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tv   Journal  PBS  March 13, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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>> this is your world news. good to have you with us. >> welcome. here come the headlines. germany has returned a ban on teachers wearing headscarves in public schools. >> the greek prime minister seeks support for his reform plans in brussels. >> and formula one gears up for the new season. we will check in for the cars to watch. germany's highest court has overturned the ban on headscarves. the country said stopping teachers from wearing the
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headscarves in public schools is not compatible with religious freedom. >> that has been welcomed in germany as a step in the right direction. >> for students wearing a headscarf at school is not a problem, but for their teachers, it has been a different matter. in 2003, the german constitutional court issued a ban on headscarves responding to the case brought by a teacher who had been denied a promotion because of the headscarf. but they refused to remove the headscarves, and petitioned the top court for redress and now they have won. the judges said it did not constitute a danger by itself, neither for peaceful pro-existence of the school or the neutrality of the state. >> it does not violate students'
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rights per se, and it does not mean the state embraces the religion. >> the judges said the decision was too sweeping, calling the ban a violation of religious freedom. schools can have the right to forbid headscarves, but only if it poses a risk of disruption. the court also overturned a part of the education act emphasizing christian values and traditions saying it disadvantaged other religions and was not valid. six out of the 16 states will have to make major changes to their school laws as a result. >> major changes. our correspondent is covering the story. we are looking at a landmark decision on a sensitive topic. what are its legal implications? >> it will send eight states,
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half of the federal states, back to the drawing board. those that have imposed to this ban on wearing headscarves in schools and especially those that made exceptions for christian cultural symbols which often meant nothing else than favoring mainly christian and jewish symbolism in schools. this was criticized by muslim organizations and human rights groups as a discrimination against muslims hence the positive response from the muslim organizations and today also the court redefines the role of the state, which is required by the constitution, to be neutral on religion. they should not mean separation of church and state, according
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to what we read today. it should mean facilitating more religious plurality and treating faith equally. >> a complicated legal topic. what does it mean for teachers who wear headscarves or want to or other religious symbols? >> its means that teachers and other staff working in schools will find the same conditions as they exist for anyone else working in germany, they are able to display religious symbols and for young muslim women, this was criticized in the past. this often, for devout women who felt obliged to wear it, ended up being a de facto ban on taking up the profession. that has changed. whoever wants to make use of these exceptions, for one
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specific school, that would have to build a very strong case indeed. >> thank you for that analysis. >> around 4 million muslims live in germany around 5% of the population. compared to most of the residents, muslims are young around 30. >> ages and important factor in determining what views people have on the topic of integration . a topic addressed at a conference in germany. >> muslims had prayers. it is a scene most germans know only from television. this is where this person worships. he is 19 and studies technology and identifies with his faith. he says he is involved with the young people's conference to show being a citizen and a muslim can go hand-in-hand. >> everyone has their own views
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and those perspectives needs to be brought together because everyone's view will be limited. >> contact and communication of attracted this 20-year-old to the conference. she is a student from berlin. >> diversity has become normal for so many people in schools or kindergarten. a lot of places like public office there is no visible diversity. >> a recent survey carried out by a university shows the difference between generations in germany when it comes to contact with islam. only 8% of young adults said they never had any contact with muslims. over 25, that number rises to 22%. the generational disconnect was even bigger. 70% of young adults oppose the ban of teachers wearing the hijab.
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>> we can see the germany of the future will be much more pragmatic about this issue. diversity is a part of everyday life already. so i think the attitudes highlighted by this study are a recent for optimism. >> praying at the mosque is a daily ritual. he says he wants to make islam a normal part of a diverse german society, and not just on television. >> to sweden where prosecutors will travel to london to question julian assange over sexual assault allegations. assange has been living in london since 2012. >> assange sought refuge to avoid extradition on the allegations. in the u.s., he is facing investigations with the release
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of hundreds of thousands of classified documents. >> the european commission president jean-claude juncker has called for solidarity to help athens. after talks with the greek prime minister in brussels, he also said athens needs to speed up reform. >> that message got support from martin scholz. concern is growing over their ability to pay its debt. >> it was the greek prime minister's second visit since taking office and just like the first time his priority was earning the trust of skeptical lawmakers. cyprus held separate talk with martin scholz, trying to persuade him greece is moving the reform process forward. he says europe must to do its part. >> it is time to give a message
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to the people, not only implement, obligations -- >> it is unclear whether they will receive more bailout loans. they are looking to other programs to help combat social problems. he did not include that excludes -- exclude that, but says it is counterproductive to pay reparation for world war ii. >> i told him i recognize germany's responsibility for its past actions. it would be inappropriate to mix the issue of her creations with the management of greece's financial problems. >> he said the top priority is now composure in the face of major challenges. jean-claude juncker is frustrated with what he called an alarming lack of progress.
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>> i'm excluding the failure. i don't want a failure. this is not a time for division. it is a time for coming together. >> task forces are being set up to help greece. the money would support the domestic social programs that cyprus wants to implement such as tackling youth unemployment. >> speaking of loans ukraine has received the first $5 billion trench of a bailout plan from the imf. >> kiev has been given a rescue package to stabilize the economy of the war-torn country. soaring public debt forced them into consultation with creditors. the government has until june to reach an agreement on restructuring debt. let's take a look at the equities market and see how they closed out the week. the dax was up, having a strong
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day. the euro stoxx 50 also. the dow is going down at the moment. the euro continues its downward course against the dollar. >> a ceremony has been held to mark the end of british military operations in afghanistan. >> the armed forces led the congregation into st. paul's cathedral, joining politicians. relatives of soldiers who died in action also attended. the archbishop of canterbury blessed a cross made out of showcasing. >> israel is going to the polls next week with benjamin netanyahu hoping to win another term in power. >> final opinion polls show his conservative party lagging behind a central-left coalition. >> our correspondence sent us
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this report on their final days of campaigning. >> this campaign spot is called "babysitter." they opened the doors to benjamin netanyahu. he promises their child will be safe, if he wins reelection. security has been one of the dominant themes of the campaign so far. he is hoping the issue will help him win a fourth term in office. he is counting on the votes of people in towns like this one, close to the gaza strip. supporters are campaigning hard. >> we have hardly had any terrorist attacks since he came to power. he built of the security fence
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in the south. he is a straight talker, what matters to me he is offering security. >> here he is enjoying a photo op at a market in jerusalem. it is rare for him to appear in a crowd. he knows he is fighting for every vote. the latest polls show a tight race against his challenger, for netanyahu, it could be an uphill struggle. >> at the end of the day, it turned out to be an election about one person. benjamin netanyahu. he decided about these elections. he took a big chance. he thought, i will take it easily. >> until recently, his reelection had seemed like a done deal. security is not the only issue israel he's carry about. the cost of living continues to
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rise. rent has increased and so has the cost of health care. in tel aviv, voters have mixed opinions on six years of netanyahu. >> israelis have had enough of him. it is time for him to go. we are a was talking about iran. the people have had it up to here. >> bb is the one for israel. he knows how to represent us. he's got my vote. >> netanyahu will soon know whether he made the right that in calling early elections. >> we will take a short break. some important news for germany's national soccer team. >> and a new formula one season. don't go away. ♪
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>> heroes of our age. glory lies in the stadium. kickoff pays tribute with a youtube channel. reports and analysis, players coaches, fans. kickoff, now on youtube.
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>> welcome back. islamic state militants are coming under pressure from iraqi forces into crete. >> troops are said to have retaken half the city after sweeping into days ago. i.s. is playing down reports it has been defeated. recapturing the city is seen as a step toward driving out to the militants who control about a third of iraq and syria. >> mozilla is the most important city, still under the control of islamic state. kurdish forces have taken to fight. >> the kurdish fighters are receiving military aid and training front some western governments, including germany. >> using stones to teach con back tactics -- combat tactics.
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they are being trained by the german army. many have been at the front line the germans are helping them to hone their skills and stay alive. >> my job is to train them. all security forces. on the one hand, they have to defend their country and they must survive this conflict. >> they are practicing a counter attack. they learn to respond rapidly and sees the upper hand. the germans are teaching them not just how to defend their positions, but also to go on the offensive and defeat the enemy. the training covers all aspects of combat engagements. >> the gun is very dirty. you can't shoot. the hill is in the way.
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if he wants to shoot, go in front of the hill. >> the german army training course is a month long. the british and dutch military are also preparing them. germany has supplied weapons and armored vehicles. this unit received a personnel carrier. it already has a few scratches. the front is a few kilometers away. today, the sky is providing good visibility for aircraft. that means the i.s. are less likely to launch an attack. the militants go on the offensive when the weather is bad. this kurdish commander explains how he used german-made missiles to put three tanks out of action. this missile has proven to be an effective weapon. the commander says they need new
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supplies to make sure they keep them in check. >> it is quiet here now. i.s. try to attack our base. and reoccupy a village. their attempts have failed so far. >> back at the training course, they are still putting them through their paces. this time focusing on counterinsurgency operations and urban combat. >> terrorists must be confronted. it makes no difference speaking to suicide bombers. i think the only effective weapon is a well-trained soldier. obviously it will not provide a lasting solution. >> as long as iraq remains divided, sectarianism looks set
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to thrive. >> to africa where peacekeeping forces are preparing to withdraw from the central african republic. 700 troops are deployed in the country. >> they have been trying to restore order after violence in 2014. they will hand over to you when soldiers is a conflict between christian and muslim militia groups continues. >> the central african republic two years ago. this person, the leader of the muslim rebel group, proclaimed himself president. a bloody civil war broke out in the majority christian country between the rebels and a christian militia. >> we don't want to the muslims to stay here. they need to get out and go to chat. that is what we want. >> hundreds of thousands of people fled.
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thousands christians and muslims died. rebels and militia lost all control. it took the u.n. nine months to react and dispatch a peacekeeping force. thousands of soldiers were deployed to quell the crisis. as international pressure grew, they elected a new interim president. that person took office in 2014. to lay down their weapons. later, the first troops from the european union arrived in the capital. and like the peacekeepers, they were here to provide security and stability in a country in chaos. their options were limited. >> our mission is to secure the airport and the planes taking off and landing. also the people in the refugee camp to the south, and access to the airport.
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>> but all of this military aid has not helped much. many have seen their lives turn worse. the capital is the only place where life has a resemblance of normalcy. hopes are being pinned on some 10,000 u.n. peacekeepers who will fan out across the country. eu troops are withdrawing leaving a couple dozen military advisers behind. >> austin pistorius face murder charges after all. >> the judge has ruled that prosecutors can appeal the verdict of manslaughter for the killing of his girlfriend. prosecutors had argued the verdict and the sentence of five years were too light.
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if his found guilty of murder he could face 15 years in jail. soccer now, good news low has signed up until 2018 to be the new coach. he led germany to their fourth world cup victory last year and this extension means he will be charge of masterminding germany's title in russia. for more on the story, we are joined in studio by jefferson chase. jefferson, he had already won the world cup. he had a contract, why does he need to extend now? >> probably was after the world cup, he wanted to take a break and see how drained his battery was. obviously it is a strenuous job.
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you are the national representative of the football team. he probably wanted to wait and see and he wanted to wait and see how the team would perform after the triumph because of course you know you win something that big the tendency is to drop off a little bit. now they are on their way to qualifying for the euro. we can't discount the fact he is in a good bargaining position. after all those years he brought the world cup title back home to germany. so i think probably his agent said it is a good time to go for the contract extension. i think he got a good deal. >> a good position. don't go away, jefferson. first, switching to motor racing now. formula one fans, the new season gets underway this weekend starting with the australian grand prix in melbourne. >> mercedes looks like they will
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be dominating after their success last season. there was a promising outing for sebastian. he went heard fastest as he prepares or his first race since moving. >> ok. don't forget jefferson who is still with us in the studio. ok. listen. mercedes favored again because of their big accomplishments last year. they've got some rivalry. still competing with hamilton. which driver has a better chance? >> it's interesting, as the rivalries already are. their strength is in qualifying. he took the largest number of poll positions. hamilton is considered the better driver, the race driver.
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so it is going to come down to which one can up his game in the aspect of formula one. i think it is probably easier to improve during qualifying so i'm going to go for hamilton. >> what about sebastian? last season he was well off the pace. can he make up that ground? >> most people would say no. the bookmakers are paying -- putting him at 17-1 against. don't forget the great michael schumacher, he needed a couple of seasons. this is a team that has been in turmoil. that think it would be unrealistic to expect him to pull off an upset. if you're looking for a dark horse, danny ricardo, the guy at red bull. he is a good shot to come in third or better. >> ok. jefferson chase.
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17-1, that is harsh. you have been watching "journal" on dw. >> if you would like more go to our website. goodbye. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit]
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many people lost their homes in the 2011 great east japan earthquake. evacuees struggled to survive. but then they had to face a new threat. it's a disease called disuse syndrome. which is caused by a change in a person's lifestyle.
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due to a lack of opportunities to move, the functions of the body deteriorate. its potentially dangerous because it can lead to dementia or rendering a sufferer bedridden.
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