tv DW News PBS September 2, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT
"dw news >> this is -- >> this is "dw news." temperatures are firing outside the main train station in budapest. hundreds of refugees have been told that they cannot take trains to germany or austria without a valid passport. also coming up on the show, fear by thousands, a congolese warlord pleads not guilty to war crimes. take a look at the accusations against him. selfies with the stars. jake jill and hall takes to the red carpet and climbs mount
everest as the venice film festival gets underway. ♪ brent: good to have you with us. which syrian refugees are getting train tickets out of hungary to germany and austria tonight? not everyone. that has led to a second day of anger among migrant, who are desperately trying to get to safety here in germany. many of the refugees have purchased train tickets but if they do not have a valid passport they are being turned away. another roadblock on the pathway out of war and misery. that is how many migrants describe their plight tonight. max hoffman has been following the situation outside the train station for most of the day in budapest. he has more on how authorities are trying to maintain order.
>> the police are trying to convince the refugees to go to the refugee camps, where they could be fingerprinted. refugees are afraid that that means they will be stuck in hungary four months and they prefer being stuck here for a couple of days at colletti station, although the situation has become unbearable for some, especially for the many women with children, 3, 4, 5 children, still no food. some ngo's are still trying to help, give them the means to clean up, nevertheless it is not enough. they are hoping that thursday might be the day when they are allowed to board a train. most of them still want to go to germany. brent: that was max reporting from budapest. police in budapest say that they have freed 24 migrants from a van that had been welded shut. teenagers from afghanistan were held at -- headed for vienna.
officers had to break the van open. police say that it's a journey have been longer, some of the migrants could have died. the driver, a romanian, has been arrested. the people in the van had a narrow escape, but the risks that they were prepared to take shows how desperate some people are to find a better life in europe. that presents the european union with some major challenges. the situation is escalating rapidly. this summer has seen a dramatic increase in the number of people headed for the continent. let's show you what the numbers show us. greece alone has seen a 750% increase in the number of migrants entering its territory. but most do not want to stay there, they would rather reach more prosperous countries further north, with many saying they would like to come here to germany. the part where there are few
border patrols, to get there many follow what has been known as the western balkans route through macedonia, as you see there, serbia into hungary. once there, migrants with prospects of traveling to western europe are much better. for many thousands this journey has become a modern day odyssey. >> with each new story of refugees risking everything comes news of yet more deaths. the bodies of 11 migrant, of -- a mother and her three young children among them, washed up on shore as they attempted to cross from turkey to greece. another 17 bodies, some of them young children, were recovered on the northwestern shores of libya today. this italian doctor treated the new arrivals, saying that the 100 hurt he eight people
included egyptians, sudanese, and syrians. -- 138 people included egyptians, sudanese, and syrians. >> car bomb. get shot here. my father and me, decided to go out of syria. my father, me, my little brother , to get a better life. i studied civil engineering at damascus university. >> this is europe's a guest migration crisis since world war ii. an estimated 3000 people per day are trying to find a new home in europe, but the eu system for dealing with refugees is going under the pressure. frontline nations like greece, sicily, and hungary are buckling under the influx. greece has called for immediate response to the crisis, urging
the united nations to become involved. italy is faced with thousands at its shores, trying to reach europe by boat or libya. thousands are being stopped from boarding trains to austria and germany. more and more like this one in belgium, refugee housing for those who arrive. there are larger reception centers in greece and italy funded by the eu and run by international agencies. migrants will be looked after while their application for asylum is being assessed. this could ease the situation, but they will likely struggle to operate efficiently with ever-increasing numbers. germany and sweden have taken in the greatest number of refugees so far. angela merkel has appealed for fair distribution of migrants, stating that if this does not happen, past or free travel could be called into question.
brent: all right, we want to talk about the international dimensions of this crisis. mr. shuler, thanks for joining us. this crisis shows europe at its worst. that is what a lot of politicians here are saying. this is an international isis, should europe have to deal with it alone? mr. shuler: this is a huge crisis. syria has produced 4 million refugees that basically live in the neighboring countries and only 350,000 have reached europe. europe will have to do much more to help, two assists, to provide protection for these refugees. brent: are you satisfied with what syria's close neighbors have done to protect refugees?
saudi arabia, the united arab emirates, they have been noticeably silent in this crisis. mr. shuler: look, it is clear it is a huge crisis. europe cannot do it alone. europe will have to take its share and will have to get ready to accommodate more. and also to have a greater responsibility sharing agreement now that other countries have to come in in the region, syria as you mentioned, it is clear. we can also say that australia will have to take its share, so there we are. brent: didn't the unc this crisis, with the rest of us, didn't we all see it coming? isn't the u.n. partly responsible for this disaster? mr. shuler: look, it is clear
that what is missing in syria is a clear peace agreement. there is no light on the horizon for strong, peace building efforts. we saw it coming. we saw it worsening. the high commissioner for refugees has warned of -- warned us of this for 2, 3 years. we've seen the crisis coming with our eyes into this crisis. now it is here and we need now to hammer out fast solutions. brent: it's interesting, in the u.s. there is a raging debate on illegal immigrants. here we have refugees. does the international community have the will and resolve to solve these challenges? mr. shuler: yes, i think so. there will be a conference from the european union on the 14th of september and we have hope that europe will hammer out
solutions. germany is going ahead and showing how to do it as a very good example, taking in a lot of refugees. so, other countries need to do their share and not to look away from this crisis. brent: we will have to wrap it up there with mr. shuler, joining us from rome. thank you very much. mr. shuler: thank you. brent: now to africa. he was known as the terminator, but he is now on trial at the international human court in the hague. he was a feared militia leader in the democratic republic of congo. prosecutors say that the warlord was responsible for the deaths of hundreds of people. >> auster into gond -- oscar says he's innocent on all counts. the trial could take years, they
want to hear from at least 75 witnesses. one woman brought up a particular massacre. a man finding the lifeless body of the seven-month-old daughter, repeatedly shot in the head. since 2002 he fought a brutal and bloody war in the east of the country for power and control of the goldmine. -- gold mines. he is charged with murder, rape, sexual slavery and recruiting child soldiers. >> in 2009 the accused murder of became a general in the congolese army. he's with the rebels seemed more important than justice. he then left the congolese army as new rebel groups fought for
power in the country. fearing for his life, he turned himself in. brent: how much attention is the case attracting in africa? i asked our correspondent. edith: the trial has not gotten as much attention as one would expect in africa, perhaps because of the reality of what the international removal court can and cannot do is sinking into the continent. this is a place where out of the many situations, the majority are based in africa. having a basis for trial at the icc is not new. however, the charges against him are very serious. broad sexual violence, conscription of children, some as young as 15, some reportedly even younger. the congolese people are watching this trial that could
take years and are interested to see if the outcome does produce justice. brent: that was our correspondent, edith there, reporting from nairobi, kenya. for the other stories making news around the world, the islamic state has claimed responsibility for a bomb attack at a mosque. 20 people were killed at least. a suicide bomber blew himself up inside the mosque during evening prayers. shortly outside -- surely thereafter a car bomb blew up outside the building according to witnesses. in syria a car bomb has killed at least 10 people and wounded dozens. the coastal city is a stronghold of bashar al-assad. it has so far been largely spared the violence that has ravaged syria during the four years of civil war.
in the u.s. police in northern illinois are conducting a massive manhunt after an officer was shot dead while pursuing a group of men. authorities were using bloodhounds and helicopters to search the village of fox lake, north of chicago. this is the third law enforcement fatality in illinois this year. heavy rains have caused severe flooding in spain. waters have destroyed homes as they flooded. several vineyards seven damaged in the region, which is famous for its wine. you are watching "dw news," live from berlin. still to come, jake jill hall -- jake allen hall -- gyllenhall in a docudrama -- documentary drama about a disaster on mount everest. and a slice of queasy -- queen
elizabeth's 1947 wedding cake goes to auction. how much would you fork out? you dare to take a bite? it would take a stiff upper lip. all that and more in a few minutes. >> the dw media center. see it live. here more of it. discover it. video and audio, podcast and language courses. mediacenter.dw.com. >> with each passing day of the continuing conflict in syria, more and more children feel -- fear that their children may be fading away.
with every family fleeing the violence, we cannot risk losing an entire generation of children to death, fear, and despair. because they are the future of syria. brent: welcome back. it's good to have you with us here at "dw news." are top stories -- day two of a standoff outside of budapest train station. thousands of asylum seekers want to board trains to austria and germany, but authorities say that they cannot go anywhere until they are properly identified and registered. a once feared congolese warlord has pled not guilty to war crimes of the opening of his trial in the hague. charges against him include rape and the recruitment of child soldiers into his ranks.
business news now, monica has a look at russian chinese trade. monica: very interesting topic there, you know that vladimir putin, the russian president, has allowed -- arrived in beijing marking the 75th anniversary of china over japan in the second world war. his visit comes amidst kremlin concerns over the economic slowdown in china that have hit russia hard. trade between the countries is said to be down by nearly one third. russia has certainly recently stepped up efforts to improve ties with china, after relations with the eu soured, but what is in it for china? i put that weston to our correspondent -- question to our correspondent. >> both countries are eager to get to work. we were expecting a lot of intense meetings.
some 30 documents are to be signed in the presence of both leaders from china and russia. high-speed rail from moscow took is on -- kazan is a one dollar chilean ruvell project. and the power of -- one trillion ruvell project -- rubel project. a completely different issue at the moment, given the unstable climate in the market. >> largely due to what's been going on, with russia's economic troubles as well, given these problems they are still seen by your account as quite optimistic in future trade deals. >> indeed, they do. to quote the industrial prime
minister in russia, "there are always more intentions than results." this does signal more optimism from the russian camp. reaction from china is slightly cooler. they are asked on the existing bilateral agreements about credit lines being minimally used with trade decline and weak currency performances putting a delay on that. brent: all right -- monica: all right, thank you very much. it is a bank holiday in china, the markets have had a chance to recover on other topics, like the u.s. federal reserve beige book, for example. any surprises there in that page book? -- beige book? >> there was one surprise. the federal reserve has seen moderate growth in the united states. they do do some pressure with
the latest turmoil from china and the stronger dollar, but some federal reserve banks today do see some wage pressure, which could be the missing link. if wages are finally starting to grow faster, that can be a turning point for the federal reserve to say ok, it is time to increase interest rates already in two weeks at the next meeting . i would say the chances are 50:50 that the federal reserve might be ready to increase rates. monica: we also got u.s. jobs data coming out in the private sector. in europe they were not that optimistic, saying that things did not look stable right now. what is your take? >> 190,000 jobs in the private sector, shy of estimates, but
still overall i saw comments over here that this report was rough -- rock solid. basically the energy industry, all the turbulence with oil prices, that did cause some jobs to be cost in that area, but overall the report was rather solid. now we only need to wait for friday, when the labor department comes out with that job report and that report comes in strong, as i mentioned, growing wages, the federal reserve might be ready to increase rates and we will then wait and see how the market reacts. i did speak to one market expert today who mentioned that basically the rates will increase at some point and it will not even big surprise. -- p the big surprise. -- might not be the big surprise
. china may have its first interest rate increase in nine years. monica: i will remind you that when the day comes. thank you very much. france, encroaching on russian territory in the market for caviar. some french companies are squeezing profits out of siberian sturgeons grown in a controlled environment. they argue that their caviar is not just a luxury knockoff of what it -- what is traditionally produced in the caspian sea. >> from fish, a fortune. that is the aim of this fish farmer in southeastern france. but the longer the caviar matures in its pot -- >> the longer the caviar matures in its pot, the stronger the flavor becomes.
in eight months the 10 months we will arrive at flavors comparable to that from the caspian sea. >> traditional caviar production in southern russia is suffering from overfishing. in france the water in the pools comes from a local river and is heated to encourage spawning. but the process is long -- is long. >> we have 5000 female sturgeon per year, making around three tons of caviar. >> the product sells around the world, but it is especially popular in asia and te united states. even if global growth continues to sour, there will always be tumors with a taste for luxury. monica: consumers with a taste for luxury? our neck story goes in that direction as well. some products need time to age.re and only get better with the price tag also goes up and
in this case we are talking about a piece of cake. would you fork out 500 pounds for a slice of this? >> this piece of wedding cake has a long history. passed down through the generations following the royal wedding of queen elizabeth ii and prince philip in 1947. now it has gone to auction in england. >> we estimate that one could make 300 pounds to 500 pounds. other examples have made a lot more. one made 100,000 -- 1750, but that was in pretty perfect condition. as you know, we have now sold it for a very good, i think, 500 pounds. >> the original fruitcake could still be edible because of the high alcohol content, but we
were not able to find out if the successful hitter was going to have his cake and eat it too. monica: it looked kind of bitter, but otherwise english wedding cakes to look like that. max: i have heard of peoeating r anniversary, but 50, 60 years later? i think you have to be pretty courageous. thank you very much, monica. a special screening of "a nightmare on our street," -- l street -- elm street," in tribute to wes craven, who died recently. but you will need good lungs for the festival. brexit is the first day of the festival. jake gyllenhaal is there. josh brolin too. along with other members of the
cliffhanger movie, "everest." however you look at it, it is spectacular. shot in 3-d it tells the story of the doomed 1996 expedition to the highest mountain in the world, where eight climbers lost their lives. the relatively unknown director had a challenge in coordinating this sophisticated shoot. >> it is a big cast on a big mountain, but in the end they were ready for what was in store. >> shooting in the weather. shooting in the wintertime as well. it's not easy. the team really did it right. maybe effort to shoot it very clearly. >> everest is -- "everest" is screening against competition,
attracting publicity rather than provoking artistic debate. that is something that has worked well in the past for other films at the festival. the last two opening pictures, "bird man," and "remedy," went on to win oscar nominations. brent: i will see you again at the top of the hour. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]