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tv   Newsline  PBS  December 23, 2015 12:00am-12:31am PST

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"newsline." i'm catherine kobayashi. first a look at the headlines. we have a winner. the design for the main stadium of the 2020 tokyo olympics. japan's society continues to get older younger generations are struggling to cope with how to care for them putting their jobs on the line. and an artifact from the battle of okinawa reunites the man with the brother he never knew. japanese leaders have settled months of controversy over the center piece at the 2020 tokyo olympics and paralympics. they've chosen a new design for
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the main stadium after scrapping the original due to a cost blowout. >> the architect and his team submitted the new blueprint, one of two options that were under consideration. it features terraces and a roof made partly of wood. it also incorporates aspects of traditional japanese architecture. prime minister shinzo abe said the design meets all the criteria for a national stadium and is quintessentially japanese. >> translator: i hope the >> translator: the government will continue to make an all out effort to impress people. i home the stadium will become a legacy future generations can be proud of. >> reporter: in july, abe announced the government would cancel plans to build the original winning proposal.
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that design was the work of this london based architect. it featured two huge arches that could only be built with costly technology and materials. the price tag for the stadium ballooned to about $2 billion, nearly double the initial estimate. it was also five times the cost of the main stadium for the 2012 london olympics, and it was more than the cost of the main stadiums for the last five olympics combined. the plan sparked an outcry from politicians and the public alike. four out of five people who took part in an nhk poll were opposed. the new design will cost an estimated $1.2 billion, coming in below the limit set by the government. >> translator: we plan to move forward steadily on this to ensure the games are a success. >> reporter: the governor of tokyo welcomed the decision.
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>> translator: we will continue our debate with government and organization officials about how to best construct the facility so it can be used even after the olympic games. >> reporter: some people on the street had mixed reactions. >> translator: to be honest, i don't think they should spend too much money on it. >> translator: i was getting a little frustrated, so i'm glad it's finally settled. >> reporter: the stadium is due for completion by november, 2019. eight months before the games. chinese media reports that authorities have detained a man in connection with a massive landslide at an industrial park. sunday's landslide was caused by piled dirt and construction debris that gave way.
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one person has died and 76 remain unaccounted for. the media say the detained man is believed to be a senior official of a company that handles excavated soil. the authorities allowed journalists to cover the search operation of the site on tuesday. authorities say heavy machinely is being used to clear rubble around the clock. the workers are doing all they can to rescue people. residents who live near the site say they warned that the mound was dangerous, but nothing was done because profit is given priority over safety. chinese officials have drawn up a new urban planning policy to tackle problems in the country's all-starring cities. the new policy was announced after president xi jinping and other leaders attended a conference on sunday and monday. it was the first time since 1978 that the chinese leadership had held such a meeting. the policy calls for the urbanization of the less
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developed central and western regions. the policy aims to integrate residents into cities and improve the quality of existing housing for impoverished people. beijing and other cities are overpopulated with migrants from rural areas and the cities are plagued by severe traffic jams and air pollution. on the other hand, a large number of condominiums are standing unsold, putting a drag on the economy. officials at japan's transport ministry asked to tighten airport security checks. a south korean man was found to be carrying gun powder when he flew into japan. he was arrested at the airport on december 9. they suspect he was linked to a
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small explosion last month. he left for south korea shortly after the incident. confirmed it was gun powder. international regulations ban passengers from carrying gun powder on board aircraft. airport authorities are supposed to use x ray scaners or other methods. officials said when he boarded a plane black powder was found in his hand luggage. they said security personnel screened the substance but it tested negative for gun powder. the city fell to the militants in may. iraq's state run television report that the troops enter the center by crossing the river and
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tributa tributaries. the u.s.-led coalition is carrying out air strikes. the reports said the troops killed about 30 militants but lost about ten personnel in suicide car attacks. appears to have ordered the soldiers to disguise as iraqi security forces and kill and torture civilians to discredit the iraqi forces. ramadi is located along the main route linking the syrian border with baghdad. the city has been under the the international city for migration says more than 1 million have arrived in europe from the middle east and africa this year. the agency said about half of them were from syria.
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they initially fled to turkey, lebanon and other neighboring countries. shortages of food, shelter and jobs made them move to europe. more than 80% of all migrants crossed the sea to greece. people fled their homes risk their lives by crossing the rough winter sea. greek coast guards receive more than ten requests for rescue on monday alone and saved 200 people. plans to keep the officials stationed to provide medical treatment to migrants and asylum seekers. the united nations says it will invite delegates from the syrian government and opposition forces next month to resume peace talks nearly two years after they were suspended. the director general of the u.n. office in geneva, michael muller, told reporters talks will take place in the swiss city in late january. no details are available, but delegates are expected to hold discussions based on a u.n.
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security council resolution adopted last week. it calls for creating a transitional government within six months and holding an election within 18 months under u.n. supervision. the resolution is based on a peace plan drafted by 17 countries, the european union, and the united nations last month. a thai university has developed a smartphone app to help figure out the origins of illegal ivory. thailand is wrapping up efforts to shed its image. officials were briefed on the app which was used together with japanese made portable x ray. the x ray detects elements inside an ivory sample. the data is input into the app. tell tale chemical elements which is found in heavier
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quantities in african elephants allow the device to determine origins with 90% accuracy. >> spends only a few minutes to detect the ivory instead of using -- it takes maybe at least two weeks. >> thai authorities have seized 14 tons of illegal traded ivory over the past ten years. the government is considering installing the new system at airports. with an increasingly aging society more japanese people are devoting themselves to care for elderly family members. and it has had a big impact on their lives. around 100,000 people every year are even forced to leave their jobs just for nursing.
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nhk world has one of their stories. >> reporter: mie waki spends every day taking care of her 75-year-old mother who suffers from dementia. after her condition got worse, she decided to leave the company where she had worked for eight years. >> translator: it was physically tough to continue my job while nursing my mother. i once had to suspend the job for about a month. i felt sorry for my colleagues. i was at a loss. >> reporter: employees in japan can take up to 93 days in legally sanctioned leave to care for an ailing family member, but waki was not aware of the system. instead, she took paid leave whenever she needed to be absent from work to attend to her mother. and she's not a unique case. officials of the welfare ministry say only about 3% of employed workers take the family
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care leave. waki said even if she had known, deciding when to take the leave would have been a tough decision. >> translator: it's not easy to use the leave because you're required to use it all at once. i would have wondered if it was the right time to use it. >> reporter: a welfare ministry panel is urging the government to review the system. in a report released monday, it recommends that workers be allowed to break up their leave into up to three periods. it could be used for things like hospitalization or attending a family member's death bed. the panel also says compensation during the leave periods should be increased. but a member of a non-profit organization says it's not enough just to improve the system. society's reluctance to talk about personal details also needs to change.
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>> translator: promoting the idea that taking care leave is is an acceptable thing to do can encourage more people who are in difficult situations. >> reporter: waki hopes japanese people can embrace caretakers as a normal part of society. >> translator: when our society recognizes working caretakers as ordinary citizens just as it does for working mothers, then the system will become effective. >> reporter: the japanese government's goal is for no employees to have to leave their jobs to look after family. but with the unprecedented rise of seniors in the population, more policies will be needed to achieve that target. takafumi terui nhk world.
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nhk reports on the finding in okinawa. japanese were in fierce fighting in 1945. in the middle of the main island of okinawa. he began searching years ago. they used the caves as hiding spots during the war.
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>> translator: here are batteries perhaps used in a radio for communication. here is a bullet from the former japanese military. >> reporter: the inside of the caves were undisturbed for decades. in march he found -- investigation revealed it belonged to a soldier who had died in the battle of okinawa. >> translator: i'm glad we can hand this over to his family after all this time. >> reporter: his brother travelled to receive it in november. he was less than 3 years old when the war ended. he has no memory of the war or his brother. but the discovery inspired him
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and other family members to track his steps in the last days of his life. they enter the cave where it was found. >> translator: it's covered with a black smudge. something must have burned it, maybe a flame thrower. >> translator: has anything changed? >> they were left here when the soldiers rushed out of the cave. >> he suspects socks before charges at the enemy and at that point he may have known he was rushing towards his death. >> translator: why else would he leave the seal he kept with him all the time right here? he took the trouble to bury it as he left. i'm sure he wanted to return
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alive, though. >> reporter: the only object was a -- and buried it as a reminder of their son's life. he hopes the discovery will console the souls of his brother and parents. >> translator: i don't know whether he wanted to leave a piece of him behind by burying the seal, but my heartbreaks when i think of how he must have felt when he took off his boots and left that spot. >> reporter: he suspects it is evidence of his brother's life and the circumstances that led to his death. he will use it to make sure his
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children and grandchildren know what happened. nhk world. french ballet star has a long enduring connection to japan. she is about to perform for the final time and has chosen to do so in tokyo. nhk world met her for an exclusive interview. >> reporter: her tour began in
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march. >> it's nice to be here again performing in japan. the audience here is fantastic, very warm. i know them for a long time. i came here the first time i was 15. so it's a long story. it's a long, long story between the audience and me. >> reporter: a strong rhythm built into a passionate pace. >> translator: i was moved to tears during the belero. >> translator: i think she looks like an artwork herself. it is a real shame she is retiring. >> reporter: fans wish she would dance for another ten or 20 years. >> you need to stop at one point
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and you need to know when to stop. i wanted me to decide. i didn't want my physique or an injury or someone else to tell me you have to stop. i wanted me to decide. >> reporter: when she was 19 she became the youngest ever principle dancer and has been called the greatest dancer of the century. with her world wide fame and packed schedule she kept coming back to japan. nearly 50 times in the last 35 years. >> i think that the way people live together here is respectful. i like that. and also i liked all the -- i find it very refined almost philosophical. i like the simplicity of it.
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i like poetry, many, many things. >> reporter: four years ago after japan's massive earthquake and tsunami she visited the affected areas. >> it was important for me to do it. i was far away when it happened. i felt powerless. i was happy to come and tell people that if me being here could help. >> she will perform in several other japanese cities this month. there are only so many shows left. >> on stage i don't see a difference. a show is a show and i will always try my best. i am happy because i'm doing a show that i like very much.
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i try not to think about it. i prefer to make my last show and leave happy, sad but happy. >> she will dance at the new year's eve count down in tokyo. it will be the start of a new year and the end of a great career. nhk world. >> powerful there. time for a check of the weather with our meteorologist robert speta. people in the eastern half of the united states are experiencing record high temperatures. i'm guessing they are not going to have snow for the holidays there? >> it does not look like that at all. actually, we are looking at extremely warm temperatures for this time of year up and down
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the eastern seaboard. on top of that for the most part especially into christmas eve it is not going to be beautiful weather either, not sunny skies because we have the area of low pressure continuing to track in from the south. that is pulling in all of that tropical air out of the gulf of mexico and just surging up the temperatures. you are looking at scattered rain showers up and down the eastern seaboards. the chance of severe thunderstorms towards the south basically because you have all of that moisture colliding with colder air towards the west where some fairly heavy snowfall in areas of the rockies combined with 80 kilometer per hour wind could cause whiteout conditions. dangerous travel weather across the mountains over the next 48 hours. we are looking at chance of hail and possibility of tornadoes. very rare to see that out here in december. as i mentioned all that warm air coming in and that is surging up the temperatures.
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the background quite misleading because you are not going to be seeing any snowfall across this area. ottawa maybe by friday temperatures down to 2 degrees. might see a flurry or two a little bit further to the north. buffalo, new york known for heavy snow. 16 for the high on thursday. washington, d.c. your average for this time of year, eight. you are seeing a high of 24 there. no snow in sight as we get into your christmas weekend. how about here into europe. warm temperatures definitely back towards the east. near record breaking highs towards parts of western russia. we have been talking about blustery conditions. also the low countries, poland and higher elevation you have one wind report of 292 kilometers per hour. absolutely intense. main reason for this is that very high pressure gradient.
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also seeing heavy showers across the uk. this is a town going back several weeks back to winter storm that came through caused severe flooding. three times same town hit by severe floods. once again cleaning out their homes from the latest storm. it looks like we get more rainfall heading into week. we have back-to-back low pressure systems. above average temperatures for you. and also into moscow 6 for your high. record before this week for this entire week goes back to 1980 around 4 degrees. you are definitely seeing above average temperatures out there. here into japan we have foul weather across western areas of the country. record for the month of december was in here in the morning hours. 75 millimeters in the course of three hours. all that is now moving northeast
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including tokyo area. you are looking at showers kicking in by wednesday afternoon heading towards thursday before things taper off heading into the weekend. high pressure from the north, cool things down, as well. main reason for that, take a look at the source. minus 19 for the high on wednesday. here is the extended outlook.
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that's all for this edition of "newsline." i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. thanks for staying with us.
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host: hello and welcome to "global 3000." today, we visit some old friends. in 2009, we first met two women in mozambique. both were pregnant and hiv positive but neither of their babies were infected. we'll see how elayna and celia have been doing. and with the u.n. climate conference underway this week in paris, we look at the global impacts of climate change. when water's your enemy -- how pakistan's trying to beat climate change. can idealism and capitalism work together? we go to costa rica to find out. and, two mothers living with hiv/aids and their healthy kids. we visit celia and elayna in mozambique. the united nations has released


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