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tv   Journal  PBS  December 22, 2014 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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is coming to live from dw in berlin, this is world news. for joining us. headlines at this hour. the winner of tunisia's first free presidential election is declared. >> here in germany, another controversial march against what protesters are calling the islamization of the country. >> and airbus delivers its first eight 350 -- a-350 jetliner. collect in tunisia, the leader of the secular tunis party a
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subsea has one the first free presidential election. official results gave him just over 55% of the vote. >> he is no stranger to tunisian politics. he served as the speaker of parliament as well as foreign and interior minister. >> he campaigned on a pledge us to believe for the north african country. >> it is official, asepsi will be the new leader of tunisia. on election night, he addressed jubilant supporters in tunis. clicks this is the beginning of our future. we hope tonight this nation.
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i figure b two are men, women, and girls. we thank them for their trust. >> he leads the tunis party and campaigned on an anti-islamist platform and promise to restore the procedure of the state. -- the prestige of the state. his defeated opponent, interim president, has now offered his congratulations. during the campaign, he warned essebsi might return tunisia to the old authoritarian ways. but voters were and move. and others thought that he -- he relied on the other party. the first free presidential election is the culmination of the arab spring of four years ago. collects on the line now from the capital, tunis, our correspondent sarah. essebsi
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was attacked as a remnant of the old regime. has he put those links with the past behind him deco -- behind him? >> he publicly declared he was for democracy and freedom of expression and so on, but there are doubts about it. more than half of the deputies of the tunis party in parliament have links to the old regime. and he's not in favor of transitional addresses, which means a lot of people are questioning if he has left the links behind. >> the jury is still quite out n that.jury is still quite out we have had peaceful polls in tunisia in the last few months, this after the two largest parties use political compromise to end last year's turmoil. is that we can now expect in tunisia, compromise and moderation? collects absolutely to my think all of the main political
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parties have understood violence is not the way to go and it does not bring the country forward. there's also a very strong trade union, which has helped to calm things down repeatedly and has had a strong and i can't tunisian politics when needed. -- a strong impact on tunisian politics when needed. there is a lot needed for development of reform, but for the time being everything seems to be on the way. >> thank you very much for that. >> let's check other news making headlines now. kurdish forces in iraq say they are making advances against jihadist islamic state militants. >> a town has been under is control since summer, and this comes just days after they managed to break the siege of nearby nelson just. that -- of a nearby mountain. >> sinjar -- >> while winning
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back sinjar town would be a major accomplishment. >> two different kurdish melissa's have come together -- militias have come together. inside's and john -- inside sinjar it is believed that they are burning tires to create a smokescreen against u.s. airstrikes. this kurdish fighter tells the camera his name is my one. over heavy gunfire, he says he and his comments are ready to sacrifice the bodies and their souls to stand and the kurdish people. -- to protect the cruise people.
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-- the kurdish people. they are on their way to build a barricade on the front line >> islamist state was using snipers. the peshmerga responded with machine guns and missiles and antiaircraft fire. the fighting in sinjar is very heavy. >> the kurds say they are fighting only to liberate kurdish territory, but if they do succeed in retaking sinjar town, it would also deliver a huge strategic victory to iraq's central government. control over sinjar would allow the kurds to brock -- block the highway, cutting off and it -- cutting off a major islamic state supply line. >> part of the government's response to the taliban school massacre, which left nearly 150 people dead fussed -- dead.
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after the killings inpeshawar the prime minister reinstated the death penalty for terrorism related cases. six convicts have already been hanged since friday. >> meanwhile, at least 20 people have been killed [no audio] collects at a bus station in the city of the northeast of the country near borno and uribe. they have attacked a number of bus stations as part of their campaign to establish an islamic state. in recent weeks, germany has seen a spate of demonstrations against muslims in some parts of the country. >> commentators believe the protesters arm -- are worried mainly about the growing number of of asylum-seekers in germany. >> the protesters have been realized by a movement
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calledpegita, which translates as a group worried about the union. >> supporters are fighting against what they call the islamization of europe. the group's manifesto abdicates the prison and protection of the west christian judeo culture. the movement anti-immigrant message is drawing an alarming amount of support. last week's demonstration attracted 15,000 people. yet just 5% of germany's relation are muslims, and in saxony, they make up just 0.9% of inhabitants. the group is demanding deportation. they are for a zero-tolerance --
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zero-tolerance policy. the group awakens the impression that migrants and time seekers commit more crimes than germans, something with no clear basis in fact. paradoxically, organizer luke stockman has a long list of criminal convictions, including for drug dealing and incitement to perjury. another item from the manifesto, the group is against the creation of parallel societies and parallel courts, for just sharia courts, sharia police, and islamic as just rates. but islamic law is not recognized in germany. and there are no plans to approve such institutions. the group is clearly trying to play on people's fears, fears that observers say have no real basis. class one of our political correspondence in dresden joins us, nina. thanks for joining us.
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there has been debate in recent weeks about this movement. would i be going too far if i called them far right extremist? >> well, you know, i spoke to some of them here interest in tonight. i must say many of them just seem like disgruntled ordinary citizens. they say they feel that they are being lied to by the established parties, but also by the media. they feel they voice is are not being heard, and many of them, i get the feeling, feel left e-in a system that is increasingly competitive. -- being left -- i get the feeling many of them feel if they are being left behind in a system that is increasingly competitive. the organizers here tonight and there were some 20,000 people. the debate is here to stay. >> 20,000. last monday, we had 15,000. the movement is increasing a little bit.
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someone coming up behind you with a plaque are there. there is also a counterdemonstration in dresden. the establishment is not quite sure how to react. perhaps you can give us more on how they are reacting. >> the political class seem to be a little bit confused and they don't how to react properly post up maybe that is also because this movement has largely held peaceful rallies and there have been no violent incidents in the 10 demonstrations that have been held in the last couple of weeks. the political reactions have ranged from trying to shun them outright to trying to ignore them. and the german chancellor gerhard schroeder said there has to be a counter resistance by the decent people against the movement. but what has definitely been clear is it is not the last time
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and the dennis raiders are packing up at the moment, but they have already said they will be back. >> nina, thank you for the update live from dresden. >> and we will change topics now. it is the holiday season and christmas is just three days away. that means many christians are gearing up or the holiday by heading to the west bank town of bethlehem. >> the traditional birthplace of jesus, and for the tourist business is the busiest time of the year. >> with tensions mounting in the region, christmas offers a bit of light relief and tough economic times. >> santa hats for $.60 apiece. at christmas time, christmas time in front of the manger scene at the nativity almost every single day. >> things are selling well at the moment. we are pleased to see all of
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these visitors. it is fun, because people are happier than usual. >> and that is a welcome change in the west inc. city where the economy has been activating for years. -- in the west bank city where the economy has been stagnating for years. christmas time is peak tourist season in bethlehem with visitors from home and abroad. >> after the war in gaza, everything ground to a halt. the violence injures them also badly affected tourism here, but christmas is happening as usual this year. >> tends of thousands are expected to flock to the city of christmas. many come to attend midnight mass in the church of the nativity. it has been covered in scaffolding for over a year now. >> me being here physically, it is pleasing to me. i see it has opportunity
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once-in-a-lifetime. >> in the workshop next or, nativity figures are being carved him all of wood. among the more traditional nativity scene, there is one that shows the israeli separation barrier that cuts bethlehem off from jerusalem. >> because of this world, we cannot even go physically or with a car. i have a museum passport, and because i was born in bethlehem, i still cannot go. >> the barrier is just another thing to look at for many. but for those in bethlehem, it restricts their freedom of movement. and it places an additional break on the city's economy. >> two days before christmas peve, people getting in the mood in the west bank town of bethlehem. time for a short break and in we bring you all of the latest business news. >> guys are set to heat up again. -- thus guys are set to heat up again.
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-- the skies are set to heat up again.
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>> welcome back. airbus has delivered the first of its 8-350 passenger planes to qatar. >> it has been building more fuel-efficient midsize jet. company is set to compete with its american rival, boeing. >> the a-350 meters debut in june. -- made its debut in june. the exercised jetliner -- extra widebodied jetliner is 20% more fuel-efficient than comparable aircraft and carries up to 550 passengers. major components are manufactured in germany and assembled in the french city of toulouse.
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but the focus is also on the future of the a-380 superjumbo. airbus has indicated it could seize production of the world's largest passenger jet by the end of the decade. >> clearly, our challenge is to get more customers. we believe we can do that, because of the trend of the market is towards bigger aircraft. >> [no audio] the dubai-based emirates canceled an order for over 70 aircraft. >> earlier, we spoke with airbus ceo and asked him whether he was concerned about the a-380 orders and whether the company might need to halt the aircraft production altogether. >> no, that is circling on an option. this is an aircraft we have invested in heavily.
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the decision was taken in 2000. these are aircraft that operate 20, 30, 40 years, and certainly over a lifetime of an aircraft, we improve, we upgrade an aircraft of all sizes. no different on the 380. as i said, quite a few years of backlog that we will produce for years. we will break even and make profits with this aircraft in 2015. and i'm pretty sure we will be able to continue on that track for the coming years. >> airbus ceo speaking to us earlier from toulouse, france. >> generally, businesses save it has never been easier to get a loan, according to a new survey published today. >> while only 17% of businesses reported difficulties in securing credit. the survey found that large
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companies were more likely to get their loans approved, while builders said they faced higher hurdles. and tumbling oil prices have been good news for businesses. oil-producing nations have had to ride out the rough weather. to tell us how crude prices fair today, here is a rundown of the markets from frank for stock exchange. -- from the frankford stock exchange. >> commodity experts in frankfurt do not believe commodity markets will be moving soon, and even less so as saudi arabia said no to cutting oil production. in a television interview, the saudi arabian oil minister even said his country would never cut oil production, does it prices hitting 5.5 year lows. immediately after these statements, the price for crude came under pressure again. on the stock trading floor here
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in frankfurt, the news was received very positively. cheap oil is like an extra stimulus for the economy here in germany. >> and that was conrad guzan from the trading floor in frankfurt. it was a good monday for stocks. the dax in frame for gained 8/10 of a percent and closing monday's trading at 98.65. european shares on your stocks rose by almost half a percent. trading is still underway in the u.s. with the dow looking bullish. it is up by 5.6%. and in currency markets, the euro one dollar 2240. -- the euro is $1.22. >> the china daily state newspaper reports that the chinese minister thinks the
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country has the ability to overcome his current economic crisis. >> china and russia close diplomatic and economic ties. particularly in the energy sector. while earlier this year, china signed a $400 billion deal to buy russian gas. a pipeline is currently in the works that should be ready to pump asked from russia to china as early as 2018. -- to pump gas from russia to china as early as 2018. the russian economy far from stable. moscow won't speak of the crisis, but the country's citizens are feeling the pinch. >> inflation is making it very difficult for the average russian to make ends need. the situation is forcing many of them to become more self-sufficient. >> 70 kilometers east of moscow, she is cooking for a friend.
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she doesn't have to go shopping, because everything she is making comes from her garden, pickled in jars, and stored in her cello. -- her seller. she is a widow and get the pension of about 100 60 euros per month. about one third of that is taken up by overhead costs, but that proportion will soon increase. >> everything is getting more expensive, like gas for example. it's going up. and electricity. it gets more and more expensive. >> in rural communities like this, [no audio] and a plummeting wrubel mean even tighten -- country folks have to tighten their belts. most people here don't have a garden. they have to go to the store. but many of the products come from overseas, but on world
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markets in u.s. dollars. as the wrubel slumps, shopkeepers around the country have to raise their prices. -- the ruble slumps, the shopkeepers around the country have to raise their prices. >> it affects sales. >> according to shopkeepers, people have to pay up to 75% more than -- more for produce than in the summer. that means many people can only afford the basis -- the basics. >> the worst part is that the wages have fallen, too. i work in hospital in moscow and i'm learning about 10% less now. if the prices keep rising, there could be problems in the country. many people will even start demonstrating. >> but no one is going out of -- out onto the streets just yet. most people here support president vladimir putin, including tamara.
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they believe his promises that things will get better. in the meantime, she's got provisions enough to last for a while yet. >> at least six people were killed in downtown glasgow on monday when a garbage truck crashed into pedestrians in a busy shopping area of the city. >> witnesses say the truck veered out of control on a crowded street, drove up onto the sidewalk and struck a number of people before hitting a site of a hotel. onlookers suggested the driver may have become ill and lost control of his vehicle. >> now, intrigue, power struggles, and backstabbing schemes, this year's christmas address by pope francis was unlike any others with some choice words and tough love directed at the vatican's own government will stop >> -- the vatican's own government. >> in a speech to his cardinals, he aired their dirty laundry unlike any of his predecessors. since becoming pope, he has not
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told any punches. >> today was not the first and is unlikely to be the last time pope francis takes headlines. >> instead of christmas cheer, pope francis dished out bitter medicine. he told the rule of cardinals, bishops, and priest that some church authorities had become afflicted with a kind of spiritual alzheimer's. >> this usually comes from the pathology of power, from the complex of the chosen, from the narcissism of those who look upset of those who look obsessively at their own image and don't see the imaging -- image of god imprinted on the faces of others, especially the weakest and most needed. -- and most needy. >> he listed 15 things that threaten the top ranks. they included careerism and opportunism, arrogance, cronyism, and what he called "the terrorism of gossip."
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he also warned them not to let their hearts turned to stone. >> a member of the curious -- c uria who does not feed himself daily spiritual food will become a bureaucrat, a clerical worker, a branch on the -- on the vine that dries up, slowly dies, and is driven far away. >> francis said he hope these illnesses could become cured in the next year. he has not shied away from criticizing the institution since becoming leader. analysts say the driving more harsh words so close to christmas and the quiet applause he received our signed his reforms are meeting resistance. >> we finish on an unhappy note, i'm afraid. british rock star joe caulker -- cocker has died of lung cancer. >> he rose to rain in the 1960's
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with a cover of the beatles hit "with a little help from my friends" and remained active until recently. he received numerous accolades during his four decade career including a grammar -- grammy award. his agent said he was the greatest soul singer ever to come out of written. ♪ he certainly ones. >> that is your world news. you are watching dw in berlin also do stay with us. >> goodbye. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit]
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french jews packing up to two israel. british muslims standing up against islamist extremism, and german bureaucracy -- scoring a goal for asylum seekers. first, to france, where there are fears that anti-semitism is on the rise. france has the largest jewish population in europe, but the number o


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