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