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tv   Newsline  PBS  June 11, 2015 12:00am-12:31am PDT

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hello there, welcome to "newsline." it's thursday, june 11th i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. iraqi forces will be getting more support and military expertise in their fight against islamic state militants. u.s. president barack obama has approved a plan to deploy additional troops to iraq. they'll train soldiers and support efforts to retake the city of ramadi. >> the president and his team are confident that for now, 450 troops are -- additional military personnel are what is necessary to fulfill this expanded advise and assist and
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training mission. >> white house spokesperson josh earnest said the troops will be deployed at a base in western iraq. he said they will not serve in a combat role. he said the soldiers are being sent in response to a request from iraqi prime minister hider al abadi. and brings the troop level up to 3, 550. obama also ordered delivery of equipment and weapons needed by the iraqi government. islamic state militants seized ramadi last month and forces have been locked in a fierce battle to regain control of the city. life for the residents of iraq's second largest city has drastically changed over the past year people in mosul now live in fear under strict laws enforced by the group islamic state. i nhk world's hiroshi shimazaki has been following developments on the ground, and he got a rare
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look at the realities of living under the militant group's rules. >> reporter: nhk has obtained a recent video of the city of mosul secretly recorded by a resident. a motorcade is seen careening through the city's streets with islamic state militants inside waving their black flag. this was once a government office building. it's now under the control of the insurgents. downtown mobile phone shops are closed. islamic state militants are restricting cell phone usage to avoid leaks of information. this camp is 70 kilometers east of mosul in the suburbs of the northern iraqi city of erbil. people here say the number of those displaced from mosul have dwindled in recent months. mosul is now full of checkpoints
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and residents are strictly forbidden to leave the city. a man who escaped mosul said people in mosul must obey rules of the islamic state militants who have imposed an extreme form of islamic sharia law. >> translator: women are not allowed to leave the house without a scarf covering their faces. smoking is prohibited. violators are whipped ten times. >> reporter: the man also said the insurgents have started enrolling children aged 14 and 15 into what they say is a school to undergo training and become fighters. >> translator: children are now forced to join the islamic state fighting force. these children are being taught how to kill. >> reporter: he also said islamic state insurgents have
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recently prepared to fend off future attacks by iraqi government forces. >> translator: residents have been forced to move to the front lines, turning them into human shields. >> reporter: iraqi government forces are preparing to take back mosul. some 3,000 sunni muslims who evacuated are also preparing to take part in the fighting. this is the mountain area close to mosul. now the training for sunni tribes are going on. the majority of iraqi government forces are shia muslims. they say sunni muslim residents will play an indispensable role in the retaking of mosul from islamic state militants.
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who are also sunni. >> translator: we are determined to take back mosul and are willing to take part in the military operation. >> reporter: the fighting to drive out islamic state insurgents from mosul has now raged for one full year. but it's hard to know when those displaced can return to their homes in mosul. and when the people still trapped inside the besieged city will be liberated. hiroshi shimazaki, nhk world, erbil. in other news south korea's president has postponed a trip to the united states to supervise the handling of an outbreak of the mers respiratory virus. officials say park geun-hye is putting priority on dispelling public anxiety while the number of cases grows daily. officials reported on wednesday that a ninth person had died from mers.
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they say another 13 had contracted the virus bringing the number of confirmed cases to 108. >> translator: we need the trust and cooperation of the public to prevent mers from spreading further. >> choi says all the patients have been infected at hospitals. officials have provided a list of the facilities. they're urging people to check the list and to report to authorities if they start showing symptoms. the president's office announced that park would delay next week's visit to washington. a team from the world health organization has been working with south korean authorities to try and find a way to contain the outbreak. the team has recommended that all medical institutions immediately step up their preventive measures against the mers corona virus. they're also calling on authorities to consider reopening the many schools that have closed as no one has been infected at a school. a subway operator in seoul has started disinfecting his trains daily instead of once a week. officials say the number of passengers has dropped by about
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10%, from 4.6 million a day since the start of the outbreak. they say daily sterilization will protect passengers by preventing the virus from spreading further. china is on the alert for mers in response to the outbreak in neighboring south korea. >> translator: as the mers virus is spreading, especially in south korea, according to chinese experts, there's a clear increased risk of infections in china. he says authorities will set up quarantineens at airports and other facilities. more than 10 million people traveled between china and south korea in 2014. over 6.3 million chinese visited south korea while 4.1 million south koreans made trips to china. chinese media report that more than 20,000 people have already canceled trips to south korea since the outbreak began. last month a south korean man tested positive for the virus in the southern chinese province of guangdong.
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authorities are monitoring more than 70 people who came into contact with the man. they're now in isolation. they say the group has shown no signs of ill health. economists at the world bank are wary of a possible rate hike in the u.s. ai uchida joins us now. how will the rate hike affect the global economy? >> well there are concerns by the economists at the world bank echoes a call from the international monetary fund chief earlier this month to delay the rate hike. the world bank has cut the global forecast for the year citing the down side of that rise in the u.s. key interest rate. the bank announced its latest forecast on wednesday. it expects the world economy to expand 2.8% in 2015. that's down 0.2% points from its previously outlook in january. the bank revised down its
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forecast for u.s. economic growth from 3.2% to 2.7% citing the effects of a cold snap that slowed first quarter growth. if it revised down growth in japan to 1.1% also a slide. and it lowered its growth for developing economies, by 0.4% to 4.4% on the ground the rapid fall in crude oil prices is impacting oil exporters and slowing their growth. as one of the risks for the latter half of the year the world bank cited the possibilities of the u.s. federal reserve raising its key interest rate from the current near zero level. it urged developing economies to be prepared for a change in u.s. monetary policy that would impose a heavy burden on nations. it also expressed concerns that expectations of a rate hike are fueling the advance of the dollar and that could put
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pressure on u.s. exports. ratings agent standard & poor's has lowered greece's credit rating one notch into junk territory, they say without an agreement with its creditors, the government will likely default on its commercial debt within the next 12 months. the ratings was downgraded from triple c plus to triple c. analysts say a further downgrade is possible. cash strapped greece has asked to postpone debt repayments due earlier this month to the end of the month. eurozone finance ministers are meeting next thursday to discuss bail-out issue mmeasures, but there are still many differences to be resolved. now let's check in on markets. share prices on wall street showed a strong rebound overnight after four days of losses. the dow jones industrial average jumping to a one-month high regaining that 18,000 mark and
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the nasdaq rising more than 1%. so let's see how, ms here are reacting. ramin mellegard joins us from live from the tokyo stock exchange. what are you seeing in the early trading this morning? >> thank you very much. that u.s. market rally there, really boosting investor sentiment sentiment. couple of key factors, one was the falling dollars, which boosted energy-related shares. but let's have a look at the nikkei and the topix are kicking off thursday june 11th and 1% higher for the nikkei, so pretty positive start for both indexes. just a quick reminder the nikkei fell for a fourth day in a row through wednesday. market players took in words from the bank of japan governor seen there on your screens. he said yesterday at a lower house panel, it's unlikely that the yen will lose more ground against the dollar. that pretty much slammed the brakes on a recent surge in the
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dollar after it hit 125 yen recently. and those comments really brought about selling of the dollar against the yen. >> and ramin, so where is the dollar/yen trading now and how about bond yields? they're also a big factor. >> yeah definitely, those two factors, the currency mark and the bond market. dollar/yen first, 122.94. those words led investors to sell the dollar hitting a two-week low. many analysts argue that kuroda and prime minister shinzo abe want to achieve inflation target by increasing demand among companies and consumers and not just a weaker yen. the other factor driving markets has been the jump in yields in major government bonds. the german government bond jumped above 1% for the first
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time since september. as the threat of falling prices has receded a touch. and the yield on the 10 year u.s. trez yee note 2.4. analysts say the fluctuation in the bond markets, as the greek debt problem is weighing on the markets, is causing a lot of volatility. now, we should also watch out for repercussions of a spike in oil prices which was one of the big reasons for the u.s. markets to rally, and over in asia the shanghai composite was lower yesterday as msci held off adding china a shares but it did suggest it's only a matter of time before it does include china shares in the index, and that will boost a lot of investors' interest in this asia. also the shinsen stock connect, which is a replica of the
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shanghai composite will also boost confidence in the region. that's all for me. i'll have another update in a few hours. back to you, ai. >> okay, talk to you then ramin. members of the german cabinet have moved to join the aiib they'll be the fourth larger stakeholder, providing about $4.5 billion for a 4.1% stake. the investment will make germany the fourth largest member after china, india, and russia. german officials said in a statement, they'll continue to be actively involved in other international development banks, and they say joining the aiib will allow their countries greater access to development projects in asia. the founding members of the aiib are germany, britain,
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france and italy. japan, the united states have not joined. representatives gather in beijing at the end of this month to seal a pact to establish the bank. japanese food and beverage makers are competing to improve the technology for producing bottles and containers. they believe innovation in this area will help them differentiate their products from the competition and increase market share. we take a look at the forefront of the developments. water from mt. fuji runs abundantly in this city in central japan. one of japan's major soft drunk companies uses this underground water to produce mineral water annually. this year the company changed its plastic bottle for the first time in five years. it cut the weight by 20%. now at 28.9 grams, it's the
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lightest of its kind in japan. this will eliminate the need for over 1,000 tons of oil-based materials a year. saving the firm an estimated $1 million or more. the thickness of the bottle was reduced to just .15 millimeters. crushing it is the work of a moment. the bottle is reduced to 1/12 of its original volume cutting waste. but thinner bottles are weaker. stacking could result in those at the bottom being crushed. an improved design makes them stronger. the solution came from the morning glory.
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threads extending radially from the center support the fragile petals. the flower served as the model for the base of the bottle where the load is heaviest. there are 16 indentations. the downward force splits at the peak of each indenitation and runs down the sides. it then encounters an opposing force from its neighbor, thus counteracting the downward force. and the body of the bottle has 16 grooves. with these modifications, it can support a load of more than 20 kilograms. food container technology is also making strides. plastic containers have some advantages over cans. they're less than half the weight by volume and
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microwavable. but they can't keep food fresh for so long. this firm is developing a container that can preserve food at room temperature for three years. this month, researchers checked tuna put into the container two years ago. the tuna flakes looked and smelled normal. they tried them. >> translator: mmm, tastes good. same as canned tuna flakes. >> reporter: the key to long-term preservation is the structure.limeter barrier layer is inserted into the plastic. it's designed to keep the contents fresh by blocking oxygen.
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but the layer occasionally lets oxygen pass. the company mixed in a special absorbent resin that prevents almost all oxygen from entering. >> translator: you can eat the food as it is in an emergency. and the tray container serves as a dish. i think the application of this container for emergency provisions is very promising. >> reporter: flavor is not people's sole criteria when choosing food or drink. consumers also judge the container, and so competition to develop innovative containers is heating up. i'll have more for you in business next hour. i'll leave you with a check on markets. ♪ ♪
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investigators are revealing more details about a deadly car accident in northern japan that shocked many people in the country. four family members died, and they say one of them was dragged several hundred meters from the scene in an alleged hit-and-run. nhk world's mitsuko nishikawa reports. >> reporter: a car is embroiled in flames. this footage was shot moments after the crash in hokkaido. the accident took place on japan's longest straight stretch of road. locals say this is a street where many people tend to drive at high speed, especially at night. the vehicle entered an
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intersection on saturday night and it smashed into a white van carrying the family after apparently running a red light. police believe the car was traveling past the speed limit for several kilometers prior to the accident. koichi nagaoke, his wife, and their 17-year-old daughter died at the scene. the strong impact threw their 16-year-old son, shota, out of the van. police found his body 1.5 kilometers away from the accident site. they suspect he was dragged that distance by another car which was allegedly traveling with the car that collided into the van. they say autopsy results show shota suffocated to death. this means he was still alive immediately after the crash and was killed by being dragged and smothered. the news has made headlines across japan, and many people have come to the accident site to offer their condolences.
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>> translator: i'm not from here, but i couldn't sit still. i just had to come. i wanted to offer my prayers. >> translator: i feel sorry for the victims. >> reporter: police arrested ryuichi komi on suspicion of dragging shota and fleeing the scene. he is said to be a longtime friend of the driver of the car that caused the collision. prior to the accident, the two are believed to have visited pubs and restaurants and were heading to another one. an acquaintance of komi said he enjoyed the excitement of driving. >> translator: i remember him dying his hair blond. he and his friends were speeding with motorcycles and cars all night as if they were racing. >> reporter: authorities have quoted komi as saying that he drank a jug of beer before the accident. he told them he ran away from the site because he didn't have
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additional insurance. they say he has admitted his involvement in the case, but has denied the charge of hit-and-run. mitsuko nishikawa, nhk world. it's time now to get a check of the weather. people in many areas of japan are dealing with the rainy season and those in southern regions are getting hit hard. mai shoji joins us from the latest. >> well, as you know the rainy season is very important for the country, especially for the agriculture, however it's really bringing down the rainfall and pouring especially across southern kush yu. pulling into these locations, especially in couplea moto. people are forced to evacuate, so far, 40,000 people are forced to evacuate. the rain has been continuing. moisture flowing off the rainy
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season front continues to collide with the mountains, that's why we're looking at a few locations in the region which have seen about 380 millimeters of rainfall in the past 72 hours. heavy rainfall warnings and landslide warnings are in place and people are also advised to be aware of flash flooding. at the very least, it will be a slow commute for the residents in parts of queue shoe this morning. we're likely to see 200 millimeters of rainfall very intense showers. some of it about 70 millimeters in a one-hour span. so that will be the case throughout the day for western japan, sudden bursts of showers and damaging lightning and even tornadoes cannot be ruled out. that's engulfing much of central japan as we progress through the day, including tokyo. start to see the rain about 9:00 p.m. tonight. now, across southern areas of
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china, where the severe flooding is persisting, we're still looking at about 100 millimeters in the past 24 hours, and on top of that additional amounts will be on the order of 160 millimeters. so rain is not stopping there as well. northeastern china thunderstorms and strong-wind warnings in place. this is also dropping rainfall to north korea 123 millimeters in the past 24 hours. seoul will start to see the rainfall coming in from afternoon hours. and beijing, we're looking at 30 degrees. thunderstorms will be persisting there as well. towards the west, we were monitoring this cyclonic storm. you can see the dry air is influxing and we're likely to see it become a tropical depression before it makes land masses. somewhat of a strengthening into a severe tropical storm, but no matter the intensity, we're already looking at stormy
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conditions, even in musk at as well. into locations where aun or two cyclonic storms develop over the arabian seas. so people aren't used to the rainfall, about one millimeter is the average monthly rainfall and inland seeing three millimeters in june. this will be dropping 300 millimeters of accumulation. unfortunately, this is going to be causing some damage. now, out towards europe we are looking at some very messy conditions. large hail has been reported in turkey, italy, and southern france. that's likely to continue. we have the stationary boundary and the bulk of the heavy rainfall will be produced in spain. we have a report of 70 millimeters that fell over the course of just 30 minutes. that's likely to continue across the similar locations, but the north is looking really nice especially the central locations. i'll leave you now for your
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extended forecast. ♪ ♪ that's all for this edition of "newsline." i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. we'll be back at the top of the hour. stay with us.
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