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tv   Journal  PBS  December 12, 2014 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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>> live from dw studios here in berlin, this is your world news. >> it is good to have you with us. here is what is coming up. protesters in italy clash with we will go live to rome for the latest. >> a storm system is sweeping over the west coast of the u.s. is causing some severe flooding. an early detection tests for the ebola virus, an early step towards getting the virus under control. >> welcome to the program. a general strike brought most of
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italy to a standstill. trains, buses, schools, ports, public services closedown as thousands of workers took to the streets across the country. they are protesting labor reforms. >> in some cities, the demonstrations did turned violent. the unions said the clashes had nothing to do with their protest. italy is doing with a staggering economy and record high unemployment. the prime minister has promised to tackle the issues head-on. >> many italians are asking if he is the man for the job at hand. >> matteo renzi earned himself the nickname, the demolition man of italian politics, ready to dismantle the system of the ruling elite. he became the oldest person to take charge of modern italy. his ascent gave many italians
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hope for dinner all -- for general hope. -- for general change. his glass has faded and doubts are beginning to set in. >> none of the reforms he promised has been implemented. people are now asking, when will we see result, when will they be noticed by everyone? >> take judicial reform, cases still wind through the courts at a snails pace. for me missable reform, renzi wants to dismantle 109 it ministrations but there will not be any savings. the provincial administrators are not losing their jobs, they are being transferred to other posts. the business committee hoped that he would be more than
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simply relax job protection regulations. the economy continues to contract and an employment is rising. >> matteo renzi can a longer simply raise expectations, he now has to come up with concrete answers for italians. after tenants in office, it is now the moment of truth. >> for many, that moment has come and gone. they are voting with their feet, hoping for jobs in other countries. once hailed as italy's next best hope, renzi's fortunes seem to be going away his predecessors. >> how faded is historically where is italy headed? let's go live to rome. john renzi entered office with lots of support but he is able to turn the economy around, what happened. >> economy is not coming out of
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the recession, in which it had been sunk, seemingly forever. this is a country that has not really been growing since the turn-of-the-century. he is now starting to pay the political price for that. his popularity has joined old to the low 50%. -- two below 50%. he would say, this is not my fault, i have taken over a stagnant economy, i've been doing what i can to bring it out of the recession by implementing reforms but these reforms are going to take time. to some extent, this protest today was against those reforms that he has managed to at least get as far as parliament. >> look at the protests today, the number of young italians leaving, it looks like the country is fed up with
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austerity. could we see a stronger anti-euro movement in italy? let's definitely. in recent months and weeks, the new leader of the golden league has been rising in popularity on the basis of his anti-europeanism and that is the contested and unrivaled, also the leader of the maverick five-star movement and many of his rank are not so keen on his anti-european ideas. he is quite clear that he wants a referendum on whether italy should remain in the euro.
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>> five people have been wounded in a suspected acid attack. >> the incident comes at a time of mounting tensions. the interior minister has addressed in the country's growing concerns about radical islam. >> he was referring to the growing movement which is lost large protests. at the same time, he and his state-level counterparts, dealing condemned them. >> that has sought to distance himself. it has condemned violence like the apparent arson attack on an empty center for refugees in bavaria.
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>> refugees were supposed to be housed here soon, but someone set fire to the buildings and rate nazi graffiti outside. the authorities are investigating and the attack prompted the various interior minister to leave. his colleagues want to forge a response to rising anti-foreigner sentiment. a movement calling itself p agita has been gaining strength. but the people behind the demonstrations are nazis in pinstripes. they are woman extremists. many of the people go to these protests are ordinary people. -- they are well-known extremists. many of the people that go to these protests are ordinary people. >> while big knowledge that many germans are worried at the number of refugees entering the
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country, the interior minister insists germany remains a welcoming place. >> there are may be 10,000 marchers in dresden and much smaller crowds in some other places but there are tens of thousands who want to help refugees. >> for now, it is brutes like -- that are commanding the headlines. >> airspace over london has reopened after a computer failure forces closure for several hours friday causing chaos for passengers in britain and elsewhere. flights in and out of europe's biggest air hub have been affected. london's for bang other airports were hit by the shutdown. the air and cause was a technical problem. the computer glitch at the same center caused similar chaos last year. negotiators are trying to salvage a deal and a u.n.
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climate conference in lima, peru. there's been gridlocked as nations try to agree on cutting emissions. >> developing countries assisting a bigger polluters like the u.s. and china should shoulder more of the burden but john kerry told delegates that all sides had to take responsibility. amid the diplomatic bickering, critics say the overall commitment is weak and poor nations will be the biggest losers. the leaders want to sign the agreement next year in paris. after suffering years of drought, california and other west coast states in the u.s. are now seeing some heavy downforce and extreme weather conditions. >> it is a welcome respite from the parts condition but this will do little for drained aquifers. >> heavy rains are continuing to better parts of the western united states. the waterlogged ground in some areas starting to give way to my
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taking heavy toll on property like here in washington state. in california, water levels are rising fast. that is making daily life difficult for many residents. >> i went to the subway and while we were there, it got really deep, so we had to get in a shopping cart and get across. >> for years, california has been grappling with one of its worst droughts in history. but the recent down fall won't help. california's ground cannot absorb all the water and that is creating new problems. the torrential rain is uprooting trees and has knocked out power to tens of thousands. >> a look at the window and i saw this river coming through. so, i got some friends was in business in town, i will see if anyone needs help getting some
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water out and trying to stop any damage. at this point i am already wet. >> schools closed as of a caution. some students decided to make the best of the weather. there is no sign of relief in sight. california authorities have issued flash flood and avalanche warnings for part of the state. >> environmentalists are warning of an ecological disaster after an oil tanker sank in a pristine region. >> this area straddling india and bangladesh's world heritage site is home to one of the most -- largest man growth forest. >> authorities say hundreds of thousands of liters of oil are spilling out into the river and threatening many endangered species of wildlife. >> using just their barehands
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and plastic ball come in these villagers are trying to clear up one of the worst oil spills in the area in living memory. this is not just any area, it is one of the world's largest man growth forests. a natural habitat for thousands a natural habitat for thousands of species of wildlife. but now their habitat looks like this. oil swirling in water as far as the eye can see. more than 70 square climate is a four-star contaminated. officials fear a disaster in the making, especially for the regions rare dolphins. >> fish resources will be affected and the oil is not going to stay in one place. it is moving far away due to tidal waves. we are surveying how much of the area will be affected. >> rescuers have salvaged the stricken tanker.
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navy boats and other vessels are said to be on their way to help clear up the oil. local people say they have neither the technology or the know-how to tackle a slick of this size. for now, they are using booms. activists say the biodiversity of the area could be destroyed if the effort is not speeded up soon. >> pope francis has declined to meet with the dalai lama at the vatican. he made the decision because of the delicate situation of china. >> the vatican was to improve his relationship with beijing and reiterate chinese catholics into the church. the china regards the dalai lama as a separatist and doesn't want foreign dignitaries to honor him. >> germany's highest court has dealt a blow to an opposition party attempts to force the government to bring the former nsa contractor edward snowden to belin. >> the members of the grains and the left parties brought a suit against the government for its refusal to summon snowden.
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he is addressing an internet security conference as part of the investigation into the nsa spying scandal. he has agreed to testify in front of the parliamentary inquiry but only if he is allowed to travel to germany. >> the vice president of korean air lines triggered a storm of outrage by delaying the flight from new york to soul so the cabin crew chief could be kicked off, allowing macadamia nuts to be served in bags as set of plates. >> her father, the ceo of korean airlines apologized and asked the public to forgive his daughters poor upbringing. >> we're going to a short break. when we come back, how low can the price of oil go and what affect is it having on the economy? >> a potential breakthrough in
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the fight against ebola, don't go away. >> 1914, an online special looking back at this mobile catastrophe. all about the war then.
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>> to begin this half of the show with some promising news in the battle against ebola. scientists have a screening tool that could lead to early detection of the deadly disease so that patients can beast treated soon. >> the kit is a potential game changer/ >> west africa is ground zero. the death toll is now well over 6000. >> the rapid diagnostic test kits are being produced in the german city of -- the kits only need 10 minutes to show whether someone with a fever has ebola.
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all that is needed is a few drops of utley fluid on a test strip. conventional methods take a lot longer and require the type of high-tech labs that don't exist in many of the affected countries. >> they are especially suited for developing economies in places where there's no running water or electricity, as the kits are designed to be stored at room temperature. they are also portable. that allows teams to go into villages looking for ebola cases. >> has taken hold decade to develop the rapid testing technology. the final verification took place in gaming where the tests were shown to work under real world conditions. eu certification has been granted. the kits are being sold for three euros apiece.
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to make it more feasible, they managed to cross finance the project for use against other diseases. now, that technology has to prove its worth and what will be the first mass operation. >> how low can it go, the price of oil continues to kumble on friday. the price of brent fell below $62 a barrel. -- the price of oil continues to tumble on friday. analysts lame overproduction and lower-than-expected demand from europe and china. >> are happy to be joined by christophe kober. first of off, what is behind the slide in prices? >> we can see the fight of big oil players like the opec countries, like the u.s., like russia for their rugged share in a time of less demand.
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none of these players want to cut back on their output because they are afraid that the competitors may just jump in. opec just recently decided to keep its current production level, so we have a surplus of production, we have less demand, and we have speculation kicking in which always heavily on the oil price and some are saying that we could see prices as low as $50 and the way the market has been going. i don't think it is unlikely. >> this is great for consumers, what is not to like? >> some countries demand heavily on oil revenue. that is whaler, iran, russia have urged countries to halt output. these are sometimes in the interest of certain players. look at saudi arabia.
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the biggest oil producer in the world, the most cost-effective one, they can withstand this better than others. saudi arabia can put pressure on his political enemy. it can also put pressure on u.s. fracking companies and maybe drive them out of the market. there are several issues to consider. if demand were higher, prices would be higher. although price is a sign that economies around the world are still sluggish. >> there are a lot of moving parts. where do you see the price headed in the future? >> they don't look too optimistic. the futures for light crude below $60, well into the second half of the next year. that is if producers to cut back on their output, we may see a different picture. >> it would be a different one indeed. thank you.
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some gloomy economic numbers out from spain. consumer prices fell for the fifth month in a row. >> the inflation rate was -.5%. in my semi-good news but the prices falling in many european countries, experts are worried about deflation choking off demand and leading to job losses. the european central bank has introduced a range of measures to battle deflation. the plummeting oil prices, it was all weighing on investors on friday. that says our correspondent at the frankfurt stock exchange. >> more and more economists and traders here on the frankfurt floor fear that the inflation rate in the deflation is a clear sign that the european economy will stay weak for a while and there's no sign that the
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inflation might improve. oil prices are falling and today traders reacted to that by looking at companies that suffer from low oil prices. the chemical company owns one of the biggest automakers and this is midway on the balance sheets. >> the dax took a big hit. the euro stoxx also struggled following close to 3% closing at 3067. the dow jones industrial average is still also off but only by a bit more than 1% to 17,409. >> protesters against police brutality have rallied in washington, they're calling for
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changing's and policing, especially in black communities. >> is a grand jury procedure that did not return indictments in cases involving white police officers killing two unarmed black man. >> these protesters are calling for solidarity with the victims of police violence. they have gathered in front of the justice department to vent their anger over several recent killings of unarmed black man by white police. demonstrator -- says the shooting symbolizes the u.s.'s ongoing struggle with racism. >> in our country, we have two sets of laws, the laws have been applied in such a way, especially in local situations that are unjust, unfair, and are not equal at all. >> they meet with other activists to prepare the next demonstration.
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the people meeting here are concerned about what they see as widespread racist attitudes among many of the country's police forces. >> i believe that a significant change that is going on in the country is that people are fed up. they are tired of the injustice and they are doing something about it. >> thousands of them traders are expected to converge on washington the saturday in a mass protest organized by civil rights groups. >> i am going to the demonstration on saturday because black lives matter. >> i would like to protests to show a unification of the united states and the fact that we all have rights. >> a final show before saturday's protest with demonstrators demands simple, they're calling for justice and equality. this time they say, things must change. >> the artist -- has spent nuclear to's to explore her
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questions about the modern world. >> now, she's getting her first german retrospective. >> affected not come easy. the buyer of these picture return them returned them after finding out that the artist was a woman. today, she stated as a pioneer of media art. the retrospective is a timely honor for this long-term feminist. >> people have always use masks since primitive times and sometimes masks give us a way to tell the truth because we cannot be identified. so, it is a duplicitous way of thinking. >> she created an alter ego,
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complete with drivers license and a style all her own. this fictional persona lasted for years. the work raised questions about the divide between fiction and reality and the problem of identity. she plays of electronic images, the observer becomes the observed. >> >> don't look at me. >> she sees on these themes very early on in the 70's. now when there are cameras everywhere and surveillance has become a part of everyday life, and we leave information all over social media, now is the time to give her recognition. >> more and more of her work involves video art in the screens star tilde swinton has appeared in her films. she is interested in the increasingly blurred line between humans and machines.
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her work has a kind of visionary quality and what she sees can be both beautiful and troubling. >> we are going to recap some of the top stories. a general strike brought much of italy to a close. public services shut down in this protest over labor reforms. >> airspace over london has reopened although not fast enough to keep my flight from washington, d.c. from being canceled. thanks.
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this week on "moyers & company" -- >> our democracy is flat lined because when you can show clearly there's no relationship between what the average voter cares about, only if it happens to coincide with what the economic elite care about, you've shown that we don't have a democracy anymore. >> when you talk about the corruption in congress, people are talking about the same thing that madison was talking about. this sense that our public servants are just serving themselves. they're running away with the resources of our country. >> announcer: funding is provided by anne gumowitz, encouraging the renewal of democracy. carnegie corporation of new york, supporting innovations in education, democratic engagement, and the advancement of international peace and security at carnegie.org. the ford foundation, working with visionaries on the front

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