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tv   Journal  PBS  December 26, 2014 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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>> from the heart of europe, this is dw in berlin. >> a pleasure to have you on. the headlines at this hour. president cutin in science and new military doctrine as designating nato as russia's main foreign threat. >> remembering the victims of the devastating 2004 tsunami. >> as ebola ravages west africa, victims are being ostracized from their societies including little children. the worst confrontation between russia and the west since the
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cold war deepened with russian president vladimir putin signing a new military doctrine identifying nato expansion as the key threat to his country's decision. >> ukraine dropped its nine status, raising the possibility of a joining the alliance. >> outraged by that, president putin called nato a frontier of expansion. >> the talks broke down, it is not kept the two sides from swapping prisoners. >> the press waited in vain as negotiators left minsk empty-handed. talks scheduled for friday were called off indefinitely. this as kiev and pro-russian rebels exchanged 372 war
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prisoners. the ongoing crisis continues to strain relations between russia and the west. president frederick eugen's moved to sign a new military doctrine poses a problem. the document -- president vladimir putin's signing a new military doctrine poses a problem. last week, he stated -- >> nobody will intimidate, restrain, or isolated russia. nobody has ever succeeded in this. >> is also seen as a reaction to kiev's decision to reject nonaligned science -- that is. moscow accuses ukraine of threatening peace in europe. kiev announced securities and concerns when they announced the suspension of all transportation
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services to the career and peninsula -- to the crime year an they did not say how long they would be in effect. >> let's go live to the region. we will be talking to our correspondent in the ukraine. first, to our bureau chief. the previous military doctrine talked about international terrorism, political extremism as the main threats to the country. now, he is calling nato a major threat. how should we be interpreting this? >> it is the expansion to the east that they consider a major threat as well as destabilization of several regions of the world. ukraine, syria, and they identify meddling into internal affairs of russia as a key risk factor. this new doctrine reflects a
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mood of anxiety within the kremlin that president vladimir could be toppled in russia. this is not so much a doctrine which poses a threat to global peace. >> so, worries within the kremlin, it seems that it is ever more difficult to reach president cute and for the two sides to talk. is he burning down his bridges? >> somehow it looks like this, not much of a sign of compromise here from russia. they debated that the kremlin is confused by the opposition. they met in europe and germany's chancellor angela merkel, the different leaders. they do not have figured out how to do with this conflict and what the endgame really is.
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>> many thanks. let's go to our ukraine correspondent for the view from kiev. conflicting signals we are getting. on one hand, this is in or swap that is underway between forces. negotiations have been canceled. who should we believe? >> well, a prisoner exchange is one of the points of the existing minsk agreement, both sides have always been able to agree upon. there have been prisoner exchanges in the past. today's exchange is the largest, over 200 prisoners on the rubble side, 100 or so more on the ukrainian side. we believe that most of it has been completed. some will be carried out
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tomorrow. this was one point that was agreed in this weeks negotiations, that essentially everything that has been previously agreed simply has not played out in practice in the region. it is very difficult to see how both sides to come together to make further agreements. >> they simply have nothing that they can agree on? >> there hasn't been an official reason given yet for the talks to be council. neither side has come forward with particular grounds for that. it is difficult to see who is going to move where. we have seen the rebels have had over the previous weeks, a continuous buildup of new military hardware coming into the region. meter site is really moving either one way or the other. neither is the pair to give
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ground so it is hard to see where the compromises could be found. >> ukraine canceling its train services into russian controlled crimera, what is behind that move? >> with we're seeing now is the government really tried to stamp its authority over these areas, over these territories where it has lost control. this is critical for crimera. it is the only land route. we also saw cutting off power from time to time. in the east of the country some of the government has suspended pensions, banking. it is trying to assert itself. it is a setback for russia because they don't have that land route in. there have been rumblings amongst rebels that they would like to put a land route into crimera. >> many thanks.
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>> u.s. forces and allies have pounded islamic states targets in iraq and syria. on scene 31 airstrikes in one day. >> this video showing the bombing of three iis buildings near a leper in northern syria. another 15 strikes making up to 31 were carried out any rock including missions against the islamist stronghold of mosul. italy says that more than 1300 migrants have been rescued in the mediterranean over the past few days. >> four separate set sail from libya. most are coming from central africa. italy's interior ministry says that nearly 170,000 migrants have arrived in italy by see this year.
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human rights groups estimate at least 3200 have died trying to reach europe. 10 years ago, one of the deadliest natural disasters in recorded history struck more than a dozen countries in southeast asia, a powerful tsunami killing nearly a quarter of a million people. >> a remembrance of the people that lost alliance. they released hundreds of lanterns, a symbolic and rather touching liberation of the spirits of the dead. >> that moving tribute was just one of dozens of ceremonies held across asia. >> indonesia's resident lay tribute at the grave. around 50,000 victims were here.
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about 170,000 people were killed in indonesia. a massive underwater quake triggered this in on me. not to miss waves up to 35 meters devastated also areas around the indian ocean. people lost everything they had. today, indonesia has rebuilt much of what was lost. thousands of kilometers to the west, the waves devastated them, a small town on the southern most tip of india. most have feared another disaster. >> her younger sister died that
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day and she has come almost 500 kilometers to take part in prayers here. for many, the pain of having lost their loved ones is still fresh. and many say they cannot find police until their last relatives are found. this woman lost her 20-year-old daughter. she was killed when the tsunami hit thailand will stop her best friend could not save her and watched as she was swept away by the waves. >> whenever i see school children coming home, i feel like my daughter is coming home. i feel so empty when i see them in their uniforms. >> she eventually learned that her daughter's body had been recovered and buried in an anonymous grave here in southern thailand. authorities found her id.
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personal belongings and dna analysis have helped them to identify many other bodies. she hopes that her daughter's body can be brought back home. this is a holiday resort on the western coast of thailand. many of those that were killed were foreign tourists. many european survivors have come to commemorate the anniversary. i've been here a number of times. this time is different. being here with all of these people. >> the ephemeral commemoration has been held 50 kilometers away in land. for everyone affected. the anniversary of the tsunami is a time for reflection and
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remembrance. >> while those have been going on tens of thousands of people have been facing further strikes. >> in thailand, malaysia, and chewbacca, hundreds of thousands of people have evacuated due to heavy rains and mudslides. >> for thailand's southern provinces, the monsoon floods don't come as they surprise and the scale of this downpour has led authorities to the clear aid reaches disaster zones. more than 180,000 households have been affected, some 8000 people have been forced from their homes. neighboring malaysia has described this as the worst flooding in a decade.
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authorities fear there might be more to come. >> this is -- several hundred demonstrators marched in support of the missing girls. organizers criticized by german authorities for failing to find and return them. boko haram abducted the girls from the school back in april. there was trouble in the georgian parliament on friday when a disagreement between rival lawmakers turned ugly. >> that seems list and hit each other, some even pour out microphones to use as weapons. >> ebola epidemic continues to have a state west africa. we look at how the relatives of the victims are dealing with the stigma.
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>> we will see you in exactly one minute.
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>> dw one facebook. share what is important to you. >> hello again. the worst ever ebola outbreak in west africa is still not under control. liberia tries to contain the deadly virus. >> liberia remains one of the worst affected countries with more than 3000 deaths. the world health organization says the total number of deaths has reached over 7500. >> the affection rate has been declining, fear of contagion is so strong that the relatives of victims often become outcasts including the children. >> ebola crisis in liberia reached its peak in october, aid workers wore protective sees to remove the dead. 100 new cases were identified each day. there was a spreading sense of panic.
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this girl's mother died in the way to the hospital. nobody noticed her crying on the street except for one aid worker. he tells us that she was standing there all alone and nobody was looking after her. her mother had died. they could not say whether it was a bowler or not, they suspected it was, but the mother had died on her way to the hospital. the girl was still very small. they found the phone number of her grandmother. she did not respond to the calls. so, she took her to a special facility for children who have lost their parents to ebola. often, other relatives are afraid to take in orphans, fearing they might be taking the virus. she waited with the other
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children for someone to come and take her home. the meantime, the orphanage staff took care of her. 421 days, they check your temperature. luckily, she did not have ebola. people at the wharton is did what they could to make her life as normal as possible. not everyone was so kind. didion says he will never forget the day he found her. >> >> she managed to convince the rest of her family to accept her back home.
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she tells us that people were afraid of her for a little while. but, after some time, the people saw that nobody was getting sick around her. nothing was happening to them. come in today, she is happy and healthy. she still shows a close bond with the man who rescued her. >> pope francis has delivered his prayer the day after christmas. >> >> thousands gathered in st. peter's square as the pope appeared on the balcony of the apostolic palace. the day after christmas, the head of the worlds 1.2 billion catholics dedicated his traditional prayer to christians
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around the globe who are suffering persecution. >> let us also pray that thanks to the sacrifice of these modern-day martyrs, efforts may intensify all over the world to recognize and guarantee religious freedom, this is an inalienable right of every human being. >> on christmas eve, the pope set an example by speaking by telephone with christians at a refugee camp in iraq who had fled for the islamic state. -- from the islamic state. he blessed them, comparing their sacrifice to that of jesus. the day after christmas, they celebrated the feast of saint stephen. >> sony says it has been hit by another cyber attack, this time a hacker group going by the name
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of the lizard squad. like they paralyzed the online gaming network. this has meant an agonizing wait for millions of gamers eager to fire up their consoles. sony and microsoft say they're working to restore the service. time now for a moment of reflection on the year gone by, something we often do in the days between christmas and new year. >> 2014 had more than his fair share of upheavals. from unrest in ukraine to the unraveling of the middle east, to desperate attempts by thousands of refugees to reach europe, risking all. >> here is our take on the biggest stories in your this year starting out with the european union's new leader. >> for the first time there was an election for the top job. marshals and jean-claude junke
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facebook. this would be to sell the idea of europe. scholz lost the vote. he and his team were faced with winning over hearts and minds and pulling europe's economy out of the doldrums. but we have decided that there will be concentrating on the most important issues in the first months of the new commission. because we don't think every problem in europe is also a problem for the european union and the european commission. there is a wind of change blowing, but it will not be a storm. >> there was a storm soon afterwards. , as newspapers detail the status as a tax haven for companies. the investigation.
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this was the responsibility of the prime minister. there were other problems. protest like this one in belgium shows peoples opposition to austerity policies. the economy remains stalled, and implement remain high. eurosceptic hearties found new support in 2014. in france, the far right national front actually one european elections. alongside the internal problems, there was a crisis and europe's door. the conflict in ukraine and the annexation of crimea. eu leaders ordered sanctions against europe. the chancellor saw this as a
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sign of increased unity. but despite all of the ed debate, i think we have dealt with it well. they count europe was in the face of the iraq war. it was split into. now come it is possible to stay united both within europe and with our transatlantic partners. that is thanks to a u.s. president that looks towards europe. that is a huge value. >> the cooling relations with russia. >> the increase focus on nato reflects, once again seeing how important.
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>> member states will have to unite to solve the problems, even though many europeans are more apathetic than ever about the idea of european union. >> the goose run because this is a traditional holiday dish that germans tucked into on christmas day. >> when you see santa running towards you with a stuffed goose in hand, that might look odd to the untrained eye but more and more berliners are catching on to the idea of this special
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boxing day run with the sole purpose of digesting your christmas meal. question sitting around the whole time is boring. looking at what was offered on the telly, i don't know what else i should have been doing. >> but then, we spot more indulgence as runners quench their thirst with mold wind. with such calorie intensive refreshments, they might not be getting back into pre-christmas shape.
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>> four and a half minutes, well ahead of the defending champion. after nine hours, it had a lead of nearly four kilometers. they will cross the finish line early sunday on the island of tasmania. >> i bet you they don't have any mold wind. >> probably not. >> you are watching dw in berlin. >> goodbye.
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this week on "moyers & company" -- the long, dark shadows of plutocracy. >> these buildings are a whole new level of super, super luxury condo. >> blotting out the sunshine in the premier park. where was the outcry? >> housing is a right! >> if we don't get together and do something, we'll be left with a city that's only accessible to millionaires and billionaires. >> announcer: funding is provided by -- anne gumowitz, encouraging the renewal of democracy. carnegie corporation of new york, supporting innovations in education, democratic engagement and the advancement of international peace and security at carnegie.org. the ford foundation, working with visionaries on the front lines of social change worldwide.

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