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tv   Journal  PBS  April 14, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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anchor: live from berlin, welcome to "the journal." anchor: good to heavy with us. g7 foreign ministers meet in lubeck with fighting in ukraine and islamic state topping the agenda. anchor: germany lines of deals with india for becoming a major industrial path. anchor: nigeria emerges today with 200 girls abducted from -- abducted by terrorist group boko haram. anchor: foreign ministers from seven leading industrialized countries have been holding talks in germany today here to prepare a g-7 summit that will
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take place in bavaria in june. they are also discussing pressing global problems, including the ongoing crisis in ukraine. normally russia is invited to participate in these summits but not this year. for the first time since 1998, moscow is being excluded. a consequence of moscow's involvement in ukraine and its annexation of crimea. reporter: the german foreign minister welcomed the eu foreign-policy chief to lubeck. they are meeting with foreign ministers from the seven most industrialized nations, but not russia. when moscow rejoins the group will be high on the agenda. he said that would depend on ending the crisis in ukraine. >> i have no interest in isolating russia. i would be pleased if we could reach a state of affairs where russia could return to the g8
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group, but that could only be done by finding a solution to the ukraine conflict. >> they ukrainian conflict. reporter: the foreign ministers of france, germany russia and ukraine issued a joint statement in berlin on monday, calling for both sides to withdraw heavy weapons from the front. in lubeck, authorities deployed right control vehicles to keep anti-globalization protesters in check. so far, their numbers are less than expected. critics accuse the g-7 countries of dominating world politics with their own agenda. >> we don't want to live in this world, we want direct democracy. reporter: the ministers will have a lot to talk about including iran post-nuclear program and the war against islamist terrorism.
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anchor: our correspondent is covering the g-7 meeting and joins us now from lubeck. clearly the ukraine crisis is high on the agenda for that foreign ministers meeting, but the foreign ministers have a lot more to think about, don't they? reporter: yes they do and they have a lot more to think about. this is an interesting thing. russia might not be sitting at this table with the g-7 formerly the g-8. but just 24 hours ago, german foreign minister was talking to his russian counterpart about ukraine. russia also played a constructive role with many sides in those talks over iran's nuclear program where the german foreign minister said it was too early to celebrate a real rake through -- a real breakthrough.
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also involving again russia. at the same time, it has announced it will deliver a rocket defense system. this raises a lot of questions about what russia's role is, at the same time as being obstructive entering that reaction, it was a very constructive one internationally. anchor: the g-7 presidency rotates. germany has it this year. what are germany's priorities? reporter: apart from the crisis that needed attention, this is something the german foreign minister stressed today -- the meeting is different from easing off the crises. this involves yemen libya which is the country threatening to descend into a civil war-like a situation.
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but there are also more bread and butter themes like climate change, which is also linked to stability. and we are expecting a statement from the german foreign minister on maritime security, which is a very important issue, with 90% of good being transported on the world sees, often through very difficult political and security circumstances. so a lot is still to come. anchor: also talking about maritime security, which brings us to our next topic. thank you very much. anchor: and another item on the g seven agenda is battling piracy on the high seas, keeping seas open is essential for global commerce and development. anchor: international cooperation is needed to deal with the problem. in cases where countries are cooperating, the results are promising. reporter: the gulf of aden has long been considered the most
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dangerous stretch of ca the world, but it's also a prime example of what international cooperation can achieve. since a multinational fleet of warships began patrolling the region, attacks have dropped off sharply. pirates have not managed to carry out a several -- a successful attack in two years. the malacca strait is another dangerous route connecting india and east asia. since 2005, singapore malaysia and indonesia have been working together to combat piracy here with clear successes. the number of raids is still high, but it has dropped dramatically. piracy has been rising off of west africa. in the gulf of guinea, roughly 50 oil tankers are attacked here every year on route to or from nigeria. the pirates are notorious for their brutality and disregard for human life. they are less interested in
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seizing hostages than a tanker with valuable cargo. anchor: the prime minister of india is winding up a three-day visit to germany where the focus has been on economics. anchor: chancellor and a -- chancellor angela merkel has said india must remove some long-standing barriers to investment and above all, red tape. anchor: for his part, the indian prime minister's message is that india is now a changed country. reporter: india's prime minister and the german chancellor, angela merkel, met for the third day in a row, this time for talks in berlin. their united front could signal closer cooperation between the two countries. india has a young and well-educated population with a high demand for new technology and germany has the technical know-how and manufacturing prowess. >> the path india has started on is a path that will lead to more
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and more people living prosperous lives. to achieve that, the infrastructure needs to be expanded and developed. germany is happy to offer its expertise in this process. reporter: one central point of contact should be created in india. the prime minister said this would benefit both sides. germany, he says, since were advanced technology which he said would automatically benefit is initiative in india. negotiations on a free trade agreement are due to resume after a two-year break. in the fall, members of the german tab and it will travel to india for talks. both sides are hoping to have made significant process -- significant progress by then. anchor: economic ties between germany and india are already strong. anchor: germany is in the apostle largest trading partner here in europe. trade is estimated to be valued
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at about 16 billion euros for year. anchor: but there are challenges to defending that relationship. here is an in-depth look. reporter: the 200 workers at this plant are producing close for the world market. they export 4 million euros worth of close every year to germany every year. >> discipline. that is effective. and keeping promises. you have to do what you say you're going to do. that is something missing in india. reporter: he says the new government is keeping its promises. customs are being reduced and he got a present -- got a pleasant surprise from the bank. >> the banks have become more flexible. the state tank approved our loan in one day. that's the first time that has happened. reporter: india forecasts 7.4%
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gdp growth this fiscal year. an economic boom is in the making but it's that image with corruption scares off investors. but the government insists it is on the right track. it has produced an ad campaign to drive the point home. >> india must become a very easy place to do business. it must become one of the easiest places. it has had difficult days and i think investors must see consistency, protect ability and clarity. reporter: but sweeping changes never easy. one company has been producing plants for german homes for years. she says there are few signs of an economic medical in india and is still forced to improvise. she has alternative phone lines in case of a service breakdown and when the power goes out, she uses a generator.
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>> in india, you don't have much chance to lose your nerve. but it is also a wonderful school for composure and self-confidence. if it doesn't work today, it will work tomorrow. we give it time. reporter: but there is a dark side. delhi has some of the worst air quality in the world and its rivers practically an industrial sewer. must of the city's waste ends up in the water and the 700 million people in india earn less than two euros a day. >> the government does not do anything for us. look how we have to live with our children. if we were important to them they would do something to help. reporter: most indian citizens see few benefits from the country's current economic growth. anchor: for more, we are joined by our correspondent in delhi at -- in delhi.
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who stands to benefit most from this make for india push? reporter: if we consider the whole program the pessimistic point of view about the huge number of people here in india currently, so every second person -- that is quite a challenge for the country. on the other side, if we regard the whole process a little more optimistic this huge amount of young people could create a sort of when-win situation. -- win/win situation. it's just to hope the prime minister will create these new reform state-of-the-art in
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india. he's not the first prime minister who has tried to implement these responses. anchor: this message is highly visible outside of india. let's talk about what they are expecting -- are they even aware of this massive campaign? reporter: if i ask the rickshaw driver about his expectations, he will surely say it's the most important thing i have the whole day full power and no more power cuts. i would say the majority of the people here, it does not matter which class therefrom they ask the question of inclusion next year in india. it does not matter which class you are from, which cast you are from or which community you
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that is the thing that people expect here and if he succeeds in exceeding these expectations, much more people will be happy. anchor: thank you very much. anchor: we're going to take a short break, but if you're like most people, you would not be excited about being filmed without your consent. apparently it's not only true for humans. at a zoo in the netherlands one crew was hoping to get nice aerial shots of a monkey enclosure using a drone, but it seems the chimps were not consulted on the plan. [laughter] that was the end of the camera drone. it seems even chimpanzees value their privacy. nice shot. [laughter] anchor: we will be back in just
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a minute.
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anchor: welcome back. in nigeria, the president-elect says he cannot promise to find the 219 girls abducted by boko haram islamist extremists from the northeastern city one year ago today. anchor: they are marking the anniversary of the mask mapping with a change in their slogan from bring back our girls now and alive to never to be forgotten. reporter: this little girl is the pride and joy of the family here. her mother and father would like to be looking ahead to the future with optimism. but they can't forget the past. it was one year ago now they lost one of their six children. she was kidnapped by the terror
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group boko haram and her parents have not heard anything from her since. >> i cannot take it. >> we don't know where our daughter is. we don't know if she's alive or dead, but it is devastating us. reporter: this is the school in northeastern nigeria where she and 200 girls were kidnapped right before the time of exams. boko haram claimed responsibility. its members have been murdering people in the region for years to stop the group's leader said the girls would be sold as slaves. the kidnapping sparked an online globalampaign, "ring back our girls." michelle obama and many celebrities to heart. governments also helped in the search. it took wee for goodluck
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jonathan to react to the abductions. later, he promised repeatedly to find the girls, but the serity forces were unable to track them down. meanwhile, the victims have largely vanished from news headlines. >> they have resigned themselves to the fact they girls are gone forever. the government tries to reassure us but we have not seen any sign. the neighboring countries have not said anything to stop its like the girls just vanished into thin air. >> many people affected by the violence are frustrated and desperate to stop although the military managed to gain ground in the last weeks, thousands of refugees have to live in emergency shelters like this. the election of the new president brought a lot of hope to them, but politicians and the military have to regain people's trust by making sure they can return to their villages and the of ducted girls will be found. -- the abducted growth will be
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found. anchor: the frustrations are sending nigerians back on the streets. many marked the day by protesting here in the capital. their message is clear -- they will not forget the missing girls. anchor: it has been just over four years since japan's fukushima nuclear plant was damaged beyond repair in an earthquake and tsunami that led to the closure of all of japan's nuclear reactors and increased tinuclear sentiment in the country. anchor: for the past two years, tokyo has been pushing for a return to nuclear energy despite fierce resistance. now for the second time in less than here, the government has -- the court ruled another power plant may not restart attack -- restart its reactors due to ongoing safety concerns. anchor: these activists could rdly wait to share the verdict with the public. one plant had wanted to resume opations at its plant. theyeceid the approval of national regulators but a judge
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that the reactors are not earthquake proof and pozen imminent danger to local residents. for the activists, the decision is a victory, but it does not go far enough. >> we need to look at the reality of the fukushima crisis and demand not only this reactor but all nuclear plants are stopped. reporter: pulls show that most japanese have turned against nuclear power. >> this decision was made in part because of the sacrifices of the victims at fukushima. for those suffering there, i hope this reaches you and i hope you listen. is was made possible because of you. reporter: the government said setbacks would not halt its plans to reintroduce nuclear energy. >> we respect this decision, but we will continue on the path of restarts. but we are not one of the parties ball. we will wait and see what the plant operator plans to do in light of this injunction. reporter: when electric company
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condemned the court ruling, saying it will do what it can to verify the safety of its reactors and have the injunction lifted. anchor: to south africa now were days of violence have left at least two people dead near durban. police fired rubber bullets and protests were held by both immigrants and local south africans. rioters set fire to stores and shops owned by immigrants. unemployment is high in the country and some south africans believe foreigners take jobs away from them. a bitter power struggle -- volkswagen -- it is still unresolved, which could the meeting in jeopardy. anchor: the car manufacturer has published sales figures for his core brand and it shows global sales have dropped by nearly a full percentage point. reporter: for a long time, china was like a bank for volkswagen, delivering secure, double-digit growth will stop it was a
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carmaker's biggest single market but those days may be over. sales in china declined by .6% compared to the previous year and vw has posted weaker sales and other countries as well. in russia, sales of the core automobile ran fell by 47%. factories are running way below capacity and volkswagen sales and brazil are down by 18%. in the u.s., volkswagen sold almost 10% fewer cars. europe offers a ray of hope. sales were up across the continent. the gains were especially strong in germany, where sales rose by 8%. anchor: on to duty -- on to the days market action. we have this summary from the frankfurt stock exchange. reporter: the numbers keep flowing at the stock exchange. not only big company reports but economic figures are moving the markets. the spotlight was on all three german carmakers -- they disappointed investors even though there were good sales
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figures. the expectations were just too high. an increase of 1.1% in the eurozone makes investors think the recovery might be -- the economy might be recovering quicker than expected. speaking of the ecb, the euro is going stronger against the dollar after sales figures for retail sales in the united hates were published and were disappointing. that means the dollar is going down the euro is going up, but a stronger euro is not good for german experts -- you're a exports -- euro exports. anchor: let's stay for a quick look at tuesday's numbers. at the closing bell, the euro stoxx 50 finishing at 3784. on wall street, the dell looking up up by nearly 4%, well below the 18,000 point level. the euro stronger against the dollar. anchor: finnish telecom giant know you appears to be reinventing itself once again. anchor: the company is in talks
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to buy its french-american rival, alcatel lucent. a merger would create a new global giant in the sector. reporter: on tuesday, the bosses of gnocchi a and alcatel lucent briefed the french president in paris. the french government backs the plans for telecoms and internet giant. >> this merger will allow the creation of a great european champion and also the technology on mobile phones. reporter: he also said there would be no job cuts among the 6000 staff who work for alcatel lucent in france will stop paris had expressed concerns over job cuts. both companies produce a technology for mobile phone and internet providers. for example, submarine cables that carry data across ocean beds. no yet and alcatel lucent are smaller players in the equipment
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industry stop if they merge they could become the market leader. the telecom group could be worth an estimated 40 billion euros. anchor: it is a rare person who cannot come the song he made famous. yet so i can't percy sledge who gave us "when a man loves a woman" has died. he was born in alabama and worked as a field hand and hospital orderly before his distinctive voice made him famous. he said his most famous it was inspired by a woman leaving him for another man will stop the 1966 tart number 53 on open rolling stone" magazine's 100 greatest songs. he died at his home in louisiana after a battle with liver cancer . he was 74 years old. ♪ ♪ when a man loves a woman ♪ anchor: a song that will live on
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forever. anchor: you're watching dw. thanks for watching. yg÷j/wocococtxxyñ1ññ/ñ/ñ/ñ/ñ/ñ>ñ>ñ>ñ>ó
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>> euromaxx highlights. louise: welcome to the show today which is packed full of exciting events and news from all over europe. here's what is coming up -- man and machine. computer-controlled robots. and the future of design. streetsmart -- a portuguese artist creates sculptures from trash. and island idyll -- the natural beauties of fuerteventura. these started out as polystyrene cubes and within minutes were cut into these computer generated designs by robochop.
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this cutting-edge piece of technology was on display at cebit, the world's largest trade
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