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tv   Journal  PBS  April 17, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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>> live, coming to you from us, on dw. brent: here are the headlines this hour. an emotional memorial service for the victims of the germanwings crash. the german president saying the tragedies oh has the nation in disbelief. steve: not a whistleblower in beijing's book. she says she will appeal. brent: in one of germany's most hallowed cathedrals, the victims of last month's germanwings crash are mourned and remembered on friday.
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we begin with this -- and one of germany's most hallowed cathedrals, the victims of last month's german wings crash were mourned and remembered on friday. steve: hundreds of relatives of the passengers and crew filled the cathedral. the german president and chancellor were also there. their presence -- proof of the national impact of the crash. >> the german president said words and plea do not exist to describe the horror. it is believed the copilot steered the plane on purpose into the side of a mountain in the french alps. all 150 people on board died. >> 150 candles burned in cologne cathedral -- one for each victim of the germanwings flight, including for the copilot who is thought to have deliberately
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crashed the plane, killing everyone on board. germany's largest cathedral, a symbol of unity and strength, and today where relatives politicians, and religious leaders gathered to mourn and to find hope. >> we believe that these 150 people did not disappear and did not dissolve into nothingness when they departed this world. can we believe that? >> a woman who lost her sister offered a prayer. "lord, i ask you try our tears strengthen our happy memories, and give us new courage to face life." those taking part in the service were given small wooden angels,
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a simple gesture, and a moving one. the state premier of north rhine-westphalia added her voice to the tributes. she spoke of the pain felt by relatives. the majority of the victims came from the region she represents. the german president spoke of winding strength through suffering. president gauck: we've been brought together by morning by pain, by a deep sense of helplessness, but we've also been brought together through the support we give each other by the fact that we are therefore one another -- there for one another. in a time of pain and desperation, we have found each other. >> individual grief, collective morning, germany came together
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in reflection and in remembrance . >> mikayla followed the service for us in cologne. >> it was an emotional day at that official service followed by an official commemoration. the rank-and-file of german politics was there. the prime and asked her, the president, along with ministers from france and spain all demonstrating solidarity. those who spoke did not try to console where there can be no consolation for the relatives of the victims. the archbishop of cologne raised the question -- where was god at that point in time when that lane crashed. he said he had no answer in theory, that he can only point to his own faith.
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as a reminder for the solidarity also in france among the ordinary french people who are open to homes and hearts to the relatives of the victims at that moment in need, that when those dark hours come -- and they are relatives also in the future -- that they remember this point in time where many stood together -- more than 1500 in cologne alone -- to commemorate their loved ones. >> it is certainly the news no one wants to hear -- the death of a loved one in a plane crash. how do you ever get over the shock and the loss knack of the families of those passengers and crew members are now faced with that challenge. >> oliver has been talking to others in similar situations. he met with one other who lost a daughter in the air france crash over the atlantic in 2009.
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oliver: whenever he sees an airplane, he thinks about the day that changed his life. nearly six years ago, his daughter was due home from rio de janeiro via paris. he was waiting to meet her in the arrivals hall when the news came through that the plane had crashed over the atlantic. his daughter was dead. >> the ground under your feet just falls away. you lose the last glimmer of hope. my child is gone. i should have gone before her, but she is gone. you have to live with that. >> but today he has shaken off that sense of hopelessness. he set up a victims association to investigate the technical issues of the crash, his way of dealing with his daughter's death.
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now, he has sent an open letter to the families of the germanwings victims offering help and advice. >> person-to-person advice can be especially valuable. woman to woman, mother to mother and. in conversations like that things can be said that otherwise would remain unspoken, suppressed. oliver: public six b is also important, he says. a good example is the wave of something for the 16 school pupils who died in the germanwings crash and gestures by public figures can help, such as the visit of national leaders to the crash site in the french out. if you are affected by an incident like this it helps if you feel that your government is supporting you in trying to find out what went wrong.
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and you feel supported if you see that other governments are doing it as well, that the same determination is there to explain and to help. before he retired, he was a manager in the aviation industry. he has never lost his fascination with lying, but the memory of his daughter is always with him, and he does not want her to have died in vain. >> it means you have to study the technical problems intensively. you have to deal with similar accident that happened again and again. the hope is, of course, that you discover things that will make flying safer. oliver: he'll go on fighting to make sure that airlines and alan manufacturers go on learning from crashes.
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it is his therapy the way he copes with the loss of his daughter. >> in south africa, tensions are growing, following the fallout from anti-immigrant protest. those protests and counter demonstrations have claimed several lives across the country in the last kid of weeks. >> now foreigners, the people targeted by these protest, are retaliating with words and sometimes violence. >> in johannesburg, tensions are boiling over. violence between locals and immigrants is on the rise -- this time, police had to contain the foreigners. a group of nigerians armed themselves with machetes after an arson attack destroyed their businesses. they say authorities are not protecting them and that the violence was unprovoked. >> we don't know. we don't know. we are not doing anything. we'll just walking by our self.
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>> violence against immigrants has surged in the past two weeks. at least four people have been killed. police are struggling to maintain control. immigrants are often targeted by young south africans, who blame them for the country's rampant unemployment. most insist they are not a burden on the country. >> i brought my money to the country to invest in this country. >> some south africans say the immigrants are to blame for the violence. police are trying to calm tensions. officials say they have arrested 22 people in connection with the attacks. >> let's pull in our africa correspondent. he is on the line with us from johannesburg. what is going on in south africa? we have violence breeding violence, people taking justice into their own hands.
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what are the reasons for this and why now? dagmar: there's not one single reason. if there was tackling the problem would be easy. one has to keep in mind that these attacks do not show up all of a sudden and out of the blue. there have been sporadic localized mobs of hundreds of south africans in various townships chasing african foreigners looting and burning foreign shops. this has been happening over the past two months. only a few weeks ago johannesburg another townships barren mind in 2000 8,000 of foreigners were attacked chased so the situation has been precarious for quite a while but it is always in overcrowded, densely populated areas like today and yesterday in the city of johannesburg, all in the townships, where people live in poverty and unemployment is really high. the national unemployment rate
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is currently at 25%, but in some townships, it is as high as 75%. often, it is service delivery protest that suddenly take a turn, and crowds vent their anger against foreigners. they easily become scapegoats for angry and frustrated south africans. >> what about the people who could change things at least in the near term the politicians? president zuma has condemned the violence against foreigners, but it does not seem his government is doing a whole lot to stop it. >> they are not. there's not much happening. president jacob zuma has spoken out days after five people died. this is considered rather late by many in south africa. clearly, the south african government is lacking strong leadership, which is sad. what is the government doing? not much except for ineffective
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areas -- affected areas so-called hotspots. today, african diplomats and the government came together to discuss the situation, so compared to 2008 win 60 people died in xenophobic attacks, this time, the pressure from outside is rising. malawi and zimbabwe started evacuating citizens. preventative measure in the long-term approach can change. >> i'm sure most people in the country would like to see more jobs instead of more police officers on the streets. thank you very much. in other news, iraq says it believes its troops have killed former dictator saddam hussein's right-hand man. officials say they are carrying out dna test to confirm his
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identity. >> he was the king of clubs in the u.s. military's most wanted deck following the iraq war. once second in command to saddam hussein, he had been living as a fugitive since 2000 three. officials say he became a key figure in islamic state. he is believed to have been killed in a military operation inside a hoot and province -- in salahuddin province. >> greek government has denied reports that the finance ministers will have to tap its last cash reserves to pay salaries at the in of the month. if true, that would mean athens might not make debt repayment at the end of next month. impending default is also on the agenda at the spring meeting of the international monetary fund and world bank in washington. the german finance minister said he did not expect any quick solutions. he warned that an agreement on for the financial aid to greece was not to be expected.
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>> we'll be right back.
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>> welcome back. both wagon's ceo is staying put. she has survived a management cliffhanger at the german automaker. >> about it we could go, one of the company's most influential board members expressed doubts about her future, setting off a flurry speculation that he could get the boot, but now the company says that he will remain in the job. >> volkswagen's ceo has prevailed over the board chairman. the track record and determination have won him the day. last year, vw sold more than 10 million cars for the first time. in the cutthroat lube automotive market, that kind of performance is hard to dismiss. he enjoys wide support among vw employees.
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>> i was always absolutely satisfied with his performance. >> i trust him. >> the decision came after an emergency meeting of vw's supervisory board where the board chairman lives. last week, he told german media that he no longer stood behind his former protege. his comments came out of the blue, and he offered no explanation. board members moved fast to clear the air. >> i think it's important that we have clarity now in this matter and that we show that we trust our ceo. >> in a statement, the board said the ceo enjoyed their full support and would be offered a contract extension next year but volkswagen still aces huge challenges. margins are weak on their key brand, and cost-saving measures are not working out is expected.
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and in the united states, market share is slipping due to a lack of suitable models. >> german blue chips took a battering friday amid a steep selloff in europe. traders were focused on greece and that leadership struggle at vw. our correspondent sent us the summary. how year: talk about a bad week at the german stock exchange -- investors are concerned about greece once again. javier: the harsh tone of the international monetary fund is a concern. on the business side, volkswagen the german carmaker was in the spotlight again and was the big winner in the dax, even though is making losses, it is making less losses than everyone else, which means investors to trust the company's ceo, and they have good reasons -- the stock has earned around 100 euro value since october. the good news for the inflation in the eurozone was not enough
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to compensate for the bad mood. the dax had to give in on friday. >> we stay in frankfurt for a quick run through friday summers. the dax finished the session down by nearly two point 6%. euro stoxx 50 going into the weekend at 3674, up by more than 2% across the atlantic. the dow also trading sharply lower, and the euro it had higher against the greenback trading at a value of $1.08 07. in china, a court has sentenced a prominent journalist to seven years in prison. >> the 71-year-old was found guilty of leaking a confidential paper to a torrent website. rights activist say the verdict is yet another crackdown on dissent by the communist party. >> lawyers say she will appeal. >> visitors are not welcome outside the courtroom in beijing. journalist and supporters are
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barred from coming close. she was convicted for passing a state document to foreign media. the court has not revealed what the paper was, but it is believed to call for curbs on democracy, civil society and read them of the press. -- freedom of the press. she was arrested last year. she originally gave a confession, which was been broadcast on the tv. >> what i did was wrong. i admit my guilt. >> she later recanted her confession saying it was forced. she claims that police threaten her son who was also taken into custody. lawyers say the confession is the only piece of evidence against her. >> we are very disappointed with this verdict. the court has broken the basic rules of law, and the verdict has no legal merit.
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>> a relative who wants to remain anonymous says she is in poor health and worries how she will cope. >> i'm afraid she won't even last three years, let alone seven. she is to have to be carried out at the end. >> the sentence of the 71-year-old sends a clear signal to the students -- to dissiden ts. the harsh verdict is a political warning to scare off others. the crackdown on activists has been intensified. in china laws are used to protect the one-party rule. citizens are still subject to arbitrary treatment by authorities. the verdict today is further proof of that. >> a humanitarian emergency that's how the international organization for the gratian is
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describing the surge of people trying to cross the mediterranean to reach europe. >> it is a treacherous journey. organization estimates 10 times as many have died at sea so far this year than in the same time last year. many are being conflict or looking for a way out of poverty. they come from all over, but one of the key countries of origin is eritrea. >> foreign workers say it's precisely the people who leave eritrea that the country needs most. and ours-long operation to save a three-month-old baby with a heart defect. in many hospitals, it would be a standard procedure, but this is eritrea, one of the poorest countries in the world. german doctors are regular visitors at this colonial era hospital in the capital. one of them is a retired heart surgeon, and her experience is invaluable. at first she had doubts about
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coming, but she wanted to help. she thinks the migration of eritreans to europe is making the situation in the country worse. >> you read every day about how many eritreans drowned on the way to europe. these are the country's in the the young people. that's the problem. -- these are the country's in the -- these are the country's elite. we trained a lot of young people here only to come back and find them gone. >> after it became independent of ethiopia. our conflict and economic turmoil have taken their toll on citizens, and eritrea has next to no freedom of the press but the government has made the health care system a priority. there are well-equipped clinics throughout the country. over the years that she has been
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coming here, she has made a lot of friends. she has a strong personal relationship with one of the nurses in particular. >> she's got a heart of gold. >> the nurse does not want to say much on camera. that's not unusual for eritreans . many are wary of saying something that might offend their government. meanwhile, the baby's surgery has been a success. the parents are relieved. a reason to celebrate in a country otherwise short on hope. >> to sports now and clay court season on atp tennis tour is in full swing, so to say. french open, and french fans were treated to a big win romp their countryman, monfils which sent him into the finals of the monte carlo masters.
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taking it out. >> meanwhile, world number one novak djokovic made quick work of marin cilic winning six-0 6-3 on the other side of the draw. he will race the failed the doll -- he will face rafael nadal in the other side. >> he was known as the miracle doctor but now he is gone. >> the team doctor at bayern munich has quit after almost four decades at the club. he is taking his entire medical team with him. >> a painful separation. i don't think there is any medicine for this one. the doctor says he has been made a scapegoat for the team's recent performance. >> he worked behind the scenes, but he was one of the most important years at bayern munich . the doctor's relationship to the coach once seemed warm, but now
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he has left the club. >> we regret this very much and wish to express our gratitude to the doctor and his team for their outstanding work over the years. >> he triggered -- treated bayern munich's soccer stars for almost four years. along the way, he became one of the world's biggest names in sports medicine. he is still on staff at the german national team, and a string of international sporting stars swear by his treatment and advice, but byron's injury-plagued season has put the doctor's methods of four debate within club management -- bayern's injury-plague season. >> i have great respect for him. this was his decision, one which i heard about when i was at home last night. it is what he has decided to do and i have to respect that.
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>> the decision follows the stinging 3-1 loss in the champions league. the club chairman is said to have hint the defeat on the doctor and his long list of injured patients. the result -- the dr. is out. >> turbulence. watch out. >> all right folks thanks for watching. we will see you again, top of the hour. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit]
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