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tv   Journal  PBS  March 30, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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collects live from berlin, this is your world news. welcome. >> good to have you with us. our top stories. prosecutors in germany say the copilot of the downed german wings flight 9525 suffered from suicidal tendencies. >> and it is make or break time, talked on iran's nuclear program entry decisive phase in switzerland. >> and another material setback for the german army and technical defects are found in standard issue combat rifle.
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it has emerged at the copilot of german wing flight 9525 had a history of suicidal tendencies. that is, according to german investigators who have reviewed his medical records. >> but they say they cannot speculate on the copilot motives. for allegedly clashing the for allegedly crashing a plane in the french alps last week. the search for answers continues. >> relatives of the two australians died in the crash are in france to say a final farewell. the investigation continues to focus on the health and mental state of copilot andrea lubin -- andreas lubitz >> he was diagnosed with suicidal tendencies and underwent psychotherapy treatment for a number of years. that was before he earned his eyelids license.
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-- his high let's license. up to the date of the crash, he was granted sick leave on a number of occasions. the doctors noted no indication of suicidal tendencies or aggressive behavior. >> authority fate a search of his apartment has revealed no clues pointing to a potential motive. investigators are also looking into other possible causes of the crash. in the french alps, the search continues for the missing flight data recorder. it is considered a critical piece of the puzzle. >> the device contains electronic components, which recall all flight parameters. this is very important for the ongoing investigation. >> efforts are also underway to recover human remains. the remote region has only been accessible by helicopter or on foot. and with every passing day committed becomes more difficult to identify the victims. -- with every passing day, it
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becomes more difficult to identify the victims. >> kristof, thank you for being with us. have prosecutors in germany made any progress in ascertaining lubitz's motives? >> cecily, no. they haven't -- sadly, no. they have talked to colleagues and to family and friends. there is no indication that would have noted this was a suicide. >> when it comes to flying, you want a cool hands and the steady pair of -- you want a cool head and a steady pair of hands behind the controls. should he ever been allowed to fly? >> that is the question in the near future. there are media reports that his pilot's license carried a remark that he needed to undergo special recurring medical
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examination and that may point to a mental illness issue. he was in psychotherapy for an extended time, possibly during his training at the pilot because that is what lufthansa actually said, that he had to interrupt his training. as he got his license and obviously was deemed fit to fly, there were recent visit to the psychiatrist. we also know that. but these psychiatrists left -- wrote him leaves of absence which were found in his apartment. however, they did not find aggressive behavior toward others. >> kristof, just briefly it would seem that his employer was not aware that he was suicidal.
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can we expect that the airline industry in europe will make changes to ensure that does not happen again? >> this is a very heated debate also going on in germany. you have evil who have high responsibility jobs, doctors -- you have people who have high responsibly jobs, doctors should be allowed to disclose that information to a potential employer to see if there's any risk of safety. >> kristof, thanks for that. >> next, the other developing story we are following for you the tough nuclear talks in switzerland between iran and western powers that have reached the 11th hour. >> researchers are trying to finalize a framework for a nuclear deal to try to allow iran to develop nuclear program. >> but iran has refused to
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commit to shipping its atomic stockpile outside the country. >> and that happens to be the key condition of these talks. here's the latest from switzerland. >> it is crunch time here. in less than 48 hours, the foreign ministers of iran britain, china france, germany, russia, and the united states hope to announce an historic deal to curb nuclear ambitions for iran. but they are still working on an agreement. >> we are here because we believe a deal can be done. it's in everybody's interest that a deal does get done, but it has to be of deal that puts the bomb beyond iran's reach. >> we have invested a lot in these negotiations over the past 12 years. that is why i hope we will be able to close this deal, which quite literally is in the interest of world peace. >> officials say the major sticking points include how many
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centrifuges iran would be allowed to operate, and whether it would have to ship it stockpiles of enriched uranium to russia. but the biggest bone of contention is the duration of the deal. the six powers want to see it in effect for at least 10 years. in return, tehran wants the west to lift sanctions as soon as possible. they are crippling the country's economy. negotiators are scrambling to resolve the last differences before tomorrow's deadline. >> let's get the view from washington from our correspondent richard walker. is the obama administration confident that a deal will be done? >> they are trying not to overdo the optimism here in washington. in fact, the department spokeswoman, marie hart, who was briefing journalists stuck to the administration's line in recent weeks, that it is a 50-50 situation we are looking at
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here. there should not be too much optimism that a deal is about to be dropped, while at the same time stressing that they are closer that -- than they ever have been. one of the iranian delegation last night suggesting that they did not want to move one of their stockpiles outside the country. the administration suggesting that it does not necessarily have to happen and it's not an end in itself. there are other ways of achieving the goal. we do not know exactly what the final snags are that are taking place behind closed doors but one thing is clear. this administration does want a deal. secretary of state john kerry does want a deal, some kind of progress in a region that has been defending more and more into chaos recently. that is what the critics are in washington -- they feel the drive for the deal will make
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obama accept a bad deal. >> he said the critics are discussing the major concessions being demanded of iran. if a deal can be made with iran -- with tehran, is there any indication that republican hardliners will accept it? >> it's not just republicans facing potential trouble. any democrats are extremely worried about the concerns and also concerns about the confessions that might be made. and an immediate hurdle to a deal, a bill that has -- that is about to be introduced in the middle of april. it was created by senator bob corker and it will say that any deal will be subject to congressional approval within 60 days after it was struck effectively preventing the obama
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administration from going in -- from going ahead with implementation of a deal. we don't know who the picture of that fight between capitol hill and the white house would be. >> richard walker in washington, thank you very much. >> now to the ongoing offensive in yemen, where pakistan has now joined the alliance of countries waging the fight against houthi rebels in yemen. >> a coalition airstrike targeting the militants struck a refugee camp near herat, killing at least 40 and injuring 200. jordan only in, a spokesman for the international organization for migration, spoke with dw about the attack. >> i know that we heard reports
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this afternoon, 3:30 p.m. to 4 p.m. local time, that quite a lot of explosions hit camp known as the out missouri -- the al masra camp in yemen. it was mostly refugees of the fighting between the government and the who these --houthies going back to 2001. of those injured, 25 were civilians and we know the death count can rise. government forces are there to protect people in the refugee camp. it is a displaced persons camp. they are as far as we know, all you many nationals who were does late for the fighting. -- who were displaced by the fighting. >> joel miller speaking to us about the attack.
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another blogger has been hacked to death in bangladesh is capital. two islamic school students attacked the 26-year-old with meat cleavers. >> it comes just months after the murder of obligee droit at prominent bangladeshi-american blogger. he was known for rejecting fundamentalism in manga --. the government in -- in bangladesh. the government in dhaka is not doing enough to protect free speech in the country. to nigeria where tensions are high as a result of the country's presidential elections that are slowly being released. the results are being announced in piecemeal fashion with initial count showing slightly for incumbent goodluck jonathan. >> of the u.s. and britain have warned of political interference in the vote counting process echoing complaints from the political opposition.
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still, complaints from the military ruler, the main challenger in this election, are confident that victory will be there. >> supporters of the presidential challenger, mohamed do variety are set up in the streets. they are finally close to a result and there is good reason for optimism. polls show he has won majorities in several key states in the muslim north. >> he is going to win this election. wherever we are, we are leaning. >> the campaign will initiate change in nigeria. if elected, he vows to fight boko haram. jonathan is credited with
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transforming nigeria into africa's largest economy since coming to power 16 years ago. but so far, his efforts to crush boko haram have been futile. opponents accuse him of not doing enough to combat the islamist group. tensions are high as nigerians wait for the final tally. many are worried about postelection violence is the loser is unwilling to concede. >> nigerian voters conducted themselves in a peaceful and orderly matter -- manner on election day and we urge politicians across the political structure to recognize and respect this public manifestation of citizens committed to the democratic process in nigeria. >> some 2000 women took to the streets of a southern city on monday. they called the elections fraud.
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>> we will take a short break now. we will be back in a moment with more news.
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>> welcome back. it is the most highly anticipated list of the year, greases draft of economic reforms designed to unlock billions of euros in two national eight. >> while the greek government is trying to fight off bankruptcy and an exit from the eurozone, it still has not managed to present creditors with a critical -- credible plan. >> there are talks going on behind the scenes in germany and moscow for an german politicians emphasized that they should be concentrating on getting their list together. >> the greek energy minister is likely to ask gas giant gas from for better -- gazprom for better prices.
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the european union wants greece to make savings at virtually any cost. the greek government is considering privatizing and has also proposed higher taxes on the rich. but athens is struggling to provide a timeline and clear plan for the reforms. weekend talks with eu representatives did not make much progress. european partners are worried. they say there is a lot left to be done. between jenny jen -- between 2010-14, as the greek budget was able to cut billions of euros and was able to raise the same amount by raising taxes, but growth dropped her medically and gdp fell by almost 26%. greece -- dropped dramatically and gdp fell by almost 26%. get -- debt skyrocketed to about
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186 percent of gdp. there are new worries that they are running the country into the ground. now athens must produce its list of reforms to unlock 7.2 billion euros in emergency funds. without the funding, the country is set to run out of money by the end of april will stop -- by the end of april. >> we get more from our markets reporter in frankfurt. >> time is running out for greece. it's not a pretty situation people are saying here. some are angry at the way the greek are behaving. still, it's not a burden for the market. people are sure that they will have the money in the end, even if that is not the case there, there could be damage for the overall market. that left room for the dax to expand further.
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mainly on the basis of all the money that the european central bank's flooding the market with. people are sure that this will continue. and probably 12,000.1 the end of it. -- and probably 12,000 won't be the end of it. >> news of more stimulus in china sent stocks surging. while germany's dax finished almost 2% higher, the euro stoxx added 1.5%. the dow solar it -- sort more than 200 point. -- the dow soared more than 200 point. >> if you've ever been to germany, you will know that folks here love recycling. they also love their cars. >> the combination is proof that
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it not easy being green. although a survey on environmental awareness show over 80% of germans want urban planners to shift the focus away from cars. >> heading to work by bike or taking the bus to go shopping, many germans like to avoid using a car if they can, taking that to protect the environment as part of daily life for one third of germans that is according to a new study. >> i just like to do what i can do to avoid driving with my car when i can avoid it, things like that. there is not much you can do about it but you have to look for the little pieces you can do. >> i try not to use plastic bags. and to go cups and stuff like that. >> in other countries, it is really bad, like thailand or something like that. everything is in plastic bad -- plastic bags.
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>> when a massive tsunami caused nuclear disaster at the fukushima plant in japan for years ago environmental consciousness was even stronger in germany. the german government responded i legislating to phase out nuclear energy. a broad majority of germans continue to support that move. environmentalism has becoming dream in germany. the vast majority of german citizens no longer view the environment at problem. instead, they see environmental policy as part of the solution. if we put good holidays in place, that strengthens our competitiveness. when controversy shows its face, so does competition. but still, the number of wind and solar power facilities in germany is soaring. >> a look at france now, there has been a major setback in the polls for president francois hollande.
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his socialist party took a beating over the weekend in local elections. >> the winners that swept to victory were nicolas sarkozy's >> france's socialists woke up to their worst election hangover in years, a slap in the face according to this paper. the socialists were sent packing in nearly half of their departments. >> they have the choice between bad and really bad. it shows bad. i would say that is a sign of common sense. >> what is most important is that the politicians learn from this. >> the prime minister did not even try to sugarcoat the bitter outcome. minutes after the polling stations closed, he conceded defeat. >> this evening, the mainstream white -- right as one the parliamentary elections. it is undeniable. >> tonight big winner was nicholas sarkozy. his conservative unp party took
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to thirds of the -- two thirds of the department. >> through their vote, the french people have massively rejected the policies of fred -- of president francois hollande and his government will stop change is coming and nothing -- francois hollande and his government. change is coming and nothing can stop it. >> but others have their eyes set on the presidential palace too, like right wing leader marine le pen. although she has failed to win a single department, her party did pick up dozens of seat, setting the stage for a showdown. >> over the past year, germany's army, the food is has been hit by a barrage of allegations about the shoddy -- shoddy state of its military hardware. >> that is right. its helicopters have been grounded and other aircraft cap suffered multiple -- have
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suffered multiple malfunctions. greg now it has been revealed the standard issue combat rifle, the g 36 has numerous potentially fatal flaws. >> the german defense minister was again forced you damage control as more short emerge in the bundeswehr arsenal. this time, the army's rifle was underscored need. >> is looks as though it has a problem with precision especially at high temperatures stop -- high temperatures. >> excessive heat is one of the problems. test show it loses precision after sustained firing and undr certain climactic conditions. it affects german military deployment in afghanistan, molly, and upon of africa. the guns will only be used on a limited basis until now. the parties are calling the
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situation a disaster. >> we may have to place all of the army's rifles, 180,000 in all. it could take years. >> the defense ministry will determine whether the g 36 should be taken out of service for bed. a dilemma also 's facing spain and lithuania. the faulty -- a dilemma also facing spain and lithuania. the faulty rifle is in their army, too. >> once and ellis has been incurred health officials put a stick in the box -- has been curved, health officials put a tick in the box and move on. >> and that is how the alef can come back. we take a look at neglected diseases, like leprosy. >> patient here in northeast delhi are recovering from ulcers, a common complication of leprosy.
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today, susan checkup on a man who was 30 when he was diagnosed with the disease. >> i was devastated. i worried about who would feed my children. i had no idea it would happen to me. >> leprosy causes nerve damage. left untreated, patients run the risk of serious injury, even losing fingers and toes. that is what happened to him. doctors don't know how he caught the disease, but by the time it was detected and he began treatment, it was too late. the former laborer is unable to work anymore. >> it is painful to think about what i look like and what i have become today. i feel hurt when people keep their distance from me. >> leprosy still carries social stigma, and the poor are particularly susceptible to contracting the disease due to overcrowding and poor hygiene. even those who have been killed and -- cured and no longer contagious are shunned by
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society and forced to live about half. it is not unusual to find them begging on the streets of delhi. patients come to terms with the painful and often disfiguring disease. >> the people have feared to come in and get medicine. and treatment at hospitals is not there. what despite challenges, there are -- >> despite challenges, there are secret -- success stories. >> that is all the news for now. >> thanks for watching. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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>> hello and welcome to "focus on europe" -- bringing you some of the best personal stories behind the headlines. i'm valeria risi.
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on the show today -- in kosovo, from emigration to mass exodus. in switzerland, from conflict to peace for the world's religions. and in germany, from factory floor to soccer frenzy. but first to kosovo, the youngest country in europe which only gained independence in 2008. but it's also the poorest plagued by unemployment and poverty.

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