tv DW News PBS October 29, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT
>> this is dearly news live from berlin. a new family policy in china, two are better than one. after decades of a one child policy, now the government says more are allowed. but who wants a baby boom? and trade is dominating the conversation with angela merkel. and the blogger sentenced to 1000 lashes for speaking his mind. he has been awarded the european parliament's top human rights award.
♪ brent: hello, everyone. i'm brent goff. it is good to have you with us. tonight, china is admitting what the world has always suspected, the policy of social engineering with the one child rule has backfired. for 35 years, beijing has punished couples who did her to have more than one baby in an attempt to control population growth that now threatens to make them the biggest country in the world in just 15 years. with so many elderly people, who was going to work and who will keep the economy booming? who says the chinese want bigger families yet -- bigger family? >> just one child per family, the policy has been estimated to
have prevented around 400 million births, but people never liked it. now the communist party has relented and the -- relented and decided to allow families to have two children each. china has an aging population and if it is to have enough workers to keep the economy growing in the future, it needs more babies now. >> this policy helps to resolve the aging society problem and will provide more of a labor force to china. i think it is the perfect life to have two or three children in the family. i was born in the 1980's and i'm the only child in my family and i often felt so lonely. i think it is a lot better to have someone grow up with you and when your parents grow old, he or she can share the financial burden with you. >> more and more biggie classes like this in the future. the official chinese news agency said there had been an outpouring of support on chinese social media.
but some said rising living and education costs have made it too expensive to raise children. there is a human rights aspect of this as well. amnesty international says it has continued to receive reports of coerced abortion and sterilization under the one child policy. and it is the same bottom line is couples want to have more than two children. brendan: -- brent: our guest grew up as one child and we asked him how it influenced his parents and his generation. >> yes, indeed, i am a member of the first generation of the so-called single child. you had an only child in your home and you didn't need to share toys or attention of your parents with anybody else, but later on you will see the dark
side of tory -- of the story. [no audio] after moving to a foreign country, to john -- to germany for study and working, i feel even more difficult because my parents are still in china and they need my help. and the social security system in china is not yet well organized. but i am here but i cannot help, so that is a big problem. and think of those parents who lost their single child due to any kind of reason, natural disaster or whatever, their situation will be even much worse. brent: that was our very own chip kelly -- our very own mr.li. i have brought in another guest to talk about policy.
when you listen to him, you don't really sense that he is overwhelmed with joy to change policy. is china as a society happy that this one child rule is over? >> i think it is maybe not joy, but -- however, i do not think there will be big changes. brent: are you saying that people will not want to have two children jacob >> the policy was -- will not want to have two children? >> the policy was relaxed a number of years ago and the number of births did not rise significantly. i do not respect this will bring many more births to families. brent: do we know that it has been allowed without being punished? >> the implementation policy has not been announced. brent: so it is still up in the air. let's talk about the last 35
years and the results of the one child policy. you have done excellent research on what society is like now. you basically have a society of only children and most of them are men. i think i read something like 35 million more men than women. why in the world will they want to have more children? >> the government hopes that they will because they had those restrictions for years. but i don't think it is going to happen. society changed in the last 30 years tremendously. the young people who could have children today have grown up in a rich society and they have other dreams than their parents, who maybe wanted to have more than one child. they have independence and freedom of travel. brent: they are wealthy, the way the west is now. you say in your report that the problems is that the majority of the chinese have not had a chance to become wealthy as we have in the west. >> yes. brent: this policy has led to a
-- an older society, but it is still a poor society. >> that is true, and a major challenge that the chinese government's faces, and that is why they tried to relax the policy. brent: there is very little social security in china for older people right now. >> the social security system is not yet stable, that's the problem. there are many more older people and the younger people have to sustain them. i am sure that in about two years -- we talked about the relaxation of the one child policy, but they will likely be incentives that the chinese government will do to encourage this. brent: much like we see in germany. a lot of people are talking about who will want to have more children right now. will it be the farmers, those in the four, rural areas? will they be the ones to take advantage of this? >> before already have more
children. those are the ones who mostly disrupt the policy. they had more children than they were allowed to cut -- allowed to because the social security system was not able enough to be sure that when they were older they would be sustained by the one child. the policy targets the middle class and the middle class are probably those that will not have more than one child. it is too expensive. brent: if you talk to people who have been in beijing or shanghai, they talk about the cost of living and inflation there, and that it is far greater than you could ever have imagined in the past 10 years. will they come out with a plan of incentives if you give us three, maybe four, maybe five children? >> i don't think it will be announced very soon, but that is the direction it will have to go to solve this problem. brent: before that you go, is the take-home from all of this
the fact that social engineering by the state doesn't work? it will backfire eventually? >> it worked in the way that it restricted [no audio] it's very difficult to change this now that it has become the social norm. brent: thank you. it's great to talk to. no doubt about it, china's decision to change the one child policy did not come about because the communist party wants a kinder, gentler society. this is about economics and jobs and it's about money. the german chancellor's visit this week is a prime example. >> chinese president xi jinping received chancellor merkel this afternoon. merkel is trying to cement the relationship between the two countries. although china's economic growth is slowing, a number of commercial deals have already been signed.
and airbus is the big winner so far, selling 100 airplanes worth some $10 billion. during talks between angela merkel and the chinese premier, the major issue on the agenda beside trade with the conflict within syria. >> we need a diplomatic political solution, and in view of the more than 300,000 dead and millions of refugees, the issue is urgent. i'm happy that there are at least times of a format -- signs of a format for talks that will bring the major players in the conflict together. the sooner the people in syria can be helped, the better. >> china will be taking part in a summit on the war in syria tomorrow. >> we hope we can bring together all the suggestions that will bring us closer to a solution, especially if it is through the
u.n. china wants to -->> china wants to play a constructive role. the chinese leadership could use its relationship with russia to help resolve the crisis. as part of the visit, merkel also help -- also met with critics of the regime, including civil rights lawyers, bloggers, and writers. brent: he will not likely be able to accept the award, but it belongs to him nonetheless. the saudi arabia and blogger -- the saudi arabia and blogger has been awarded. he has been arrested since 2012, condemned for advocating free speech and insulting islam, send it to 10 years in jail and 1000 lashes. he now joins a list of recipients including nelson mandela and on function she --aung sung so chi.
>> in 2008, the blogger founded the free liberals platform. he argued for a secular and liberal society in saudi arabia. in 2012, he was arrested, the charge, insulting islam. the punishment, 10 years in prison and 1000 lashes. this cell phone video shows the first public whipping of him last january. the german foreign minister appealed for his release and a visit by his saudi counterpart in august to no avail. his wife found out about the award in canada, where she lives in exile. dw reached her via skype. she is proud of her husband. >> i am thankful to the european
parliament for awarding him the prize. this hopefully is a sign that my husband will be released. i also think the rest of the world, and west stood by us and have waited for this award just as much as we have. -- who have stood by us and waited for this award just as much as we have. a thousand thanks. >> the saudi arabia in -- saudi arabia government has locked in from outside world. he does not know he has won the award. but he is an author of a book and that is not easy to delete. brent: we spoke to martin schultz. do you think the eu member states are doing the right thing with saudi arabia, criticizing it enough? martin: saudi arabia is a strong country, a power in the region.
and there are other countries with whom we have relationships that are not respecting human rights. but this is one exceptionally cruel case. therefore i think we must increase the pressure on saudi arabia. brent: some have called for them to real -- to release him immediately so we can come here and take the prize parliament -- personally. that is not a realistic expectation, is it? martin: i asked the king of said arabia to this personally. it was not spontaneously. i think the whole world should look at what he is doing to stop -- what he is doing. i doubt it could happen, but nothing is excluded. therefore i hope the signal given by the european parliament
brent: welcome back, everyone. live from berlin, our top story -- china has scrapped its one child policy. the government is giving of its population control after 35 years and said couples may now have two children. here are some of the other stories making headlines around the world. moldova parliament has ousted the country's pro-european government. lawmakers passed a no-confidence vote against the prime minister, who has been in office since july. his party has been at the center of a corruption scandal since
more than one billion euros disappeared from the country's banks last year. several people were injured when a passenger caught fire just before taking off from the u.s. state of florida. authorities say a fuel leak caused the blaze. the boeing 767 was due to travel to venezuela before the fire broke out. chinese and u.s. naval chiefs have talked just days after a u.s. destroyer sailed close to an artificial chinese island in the south china sea. a u.s. defense spokesman said they agreed to follow established military probe call -- military protocol to stop similar incidents from happening in the future. u.s. lawmakers elected republican paul ryan as speaker of the house of representatives. he gained 236 votes in the 435 member chamber. in his first remarks, he promised to "wipe the slate clean and end partisan
infighting." he replaces john boehner. good luck with that. that was not a big surprise. we knew that was going to come. then it's here with some surprises. ben: gross domestic product figures for the world's biggest economy, talking about the united states, horse, it expanded -- of course, it expanded a lot slower than expected. the u.s. has struggled to keep a spec -- a steady pace of economic growth in the wake of the financial crisis. in the second quarter, the economy was growing at almost 4%. sounding a little erratic there, let's get the lowdown from our foreign -- our financial correspondent in new york. tell us about the economy, which the fed described just yesterday as being moderate, moderate economic activity was referring
to. a very weak report out today. what are the areas people are most worried about? >> let's start with the one good part of the report, the consumer is very strong. consumer spending is about 3.2%. -- is about 3.2%. as you mentioned, exports are weak. the american industry sold off a lot of inventory, and did not replenish. that speaks to worries about long-term demand, and that might catch up again with the consumer. all in all, the report is pretty weak, even though it is mostly the industry and not the consumer. ben: it was nice of you to point out the positive halite -- highlights, but there is a load of bad economic news out at the moment. >> absolutely, the gdp is only
one number we've gotten this week. we have had some weaker numbers coming out of the labor market. we still have week -- weak wage growth, which is a problem. we have had week data coming out of the housing market. orders came in a couple of days ago and were much lower than expected. and the service industry is not doing too well. what does that mean for the fed and the upcoming interest rate policy that they will be driving? as we have discussed yesterday, the federal reserve left the door open to a possible interest rate hike in december, but if we look at all of this data, it is very unlikely this can happen. ben: you keep saying the word "weak." i guess that is the take-home word. >> it is, unfortunately. getting into a weaker state of the american economy right now.
ben: we will see if that changes in time, too. thank you for the report from new york. the new chief executive at deutsche bank announced a record loss of 6 billion euros and tens of thousands of job cuts. it is all part of the toughest restructuring in the bank's history and a response to its recent scandals. the pressure is on the businessman. john cryan doesn't usually seek their limelight, preferring to get his job done away from the public instead. now more than ever, he's got his work cut out for -- cut out for him. as a consequence to several major scandals, he has been busy masterminding an overhaul. at the last press conference he outlined what was in store. >> we will do everything to impose more discipline on spending and to strengthen our
work culture and control systems. we need to make deutsche bank less complex. >> in other words, the bank is embarking on a major scaling down operation. there will be more oversight to avoid a repeat of the scandals currently dumping the institution. deutsche bank is shedding a total of 35,000 jobs and they will restructure their investment division and shift the focus to wealthy customers and private banking. >> promising a major shakeup and results, john cryan now has to deliver. it will be a challenge. this could become the next costly scandal, the situation in
ukraine. >> but when it came to that issue, deutsche bank has not been forthcoming. john cryan had this to say. mr. cryan: on the question of sanctions, we know nothing. that is all i can take him i'm afraid. >> shareholders will not avoid the pain either. the bank will have to pay dividends this year or next. it is hoping to be done in 2017, but it all depends on how successful the restructuring is. ben: a jobless rate of 6%. it is actually making it a struggle for some companies who cannot find enough skilled workers. and some analysts say the migrant crisis could see unemployment should back up. >> the german labor market has been on a winning streak for years now and it sets some new records in october as well.
it is not just a number of people now in full-time work. a record 43 million people are at work in germany, but at the same time the number of people looking for work, once a worrying a factor, has now fallen to 6% in the workforce, one of the lowest in the eu. >> in october, 59,000 people fewer were unemployed. leaving a total of over 2.6 million people [no audio] for the last five years. where once the problem was finding jobs for the math of unemployed -- the masses of unemployed, now companies complain bitterly they cannot find qualified staff. there were 6000 vacancies in october. at the moment, there are plenty of vacancies in logistics, retail, the medical industry, vehicle manufacturing, and technologies.
that raises the question as to whether refugees can be of any assistance to companies. the labor agency is cautious about that. it says professional qualifications and language often need improving first, and so far there have been very few applications for qualified jobs coming from asylum seekers. ben: time for a dirty scandal. brent: that is exactly right, airing dirty laundry. the world soccer scandal just keeps getting filthier. fresh revelations in the ongoing fifa corruption scandal. that latter, there he is, he is suggesting there is a backroom deal going on for the russian bid for 2022. he says russia went back on the deal. this, says blatter, is what led to the whole crisis.
sepp blatter is now shifting the blame to his ally in russia. for 2022, we go back to america. he said it was the russian president's decision that scuffle the deal. he said the sudden change of direction came after a meeting between former french president nicolas sarkozy and qatar's crown prince. had qatar been awarded the tournament, there would not have been any problems. for his part, blatter says he still expects to win the fee for presidency -- the fifa presidency next year. critics say they plan to block the vote because they know he has every chance of winning. brent: the world cup takes place
this saturday in london, but argentina before that will battle it out for third place. argentina is hoping to bounce back after a bitter loss to australia. but their opponents, south africa, pushed new zealand to the semi final last weekend. it will be a tough test. the springboks are on a mission to end their campaign on a high note. we will end the show on a high note. thanks for watching. we will you again on the top of the hour. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
this week on "wealthtrack" -- mapping the world's changing landscape in an exclusive interview bank of america merrill lynch's global chief investment strategist michael hartnett explains the theemgs transforming the bloglo and how to invest in them next on "consuelo mack wealthtrack." ♪ new york life along with main stay's family of mutual funds offers investment and retirement solutions so you can help your clients keep good going. additional funding provided by lu in,