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tv   Journal  PBS  February 24, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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welcome to your world is coming to you live from dw in berlin. our top stories this hour. a deal is done. it a lot extension for greece. we get -- a bailout extension for greece. we get the reaction from brussels. >> leaders meet in paris to bolster the minsk peace deal. we will have the latest from the pens -- french capital. >> and recommending that the qatar world cup should be moved to winter. the pressure is off, at least
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for now. greece has managed to win an extension of european bailout program, thereby averting virtual bankruptcy. >> buffy-month-old greek government only managed to kick the can down the road. athens will -- but the month-old greek government only managed to kick the can down the road. physical have to come up with a plan to keep the country solvent. >> for now, greece is getting the benefit of the doubt. it's a first deck, but an important one. >> six pages. the list from athens is short, but sweet. making changes until the last minute, and now they've got a green light from the eurozone finance minister. money for reforms, that's the deal. the list is an important step in rebuilding trust. >> is a new greek government with quite a different political vision than the previous one. >> athens has promised to get
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tough on tax evasion corruption and reform of the pension system. that should fund about 7 billion euros into greece is empty state coffers. european leaders have said that it shows greece is willing to compromise, but they are expecting athens to academic with action, especially with regards to tax evasion. >> how can the government take money from others country, but not collect taxes from its wealthy citizens? no one has understand any understanding of that. >> increasing the minimum wage is one of the proposals. >> not even former government have managed to introduce the kind of regulations that actually work. when it comes to things such as vat, cigarette smuggling and fuel smuggling.
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>> the official list is [no audio] the reforms. >> our correspondent has been following this story for us in brussels stop he says this is just the start of the process. >> there are a lot of nice promises on the greek reformist and the institutions are willing to give it a shot, because in their eyes, anything is utter -- anything is better because no one knows what the implications would be. but now they need to demonstrate that they are very serious about reforms. they will take a very hard look at everything the greek government is doing and by the end of april they will say they own a two more money for the greek government. -- they will say yay or may -- yea or nay to more money for
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the greek government. >> the euro commission seems to be somewhat sympathetic to the greek cause. why is that? what is your role in this drama? >> it must be noted that the commission has already since the beginning said the most realistic way forward is prolongation of the existing program, based on existing commitments. it is important if we are to be successful that all sides stick with their commitments, and that has been the commissions line all the way through. and we see eventually that is exactly also what the eurogroup has concluded. if we are to successfully continue with this great program, it needs to be extended, allowing more time for negotiations.
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>> thank you. >> and that was the eu vice president speaking there. how has this all gone down with the people of greece? especially the voters who have resoundingly said they want an end to austerity. lisko to his and -- let's go to anti-car saba in at the -- anthy carasaba in greece. how do they feel? do they feel they have caved to the man's? -- to the demands? >> he has taken a pretty bad beating by his own members of the reza, grilling him right now. especially those on the far left side of this leftist party they
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are confused. many of them say this is a climbdown. many believe the government has signed up to major content -- major concessions. he will be answering these questions. there was no doubt there was a great deal of give and take and that greece did decide it did not link in it cannot with the creditors. but greeks on the street are still trying to decode what this proposal is all about. and they are still amazed date of postelection euphoria, this mood change that has come about from the selection. and many i've been seeking to are saying that despite the fact that this may be a bad agreement, they still feel sympathetic toward the government because they feel it made the effort to try to negotiate something better. >> i want to specifically ask you about where the greek government goes from here.
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there's possibly something you alluded to in your answer. do you expect them to keep pushing their agenda? or will they be eating humble high now? -- humble pie now? like that depends on the answers they get from the prime minister -- >> that depends on the answers they get from the prime minister. we understand there is a group of 40 of them within the party that are trying to draft some kind of letter and petition to put forward to the prime minister, not to does it and not to raise issue with -- not to dispute and not to raise issue with his leadership, but they are simply saying we were elected on a platform of policies that have nothing to do with what we are seeing. >> reaction from greece. thank you for your comprehensive reporting.
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and with a greek deal in the pipeline, things are looking up on the financial markets. [no audio] testimony before congress. to bring us up to speed on the stock exchange, markets. >> later this evening, investors changed their focus from europe to the u.s. where janet yellen held a speech. she said that the fed stays very flexible on interest rates which means that an interest rate hike is not that possible as it seemed before. this gave a boost to shares because it seems that money stays cheap and easy. >> that is stefan wolff reporting from the frankfurt.
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let's get you up to date. staying in frankfurt, the dax closed at an all-time high, finishing 11,205 points. the euro stoxx 50 was up by nearly a percent in trading is still underway on wall stret where the dow was up by .4%. we are going to move to other moves -- other news now. the check interior minister has confirmed that today's restaurant shooting which killed eight people was not a terrorist attack. >> the shooting took place in a small town about 300 kilometers southeast of strong. police have sat -- sealed off the area, but the town's mayor said the shooter was a local man who suffered from mental illness . investigators say he committed suicide at the scene. turning to ukraine, the german
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foreign minister said situation in the east of the country is "highly fragile." >> he made that comment on the sidelines of a high-stakes meeting in paris where the french, german and russian and ukrainian for ministers were trying to bolster this spieth deal that seems to be falling apart at the seams. >> the fact is that the -- bolster this case deal that seems to be falling apart at the seams. >> the fact is, it has never really held. >> they are leaving the frontline, dozens of trucks loaded with heavy artillery like this moving deeper into rebel held territory towards donetsk. officials said they are falling back in line with the peace accord. >> the mission to withdraw weaponry larger than 100 millimeter caliber according to the minsk agreement is underway. we started the withdrawal today. >> but kiev says it's just the
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rooms -- just a ruse and the government will not begin withdrawing its weapons until a cease-fire really takes hold. >> they started to withdraw the weapons, but the rebels are really just relocating their weapons in other directions and regrouping. the hidden movement uses military quitman and human resources toward the frontline -- the hidden movement of military quitman and human resources toward the frontline continues. >> if mari ruvell --mariupol falls into russian hand, it could establish a land border. the counselors are trying to salvage a fragile peace deal. greg should there be an attack on mariupol, which some fear,
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it would obviously completely change the basis of the minsk peace agreement. and we would face a new situation. greg -- >> but even the best intentions in pairs mean nothing unless the come -- the parties are moving toward a cease-fire deal. but while speaking of the conflict parties let's go to ukraine to the capital where our course on and is standing by -- our correspondent is standing by. separatists are saying they would -- they are withdrawing heavy weapons from the frontline. what will it take for the ukrainians to do the same? >> well, the ukrainian government is deeply skeptical about the assertion of the separatist that they indeed started to withdraw their heavy weapons. the military spokesman said they will only start to withdraw the if the cease-fire last a full two days.
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we have not seen that yet. quite clearly, kiev is afraid that the separatists will use the cease-fire to relocate their weaponry and to plan to move someplace to the east in order for them to witness the withdrawal of their heavy artillery. it's impossible to verify if this is for real or just for show. quite ok, -- >> ok, peace talks are continuing. we have four-way talk going on in paris. what is the view from key of? is there any hope that the cease-fire agreement made in minsk can bring an end to the fighting? >> yeah, well, how many agreements did we see echoes how many agreement -- did we see? how many agreements do we still
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have to see until it works out. i'm afraid that people here don't have that much faith in the cease-fire and in any agreement. for one, because every cease-fire of two now has been violated. and second, there is a deep miss trust toward the separatists and toward russia. the people here we talked to they are afraid the situation will get even worse and it will take still a long time to get back to normal. >> i'm afraid we have to leave it there. good to see you. moving on, the chair of the influential u.n. panel on climate change has stepped down. >> this comes at the 74-year-old scientist is being investigated in his native india for allegedly sexually harassing a former female researcher at his delhi-based think tank. local police said the
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29-year-old woman gave them dozens of inappropriate text messages. we will have a one minute break.
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>> welcome back. islamic state fighters have abducted at least 70 christian in syria. human rights reports that i had fighters overran -- that is fighters overran villages. >> social media footage claims to show footage -- kurdish ypg fighters reclaiming the area. fighting continues. the rise of islamic state has security implications for countries around the world. a steady stream of radicalized
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militant. >> more than 500 have been recruited from germany alone. this is particularly worrying for the leaders of germany's muslim community we have been working to promote intercultural understanding. >> one of them is an author. she helped introduce islamic education in german public schools. five of her former students turn to islamic state, something she calls a personal failure. >> she has been teaching islamic studies for years. she knows the way young muslims in germany think and she had had to struggle with the fact that five of her former students joined the terrorist organization islamic state and left germany to fight in the area. -- in syria. in her book, she says young people who become radical jihadist have one big thing in common, they feel like losers in germany. >> they face huge disadvantages. it's partly a language problem.
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these people are made to feel like outsiders because of their background or failure to integrate and there is a social inequality reflected in the education stop -- in the education. >> [no audio] people from being in standby islamic state recruitment campaigns and she says the islam community could help -- the muslim community could help much more. >> there is too little in the way of alternative theological concepts. we have to make his religion more attractive and not just run it down. we have to reach out to young people and the their language. that is what the salafists are doing. that is what has made them so successful. we should do the same. >> he says it's the only way to stop more young people from falling prey to islamic extremists.
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>> there are growing signs that anti-semitism is resurgent in europe. in response, the government in germany has vowed to ensure the safety of its jewish community. >> earlier this month, chancellor merkel said she was grateful to see a resurgence of jewish life in recent years. >> one sign of that is in a city 150 kilometers southeast of berlin. there, a former church has been converted into a synagogue. >> was used to be known as the protestant church of saint nikolai is now a synagogue, the first in the state of brandenburg's is the end of world war ii. finally, the jewish community there has idea of space to worship in. >> we have one room sitting 40 people at the most. that is where all our prayers took place. >> the church was rededicated at the end of january, just a few
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weeks after the paris attack. among the victims were for hostages killed at a jewish market. >> of course, we asked ourselves whether we could go ahead and inaugurate the synagogue. of the jewish community here and its regional associations that now more than ever. we make the point here that we are not afraid and jewish life is part of our community. it is not pushed the outskirts but right in the center. we are glad that we now have a new synagogue very visible in our city. >> only 12 of the cities once 300 strong jewish unity survived the not the regime. -- the nazi regime. a cemetery and stumbling stones are a reminder of the holocaust and jewish life here. >> it is diversity.
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i think it's great. it is about time we gaze to the fact that there are people with other faiths. >> i think it's great, but when it was not rated i was afraid, as many others probably were, that there might be unrest or attacks will stop -- but when it was inaugurated i was afraid, as many others probably were, that there might be unrest or attacks. >> in 2006, there was a terrible story, swastikas and anti-semitic rubber game death smeared outside the city -- propaganda smeared outside the city. it happened only once and he dealt with it. they are doing their best to make the jewish community feel welcome here. >> a construction project in the disputed south china sea. >> satellite images show the building of artificial at him -- artificial islands along the race. neighboring countries from vietnam to the philippines and malaysia have laid their stake
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to the region and its precious natural resources as well. >> an artificial island in the south china sea. satellite photos published by the center for strategic and international studies, a washington-based think tank to my show how china is changing the shape of the map. several regional powers, including the levine, malaysia, and vietnam, border the south china sea. but china regards most of the region and its own and is waging a lengthy be -- lengthy legal battle to bolster its claims. china promised to refrain from provocative actions, a pledge it would seem to be breaking. china plans to construct ports and helicopter landing zones around the islands over the next year. it is already built out of artificial islands with dams connecting them. beijing says it looks improve the conditions of the workers on
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the island, but the construction is larger than anything built by neighbors. some analysts a it is meant to build -- to bolster the military presence in the region, particularly by providing landing areas for the air force, the king supply chain -- the making supply chains more efficient. >> it is unthinkable, a world cup beginning in november. but it looks as though that [no audio] >> the governing body recommended that the 2022 competition in qatar start later in the year to avoid the scorching summer heat. >> the task force agreed that holding the 2022 qatar world cup in the cooler months with felt -- would safeguard the health of players and friends. but the secretary-general acknowledged the decision would not go down well with everyone. >> it is clear there are pros and cons for all.
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there would be not one solution that would satisfy all. one solution is that it be in november and december. >> among those that are not happy are the european leagues. the conversations -- the competition would be smack dab in the middle of their season. moving things around with be expensive. >> we cannot be expended to their the cost for such rescheduling. we expect to be compensated for the damage that the final decision would cause. >> qatar won the right to host the cup in 2010. qatar's bid originally included bids for a conditioned -- plans for air-conditioned stadiums. temperatures often reach well over 140 degrees celsius. but then talk began to focus on moving the competition away from the summer.
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the recommendation to hold it in november and december, 2022 is expected to be ratified by the committee in march. the issue of timing is just one controversy surrounding the qatar world cup. last year, the ethics committee conducted an investigation into the bidding process amid corruption allegations. though it later announced the wrongdoing it had uncovered had not influence the results. rights groups also criticized qatar over the pay and conditions offered to migrant construction workers. >> we finish off with a preview. >> manchester city hosts one of the big favorites, barcelona. meanwhile, looking to build on the recent good form when they >> italian link leaders have left their rivals trailing the
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season. and the so-called lady, along with others, is the clear favorite. but they are too polite to say so. respect their watchword. >> they have plenty of space up front and they are technically excellent. we will have to try to make sure they cannot ask lloyd those strengths -- cannot exploit those strengths against us. >> alledge greet -- a luxury -- allegri had two players in particular in mind. thanks to them, they won their last three matches in a row. but there are a different proposition to stuttgart.
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>> it should be a very interesting clash of styles. they play at a slower tempo than us but have a lot of quality on the ball. >> with momentum behind them dortmund will be looking to come out with all guns blazing against the italians. it should prove a good distraction from a disappointing bundesliga season. >> we will be back at the top of the hour with more news. >> we hope to see you then. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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and here's your host, anne o'donnell. >> hello and a very warm welcome to "euromaxx highlights," for a roundup of our favorite reports from the week. let's have a look at our top three. fashion front -- how to enter the elite world of haute couture. dutch designs -- artist theo jansen and his
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mythical beach animals. and nostalgic notion -- how a swiss village revives the 19th-century vacation. well, haute couture creations are high-end, handmade pieces designed by major fashion houses, but the labels still need to get a formal invite from a select group of designers before they can even call their wares haute couture and show them at paris fashion week.

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