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tv   Journal  PBS  December 9, 2014 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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is the world news. >> good to have you with us. here come headlines. the cia has engaged in wide-ranging torture programs that quote staggers the imagination, so says a long-awaited u.s. senate report. we will go live to washington. >> here in germany, angela merkel is elected head of the christian kratz. >> right-wing groups in germany are joining thousands in weekly protests and facing counter protests.
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>> welcome to the show. around the world, this tuesday, embassies and bases were on heightened alert preparing for possibly violent reactions from a report put out by the u.s. senate intelligence committee. >> this was the first report which lays out how the cia has used tortures and 2001 and lied to congress about it and stop >> the white house says it is time to come clean, but some in washington are unrepentant about torture and think this will jeopardize the safety of americans and their allies around the world. >> we begin this report with a warning that it contains images some viewers may find disturbing. >> this is what it looks like. >> over 600-2000 pages, the report he tales the cia's mistreatment of detainees will stop its far more extreme than previously revealed and mostly did not work. the conclusions have taken
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months to come to light. >> there may never be a right time to release this report. the instability we see today will not be resolved in months or years, but this report is too important to shelf indefinitely. >> the report documents the cia's extensive use of waterboarding, which simulates the sensation of drowning. it is seen here created by human rights activists in washington. in one case, a prisoner was kept awake for more than a week. other uses included extreme physical violence and threats to kill prisoners families. barack obama has vowed to do anything to keep torture from half thing again and republicans say they will support him. ask the only way our country can put this episode in the past is to commit to ensuring it will never happen again. >> washington is concerned that anger could trigger an attack on
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security has been stepped up at embassies and consulates around the world. >> this long-awaited report lays out details that are frankly dificult to stomach. for more, let's ring in it richard walker who joins us live from washington. what stands out most for you in this report? >> primarily, the simple fact of just how scathing this report is. it really takes your breath away. what a damming indictment this is on the cia on a great many levels, but primarily into levels -- primarily the program itself, which is described as being brutal and ineffective and as being counterproductive. also in a secondary area, it is quite striking how do damming the indictment is of the cia's behavior within the united states bureaucratic landscape in
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that it provided in accurate information not only to this+ committee of senators trying to provide oversight, but to the white house, the fbi, the state department and other organs of the united states government that needed access to information. the overall picture being painted here, and i stress that i like many journalists in washington really have only scratched the surface, but the overall picture being painted is of a cia totally out of control. >> it's not only the details that are damming. according to no less than john mccain, the torture has actually damaged u.s. anti-terror objectives. >> that is right and this is one of the core criticisms of the program is self -- not only that it was brutal and failed to provide good intelligence, but that it was counterproductive in u.s. strategic objectives. that it damaged u.s. standing across the world.
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that is part of the fear now, that with this publication, u.s. facilities around the world may be vulnerable to attack in revenge for the details coming out of this report. but the obama administration the senate committee are sticking to the line that transparency is important and this shows they are taking a democratic step, saying we made a mistake and we want to move on from it. but some say transparency is not enough. one u.s. official has come out and said the justice department should not -- should be filing criminal charges against those involved. >> and i'm sure those calls for indictments will be mounting. thank you very much. among those calls are coming from amnesty international. they are applauding the decision to publish the report on interrogation methods and torture. >> but it says the u.s. is simply doing what it promised to do, citing numerous treaties
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that require information on human rights abuses be made public. >> but unfortunately, there's long list of government to tend to keep quiet or lie about their use of torture. >> tools like these liars or this hammer are being put on display by amnesty international for a reason -- the human rights organization says every day objects like these are used as an summons of torture. >> it is to grab the attention of regular people passing by and to realize torture is still rife in a lot of parts of the world. >> 156 states have ratified the u.n. convention torture almost 30 years after it came into being. amnesty international says matthias -- in the past five years, has documented cases of torture and most of those countries.
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these pictures show a public protest in mexico. amnesty says the number of torture cases in the country has risen recently. but only seven people have ever been convict did. >> the states now have two really implemented, and we as the international public are really interested in combating torture and now have two remember the states, what they promised high signing these conventions. >> one fundamental problem remains -- torture is off and sanctioned by the state, limiting attempts to investigate. >> earlier, we spoke to a member of amnesty international and asked her to react to the decision to make the torture report public. >> we welcome the publishing of
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the report because it's a very important sign of transparency and that the u.s. acknowledges what has been done in the years after 9/11. but we also think it's not just efficient to publish it. so far, none of the responses have been held responsible and that would be a very important sign. >> it has been 30 years since united nations adopted the text against torture. how much progress has been made since then? >> we consider it a positive sign that there are countries that have ratified the convention and we have progress in the making of good anti-torture laws. on the other hand, what is alarming is that mistreatment is still widespread on each every continent in the world and much
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of the progress that has been made is the more theoretical progress and much remains to be done. >> when government agencies do torture, they do it in secret. how does amnesty international gather its information? >> it is very difficult to get information because torture and ill-treatment is usually done behind closed doors. we speak with many victims and many human rights organizations. peace by piece, we have very high standards, so we get a very good overview. >> thank you very much. in other news, to eastern ukraine, where government troops and separatist say forces were complying with an agreed a of silence as an attempt to forge an effective cease-fire which could lead to a new round of peace talks. >> in a further step toward normalization, russia has
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resumed shipments of national -- of natural gas to ukraine. >> both kiev and moscow have expressed optimism in spite of the violence that preceded the cease-fire. >> intense shelling continued across eastern ukraine in the hours before the cease-fire came into force. a man was killed in a mortar hit his house. the victim's daughter was unable to save his life. >> i came outside and saw my father lying on the ground. my brother and i tried to help him somehow, tried to save him. we called an ambulance, but it was too late. a piece of shrapnel went right through his body. >> since it began, keogh says the so-called day of silence has been largely peaceful. in moscow, the russian foreign minister was cost -- was cautiously optimistic.
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he says russia played a role in laying the groundwork for the cease-fire. >> we are hopeful about the cease-fire announced today. it isn't the first such announcements, but this one was very well-prepared. there were talks between representatives and parties in the conflict and russian officers were helping with it at the request of the prime minister. >> meanwhile, there is good news for ukrainians as the country heads deeper into winter. russia has resumed supplying gas to its neighbor after cutting off back in june. >> we will turn our attention back to germany where the angela merkel euro received a resounding approval today as the chancellors conservative cdu elected her to another two-year term as party leader. she has led the party for the past 14 years old stop in her address to delegates, she touched on two policies coming under mounting attack from the
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social democrats will stop her hard-line on russia and the proposed tea tip trade agreement with the u.s. >> the vote came in at almost 97%, simmons and -- cementing angela merkel's star status among germany's conservatives. she called for more business friendly policies to boost your many's competitiveness on the global markets. she said the proposed trade agreement between the eu and u.s. was a huge opportunity. >> we have to seize the moment. we cannot spend the whole day expressing our reservations will stop we have two say we want to set standards and not the last. the world will not wait for us. next she also touched on the crisis in ukraine, saying russia's actions there ran counter to international law. she called for continued pressure on moscow with the threat of further sanctions if needed.
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>> a ukraine that can freely decide its own future. >> the speech was met with a standing ovation. for 10 minutes, until it was even enough for angela merkel herself. >> she may have been celebrated on her home turf but the criticism of angela merkel is growing. terry martin joins us now from cologne. what can we expect from a newly invigorated chancellor merkel? what will hear priorities be. >> she made it clear in her speech she wanted to tweak the tax system in germany, but she said some very interesting things about party politics. she slammed her current coalition partner for entering an alliance with the left party, but she also said last year,
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following the federal election, her party would have liked to have gone into coalition with the greens, but the greens about 12. then she said the national coalition party would be the free democrats and they are not even represented in parliament anymore, so it is clear she does not want to make it too easy for her current coalition partners. >> how long can she govern? are we looking at an open ended your of merkel? fax she could be headed toward another term in 2017. she's in her third term and she is extremely popular, pulling almost 70% approval rating. more than half the country say they want her to go for another term, so i think that could be in the cards. >> it's a bit of time until then. thank you very much will stop we are going to a short rake.
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we will be right back. >> a runaway win, a clean sheet, or a draw. it's time to show you know the score. get onside with the kickoff competiion. just sign-up, predict the results and when. there is football related prizes each week and a trip to the opening league of the bundesliga. >> you would like to study in germany and you still have lots of restaurants? you will find all you need to know about studying in germany here. information on courses, admission requirements, qualifications, costs and much more.
6:16 pm study in germany -- the first port of call for anyone interested in studying in germany. >> welcome back. auntie islamabad patient protests in the german city of dresden have drawn their biggest crowds today, some 10,000 people , sparking concern and condemnation from leading politicians. >> there are limits to the political battle of ideas, but those out on the street claim they are not xenophobic and their arguments should be heard. they were met by some 9000 counterdemonstrators. >> they call themselves patriotic europeans. their goal is to stop what they call the islam of occasion of the rest of the world. every monday, they come out to protest. they insist they are not racist.
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>> i like to make myself clear they support asylum seekers, but only those willing to integrate into society. >> the german-based group is convinced many asylum-seekers are criminals or violent islamists. evidence for those claims does not exist. plenty of people oppose the movement. a broad coalition of churches, pubs and dresden's university has called on them to set an example for tolerance. a presence prevents confrontation between the two sides. >> i am here because i oppose racism and i think what they do is inhumane and races. next the protesters say they will continue to march will stop
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rival demonstrators say they will be out every monday. >> let's talk this protest movement over with our chief political correspondent. germany and the way the welcome mat is therefore asylum-seekers. but these protests seem to indicate many ordinary germans feel differently. what is going on? >> the welcome mat is there. germany has taken more refugees in recent years than any other country and has taken the most refugeessyria than any country outside the middle east. actually, many effigies coming to this country, some germans are uncomfortable with this. there is fear of increasing islamization, as they call it.
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most of the migrants are perfectly law-abiding people, but there are more visible, extreme islamists in this country then perhaps there have been before -- the soap called calluses to have been visible lately for distributing the koran on city streets. another factor is a lot of talk about the possibility of homegrown jihadism, not coming so much from immigrants that those born in germany of muslim background. the people who have been conducting these protests in dresden have co-opted a chant used by east germans when they brought the wall down -- we are the people. many of them are from the mainstream, middle of german society but there are no question that these protests are being orchestrated by members of
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the far right and hooligans looking for the far right and neo-nazis. >> thank you very much for your insights. >> meanwhile in france, officials have pledged to fight another rising trend -- anti-semitism. there has been a rise in anti-semitic -- anti-semitism. >> earlier this year, a french jihadist was accused of murdering her people at a jewish museum in brussels. >> and there has been another attack in the past week that some ascribe to anti-semitism. >> all appears quiet in the paris suburb will stop but beneath the surface, there's a growing sense of fear in the jewish community. just over one week ago, assailants stormed the apartment of a young jewish couple, raping the woman and stealing jewelry and bank cards.
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rafael grew up in this area and says the attack is some magic of a growing anti-semitism in france will stop >> everything these days is the fault of the jews. maybe i shouldn't say this, but it feels like the 1930's in germany. people look at me strangely if i wear my kickoff. if i take it off, i'm suddenly a normal citizen again. >> he and his mother join a local protests against anti-semitism, but they don't believe it will change anything. >> we are currently preparing to leave france to go to israel, but we're not the eaves, so we don't need to run away. we are doing every thing slowly and deliberately. but all of us are in the process of backing up to leave. these young men say they know the people who attacked the jewish couple.
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they say the assailants were only interested in money. >> i have no doubt they broke into the apartment, but i don't believe they raped anyone or that they are anti-semitic will stop some of their friends are jews. >> sees not the only one accusing the jewish community of overreacting will stop many local residents doubt the attack was motivated by anti-semitism. >> the media always exaggerate these kinds of stories. maybe it wasn't actually that big a deal or maybe the motives behind it were quite different. maybe there was no anti-semitism involved in all. >> rafael and his mother feel alienated in their own country. they say the attacks on jews hardly seem to bother their neighbors stop they are now hoping for a better future in israel. >> some business news now, turning to the european markets.
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greek stocks saw their biggest one-day drop in nearly three decades following the government unexpected decision to bring presidential elections forward by two months. >> news of that early poll sent stocks into freefall. the athens overall index ended the session down more than 12.75%. a single day loss not seen since 1987. investors are worried political uncertainty in greece could stall the country's fiscal reforms and threaten its international bailout. greece was on the only concern for investors -- indices across europe were down, including germany's tax. -- germany's dax will stop >> chinese growth might slow down significantly -- this sent markets down in china and the debt crisis is back in the minds of investors.
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there will be new elections in greece. this since the market down in athens, where shares lost by more than 11%. this has been the biggest crash since 1987 and this causes worries that the debt crisis might get into a new round again. >> here come the market numbers in full. traders took a big bite out of the dax -- it was down by more than 2%. the euro stoxx 50 also took a big hit and fared even worse, tumbling to 31 62. in new york city, where they are still trading, the trend is going down, but by less than half a percent. the euro is slightly up against the dollar. >> time to get a look at some soccer news today.
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the champions league is wrapping up this weekend it's a decent time to look at two of the most relevant role scores in the history of that competition. next each of these guys have scored more than 70 champions league goals in their years will stop >> both are in action this week. both are in top form as they aim to push their achievements even further. >> to soccer superstars who make everything look so easy. messy holds the season record, a whopping 50 goals in one year. champion league record score was 74 goals to his name. he has speed, great ball control and a perfect shooting technique will stop he's been named world player of the year four times. but ran although smashing one
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record after another. he recently scored his 23rd hat trick in the spanish league. the portuguese powerhouse shot 17 goals in a single season, earning him europe toss coveted golden shoe. >> when i am on the pitch, i will always do my best for the team. i just want to win. >> it's no surprise that they are the two favorites for the world player of the year. the golden ball is awarded in january, but only one can emerge victorious. >> when the king met the prince and the princess, a high wattage meeting of celebrities and other sporting event -- prince william and his wife and up with basketball royalty in new york. the couple that court for a game between the brooklyn nets and cleveland cavaliers. that's the team of star in bal
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-- nba player lebron james. the british royals were presented with cavaliers journeys, including one for their six teen month-old baby prince george. >> i think he might be a bit short. >> there was also a breach of recall at that meeting. lebron apparently put his arm around kate. not allowed. what's good for him. they all had a good laugh stop that's all we have time for. goodbye for now.
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>> hello and welcome to "euromaxx highlights," and here is your host... >> greetings from the german capital, and welcome to our highlights edition, shaping up this time with the following topics -- a belgian photographer takes fascinating close-ups of the ocean's predators, we explain what's behind the normcore fashion trend, and why malta is worth visiting. it's a battle that marine conservationists have been fighting for years -- the fact that people are happy to take on the cause of whales and dolphins, while sharks are perceived as man-eating monsters. belgian photographer jean-marie ghislain is trying to change that, and after overcomiis


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