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tv   Journal  PBS  April 23, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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anchor: live from the dw studios this is the journal. i met herman. , i am brian thomas. emerncy lks ending the mediterranean financial crisis there are proposals but can they work matt: remembering genocide, the controversy surrounding the 100th anniversary of the massacre of armenians by ottoman turks. brian: -- briam: and if ok no in chili it wraps prompting mass evacuations. -- and a volcano in chilly erupts, prompting mass evacuations. europe has promised swift action to halt the ongoing loss of life in the mediterranean as tens of
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thousands continue to flee their homes for a better life. matt: these measures will focus on saving lives at sea and on dismantling the networks of traffickers. critics are calling it too little too late. briam: we are going to brussels where an emergency summit has been underway. first we have this report. reporter: protesters in brussels pushing eu leaders to get serious about immigration reform and to help the thousands of refugees who risk their lives or die trying to get to europe every year. >> they need to step up in their human rights obligations. nothing other than a fully fledged humanitarian operation will be acceptable today. reporter: italy's 9 million euro per month rescue mission was replaced by a much smaller eu mission area critics blamed the lack of commitment in the mediterranean for thousands of migrant deaths. the meeting in brussels was called, saying all of mediand
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the members should share the burden. -- all our median members should share the burden. >> we have a responsibility. reporter: italy says it is fed up with the northern neighbors in the eu not pitching and more. they u.k. has signaled willingness to help with rescue missions at sea but says it does not want to take in more refugees. >> people we deal with are taken to the nearest safe country. we do not have immediate recourse to claim asylum in the u.k.. reporter: francois hollande spoke abo the reasons for migration, serving up harsh criticism of his predecessors 2011 military intervention in libya. president francois hollande:he real question is why no one question which happen after that mission. reporter: chancellor merkel we -- germany's chancellor merkel warned there was no time to lose and a lot at stake. chancellor merkel: it is about
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putting a stop to human trafficking and addressing the reasons why people flee. above all it is about saving human lives. reporter: that is a sentiment these demonstrators no doubt agree with. but they want to see more than just words. brian: county's words be translated into action? from the latest, let's go to our bureau chief max hoffman. you have heard some new proposals, including destroying traffickers ships be more they take to see. what are we likely to see out of this and would it include military action? max: destroying ships is one of the points where logistics is completely unclear. heads of state and government are talking about the various points. we do expect them to come out shortly. we have been hearing the new clan is not only to double the funds of the mission, the mission to make sure that nobody may enter the eu border off the coast but they are going to try
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to triple that. not confirmed yet but if they do they would have the same level of finding as they would for an italian run search and rescue mission that went up until last fall. that would be an increase in funding, which is important, of course. on top of that we have been hearing germans have been committed to sending ships up from the port of africa, where e german army has some vessels to combat piracy. brian: that is one aspect keeping the traffickers at bay. briefly if you could eu's president said he want to see -- he wants to see more legal -- is there support for that from nationstates? max: that is one of the more complicated topics. what more complicated than the search-and-rescue thing. of if you want to apply for -- if you want to apply for political asylum in the european union you have to be on european soil to do that. in order to avoid that you have to set up some kind of center for migrants or potential migrants to apply for asylum.
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you can't do that in countries like libya, because it is a ailing state. that is why they are thinking about doing something like that. the will doesn't seem to be there to do this in a fast or effective way. it is the same way with a settlement of migrants that make it to the european union. you have 28 member states and they are clearly not on the same page concerning those topics. brian: max hoffman for us, following those emergency migration talks for us today in brussels. he will talk to you later. -- we will talk to you later. to qualify for refugee status members need to prove they were persecuted. matt: our reporter rg increase has been talking with a nigerian have has in -- that has been deported. reporter: these deportation papers are a sad reminder of the time george vincent spent in europe. he left nigeria because he couldn't find work.
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he made it to austria before being sent back. he says he wanted to get a job as a cleaner there but it did not work out. >> unfortunately i was without interview, without anything outside back to nigeria. when one is living a life without meaning, your life is nothing. their life is your slips -- their life is useless. reporter: he doesn't have a job or home. he sleeps on the floor at a friends place. when he first left he traveled tunisia are from libya -- traveled tonight sure from libya -- two niger from libya. >> people die without water. sometimes you keep -- you see people drinking urine.
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drinking just to survive the day is a -- the desert. some die on the way. reporter: there are no reliable figures as to how many people try to get to you. -- to europe. the numbers keep growing. >> they have this misconception that the land is better on the other side. they will do anything to move over to a better place. if the conditions and situation do not improve in africa and developing countries you will find out a lot of these youths who are disillusioned and want to find out ways out of the country. reporter: george vincent is now a preacher not in a church but on the street. it brings him in a little bit much money -- a little bit of money and keeps his mind off the past.
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>> i go out to preach the word of god. >> are you living your life today? reporter: fence and says he has no plans to try to enter europe again. he hopes to earn money to rent a flat of his own. >> that is what jesus christ came to safe. matt: friday marks 100 years since the armenian genocide, the systematic deportation and killing of armenians by ottoman turks. the term genocide is widely used by historians but is rejected by turkey. brian: whatever use -- whatever word is used, the memories remain as a new generation says the past will never be forgotten. reporter: these family photos document a son -- document a century of suffering turmoil and renewal. he was born in iran in 1922. her grandfather did not escape from our media. he was murdered by the ottoman turks in 1950.
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his story has been with her all her life. >> my grandfather was drafted into the army by the turks. one day he reported for duty and never came back. when my grandmother went to look for him, all she found work parts of his body. his arms severed and his ears. his belly had been stuffed with wool. it was so cruel. reporter: she now lives in the capital of armenia. after many years in iran and the united states. after the genocide began in 1915, as many as one third of the armenian population led many ended up in the u.s.. including the parents of -- he was born in los angeles. she to know -- she to now lives in the land of her ancestors.
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>> what happened to my family their flight for armenia -- flight from armenia was by no means exceptional. almost every family was affected by the genocide a century ago. i hope we will have as much strength as our ancestors had back then. reporter: at 93 she is frail. she lives with her daughter mimi . their conversation's switch between english and armenian. but they avoid talking about what happened back then. it is too upsetting. would janet sitter visiting -- janet consider visiting? janet: why would i choose to go to turkey? my family suffered so much. i don't want to think about it. reporter: madeleine, by contrast, wants to talk about the genocide.
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she is going to take part in an art project this year, as in past years. after the commemoration ceremony she will gather up all the flowers to make paper out of them. personal accounts of the genocide will be printed on the paper. lest the past be forgotten. brian: turks who publicly challenged their government's position that no genocide occurred at all do so at their own peril. dw has been talking to people in istanbul and has more on their views about this highly contentious issue. reporter: the official line is that the killing of armenians 100 years ago is not a genocide. he is one of the few historians in turkey that has openly disagreed with the government. he is convinced most turkish people aren't in the dark either, despite official denials. >> this crime is just about those who were killed.
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their property was confiscated their churches were destroyed. everyone saw it and the government knows it too. they use a defense strategy just to try to get through the anniversary. reporter: while opinions vary most turkish people don't dispute the fact that armenians were killed, but say they weren't the only victims of the first world war. , it was wartime. this shouldn't have happened. but unfortunately sleep both the armenians and turks suffered losses. -- unfortunately both the armenians and turks suffered losses. >> we should've recognized the genocide and apologized to the armenian people. reporter: not a widely held opinion in turkey, but a very important one for the country's small armenian minorityr: the dw media center, see it live. here more of it. discovery. -- discover it. video and audio, podcast and
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language courses. at the dw media center. ♪ matt: president barack obama has apologized for the deaths of americans and italians held hostage by al qaeda. the two members were killed during a counterterrorism raid in -- brian: president obama said he took full responsibility for the operation.
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the two men died when the u.s. military targeted and al qaeda compound. one of the two hostages was a 73-year-old aid worker, warren weinstein who was kidnapped back in 2011. we are joined by richard walk. it is very unusual for the white house to assume all responsibility for something like this. can you give us an idea what was behind this move? richard: it was striking coming from barack obama and the white house today. there are two reasons behind that, one of them is quite self-serving and one of them because the administration -- first of all, on the self-serving side it is important to get ahead on ace
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tory like this -- on a story like this. that would cause extremely damaging light on the obama administration especially given how controversy roles drone strikes have been in the past -- controversy all drone strikes -- controversial drone strikes have been in the past. the united states is a democracy committed to openness in good times and in bad. saying that the united states needs to hold itself to a higher standard. that is reminiscent of anything the obama administration was saying a few months ago. you may remember the infamous senate report into torture by the cia. i think they are trying to line in with belief and transparency. the obama administration has received a lot of criticism to self-serving and transparency kind of beliefs.
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brian: we apologize for the quality of that connection. matt: deutsche bank has been made to pay a record $2.5 billion fine. financial regulators in the u.s. and the u.k. settled on the sum to punish the bank or its involvement in the libor interest rate fixing scandal. brian: does find -- this fine arts the amounts other banks were made to pay following the investigation, suggesting its wrongdoing was especially egregious. reporter: the shine may have worn off deutsche bank. the decision after traders manipulated a key interest rate. major but -- major banks joint -- major banks joined the libor rate. even tiny fluctuations in the benchmark could lead to big profits. that is what traitors did, they rigged the libor to earn money for their banks and skyhigh bonuses for themselves.
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but now they are paying the price. deutsche bank faces a 2.3 billion euro fine from u.s. and tax authorities. it is the highest yet in the libor scandal. switzerland's ubs has already paid out the equivalent of 1.2 billion euros and britain's barclays bank was given a 325 million euro penalty. german investigators german regulators are also investigating -- german regulators are also investigating. the scandal has cost customers billions. brian: we have more news about other corruption scandals. investors are getting a very cold and hard look at the financial impact of a massive corruption scandal at the brazilian energy giant petrobras. matt: this state run company now reports it has lost 1.9 billion
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euros, which are directly attributable to the sandal. kickbacks and fake contracts hit the government hard. reporter: it was a sobering day for brazil's biggest company. new page breast ceo is trying to win -- new petrobras ceo is trying to win back credibility after the scandal. he is promising transparency and a complete investigation into the kickback scheme that ran for eight years. >> i sincerely apologize on behalf of the whole company. i hope the people of brazil will soon be able to trust us again and believe in the quality of what we deliver. we are very important to the economy and society in brazil. reporter: the corruption scandal has taken a huge toll on the economy. petrobras accounts for roughly
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1/10 of the country's gdp. revelations about contract fixing, bribes and monday laundering -- and money laundering has done -- and money laundering has delivered a blow to petrobras itself. it also posted acid devaluation of working billion euros. -- posted asset devaluation of 14 billion euros. on wednesday former executive was sentenced to seven years in prison for his role in the scandal. matt: we will go to the markets where european stocks did not have a good day. at the frankfurt stock exchange -- reporter: it is not always what you get that what you were expecting to get. the consumer climate index and the german purchasing managers index were good, but not as good
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as expected, dragging markets down. we saw a slight decline in france. this shows us the economy in the eurozone may not be doing as well as we all think. the other big headline was deutsche bank, germany's best-known financial institution will have to pay $2.5 billion to u.k. and u.s. authorities after being accused of manipulating interest rates. this was good for the deutsche bank stock, which was one of the best performers here. it was a bad day for the market so the eyes are turning to the u.s.. matt: here come the market the numbers in full, starting in frankfurt. the dax did not have a good day. down more than 1%. the european index also felt by three quarters of a percent. the dow jones in new york, where they are still trading, is going up by close to one half of a percent. the euro is trading slightly
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against the dollar all 1.0 820 -- 108.24. brian: there is a state of emergency in southern chile. thousands of people have been evacuated. air traffic has been disrupted and ash has been blanketing parts of neighboring argentina. reporter: a massive column of smoke and ash shooting into the sky, visible in neighboring argentina. residents in the nearest town were caught by surprise when the sleeping giant suddenly woke up. >> it was impressive seeing this enormous mushroom cloud with force of a volcano. i have never seen anything like this area you start to wonder what is going to happen. reporter: geologists say third eruption is likely.
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the government is evacuating everyone within 20 kilometers of the volcano. she lay hospira's and has declared a state of emerging see because of the -- she lay's -- chill ae's president has declared a state of emergency. >> anyone entering this loan -- entering the zone needs to take precaution. reporter: there have been no reports of deaths or injuries as a result of the eruptions. matt: commemorations are set to take place across europe to mark the 70th anniversary of the end of world war ii. brian: because so many of those are passing on or half past on, the memory of those who are alive is that much more poignant. matt: a french soldier here at the opening in berlin of an
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exhibition of the war made a special plea for the protection of children and mothers in times of conflict. reporter: germany's past and present were summed up i this handshake -- summed up why this handshake. -- summed up by this handshake. he was one of survivors imprisoned in berlin during the exhibitions opening. he spoke of present day responsibilities. >> back then germany was a destructive horse. which it -- destructive force. which is why it must become a constructive agent order and peaceful development. more than anyone else it must fight for political solutions to conflict and to sustainable pulled -- sustainable he's. cheers. reporter: that is -- sustainable peace. cheers -- sustainable peaceful
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structures. reporter: it is up to all of us. >> securing peace, human rights, children's rights, is and never ending fight. it is not a given. reporter: with conflict raging across the world this message rains especially true in 2015. brian: we would like to recap our top story for you. europe has promised swift action to halt the ongoing loss of life in the mediterranean as tens of thousands of people continued to flee their homes for a better life in the union. matt: these measures will be focused on saving lives at sea and the dismantling of the networks of human traffickers. late. brian: find out more and -- more
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about these and other stories on our website. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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