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tv   Journal  PBS  April 24, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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>> live from the dw studios here in berlin, this is your world news. welcome. >> it's good to have you with us. these are our top stories. armenians commemorated genocide at the hands of the ottomans that left 1.5 million people dead. turkey, though is remembering it very difficult. >> finance ministers warned greece that it must beat up its efforts if it wants to secure a bailout extension and avoid default -- it must speed up its efforts. >> a chinese research experiment involving human embryos faces mitchell -- major ethical hurdles. is this the beginning of the race to create the perfect human?
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>> thanks so much for joining us here at dw. the leaders of france and russia have joined the ceremonies marking the genocide of some 1.5 million armenians by ottoman turks a century ago. >> during the commemoration in the armenian capital the french president earned modern-day turkey -- urged modern-day turkey to end its refusal to recognize the massacre as genocide. >> president vladimir putin also said russia stood together with armenia, a close ally. turkey has sharply criticized both countries for those positions. >> the genocide memorial stands in the capital. for the people of armenia, it's towering obelisk is a symbol of strength. here, the president welcomes guests from around the world. among them, russian president vladimir putin and his french
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counterpart, francois hollande. both countries see the massacre of armenians by ottoman turks as genocide. armenia's president spoke of a long struggle by recognition. >> may this dispel the darkness of 100 years of denial and put an end to the suffering of people experiencing the horrors and tortures of genocide, even into the 21st century. >> the suffering of more than 2 million armenians began with the outbreak of world war i. until then, the christian minority had lived peacefully among turks and kurds on both sides of the border between the ottoman empire and russia. the ottomans accuse the armenians of siding with the russians, calling them a threat to the state. men, women and children were sent on death marches toward syria and iraq.
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many died of hunger or thirst or were simply killed. some 300,000 armenians fled abroad. many went to russia. turkey's focus on friday was not in the genocide but on the centenary of the tailed allied attack on gallipoli -- the failed allied attack. the event was held one day early, prompting some accusations ankara wanted to overshadow armenia's ceremonies. the turkish president did offer console insist -- condolences but did not use the word genocide. meanwhile, turkish nationalists protested against those who described the killings as genocide. turkey's refusal to accept the term is an open wound for armenians today. 100 years on, they say it is
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time for ankara to accept its historical guilt. >> for the turkish perspective on what has become a very divisive day, let's turn now to our correspondent, dorian jones who joins us from istanbul by skype. what is modern turkey choose to essentially ignore the genocide and instead mark a world where one battle anniversary, that of gallipoli? >> they say it's just a coincidence. they say the traditional commemorate gallipoli in march, but the reason they moved into april 25 was to coincide with the australian and new zealand commemorations and why they had ceremonies on the 24th was because they said so many world leaders are attending they needed the time for commemorations. they dismiss accusations that this was an attempt to deflect interest and attention. they say it's just a coincidence, but to be honest,
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within turkey, there's a great deal of skepticism, and many have said that this is no more than a cheap, crude, diplomatic trick and it does appear to have backfired in many ways because invitations to the heads of state in france and russia, key allies in turkey -- they were rejected. >> at some point in the future, will turkey investigate at least what many in the west say was indeed a terrific genocide, or will this remain a taboo area for turkey -- what many say was indeed a hornacek -- horrific genocide? >> turkey says it is prepared to open up its army archives. they said that they are waiting for them to accept this offer, but it has to be said -- i've
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asked if turkey would ever accept the findings of historians if they did ever deciding conclude it was a genocide and he all but dismissed that, saying it would be impossible to do so, in the reason why turkey is there he sensitive is it appears if they do recognize this as a genocide, this could open them to billions of dollars in compensation. >> we have to leave it there. thanks for the insights. >> in spite of the possibility that it could strain relations the german parliament has voted to officially recognize the armenian genocide. >> like many other countries germany had until now officially avoided the 10 genocide to describe the mass killings of armenians by ottoman turks a hundred years ago. home today to the largest populations of turks outside germany itself, germany is eager to maintain good relations with the turkish government. >> during world war i, germany
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and the ottoman rulers were allies, and germany did nothing to stop you armenian massacre. now within the past 24 hours germany took a big step toward recognizing that as genocide. >> representatives within the armenian community were in the german parliament to hear political leaders declare what they had long believed. >> what happened in the first world war and ottoman empire under the gaze of the world was genocide. >> lawmakers from the governing parties. >> out of solidarity with the victims and their descendents, we must describe the crime as genocide. >> you cannot bring people back to life, but we can try to help restore their dignity. >> the opposition parties could
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assess the government, saying it had been too concerned about upsetting turkey. >> if they had had it their way, we would still be repeating the turkish narrative that there was no genocide. >> all the subtle formulations are shameful and undignified. >> all the parties in parliament agree that germany by aiding its ally, the ottoman empire, bore some responsibility for the genocide. >> germany's parliament no longer wanted to follow the official line of the chancellor's government. delegates launched a resolution that caused -- calls the mass matter of armenians genocide. in turkey, turkish organizations have already announced demonstrations against what they see as defamation of their ottoman history.
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>> germany is home, as we indicated, to europe's largest turkish population. some 3 million people in germany have turkish roots. half of them have turkish citizenship. >> many of them share their government's anger at berlin, saying it's unfairly choosing sides. some of that displeasure was palpable today at the capital's biggest mosque. >> people gather for friday prayers at berlin's largest mosque. germany's recognition of the armenian massacres of 1915 as a genocide is on everyone's lips. they say the move will harm relations between germany and turkey. >> we cannot just go and college genocide without checking the facts. germany is a democratic country, isn't it? it's difficult. i don't understand what that german governmental president are getting at. he keeps on meddling in turkish affairs. there's no proof that it's true. >> nearly everyone here has turkish roots. the islamic cemetery that adjoins the mosque was
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established back in 1866 for the ottoman empire. turkish traditions are taken very seriously, as our ankara's official positions. >> we don't think that it was a genocide. that's a false accusation. there are two schools of thought on this. there are historians, even armenian and western historians who show that people died on both sides. >> nobody here thinks ankara will call the massacres a genocide any time soon. >> other news now -- the standoff continues between greece and its european creditors. there's been no progress on the reforms needed to avoid default and possible exit from the euro. >> in the latvian capital the greek finance minister came under fire from his eurozone peers for failing to come up with a conference of list of proposals after weeks of talk.
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>> there were sour faces all around as eurozone finance ministers net. once again he was empty-handed. he was supposed to present new reforms by the end of the month. >> we came to an agreement two months ago, and today, of course, we had hoped to hear a positive result and an agreement on which we could then take a decision, and we are still far from that, so, yes it was a very critical discussion. >> another deadline is now passing without notice but it's athens' financial liabilities that will determine the real deadline. starting from may, greece needs to find around 3.4 billion euros a month to meet budgetary obligations. repayments to the imf will cost the country for the billions. in july, a repayment to the ecb will bring greek liabilities up two over 7 billion euros. creditors say greece will not be allowed to postpone payments again.
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germany's finance minister has little hope that a solution will be found soon. >> it's been cleared for weeks that it was unrealistic to expect us to find a lasting solution at the summit. i'm happy to see you all here. don't be disappointed, and enjoy the beauty of the country and the intensive debates we've had in our informal meetings. >> it seems unlikely they will get around to enjoy latvia as greece continues to test its neighbors' dwindling patientsce. >> for more on how eu finance ministers reacted to athens' failure to come up with credible reforms, we trust over to our correspondent who sent us this. >> after tough talks, finance ministers today slammed the door on a request from greece for early cash in return for partial
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reforms. instead, it was the greek finance minister who came under some real fire from his peers being called an amateur and apparently even a gambler. he tried to downplay these differences, emphasizing that from his perspective the glass is half-full and heaping's a deal can be done. the next meeting, finance ministers will be in brussels on may 11 but many doubt that greece will be able to come up with a credible reform plan. until then, not to speak of a spectacular u-turn that it would probably require. >> and that is good -- how did the news go down with equities traders echo we have this from the frankfurt stock exchange. >> the news coming out of the finance ministers meeting sobered people of here. there's no approaching of the two sides. there's no ", but it seems that the talks are stalled. this raises the possibility that in the end, there will be a
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greek default and a possible gre xit -- a greek exit from the euro. that would be a major disaster for the eurozone. people on the floor say nobody really knows what happens in that case. the european central bank is flooding the markets with money, but nobody really knows what exactly will happen if the eurozone starts breaking apart at the edges. the euro business climate news was good news, but not enough to offset the greek question. >> we're taking a short break. when we come back, we be looking at china, where a taboo has been broken. scientists have carried out the very first experiments that we know about to genetically modify human in brio's. the project sparked a ban. >> what has changed in two years after the catastrophic textile factory collapse in bangladesh? >> that and much more after the
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break. stay with us.
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>> welcome back. biologists in china have carried out the first experiments to genetically modify human embryos. >> in a medical journal, researchers at a medical university confirmed that they altered genes that are responsible for a blood disease. they have said that the embryos could never have become babies but the revelations have sparked a global outcry. >> scientists around the world are calling for a ban on global genetic modification. they are worried the latest research could open the door to a new era of eugenics. >> and a competitive race between nations to create the perfect human being. >> chinese scientists used 86 embryos in the study. the embryos were described as not viable because they had an extra set of chromosomes. scientists say they were the first to change the embryos' dna, injecting them to alter the
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affected genes. 71 embryos survived the injection procedure. of these, 28 were found to be spliced successfully, but only a fraction contained a replacement genes. most of the embryos that survived to ballot severe mutations. the ethical questions raised by the chinese experiment have caused a furor among geneticists. -- most of the embryos that survived developed severe mutations. >> to bangladesh now, and it was on the stated of years ago that a multistory garment factory in bangladesh collapsed. more than 1100 people were killed so 2500 were injured many of them seriously. >> long before the building fell, it was clear the factory was unsafe. the tragedy exposed the appalling conditions for garment workers in bangladesh, and yet little has been done to improve those conditions.
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>> it's been two years since the disaster. thousands of people were buried under rubble when a building containing a textile factory collapsed. 1000 were killed. now many of the workers are still waiting to get compensation. >> now, i cannot run my family. my children cannot go to school for their education. i am crippled forever. i am asking the government to give me proper compensation. >> it was the worst factory disaster in bangladesh's history. the building was nine stories high and built illegally. the day before the collapse workers found cracks in the walls. police ordered the building closed, but managers ignored the warning. today, there is a gap where the building once stood. the workers there made cheap clothes for western manufacturers.
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human rights organizations say little has changed since the disaster. textile workers are still overworked, underpaid, and to physically abuse. survivors are still writing for their rights. the disaster has changed their lives forever, but so far, it has not changed the places where they work. >> we moved to africa now where people are heading to the polls this week in presidential elections in togo. >> the incumbent looks set to win a third term in the small west african nation. that would extend his family's leadership of the country to about half a century. >> opposition has complained that the vote counting system is rigged. they are facing an uphill battle. >> the opposition are rallying in the street of the capital.
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after 48 years living in a quasi-dictatorship, they want change. >> togo does not belong to them. we have had enough. >> the most promising candidate for the opposition has fought for political change for decades as a human rights activist. >> my team and i will work for togo and the togolese people. we will stop minority interest from plundering the wealth of this land. >> it's an accusation aimed at the president. the opposition says he favors the north of the country where he comes from. the south lacks many basic necessities, especially in rural areas. >> we here in the villages want power and water just like the politicians promise us with their programs. the water here is bad. new wells must be drilled to make our lives easier.
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>> but supporters are happy. they have been -- there have been cautious reforms of the past 10 years, and the economy has improved slightly. they want a third term for the man they call by his first name. >> all the problems we have faced, all the solutions that we have found, the general feeling of satisfaction -- all those things show that the elections are not a failure but that we will succeed. >> the president has no doubt that he will win. the opposition is divided, giving him a good chance to win another term in the single round election. >> staying in africa, burundi is gearing up for a presidential election and that might bring some trouble. >> the incumbent hopes to be elected to a third term as president. many peruvians believe his party's violently abusing its
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power in the run-up to the vote. >> the country has a similar lit to neighboring rwanda, and it's there that thousands of minority tutees have been fleeing. the year of the country civil war -- 1990's. >> radio public afrikaans is an independent broadcaster. its director is the most famous journalist in the country. he has spent time in jail or his criticism of the government. >> as a person, of course i am frightened, but i tell myself -- you have to resist. you have to fight the fear so we can make progress. >> discussions at editorial conferences are heated these days. the burning issue is the presidential election at the end of june and if the incumbent should be allowed to run for a third term. >> the question is tearing the country apart.
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it is the source of widespread anxiety and tension. >> unity work and progress. those goals were set by the founders of modern burundi in the 1960's, but they were never achieved. it is the world's second poorest country with gdp of about $250 per person, and economic growth has been slowing. many people are angry that the income it wants to run again but he also has supporters. the situation is tense. while the governing party is campaigning for their man, there are doubts that the candidacy is constitutional. his spokesman dismisses such concerns. >> the majority of the members of the party in power -- and they number 3 million -- support the current president. we have to wait for the party congress to decide.
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if there is a conflict of interpretations, we have to wait for a ruling by the constitutional court. >> critics say that the court is not independent. staff fear more harassment by the government. the studio guest today is the human rights activist. >> the question of who should run is not a minor matter. it could lead to a new civil war. of course the opposition bears some responsibility, but it is mainly up to the people in power to calm things down. >> it's two months until the election. fears are mounting that burundi might soon be facing another civil war.
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>> and ordinary young woman rocked a country. she was an ordinary young woman but her name became a rallying cry. >> she died from a blow to the head after being struck by a young man. friday -- >> they are keeping her memory alive. dozens gathered outside the court demanding justice for their rent. she died on her 23rd birthday. this is the man prosecutors say is to blame. the 18-year-old has admitted hitting her. in court he said he was infinitely sorry and never intended to cause her serious harm. >> he caused the death of another person, and he is aware her family is suffering indescribably because of this. it haunts him tremendously, and of course he is very sorry. >> the apology did not convince the family that the suspect feels remorse.
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>> in cases like this, every defense lawyer tells the client to say they are sorry. to me, it did not you like he really meant it. >> the court must now decide if he is guilty of bodily harm resulting in death but for friends and family, her memory and legacy are most important. she has become a symbol of courage in the face of harassment. >> time now for some sports news. there should be plenty of excitement in store following the draw for the semifinals and soccer's champions league. >> coach pep guardiola will take his bayern munich side to barcelona next month to place his former club, and titleholders real madrid will play, so we could be seeing a second all spanish final. >> today is a real milestone for
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stargazers. it has been 25 years, a quarter of a century, since nasa's hubble space telescope was launched. >> hubble set off on able 24, 1990. it orbits more than 500 kilometers above earth and takes incredible pictures of faraway stars and galaxies. it helps astronomers learn more about the universe. nasa hopes to keep it running for at least another five years. >> great photos. you can check out more of them on our website dw.de. for now, though that's good buy for all of us here in berlin. >> thanks for watching. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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>> patricia: hello and welcome. i'm patricia o'reilly and i'm delighted you could join us for another edition of "out of

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