tv DW News PBS March 3, 2016 6:00pm-6:31pm PST
brent: this is "dw news" live from berlin. can he turn things around? the european council president, donald tusk, pushes to reduce the number of people coming to the eu. pres. tusk: do not come to europe. do not believe the smugglers. do not risk your life and your money. it is all for nothing. brent: also coming up, "a phony and a fraud." former republican presidential candidate mitt romney slams donald trump. the party's establishment tries
manically to stop the rise of trump as he closes in on the nomination. and how to stop elephant poaching in kenya. why educating these littles ones is vital to protecting these little ones. i'm brent goff. it's good to have you with us. making the rounds before he sits down to deal with an unprecedented problem. the head of an emergency summit on the migrant crisis, european council president donald tusk is on the road tonight in ingres -- ankara for talks with turkey's prime minister about how to stop people smuggling. earlier in the day, he was in greece, where thousands of migrants are stranded tonight, unable to continue toward northern europe. his message to would be economic
migrants, "don't bother taking the journey." >> save our children! >> greece is on the verge of a humanitarian crisis. the border town of idomeni illustrates how dire the situation is as thousands are stranded on the greek macedonian border. a group of migrants blocked a real-world -- railway line in protest. cracks there -- >> there is not enough food for everyone. >> we are not animals. we are human beings. there are children. people -- we came here because we thought that europe is a country of humanity. please, look at this! look at the children. reporter: with the situation rapidly deteriorating, european council president donald tusk went to athens for talks with
greek prime minister alexis tsipras. he tried to deter those not fleeing war from making the journey. mr. trump-- pres. tusk: i want l to all potential economic migrants, wherever you are from. do not come to europe. do not believe the smugglers. do not risk your life and your money. it is all for nothing. greece or any other european country will no longer be a transit country. the schengen rules will enter into force again. reporter: the majority of migrants landing on greece's shores come via turkey, tuks's -- turkey. tusk's final stop on his push, ankara. he made the following proposal during his talks with prime minister ahmed: -- prime
minister ahmet davutoglu. pres. tusk: a fast and large-scale mechanism to ship back irregular migrants arriving in greece. it would effectively break the business model of the smugglers. reporter: monday's summit will test whether tusk's efforts will bear fruit. brent: so, what exactly does the european union want turkey to do about the problem? we put that question to our correspondent in istanbul. reporter: i think they are looking for some concrete actions to stem the numbers of people crossing from turkey. they want either more security force actions -- i think they are looking for turkey to take steps to further make it more livable for syrians in turkey, to remove the motivation to leave to europe. the prime minister has said they are taking steps. i spoke to a senior turkish official earlier today who
talked about a creative -- a unit being created to deal with migration. having said that, on the ground, there doesn't appear to be very much changing. migrants are increasingly crossing as conditions become easier. brent: the majority of refugees trying to make their way to europe are syrians. so, what is being done to end the conflict there? russian president vladimir putin is due to join the leaders of france germany, and written in a conference call tomorrow -- and britain in a conference call tomorrow. a fragile truce in syria appears to be largely holding. it is now in its sixth day. the u.n. has begun delivering medical aid to a deceased town -- a besieged town. a new round of political talks
including the warring parties will begin on march 9, so -- though some groups could arrive days later. to the u.s., where, in the fallout from super tuesday, mitt romney, the 2012 republican candidate for u.s. president, has called current front-runner donald trump a "phony" and a "fraud." he accused trump of bullying and misogyny. he said trump's domestic policies would lead to a recession and his foreign-policy -- foreign policies would make the u.s. and the world less secure. mr. romney: let's just take a aside -- take out assad, and then we can pick up the remnants. let's just think about that. let the most dangerous terrorist organization we have ever known take over the country? this recklessness is extreme.
donald trump tells us he is very smart. [laughter] mr. romney: i'm afraid that when it comes to foreign policy, he is very, very not smart. brent: smart, not smart -- definitely no compliment being dished out there. let's go to our correspondent in washington. good evening to you. let's start trying to sit through this dirty laundry that -- to sift through this dirty laundry that is being aired out in public. can you tell our viewers what is happening basically two days after super tuesday? >> it is getting really ugly. the republican party is using mitt romney to deliver the message of the establishment, trying to tell the people that vote that donald trump is dishonest and dangerous. mitt romney gave a long laundry list of what he believes this. for example, that he will not release his tax returns to see how many donations he really did
make for a for example, that he is not willing to let the "new york times" -- he really did make or, for example, that he is not willing to let "the new york times" release what he has said. calling him "a phony and a fraud," those are harsh words. brent: indeed. donald trump had some harsh words. he spent a lot of time justifying why he was chosen as republican presidential hopeful. are the republicans -- are they panicking that trump is a front-runner? heiki: i guess they are. they are trying to do everything to derail his training at the moment. -- his train at the moment.
the republican establishment are the ones who designed the process. it was not meant for somebody to just come in and play by his own rules, like donald trump is doing. they are trying to do everything now to stop him, to prevent him from continuing. whether that will work, we will have to see, because it is getting really ugly now. and it looks like -- looked like, when you watched that speech, he is feeling the heat. brent: indeed. i'm sure it's going to get a lot harder. heiki, thank you very much. ukrainian, russian, french, and german foreign minister are meeting in paris tonight to discuss the peace process in ukraine. the minsk agreement, signed in 2014, with the aim of stopping the war in east of the country. peace has been shaky at best. france and germany are determined that this meeting in paris should produce concrete results, but, as our ukraine correspondent reports in this dw
exclusive, ukrainians are skeptical that the agreement can bring a permanent end to the conflict. reporter: the minsk agreement was supposed to bring a long-lasting peace to ukraine. but few of the articles contained in the agreement has yet been realized. vladimir belongs to a shrinking group of ukrainians that hope it will still happen. the former soviet officer from kiev is part of the team who is negotiating the release of ukrainian soldiers who have been surrounded by pro-russian rebels. we visited the soldiers hostile -- a soldiers' hostel at miadan -- maidan square. >> politicians have to be clear -- war or the minsk agreement. reporter: he is a well-respected person. he helped to build a hostile -- the hostel, so that the men had
a breather. after she years of war, opinions are mixed -- after two years of war, opinions are mixed. >> what was in minsk agreement do? i don't support it. reporter: the cease-fire in east ukraine is being broken more and more often. kiev should have regained control of exporter to russia a long time ago. according to the letter of the minsk agreement, there should have been elections in the rebel areas, supported by moscow, a long time ago. >> what kind of elections can take place in a region of war, where chaos rules and people are being killed? who should be elected? >> i think the minsk agreement is working partially. the most important point is the cease-fire, and it is being honored more or less. what's important is that less ukrainian soldiers are being killed.
>and that the populations in donetsk and luhansk are suffering less. >> we should have begun was driving them out and then begun with the minsk agreement. then we would have had peace. reporter: after teedo years of war -- after two years of war, kiev is the city at unease within itself. brent: more and more people in africa are dependent on food aid as harvests fail. reporter: the small amount of money they have barely pays for flour and a few cups of tea. he once had occurred of -- had a herd of cows and goats, but his village had no rainfall for three years. >> my sons took the animals too where they could still graze. when our cattle are dead, we
will die, too. reporter: he chases antelopes from a cattle feed plantation next door to earn a few francs. the local government has started a program to water a small area to save the animals that remain. >> it is just too -- two hikers -- two hectares. it is not enough. it needs to be three. reporter: the famine of 1984 was a nightmare that left a deep scar. hundreds of thousands of deaths through trance -- starvation, something that must never happen again. government agencies are better coordinated today. country has evolved. the current drought is worse than the one in 1984, but not nearly as many people will die as back then.
there is no danger of mass starvation yet. the warehouses still have stores of wheat, but time is running out. >> if the food pipeline breaks, as it is predicted to by the end of april, then we are looking at, firstly, the 10 million or so people that are already being fed requiring even more assistance and potentially another 5 million people or so joining those numbers. reporter: this sugarcane plantation is in the heart of the drought stricken region. in recent years, ethiopia has invested heavily in dams and irrigation. the government has leased land to private companies but neglected staple food reserves. what do we need sugarcane for? we are on the verge of starvation. the government should plant vegetables and corn. these people left their village in the highlands to come to the river. the water was once two meters
brent: welcome back. you are with "dw news" live from berlin. i am brent goff. the european council president says that reducing the number of migrants coming to europe is critical. he says it is vital to break up people smuggling networks. a brazilian mining company has agreed to pay an estimated $6
billion of damages after an environment disaster they claimed 19 lives and polluted a major river. last november, a dam at an iron or mine -- iron-ore mine burst. the mine's owner wants to restart production later this year to help pay for the fine. >> the disaster resulted in what is considered brazil's worst environmental accident. it began when a pool containing the byproducts of iron mining collapsed and unleashed a deluge of thick, red, toxic mud, which smothered a village and flowed through two states. it dumped waste as far as the atlantic coast. in the end, 19 people died and hundreds were left homeless. the deal will channel billions of dollars towards repairing the social and environmental damage.
brazil's president dilma rousseff said the agreement would help heal a tragedy without precedent. >> we will -- welcome this deal with samarko as part of the process of repairing the damage is to the population, which is what is first and foremost. as well as an environmental project and one of recuperating the river and the life that always lived in it, and we want to continue living in it. reporter: brazilian police said the rupture was caused by the overfilling of the pool, in combination with the lack of monitoring. they have brought homicide charges against six executives. for its part, samarko says the accusations are misguided. an investigation is still underway to determine precisely what caused the disaster. brent: all right.
now the latest business news. good evening to you. reporter: hello. thank you very much. sports brand adidas is on a winning streak. the german firm expects profits increase by up to 12% this year. the ceo said the upcoming european football championship, plus the olympic games in rio, are set to give the company a boost. last year overall, adidas saw sales rise to almost 17 billion despite the good news, it's shareprice -- its share price dropped after announcing a larger than expected loss for the fourth quarter of last year. earlier, we spoke with our frankfurt financial correspondent and asked how the adidas figures had gone down with investors. >> the fourth quarter results for adidas wasn't great, but the overall result for 2015 was remarkable. adidas had to cope with a huge decline of profits in russia, but other markets managed to make up for this.
western europe, asia, even in the united states, home of nike, that huge competitor for adidas -- things went better for the germans in 2015. now, adidas hopes for this year's football or soccer european championship -- reporter: there is a lot of debate in germany about a cashless society. germans love their coins andy. bills and have so far dismissed any talk of getting rid of them. in many african countries, cash-free payment methods are far more common, especially because many people there don't have bank accounts. in kenya, a system of paying via mobile phones is hugely successful. here is more. >> tenures lightly capital, nairobi. some call it africa's answer to silicon valley because so many new ideas are born here. for many, paying bills by text
message is just part of everyday life. green billboards for the service are everywhere. movables can be -- mobiles can be topped off with cash. money can be transferred. even taxi drivers paid. >> you take the money. you put it in the phone. someone can also draw money from it. >> around 15 million kenyans use their mobile phones to make payments on the go. that is more than half of all adults. it is practical, especially for those who don't have a bank account or anything in their wallet. >> people who might be cashless at the moment, but you have your phone. you use your phone. whatever the bill, anything. >> the network operates and
makes money from each transaction. what started out as a brainwave 10 years ago is now big business. the kenyan payment system has spread to other countries, too, securing nairobi's name as an african innovation hub. reporter: back over to brent. brent: now it is time to talk animals. today is world wildlife day. this year, the major theme is the plight of elephants. one country struggling to preserve its elephant population is kenya. the animals have lived side-by-side with local cattle ranchers for centuries, but economic pressures are pushing more people to switch to crop farming or to sell their land, and that is putting the elephants at risk of being coached. -- poached. reporter: about 1400 elephants live in this national park in southwestern kenya. they graze peacefully together
with the cattle. a family wealth is measured by the size of its livestock herd. but this man tells us times are hard and the numbers of cattle had increased dramatically. >> we come up many families. we live together in harmony. we kept our livestock. but there is a crisis in this country, 2008 and 2009. it caused many stocks to die. >> the impact>> is visible. some communities have partitioned and sold their land. investors from nairobi are now growing maize where elephants once grazed. more and more pastureland have vanished. those who sell their land have nowhere to live and the money soon runs out. >> after having all this money,
a huge amount of money, and spent in ways that are not economically viable, it led to more problems. i have seen one culprit of elephant poaching. reporter: that's why this person billy -- visits the villages every day. he knows the animals will only have a chance if the lives of the people improve. they are providing grants for education. the ifaw has trained 30 maasai to the community wildlife rangers -- to be community
wildlife rangers and have leased land from the maasai to protected from further settlement, so even the smallest of these elephants can hope to reach the ripe old age of 60 and safety here. -- 60 in safety here. brent: a team of compete under one flag at august's olympic games in rio. the ioc announced the move in the wake of the worldwide refugee crisis. the team will be called "refugee olympic athletes," and it will consist of around five to 10 competitors. among them, perhaps a few living right here in germany. reporter: a swimmer from war-torn syria, one of hundreds of thousands of refugees. now living in germany what was -- refugees now living in germany. what was unthinkable just months ago, becoming an olympian, could become a reality.
the ioc president has added one more team to this year's olympic games in rio. >> we want to send a message of hope for all refugees of the world. these refugee athletes have no national team to belong to. they have no flag to march behind. they have no national anthem to be played. therefore we will welcome these refugee athletes to the olympic games with the olympic flag and with the olympic iphone -- anthem. reporter: the refugee olympic athletes will be housed alongside the national teams and will enter the stadium ahead of post -- host brazil at the opening ceremony. now all that's left is to secure her spot in the team. brent: and here is a reminder of
the top story we are following for you tonight. pres. tusk: do not come to europe. do not believe the smugglers. do not risk your life and your money. it is all for nothing. brent: european council president donald tusk delivers a message to economic migrants. he was holding talks in greece, which is struggling to cope with the bottleneck of refugees. after a short break, i will be back to take you through the day. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]