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tv   Journal  PBS  May 19, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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[captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit] >> coming to you live from the studios in berlin, this is the journal. >> our headlines a this thanks hour. for joining us. in burundi, no end in sight. the protest against a third term for president ziza. >> russian lawmakers approve a new law that allows the state to ban foreign ngos that it deems undesirable. >> and thailand's former prime minister to claim innocence as she goes on trial for corruption. >> we begin this program in burundi where the government
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will not take revenge against those involved in last week's failed coup. >> that is according to the president that said those implicated will be brought to justice in accordance with the rule of law. >> the eu and the african union have called for a postponement on elections due on june the 26. the president has so far rejected that. >> the protesters say they won't give up even though the government uses force against them. on tuesday, it was tear gas. the day before, they used bullets. more than 20 people have been killed since the protests began. burundi's president says elections will go ahead in june with his name on the ballot. but many say his bid for another term is unconstitutional. >> we will continue to protest until the day he agrees to step back from the elections. we will continue even though they want to finish us.
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our grandchildren will continue. until the last generation, we will fight. >> many fear the violence will get worse. over 100,000 people have fled burundi to neighboring wanda -- rwanda and tanzania. refugee camps are struggling to cope with the numbers. >> we arrived last night and we still don't have anything to eat. our children haven't anywhere to sleep. there's no sanitation here. it is very dirty. even if they gave us containers, we would fetch water. >> health workers say there has also been a cholera outbreak in the camp. for those affected by the unrest, the situation is becoming ever more dire. >> russia has tightened its grip on foreign ngos with a
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controversial law that would allow authorities to ban organizations considered undesirable. >> legislators overwhelmingly approved the bill. it is likely to become law. ngos could be hit with fines and see their employees jailed if they are deemed to be threatening to russia's security. the bill is widely seen as retaliation by moscow for the west's response to the ukraine crisis. >> for some reaction to this new law, let's go to our guest from amnesty international in moscow. think for joining us. how will this new law affect the work that you are doing, that amnesty international is doing in moscow? >> we are working a lot with russian society and human rights organizations. there are different activists public actions. all of this can be quite -- we
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expect that this will be changed since the implementation of the law. we don't exactly know how it will be implemented. if it is immediately but if different organizations will be targeted. we expect that the general impact on civil society in general russian civil society will be quite big. we have seen in the past regarding the lock, it has -- the law it has been implement it. it has had an effect already on society. >> the russian lawmakers are arguing there is a double standard at play here. that the west is imposing sanctions so it has every right to ban organizations like yours which are in fact, representing western interests.
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that is the argument from the lawmakers from the kremlin. how would you respond to that? >> they have no understanding of the perception of international invasion. and as to international is an organization with quite a lot of supporters from the russian federation. just because we get more financing as -- from that country than the russian federation it does not mean we are working against the russians. in that, i would think contact with independent societies -- >> where does the fear come from? why du think president clinton and the lawmakers believe that a foreign nongovernmental organization is a threat to russia? >> there is a tendency to streamline everything in the russian federation. the media is totally controlled by the government.
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the state-funded civil society organizations are also quite strictly following government rules. and then comes an independent human rights organization in the russian federation. they do what they think is necessary to fulfill and implement the russian law to support russian people to protect human rights. and that is a stretch to those that are not used to independence. >> from amnesty international in moscow, thank you for your time and your input today. >> thank you. >> to prime -- to thailand where the primus to her has appeared in court on criminal charges. >> it comes on the day the military backed government said it would postpone general elections by at least six months. the prime minister announced there would be a referendum on the newly drafted constitution. supporters say such a referendum
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would help the military tightened its grip on power. >> the army abolished the previous constitution after she was ousted from power, charged powers. >> she receives a level of attention normally reserved for rock stars. a year after the former premier was forced from power, she still has many fans. now thailand's first female prime minister appeared in court to defend herself against criminal negligence charges. yes, i feel confident to present, she said. everything will be followed by due process and rule of law. smiles aside and major power struggle has been underway for years in thailand. it pits the country's urban elite and the military on one side against the shen what camp -- that camp on the other. they have the rural population to thank for their decisive win in the 2011 elections.
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it is a major subsidy program for rice farmers she instituted that got her into legal trouble. the scheme paid markers above market prices for rice. as much as 5 billion euros were diver did because of corruption. they say she failed to monitor the program properly. she crashed -- clashed repeatedly with the military establishment while she was in power. critics say she was a puppet of her exiled brother. the military overthrew him back in 2006 as well. he, too, has been charged with corruption. a planned amnesty that would have benefited them triggered street protests and divided the country. thailand has yet to recover from the civil strife. outside the courtroom in bangkok, she reiterated her
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innocence. supporters urged her to fight on. if found guilty, she could face up to 10 years in jail. her next court appearance is in july. >> there have been some fast-moving developments in iraq as the country musters forces to regain ramadi which has been lost to islamic state fighters. >> the white house has said it will back a multi-sectarian forced to retake the city, which means it has accepted the use of a led shia militia in that effort. ramadi is 100 kilometers from the capital baghdad. the loss with a major blow to the government. >> authorities have agreed to allow thousands of families fleeing the islamic state into the capital. security forces had been keeping them out, fearing militants might infiltrate baghdad. >> ramadi is deserted after the islamic state seized control of the city. a black flag flies over the
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town's main square. some iraqi troops only got out by helicopter in the very last moment. months of fighting have left their mark on the city. the fall of ramadi is a significant setback for the iraqi army. >> it threatens the security situation in the capital and the southern provinces. >> thousands of people have fled fearing for thei thunited nations is ruggling to look after th iraq's government has been reluctt to work with shia militias in the fight for ramadi fearing that it could alienate the city's majority population. now baghdad has no other choice. >> god willing we will triumph. we will not accept anything less. we will be a real backbone for the security forces. >> further help against i.s.
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might come from neighboring iran. forces recently routed are being brought forward again, preparing to launch a campaign to take back ramadi alongside shia militias. >> in germany, climate changes on the agenda as representatives of 35 countries meet in berlin for some informal discussions. the petersburg dialogue aims to later groundwork for the un's climate conference later this year. >> at the meeting, angela merkel and oswald lond called on the world to stop using fossil fuels by the end of the century. >> environmentalists protesting outside the venue in downtown berlin depicted leaders of developed nations as superheroes. they say the world needs superheroes if it will reach its targets on curbing the warming of the planet.
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diplomacy on climate change has come to a standstill and it has to in paris. the finger -- pointing must stop. they say germany has to do more and close its older coal-fired power plants. germany formulates its goal differently. it aims to drop by 40% from 1990 levels. at the meeting, german chancellor angulo merkel and french president francois hollande spoke of their common goal of reaching a binding agreement at the u.n. climate change talks in paris in december. >> the challenges we face because of climate change would be much easier to overcome if we knew that our partners the world over were working towards the same goal. it is one of the reasons why we need an agreement. >> a comprehensive and binding agreement is only likely if
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developed nations agree to considerably boost financial support for poor countries and tackling climate change. she said germany would double its contribution over the next five years. >> our political correspondent is following events for us. how much closer are we to see in a new climate deal come in? >> i can't really tell you that but today was moving in the right reaction. that's what it all seems to be about. about generating and keeping up moment him. it is presumably why on the low merkel announced that the german government would double the amount spent by germany every year in supporting these developing countries from 2 billion euros to 4 billion euros. it's all about redirecting not just funds, but persuading countries to invest in carbon friendly development. this certainly is an uphill
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struggle. >> you mentioned the persuasion efforts. getting everybody on the same page. why is it difficult to get support for a global solution? >> basically, the countries around the table today are the ones that have already done their homework. they are way on the way of either already having handed in or are about to hand in their proposals of what their own targets are in this upcoming conference. and that is a change from the kyoto protocol. entries will be making their own suggestions. more than 190 countries getting -- they also have to sign to an agreement. and getting those countries to sign on the dotted line is the challenge. >> we only have one planet. we better take care of it. thank you very much. >> going to a short break. when we come back, prince charles is an island. we will have the story. stay with us.
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>> welcome back. in recent years sexual violence has become a subject of fierce debate within india. several brutal rapes and murders have made international headlines and has sparked discussion about general attitudes in india towards women. the family ministry indicates 40% of married indian women have suffered the mastic violence, including rape. >> most do not speak publicly about their ordeals out of fear of reprisal. >> our reporter in the indian capital did find one woman willing to speak out. >> it is wedding season. processions like these are seen everywhere. the happy celebrations can trigger painful memories for some women. she speaks openly about her ordeal though she doesn't want to be recognized. >> he was so angry and pulled me by my hair.
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pushed me to the wall. when i tried defending, he pulled me towards the floor. and when i tried running he hit me with a torchlight 18 times on my head. >> she was severely injured and in the hospital for a month. it wasn't the first time. the 27-year-old that works for a multinational company was repeatedly raped and tortured by her husband. she finally walked out. the lawyer says the cases is simply not taken seriously. >> the state machinery was so poor, that she goes to the police station and is told by the police that these are normal things. it happened between husband and wife and you should settle the matter. >> she has no means of legal recourse. her lawyer arguing for marital rape to be recognized as a crime. without success. it is not an isolated case.
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studies show that incidents are common in india. it's also the experience of a woman who has worked with women support groups for over 20 years. >> the majority of women that enter into an arranged marriage, they get raped on their first night. sexual abuse is not a rare thing. >> it was in 2012 at the brutal gang rape of a student proctored the government to tighten rape laws. that it did not include marital rape. last month a member of a party said that it considers marriage sacred and rape within it cannot be terminal eyes. they say the country is simply not ready. >> the country is still dealing with the idea of rape and dealing with some of the incidents in recent past, they are grappling with them. it is really a way out of the curve. >> he said it is hard to sell
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the idea to india's hugely diverse population. few accept that argument. a prominent human rights lawyer is frank in her assessment of the government stance on marital rape. particularly crude and brutal form of patriarchy and misogyny. it seems to be also the mindset of those who are in the ruling dispensation. >> he says the government is failing to protect married women and their rights and dignity. he hopes that will change as sexual violence becomes a talking point in the country. she plans to continue her fight for justice. >> i just want to be a little firm on such things. and just because they have a license of marriage to a woman they cannot treat a woman like that. everyone has the right to say yes or no. >> and no means no.
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that's what indian women are demanding. >> to ireland now where british prince charles has met with leader gerry adams at the start of his four-day visit to that country. >> he is the political wing of the now inactive irish republican army. the organization that carried out several acts of terrorism in its fight for independence including assassinating the prince's great uncle in 1979. >> adams and mr. earls shook hands in public and expressed regret over the troubles of the three decades of sectarian bloodshed that left 3500 people dead. >> what looks like a simple handshake was much more than that. prince charles became the first to meet with the party. gerry adams. adams also had a private meeting with the prince. >> i think it is good that we met.
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we did discuss the need for the entire process to move forward. particularly in terms of people who have suffered. those that have been buried. -- believed -- bereaved. people moving towards the future. >> the tone of the conversation was one of reconciliation. both men have a personal connection to the troubles. prince charles talked about his great uncle that was killed by the ira. >> the fact that he has suffered has given me an affinity and understanding of other people. >> there was also a cultural reception on what many are calling a historic day. >> the european union is considering whether to follow the u.s. by introducing tighter controls on so-called conflict
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minerals from war zones. armed groups often fund their activities to the sale of precious minerals and metals used in electronic goods touches laptops and mobile phones. >> the european parliament is to vote on a resolution that would force the smelters and refiners to use responsibly sourced minerals. it the aim is to ensure the profits from key blood metals like tungsten, tin and gold do not go to work lords. -- war lords. >> selling precious metals is a way armed groups often fund their activities. for example, in the republic of congo. many of these so-called blood metals make their way to europe. it is something the eu wants to clamp down on >> we see military or paramilitary forces are refined in these commodities. something needs to be done about this.
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at the same time, my parliamentary group was to make sure we don't remove the congo from the map over rom materials. >> some of these materials are used as key components in laptops and mobile phones. europe accounts for one third of the global trade, so a crackdown on imports could have a significant impact. however, critics say the measures are too weak. only a handful of manufacturers would have to disclose the origin of the metals they use. it would be voluntary for all others. >> we won't get anywhere with voluntary measures. it's ultimately about people whose human rights are threatened. we can't just say, let's leave it to companies to make the change themselves. >> the regulations are supposed to make trade more transparent. but they don't give eu citizens any guarantee that their purchases don't help finance bloody conflicts around the world.
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>> catching up with some business news now in tuesday's market action. a weaker euro sent shares in frankfurt rocketing. javier sent us this summary. >> the markets are back on track after statements of one of the officials of the european central bank who are sure to investors that the ecb will continue with its bond buying program and that there will be comprehensive acquisitions of bonds in the months of may and june. both of which are characterized by less movement in the markets. investors like the news, but the euro did not. they lost after the news came out. it is good for germany and the eurozone. carmakers were one of the most important winners not only here in germany, but also in france. the dax jumped to the green numbers. >> let's take a quick look --
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. the dax was up by nearly two point .5% -- 2.25%. across the atlantic on wall street, the dow, let's call it flat. 18 to 96. -- 18296. the euro plunging. >> train drivers are going on strike again. this new strike is open-ended and threatens travel chaos over the coming holiday weekend. >> gdl union's demand in the 5% pay hike, shorter working hours and crucially the right to represent other rail workers. >> it is now the night strike in the dispute.
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passengers are not happy. >> they are trying to blackmail society. i travel a lot and it has affected my plans. it's hard to feel sympathy with them. it is a power struggle, nothing more. >> i am really annoyed. >> many companies are angry. the strike will affect freight services. goods will remain in limbo and can't be delivered to their customers. business groups estimate it is costing 100 million euros each day. >> those figures are about right and they will increase every day because a strike affects the ability of countries and their customers to plan. that is why the costs rise so sharply. >> there is still a glimmer of hope. representatives of the train drivers union are still talking. they say they do want to reach a deal. >> a british magazine has created a huge sensation.
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it has published a portrait it claims is the only image of the playwright william shakespeare made in his lifetime. >> a historian found the illustration in a roman tunic in an old book on botany. it is surrounded by clues that do prove that it's shakespeare. >> other experts disagree. recognize the mustache. >> that's right. it's all we have time for. thanks for joining us.
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>> here is your host. host: hello, and welcome to another "euromaxx highlights" coming to you straight from brandenburg gate. let's kick off the show with a look at the topics. prehistoric paintings -- featuring a replica of cave artworks in southern france. feathered friends -- fly like a bird with a swiss-built simulator.
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luxury living -- a new exhibition opens at the v and a museum in london. well, france is certainly blessed with a wealth of natural and historic sites, not to mention pretty incredible food. the chauvet cave with its prehistoric paintings is just one of their many riches. it's located in the ardeche


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