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tv   Journal  PBS  December 1, 2014 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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>> live from dw in berlin, this is the world news. >> thanks for being with us. u.n. kleiman talks resume in lima. it is the last step to a climate deal in paris. >> going green all the way. a farewell to fossil fuels. the new council takes office and lays down the hard line with russia. we will go to brussels for more. ♪ [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit] ♪ >> the united nations has kicked
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off a 12-day climate conference in peru. staff and countries are working. >> they want to pave the way for a major binding deal in paris. the biggest emitters of carbon are still a way a ways from a number of details. >> a number of problems are being attributed to climate change. >> in northern peru, the school children are learning what to do in emergency situations, like floods and landslides. the mountains nearby tower to over 6000 meters and have hundreds of glaciers. in the last decades, the ice and snow have been melting.
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scientists are closely studying the effects of climate change on the glaciers. researchers have been collecting data to measure how quickly the ice is thinning. >> we are considering the month-to-month losses that are occurring. from 2015, there is a 19 meter loss a year. >> more than one third of the peruvian glaciers have melted because of climate change and are forming lakes. they form a major threat to residents. the government says they must act. >> if we make the decision, the process will revert. >> melting glaciers are a problem in peru and worldwide. representatives from 190 five countries are meeting at the climate change conference in lima to find a deal to reduce
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tree and gas emissions blamed for climate change. >> a switch to her nubile energy sources has made a restructuring in the energy structure. a german utility says the era of generating profits with gas and coal is over. for new bulls and only renewables is where it will invest its time and capital. >> shares soared. first, here is this report. >> the german energy industry has traditionally been high earnings. the opulent company headquarters is no exception. the expansion combined with the german government's decision to abandon nuclear power forced a radical rethink. one third of energy reduction
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comes from natural gas and oil and another third comes from coal. nuclear energy makes up a quarter. renewable resources are 11%. all of that is changing. renewables are the main focus of business. wind and a hydroelectric power are the future. they are focusing on conventional power, coal, gas, and nuclear plants. they are abandoning the core business in recognition that traditional power plants, no matter how modern, are not producing enough profits. the ceo explained the move in a press conference on monday. >> we have come to the conclusion that is becoming increasingly difficult and will continue to be more difficult
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for a diverse international company to be in the best in classic and new energy markets and return to growth. >> for the employees, the new strategy means further uncertainty. the company has shed 10,000 jobs and 6000 in germany. the new strategy is aimed at guaranteeing jobs in the long run. >> paul writes a renewable energy blog. he joins us on the set. welcome to the show. is the store uniquely german? >> yes and no. germany is pursuing progressive energy policies that are trendsetting across the world. at the same time, nuclear power is no longer cost-effective. the costs are exorbitant. fossil fuels are losing out and becoming less cost effective,
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compared to renewables. then, of course, world leaders are moving towards a paris climate summit next year in which all countries will be taking on a promise to limit carbon emissions. the writing is on the wall. >> they are a leader. what can we interpret from the decision? >> there is big money to be made in going green. it is not that they just finally realized this. they are making such losses that they have no choice but to move into renewables. every kilowatt hour produced by rubel's is one less reduced by fossil fuel. >> they are seeing setbacks and communities across europe are unhappy to see windfarms in their backyards.
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there is supposed to be solar energy and it is about to go belly up. >> the controversies with the windfarms have been resolved. germany no longer needs deserttech. there is an overcapacity of renewable energy on the energy market right now in germany. >> discussing going green. paul, thank you very much. there has been another shakeup in the energy sector. vladimir putin says that a gas line to europe is going to be scrapped. he said the pipeline can not proceed as long as bulgaria blocks it. >> he made a visit to turkey after talks with the president. he said that he would consider cooperating with turkey.
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>> the european council new president has spoken with obama. both leaders urged russia to pull back from the ukraine. this was after taking over the helm of the 28-nation bloc. >> he replaces the retiring belgian politician. at the ceremony, the new council leader warns of difficult times ahead, politically and economically. >> let's take a look. >> a changing of the guards in brussels. the first european council president and his successor, the first eastern european to hold the post. >> you are a little nervous about this and the change of boss.
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i am a little nervous, too. maybe, more than you. >> he worked as a window washer and became active in the opposition union. his political career took off after the revolution. in 2007, he beat out his main rival, a eurosceptic, to become the minister. the election marked a turning point for the country and he worked to improve relations with the european union and to overcome distrust with germany. he called for strong ties with the u.s., referring to the ukraine crisis and russia. >> we have enemies, not only skeptics. dear friends, politics has returned to europe and history
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is back. in such times, we need leadership and political unity. >> and he knows his taking office at a difficult time and faces many challenges as the council president, a position still finding a role in european politics. >> where is european politics headed? we are joined from rush holt -- from brussels. he has taken a hard line with russia. what do we make of this? >> he talked about europe's enemies and history was back. he said russia needed to pull out of the eastern ukraine. all of these positions are not new. what is new is that you have a real leader as council president with seven years of governing experience and he wants to be
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more aggressive about the message. >> is there any unity in europe? >> that is the problem. he cannot decide anything alone. uf to convince 28 heads of government and that is not an easy task, if he want to get anything done in the council. when it comes to sanctions, they are hitting some of the european economies in a major way. we do not expect the sanctions to be beefed up in any major way in the near future. people in brussels believe the sanctions will work, long-term. and, they are already hurting russia. >> what you take from the speech? >> he is looking to the east and the west. the free trade agreement is
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supposed to be negotiated. he thinks it is important. it might help combat europe possibly does problem, the economic crisis. -- europe's biggest problem, the economic crisis. >> sweden's parliament has recognized edward snowden with the alternative nobel prize. he accepted via video link. >> he and a member of the guardian were chosen for helping to reveal massive surveillance by the nsa. he is living in exile in russia to avoid a possible long prison term on espionage charges. >> to activists are going on a hunger strike to press their demands. >> this is after the aftermath
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of clashes on monday. >> after two months of road test, it is heartening in hong kong. -- of protests, fronts are hardening in hong kong. >> chaos in downtown hong kong. police moved in after pro-democracy activist forced the government headquarters to close. the tactics appeared more aggressive than previous. the clashes escalated on monday morning and dozens were injured. >> we have no weapons. we try to use -- although we are breathing, they do not stop the violent actions.
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>> the government has made it clear that this is just the beginning. >> from this day on, the police will take resolute action when carrying out duties. all of the students thinking about returning, do not do so. >> the police have mostly taken a cautious approach in dealing with the activist since the protests began in september. a look support for the democracy movement is dwindling and many feel the protests are too disruptive. a number of local businesses secured court orders to get the protesters removed. >> when we come back, a montana man is going on trial for shooting dead a german on his property. >> we will go to get the latest on a case that has put u.s. gun laws in focus again. do not go away.
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>> a runaway. a clean sheet. or, a draw. it is time to show you know the score. sign up and predict the results. and, win! for the champ, a trip to the
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bundesliga. >> welcome back. in montana, the castle doctrine means that you can shoot and kill any intruder on your property, if you feel the individual poses a threat. whether or not the law is enough to acquit him is on trial today. tee shot a 17-year-old who entered his garage. he said he fired in defense. prosecutors say he lured the young man into his home. richard walker is at the trial in missoula. can you tell us what is going on at the moment? >> through the course of monday and tuesday, the court is selecting the jury members.
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potential members of the jury are being asked, for instance, if they have ever been burglarized, to test if they are prejudiced one way or the other. several people have been recused on that. it is expected to continue until the end of tuesday. this is an important issue. the defense has been pushing for this trial to be moved to a different county altogether. they say the locl media coverage in the area has been prejudicial and could influence members of the jury. the judge has rejected that and the trial is expected to proceed. >> give us background. some say the man in question lured the dead individual into his garage. what is that all about? >> obviously, this case is a
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tragedy for the relatives. the parents have been here in the courthouse, watching the proceedings. there is a lot of interest in the case as a test of the castle doctrine, that you can use deadly force if you find an intruder on your property. the prosecutor is expected to be arguing that he broke the spirit of the law by laying a trap in his garage with sensors and video equipment that the click acted -- the detected him in the garage. of course, the defense will argue that markets had every right to defend his robbery that had been burglarized before and he put the sensors in as a
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sensible defense measure. >> the castle soccer and -- the castle doctrine and gun laws in focus. thank you for that, richard. politicians are saying that young immigrants and national companies need to do more for the apprenticeship openings that are not filled every year. >> it is placing a strain on the german economy. >> the seventh immigration summit wants to tackle the issue. >> merkel was prepared to get her hands dirty before the summit kicks off. she joined the commission for integration for berlin's transit system. one third of them are immigrants or the children of immigrants,
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unusual in germany. people of migrant backgrounds end up with vocational -- without vocational qualifications. >> there was no reply. here, it worked immediately. we need a chance to use our skills and show what we can do. if we are on unemployment benefits, german society looks at us as freeloaders. >> sum of 30% do not learn any trade or profession at all. -- some 30% do not learn any trade or profession at all. that is why this was dedicated to job training. she called on germans to let them. >> the issue of job training makes it clear that integration
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is not a one-way street. it is not just a matter of people within immigration background having to integrate with the society they have come to. it is important that a society with migrants addresses the needs and is willing to be open to them. >> the conference called on the government to support trainees from immigrant families, in the hope that training leads to good jobs. >> greece's government says it may take two months to resolve with creditors. >> more spending cuts and austerity. the government has suggested doubling the value added tax and raising the retirement age. >> the imf says that greece needs to save 2.3 billion euros next year.
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in what could become the biggest antitrust lawsuit in german history, airlines that handle german cargo are accused of price fixing. >> they say the cartel cost billions of euros during this period. they are seeking to billion euros in damages. >> more bad news for lufthansa. they started a strike that will affect passengers. >> the airlines has canceled 1000 flights and long-distance routes will be disrupted on tuesday. pilots are fighting to keep the minimum age of retirement at 50 five and lufthansa wants to raise it to 60.
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let's take a look at the market numbers with the dax. it was down, giving up a little bit of territory. the stoxx 50 was down. the dow is off by 0.25%. the euro is up against the greenback, trading at $1.24. aids campaigners say this is not a time to forget the continental struggle to contain hiv. >> antiviral drugs remain out of reach for most of the 24 million sufferers who want to see more done to make it more affordable for all. >> evelyn has been living with hiv for 16 years. she started taking anti-retro
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viral drugs. >> it changed my body physically and emotionally. i began to heal. i had this closed. it was the breaking point. >> with health and energy restored, she educates others about the importance of the therapy and hold regular meetings. she runs a private facebook group. here, members get all the information and encouragement they need to live a healthy life. thanks to education campaigns like this one, fewer mothers are transmitting the virus and the number of new infections is dropping. it goes much further. >> -- evelyn's goal goes
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further. >> it is a zero agenda. my focus is zero. >> there is a long way to go for that. her son is hiv-positive. her family wants nothing to do with them. despite the progress, the stigma is a problem. elijah has followed his mother to fight for his rights. he campaigned against the discrimination of children living with hiv. >> so many people now want to lead a healthy life that i portray. that positive life that i portray. that good life that i portray. we set the example. as long as it is positive, many follow. >> she has moved a lot in kenya.
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her house in eastern nairobi has grown to a meeting place where hiv-positive people in the area 10 get help and hope for a better life. >> some sports now. manual has been named one of three player. he was instrumental in helping germany when the brazil world cup. the other two contenders were run although -- rinaldo and messi. >> mark webber has spent the night in the hospital after a high-speed crash in brazil. >> he survives the violent crash without serious injury. his yellow porsche was destroyed after slamming into a concrete
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barrier at 300 kilometers an hour. webber suffered a concussion and bruising. >> this, before we go, the spanish royal couple are here in berlin. >> felipe and his wife, letitia, was welcomed by merkel. the royal visitors took some time for sightseeing in the german capital. >> that is all for now. thank you for joining us.
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♪ >> hello and welcome to "focus on europe," the personal stories behind the headlines from every corner of the continent. i'm damien mcguinness. great you could join us. on today's program -- in the mediterranean, securing europe's borders. in poland, remembering the past with nazi death cap survivors -- death camp survivors. and in ireland, illusion becomes reality. first, to the difficult issue up migrants trying to cross the mediterranean to get to europe. this year alone, more than three thousand people have died trying to


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