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tv   Journal  PBS  March 20, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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a very warm welcome. our top stories. hundreds of people killed and injured in bombings in the yemeni capital. islam escape claims responsibility. host: greece gets a few more days to come up with reforms. host: skywatchers in the northern hemisphere catch a partial solar eclipse as the sun is shadowed. thanks for being with us. we begin this program in yemen
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where islamic state has claimed responsibility for series of bombings that caused capital -- damage in the capital sanaa. host: 200 others were injured many seriously. this comes after a day of deadly fighting. a place of worship. suddenly resembled hell honors. -- on earth. a suicide bomber blew himself up in the middle of friday prayers. dozens were killed in the explosion. a second attack mirrored the first. 20 suicide hamas carried out another attack in another sanaa mosque. >> we first heard an explosion outside. they used chaos that followed to enter the mosque in the middle of prayers.
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then they detonated the second bomb in the middle of the worshipers. >> the attacks came at a time of extreme clinical instability. the country is seemingly on the brink of civil or. president -- the president lost control of a large part of yemen in january when she had rebels declared themselves the country's rulers. that forced him to the south of the port city. friday's bombing shows the devastating impact the political vacuum is having. and how the islamic state militant group is taking advantage of the chaos. >> for more on the situation we are happy to be joined in the studio by barranca -- marika.
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was islamic state behind this attack and how powerful is it in yemen right now? maraika: there were statements made online but we do not know if there was some kind of media stunt or they were behind the attacks. we will have to wait for the investigations to be able to determine who was behind the attacks. >> we do not know yet whether it was i.s. but i.s has spread over the region. would you go as far as saying that i.s. has taken over? maraika: we don't know how strong they are in al qaeda or how week. this is the first time the i.s.
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has become active in yemen so we do not know how strong they are. i would assume that in the future at least in the near future that al qaeda remains the more dominant group in yemen. host: what about the shia? the looked like they were comingy on top of the power struggle. >> this will not change that circumstance because when it comes to the power struggle on this national level rivalry is between the houthis and the president. and this attack certainly adds to the general instability which makes negotiations more difficult which makes a political situation more difficult. but they are the more dominant power in the country. host: how does this fit into the
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rivalry? marika: this is the focal point for the rivalry. the houthis are being perceived as an agent of iran and saudi arabia is scared that this influence will increase and therefore, they are trying to prevent this influence from increasing further. now they are inviting the political parties for reactions but the houthis have not accepted so far. host: how is this affecting the people? maraika: they want to live in peace and go to their schools and jobs in this political situation is overshadowing a
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horrible humanitarian crisis with millions of people not having access to it. and this is certainly going to continue unless this political crisis will be able to resolve. the people who are living in yemen, they ar observing, they have no trust in thee politicians to be able to solve this problem. host: thanks for your time today. host: two days after the terror attack in a is he him in tunisia, more information comes to light about the gunman. host: they trained at a jihadist camp in libya. there was a march against terrorism in the capital. it marks 50 years since independence by france but was overshadowed by the attack on the national museum which killed at least 21 people. islamic state claimed responsibility.
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you leaders say greece has failed to come up with a new plan to secure the new bailout fan -- funds it needs to avoid bankruptcy. host: theis came after talks between angela merkel and other european leaders. host: he is more optimistic and is returning to athens to come up with reforms acceptable to greece's international creditors. reporter: donald tusk is known to work quietly behind the scenes. even if alarm bells are ringing over the financial straits the prime minister with preferred to be transferring funds into the great treasury by now but creditors remained unmoved. first reforms, then bailouts. >> it is always the case that some reforms are not put on writing to be thought about said
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anglin merkel. it is expected they will be implemented through parliamentary votes in this process before there is a payout. reporter: greece had asked for the special meeting with its creditors. athens wants the eurogroup to ease the austerity conditions imposed on the previous government. >> forget about the previous. athens is hoping for additional help which could release 2 million euros in aid funds this year. these 2 billion euros are not intended to fill the coffers but to boost the economy. it is meant to spur growth and more social equity in the country. but it is not just all about greece. the second day focused on the
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turmoil in libya and tunisia. >> there is no other option apart from the dialogue and the dialogue has to bring results. it is the future of the country. it is the future of the region and the future of european security at stake. reporter: they are talking about libya. we asked our correspondent about the chances that european troops can be deployed to north africa on a peacekeeping mission. reporter: the southern border of the european union is back on the map because of what happened in tunisia this week. there were horrible terrorist attacks but also because of the situation in libya. the approach for tunisia is more cooperation, trying to help the authorities to transition to democracy and the approach in that be a has to be different. it is a failing state. they need something more robust.
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that is why leaders discussed a peace mission during that summit but they only will go forward with that is libya has a unity government that is currently being negotiated under the leadership of the united nations. >>host: the conflicts we have been reporting on arson of the reasons there has been an upsurge of refugees coming to europe. host: germany takes and more refugees and asylum-seekers than any other country in the eu. officials have converted an empty building into a refugee home. it is not far from dresden, the city at the heart of the anti- islamization protest movement. reporter: local say they were not informed or consulted about the project and tensions as a result of growing.
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this rundown building on the outskirts of the city was all the city could get at short notice. almost overnight, the red cross turned a former police station into a shelter for more than 100 refugees. the showers and toilets are outside in containers. the new occupants are sleeping on cots. they had barely 48 hours to get the site ready. officials did not give her more time. >> we did not know how many were coming or how many were single. we allocated rooms with an interpreter. i held up fingers to show how many bits per room. a family came forward, i took them inside. reporter: the neighbors faced established facts. erica and her husband are uneasy. no one told them what was happening. erica: grouping so many
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different nationalities together, i do not think it is going to go well. people are here now but there is not anything for them to do here. they are just hanging around. reporter: saxony does not know where to put all the incoming refugees anymore. their numbers have traveled and there is no clear strategy. many feel the government is improvising. local politicians have to face the discontent. a city council member said he and his colleagues heard about the hostel on the radio. he said that is just bad management. councilmember: we were not given enough information. that creates problems and people get worried and that stops people from getting involved. that is unacceptable. reporter: this by the problems, local residents are getting involved. he collects donations for the refugees.
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clothing toys for the children, and other things they might need. so here are some hats and scarves and other warm things. volunteer: we are so fortunate in germany and it would be terrible if we did not welcome these people. they are in a much worse situation and try to help them. reporter: refugee numbers are rising worldwide. the city will likely be asked to take on more. a big task for authorities already facing strong public skepticism. host: police say and the afghan capital of kabul have arrested suspects in the beating of a woman. the crowd began kicking and beating her after she allegedly burned pages from the koran. her body was third -- burned and
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thrown into a river. her family said the woman suffered from mental illness. most violence against women goes unreported and afghan -- in afghanistan. host: authorities in the eastern state in india have stepped up scrutiny in. host: this is a whole new level of risk. friends and relatives tried to reach windows of the classrooms where the student's were taking their exams and appeared to be trying to pass cheat sheets to the test takers. local media said more than 500 students caught cheating have been expelled. host: we are going to a short break. when we come back, a partial solar eclipse captivates many. host: we also have some business
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news. in a minute. do not go away.
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host: millions got the chance to catch a rare celestial event. a partial solar eclipse. in a couple of remote locations [indiscernible] host: there was much excitement including here in germany. reporter: the final minute before europe held dark. parts of it, at least. in most areas, a partial eclipse mend the sun was dim to be -- instead of being completely blotted out. that did not stop sky gazes from turning out in droves. like here at this observatory where many came equipped with their own homemade eclipse viewers. viewer: it is pretty cloudy but it looks cool.
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it kind of connects us to the universe. reporter: it is a natural spectacle. for the best review, thousands of diehard enthusiasts have made the pilgrimge to the remote islands. just one of two places where the total eclipse was visible from land. despite thick cloud cover, thousands cheered as nature put on its unique night show -- light show. the partial eclipse or penumbra could be seen from northern africa to europe and parts of asia. by comparison, the umbrella, or total eclipse was a mere speck in the north atlantic. astronomer lfelix luning: they must have perceived solar eclipses as a terrible event.
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what we depend on for light and warmth but -- suddenly disappears. reporter: monstrous beasts swallowing the sun. that is how people try to describe the loss of light. now in anticipation, not fear. less than three minutes. that is how long it took for the sun to return to full brightness. another around this time next year. host: send us your best photos of the event on twitter. you will find us under dw-engl ish. host: a cafe that was at the center of the violent hostage taking three months ago is open to stores again. islamic sympathizers seized control of the cafe, resulting
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in a 16 hour siege. host: four people were killed and several wounded before people were able to enter and shoot the attacker dead. reporter: police stormed the building in december. there was a long line waiting for the refurbished premises to open its doors. the first testament emerged with phrases for coffee and solidarity. >> it is a fantastic idea that they opened it right away. it shows that we are resilient and we will not stand for any extremist terrorist ideology. >> we usually go to a cafe a couple blocks away but we thought to ourselves, today is a different day. we thought spain -- to pay our respects and spend some dollars. reporter: the manager was ordered to know by the gun man
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and then shot in the best -- back of the head. his death triggered the police raid. katrina dawson was a patron in the cafe. she was killed by a ricochet from a police bullet. barista joel who survived the hostagetaking was behind the counter when the doors opened again on friday. joel: i have been in here before this was refurbished and renovated. i would not be here if it was not for the staff here and that is the important thing here. reporter: iranian-born man who attacked the cafe claimed allegiance with the -- the jihadist group islamic state. following the siege, the australian government reviewed its anti-terror laws and tightened immigration controls. host: a strike by pilots for the
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flag carrier lift anza has been extended to a fourth day on saturday. host: the union made the announcement with 200,000 affected. the pilots' dispute has been over early retirement benefits. and that for the markets. more from the frankfurt stock exchange. reporter: many analysts digested this friday as the day where the decision will take place if the rally of the stock markets may continue or not. it has been triple witching day. bets on options indexes, and shares expired and of course investors have been very curious about which direction the markets would choose. in the end, share prices rose
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higher again. also the euro recovered from its losses which shows that the markets stay very optimistic, although they really worry about greece. host: let's take a look at the numbers beginning in frankfurt with the dax crossing the 12,000 mark. and up 1.5%. in new york, trading is still going on and the dow is in positive territory. 18,162. the euro gaining slightly against the dollar. women still lagged behind men when it comes to wages. that is true cost low -- across the globe. women have to work 15 months to
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earn the same amount of money. host: women are calling across the country for the government to step in and close the weight -- wage gap. christina cares for her sick father as well as her three children. when she is not busy at home, she works as a film producer, and she expects fair pay. but as is the case for so many women, men in her field earn more for the same work. germany has a gender wave -- wage gap of 22% of a one of the largest in berlin say that has to stop. >> we are all equal under the law so does not make sense. when we have children it is a question of who stays home, who does that housework and looks after the kids and it comes down to who earns more. >> i do not know if men earn all that much more.
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inequality in the workplace is being addressed. we are on the right. reporter: women's affairs minister is far from satisfied. she went to introduce an equal wages law that would require companies to reveal inequalities. minister: every administration should ask itself what are their wage -- what is the wage gap and what are the reasons and what can we do about it? reporter: only when men and women share equal housework and childcare will women have more time to climb the ladder at work. host: the german bids to host bill ethics will it -- the olympics . host: the pressure is not only on the northern port city.
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the sporting mandy is hoping for much-needed lift. reporter: until recently marcus was a hopeful for the limbic scenario. in december, he set a world record but he announced the end of his career. now he runs an ice cream shop in hamburg. he is an extreme example but part of a trend among top german athletes. 40% of those who retire early you so to focus on education or a profession. >> something -- the reality is i net 620 euros for a 60 hour week. reporter: competitive sports have lost appeal. that means fewer medals. germany has gone from third to sixth place in the ranking since 1992 with the medal count half
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that of 20 years ago. >> we want to work consistently and with her eyes and the pies and future game so we can be more successful in germany in 2024. reporter: host countries perform well in the olympics. australia, greece, and china and the u.k. invested huge amounts in their home games. since then, they have been among the top ranks ed nations. with hamburg's candidacy, more funds could be invested into promoting german athletes. a plan is due to be worked out for putting olympic sports on a comparative footing to football. >> with the application on route to a successful candidacy, sports that might not yet a lot of attention will certainly come with the focus. reporter: maybe then, top
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athletes like marcus could continue their sporting career longer before moving on to other challenges. host: the fixtures have been drawn for the quarterfinals of the uefa champions league. host: facing a dual task. they were eliminated in the last two encounters in european competition. that is all for now. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit]
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when the great japan earthquake hit the tokyo region in 2011 five trains and over 60 kilometers of rail were swept away. however, not a single package or crew member aboard a train that
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day was injured or killed. why were there no injuries or casualties? one of the reasons was the power
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