tv DW News PBS November 11, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PST
♪ ♪ sarah: this is dw world news from berlin. the goodwill is abundant, but the resources and the funds are finite. overwhelmed by the sheer magnitude of migration, eu leaders press their reluctant counterparts to take tax thousands. the specter of forced deportations arises. also on the show, that agencies spy on countries, including from a friendly nation and even one of its own diplomats, and
secrets of the deep, the secrets of a climate change. on the rocks. ♪ i am sarah kelly. welcome to the program. european leaders are turning to africa for help with the migration crisis. at a two-day summit in malta, they began offering a financial incentive to tackle the factors causing people to flee in the thousands. the eu commission proposal for a trust fund would finance education programs and support businesses in africa. the aim is to offer people viable alternatives to leaving their home countries. now, with germany excepting the majority of migrants and shouldering much of the financial burden, chancellor
angela merkel is playing a major role in these talks. she outlined germany's position as she arrived. chancellor merkel: it is to agree to an action plan, and action plan that will fight and do more for legal possibilities to work in europe. at the same time, it will increase age. but also, it will require african heads of government to deal with their civil societies and their citizens in a way where the young people of the continent have a chance and where poverty and a lack of transparency are fighted. sarah: we are joined now by the german government representative for africa at the summit. thank you very much for joining us this evening. we have heard now what europe once from africa. -- wants from africa.
what does africa want? gunter: it was to not except a false return of those people belonging to their own population, and on the other hand, to get more openness from the european side for legal migration. that was a tough issue in the negotiations last night. sarah: yes, it is certainly an issue that they are concerned about, these forced migrations. the president of senegal said it is difficult taking these actions against people who have braved theean. how do you respond to that? could we see forced deportations of such people? gunter: no, it is not about
deportation. it is about an offer that the european countries and that we offer with this new trust fund that we will spend money for those and willing to cooperate with the countries, and we will finance the immigration and the skills initiatives. that means the african countries but, of course, all among the refugees and the migrants in germany or in european countries, so they will come back as qualified people to be part or playing an important role for economic growth in their own countries. sarah: but, sir, i am sorry to interrupt you there. we understand the financial part of this, but it is said that forced deportations are on the table. are you saying that that is not the case? gunter: "deportation" is a
difficult word in germany. i prefer to discuss the return of migrants. i would also like to speak about reintegration and what we can do so that this will be successful in african countries and can take place in cooperation with the government's and the countries in africa, but what we cannot accept, and the only way must be voluntary readmission. if that is not possible, on the other hand, we have many people coming illegally to europe. sarah: sir, this is a problem that has a huge scale, and you are proposing 1.8 billion euros of assistance. a lot of people are simply saying that is not enough. gunter: but it is a starting
point. they have created a serious talk about migrants, refugee issues, and the trust fund is about very concrete programs and projects starting next year, and it is about cooperation with the dais for -- diaspora. that is much more important than to speak about development. i think it could be successful, and we will try to do our best from our european side and work in close cooperation with african countries that this trust fund can, yes, show first results in a very short period. sarah: so many issues to be
tackled as this summit continues in malta. thank you very much. we really appreciate you joining us tonight. gunter: thank you. sarah: we turn to some other issues, with the bundeswehr celebrating their anniversary, with more than 2000 guests coming to watch outside the parliament building in berlin, and they took on a current issue, the migration crisis. they said that european countries would only be able to master the crisis if they showed solidarity and shared the burden of settling refugees. others praise the military for their service to the parliamentary democracy, and our political correspondent, simon young, was at this. here is what he said. simon: it was set out that the history of the bundeswehr since its founding just 10 years after
the second world war at a time when many germans were against re-militarization, and she said that since then, the german armed forces have become a central part of german society, and that continues today, even after the end of compulsory mandatory service. she said this is an expression of germany's commitment to democracy, and that is also seen in germany's involvement in international missions with other countries around the world, such as in afghanistan and not the least also in its rescue operations of saving people who are at risk in the mediterranean. so she, as it were, told the whole story of the bundeswehr and thanked them. sarah: that with our legal correspondent simon young. possible illegal spying. a german public radio station says an agency targeted a list
of individuals and organizations from politicians to companies and even eight groups, but for many germans, the worst part of the allegations is that the group also spied on one of its own diplomats. that is something that is illegal. reporter: the route successive revelations, the german intelligence agency has always maintained and never targeted its own citizens. the report of one being spied on it it is proved to be true, the scandal would reach another level. the parliament intelligence oversight committee would consider this a breach of law. there are some fundamental questions. >> does the work carried out by the parliamentary oversight committee actually make any sense? i have to assume that the people sitting opposite me who should be briefing me and the entire panel are not telling the truth or are not telling the whole
truth but are actively misleading us instead? reporter: one politician believes that the task force charged with shining a light should continue its work. >> of course, the important work would be to decide the trigger words, how the process works, and who is responsible for all of that. >> there is another latest german ally to find he was spied on. spying among friends is unacceptable, which is what angela merkel said in 2013. the spokeswoman stated that the statement still holds. it is just that the chancellor is quickly running out of people who believe it and calls for increased oversight are growing louder. sarah: we turn to a where show of unity in afghanistan after a killing. seven mammals of a shiite
minority were found he headed. the demonstrators came from different ethnic and religious groups. despite the deep divisions in the country, there is a common feeling of frustration against the government, which many say should be doing more to stop the violence. >> death to the president, he says. there is renewed anger and despair among afghans careful of brutal attacks. this is after the weekend's gruesome find, decapitated bodies, including that of a nine-year-old girl, belonging to a minority long persecuted in afghanistan. they insist the government is not keeping people safe. >> we asked the president to come and tell us why these people were killed, why there is no security in the country. he has not fulfilled his promises. reporter: these leaders do not have the ability to govern this noble nation, he says.
presidential guards fired shots to disperse the rally, wounding some, as protesters tried to scale the walls. many remained in the streets, undeterred by the gunfire. the president sought to reassure them soon after words in a tv address. >> we are committed to taking revenge for the blood of our countrymen and will spare no effort, but we have to control our feelings, or nothing can happen. we should avoid reactions that could result in anarchy. reporter: wednesday's rally is among the biggest protests couple -- kabul has seen in years, and they hope it is a wake-up call for those tasked with keeping them safe. sarah: a european decision is
being called hypocritical because it singles out israel while ignoring some 200 other conflict zones around the world as pertains to labeling, but they counter that the edict has no political ramifications at all. it is all about consumer protection. reporter: the law would require new labeling for agricultural products, mainly wine, fruit, and vegetables, as well as cosmetics. such products would no longer be able to say "made in israel." it is for territories that israel has occupied since 1960 seven, the west bank, east jerusalem, and the golan heights. the eu suggests it is simply a technical clarification. >> the consumer has a right that is contained in the consumer legislation of the eu to know where the products they are in
seeming originate from. reporter: in israel, officials and representatives said it is unlikely that great economic harm would result, but prime minister benjamin netanyahu says the episode evokes terrible episodes from the past. prime minister: this brings back target memories. europe should be ashamed of itself. there are hundreds of territorial conflicts, and they chose to single out israel and israel alone. reporter: palestinian authorities have applauded it. >> it confirms the illegal settlements. and it gives the european person a possibility of boycotting settlement products. reporter: the eu decision comes after years of pressure from member states about israel and its occupied territories. sarah: we have to take a short
♪ sarah: you are watching two news from berlin. a reminder of our top story this afternoon. negotiations underway in malta, as the eu tries to convince african leaders to take on a greater role in grappling with the mass migration crisis. the european commission is offering nearly 2 billion euros. africa says it is not enough. the scandal surviving -- surrounding the 2005 world cup keeps growing, with latest reports talking about a potential link between the
german football association and a secret bank account from disgraced fee for -- fifa official. another is increasingly under pressure. reporter: the role in securing the 2000 world six four germany has come under scrutiny since the resignation of wolfgang on monday. there is a contrite for various services that were signed with the disgraced vice president jack warner in 2000, just days before the vote in 2006. now, it is said the fbi has found a secret bank account. it is now a multifaceted scandal. it was reported there was part of a slush fund to buy the 2006 votes. and they will have a massive job, with the interim president
saying it will take a long time for the german football reputation to recover. the fellow interim head has already ruled himself out, as has a respected german team manager. >> naturally, it is a topic we are aware of, but i am not interested in being president. reporter: the other says he will make no of the statement while he talks to investigators. there's currently no proof of wrongdoing, but they have big questions for him to answer. sarah: we turn to some business news now, and the lufthansa cabin crew strike shows no signs of ending. gerhardt, please give me some good news. reporter: no, i am afraid they failed to get anything on the
continue. it is already the longest in the company history. more than 930 flights have been canceled at the biggest airports in düsseldorf, frankfurt, and munich, and nearly 100,000 passengers have been affected. and they are protesting the retirement program. and the crash of the german -- russian passenger flight from sharm el sheikh has been devastating from egypt, coming at a time when they had been tried to market themselves as a safe holiday destination. since it was suspected that a bomb brought down the plane. this is costing the country around 260 million euros per month. tourism is egypt's most important source of revenue. reporter: sharm el sheikh is one of the most important vacation
spots, with millions of customers coming here to sunbathe, swim, and snorkel. the area lives off tourism, and that is why many here are hoping this is quickly resolved. >> tourism in egypt, this is causing a lot of disruption, because for us, we are going out from five years of depression of no business, and this was the hope for most of the tourist employees. reporter: many tourists still in the country are not easily scared off. >> four or five days here, and we do not see anything which makes us afraid for something, so we are totally relaxed. everyone is nice here, so i do not see anything. >> no feeling of danger.
the people are lovely. the hotels are lovely. you can walk the streets and feel safe. >> we have been coming to sharm el sheikh for a very long time, more than 20 years. nothing like this has ever happened, but the weather is good, and we are going to keep on coming. the italians will always come here. reporter: not everyone feel so confident. many tourists have canceled their flights, and some cannot fly here for now. they are expecting a 50% drop in tourism revenue, and many are fearing unemployment because every ninth job is related to tourism, and it is also egypt's most important source of foreign currency. gerhard: three valuable metals that we carry around, and it is not in jewelry. a huge demand for the ores
containing these have been a source of income for warlords in the democratic public of congo. the so-called conflict minerals are no longer an obstacle to peace, but the fight against conflict gold is experiencing setbacks. our reporters went to east of congo and sent us this report from the artisan old gold-mining industry there. reporter: spending the entire night underground, looking from gold, from 6:00 in the evening until 7:00 in the morning, and that is a normal day for the 37-year-old mine worker. this is in the eastern congolese area. >> it is definitely dangerous. we prop up the shaft, but stones sometimes still fall down from above.
we also have to be very careful not to injure ourselves in the dark, and the further down you go, the harder it is to breathe. oxygen is in short supply. at times, you really have to gasp for breath. reporter: he and the other workers practice what is called artisan old -- artisanal mining. the problem is that these are controlled by armed groups, conditions that amount to slavery. for some three years, the united nations and partners have been sending inspectors to the congolese mines. the idea is to issue conflict free certificates, so companies can prove their minerals are clean. however, only a view of the some 2000 minds have been inspected.
nobody knows how many of the others are controlled by armed groups, exploiting workers to fund their armed groups. others say the certification process is unrealistic, and it means that falsely certified resources make it on to the world market, and this puts pressure on those not on the monitoring lists. for this minor, -- miner, that is no reason to stop. he says he has seen house into vacation can help him and his fellow miners. >> mining has become more difficult because we have to take a deeper into the earth to find gold, but our working conditions have improved a lot. reporter: the workers did not find much precious metal today, but at least now they do not have a rebel foremen who
snatches away their hard-earned gold. gerhard: that is it for me, and stay with dw news and sarah. sarah: thanks, gerhard. inspiration can come at any time, like with a whiskey on the rocks. it was realize that the air that is trapped in ice can be a window into the distant past, and a new documentary traces the story and talks about the savage beauty. reporter: he has spent a total of 10 years of his life in antarctica. he first made the trip as a student, spending time in the underground research facility. crowded quarters was one of his many concerns. >> we cannot afford to be in poor spirits. reporter: eight years later, they learned how to analyze the
history by pouring whiskey on the glacial ice. the warmth releases the air that was trapped inside the ice, and this air is the air of history. why did i not think of it sooner? we only need to do this across the entire depth of the glacier in order to shed light on this since prehistoric times. they were successful in developing an ice core drill, which enables them to penetrate deep, and it paints an impressive picture. >> if you are there from the beginning, then you can achieve relatively good results quickly. we have to achieve great and new results. reporter: most scientists agree on the lessons area they say
man-made co2 emissions are causing climate change. we know that the climate of our planet is changing at a rate that is unprecedented in history, and since monday, we know that 205 will go down as the hottest year since records began. it is the first time since the industrial revolution that we have experienced a one-degree temperature increase. the last years, it was always .7 or .8 degrees, and now, we have crossed this fresh old -- this threshold. the impact could be dramatic. sarah: hey, another great use for whiskey. that is all the time we have four. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]