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tv   DW News  PBS  March 10, 2016 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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>> this is "dw news," live from berlin. tonight, the frustration with europe's closed borders. thousands of people stranded at greece's border with macedonia. conditions are dyer. a solution nowhere inside. we will take you inside the biggest refugee camp. also, mario draghi takes the markets by surprise. the head of the european central bank cuts all three main interest rates. and people in japan are still searching for missing loved ones as the country marks 5 years since the fukushima nuclear disaster.
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brent: i am brent goff. good to have you with us. migrants are still making their way to greece even though an increasing number of european countries have sealed their borders to them. 1100 arrived at a port just today. many of them are like did end up stuck in refugee camps like the one on the border between greece and macedonia. our correspondent is there and he sent us this exclusive report. reporter: it is my fifth day in a place that gets more unpleasant with each passing day. nonstop rain has left the grain -- left of the ground muddy and waterlogged and this has increased the misery for refugees. this young man from syria shows
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us what he is doing to keep the water out of his tent, but keeping himself dry is another matter. "we don't carry many clothes with us, so we cannot just put something new on, and since there is no sunshine, i cannot dry my clothes. they are all wet." it is a hard place to get used to come and so was the smell. smoke, garbage, and feces. 15,000 are stranded, and more keep coming. the refugee camp is set up like a small town. new the transition, signs guide refugees to shops where they can transfer money. a restaurant across the road is open now and catering to its new customers. despite their desperate situation, the refugees' hospitality is overwhelming.
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a 22-year-old from syria who fled the bombs of decatur bashar al-assad tells us of what little food they get in the camp, and that he comes your everyday to eat and recharges phone. after 15 days, he has almost run out of money. then he invites us to his new home. unlike the vast majority of refugees, he found an abandoned house to live in. together with 25 other men from syria. his friends are just preparing the shower, he says, "and i'm not quite sure i understand. hygiene is awful. i don't know what to say." >> we don't have anything for that, just this. oh, hard. it's very hard. oliver: "at least it is dry," he
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says, that is something he can be happy about. >> we should be staying here. that is better than another place. oliver: just behind the houses, the train station. many have set up their tents next to the tracks so they can avoid sleeping on the muddy ground. further down, i find an old freight car with syrian families. they invite me in to see how they live. just like most here, their destination is germany. a girl asks me what i think about the situation. and then comes the question on everybody's mind. and again, i really don't know what i should tell her.
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open face are what sustain many refugees here -- hope and faith are what sustain many refugees here. the promise of safety by german chancellor angela merkel is something they believe in. i hope they won't be disappointed. brent: those worsening conditions on the border have given a sense of urgency to the latest meeting of european union justice and home affairs ministers in brussels. they are discussing emergency assistance to help greece cope with the thousands of migrants stranded there. but they have also agreed on the need to strengthen the european union's external borders. trudeareporter: they are imagest could soon be history. boats arriving on the greek islands from turkey. but 81 of those who came on this route were returned on thursday under a bilateral agreement
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between greece and turkey. and this could just be the start. ingres has offered-- ankara has offered the eu to take back all migrants, a deal that came under fire. "i make clear to my colleagues that i think it is questionable that turkey takes control of a newspaper critical of the government and then turns up here a few days later, puts a wish list on the table, and then is rewarded." in particular, proposals around visa-free travel to turkish citizens have been a major concern to eu countries. but the interior minister was unimpressed. he believes legal challenges can be handled and conditions can be met. "there is no question, of course, over whether turkey, like all other countries that have gained or hope to gain visa
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free access to europe, has to meet the necessary criteria." he wants that the mediterranean sea crossing my be another popular passing g reviewed others have raised the prospect of romania and bulgaria becoming new transit countries. when it comes to strengthening europe's external borders, it seems at least that everyone is on board. brent: let's try to make sense of what is going on. we put our own barber basil on this. let's start with germany and understand what is going on. the german chancellor maintains she wants no upper limit on the number of migrants who can come to the country but the interior minister of germany says she wants to work to keep the flow of migrants decreasing all the time. how do you square that circle?
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it seems that angela merkel does not let on that she is in fact changing her policy. she sadly doesn't want to admit it, because from going from the point last year where she welcomed hundreds of thousands of migrants to where we are heading out, which means the deal with turkey that will in the end that lead to a gigantic push back of all migrants that stood across the sea towards greece, which will lead to something like zero migrants and asylum-seekers arriving in the european union and germany. that is the path that germany and other european countries are now on. in the end, angela merkel will profit from that if this deal comes into play. brent: what are you hearing there in brussels, barbara? are diplomats, i members of the eu, are they also saying that
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they know what you say you know, that merkel has changed her mind and change for policy? -- change d her policy? barbara: everybody is very careful to not point fingers at the others because many of them have dirty hands in the sense that they started last year showing a relatively good will. look at austria, for instance. and that overnight a totally shifted the policy and said now we close the door, nobody can come anymore. and so that is what we have seen. so she is not the only one and she is just being very quiet about it and people are just very reluctant to point at angela merkel because they know they are going to need her in the future. brent: yes, that is what they talk about when they say diplomatic thinking. barbara wesel for us in brussels. thank you very much. business news now. daniel winter is here with this.
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the european central bank has brought out the big guns to help fire up inflation. daniel: big guns is right. they call this the bazooka. the boss of the euro central-bank says he is cutting interest rates. it is all an effort to keep cash in the hands of banks so they will lend it to their clients. customers will borrow and spend, boosting inflation. we get some expert insight on this in just a moment but first, closer look at that announcement. reporter: the ecb was widely expected to announce additional signals for the euro zone's flagging economy. but the new measures announced in the central bank's headquarters in frankfurt went far beyond forecast. for the first time, it shaved the borrowing rate right down to zero, from 0.05%. the overnight deposit rate when you deeper into negative territory from 0.4%. and the massive bond buying
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program has been expanded to 80 billion euros a month. the ecb says it will start buying up corporate debt. the central bank has slashed its growth and inflation forecast, underlining how much the single currency needs stimulus. >> this comprehensive package will exploit the synergies between the different instruments and has been calibrated to further ease financing conditions, stimulate new credit provision, and thereby reinforce the momentum of the euro area's economic recovery and accelerate the return of inflation to levels below but close to 2%. reporter: though the case for stainless seems clear, questions remain, as the ecb pushes interest rates lower and lower, many observers wonder whether they have used up all the firepower it has. firepower it might needed
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later if the economic slowdown consists. -- versus. daniel: joining us to break this down is an economist at a think tank. thanks for joining me, first of all. how significant are the announcements made today? >> the measures are very important. it is a copper has, as you have mentioned. thanks cap -- banks can borrow basically for free. they are penalized for holding their cash at the euroan central bank, again on incentive to make good use of it. and there is more purchases of -- as part of the quantitative easing program. again, the ecb will also be buying corporate bonds, not only sovereign bronze as before, but also corporate, and we have a new program. a new program more of what had been before in order to get
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banks to lend to the real economy. so an important program and imported package of measures -- imported package of measures, and investors have noticed. daniel: draghi's throwing everything including the kitchen sink at the eurozone at the moment. will these policy changes work? >> well, in a way, it is hard to tell. as i said, a lot of these programs were already in place, and basically, what the ecb is doing now is reinforcing what it was doing. more of the same medicine. the question is how to the medicine worked before? there are signs that suggest so. we are entering and negative period of inflation. the ecb revised its forecast 20.1% towards year-end. -- to 0.1% towards year-end. but this is mostly due to oil prices. once you net out the effect of
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oil prices, core inflation has been picking up since the ecb started its qe program. there is some evidence that the medicine was working. basically, what draghi is doing now is stepping up what has been done before. daniel: ok, but you can leave an investor to money, but you can't make him borrow. all of this is meant to encourage borrowing, but how do you get people to borrow? >> so in a way the question is whether it -- firms and entrepreneurs that don't want to borrow or whether it is banks that are not lending them the money. all the ecb can do is to give banks as many incentives as possible to actually put money into the real economy. it is lowering interest rates and borrowers will realize this and entrepreneurs will see lower interest rates. there are signs that suggest that it is not only demand problem, it is a supply problem.
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we expect this to have some effect. daniel: mario draghi will have his fingers crossed at the moment. thanks for extending all of this to us here. that is it for your business news. we will be back with more news in just a moment.
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brent: welcome back to "dw news ," live from berlin. frustration at europe's close borders is growing. 14,000 people are now stranded and greece's frontier with macedonia. conditions are dire and there is little hope of moving on with the balkan route to northern europe, now effectively shut down. markets have been given an unexpected boost from mario draghi. the head of the european central bank announced a surprise interest-rate cut and efforts to fire up the economy. to japan now, where the impact
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of a catastrophe five years ago is still being felt. on march 11, 2011, a magnitude nine earthquake and a major tsunami hit japan, killing nearly 16,000 people. the nuclear disaster at the fukushima power plant that followed led to the contamination and evacuation of a huge area. how is japan coping with the long-term consequences? reporter: five years after the catastrophe, he is still searching for his daughter. she has been missing since the tsunami of march 2011 destroyed his village. he regularly digs here looking for clues. the village is near fukushima. the soil is contaminated. but that does not deter him. "maybe i will find her here. maybe she will be found in a different place. but i will keep looking for her as long as i can."
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in a shed nearby, he stores the object he has found so far. trainers, a soft toy. as the anniversary approaches, he is thinking more often about the disaster that took his child. the earthquake on march 11, 2011, was felt all across the pan. it was the strongest ever recorded in the country. within 30 minutes of the earthquake, a giant tsunami overwhelmed of the country's coast, sweeping everything in its path wil. almost 60,000 people lost their lives - almost 16,000 people lost their lives. hundreds of thousands were made homeless.
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and that was before the flood caused the fukushima nuclear power plant to go into meltdown. japan will be doing with the consequences of that for decades. the devastation caused by the quake and the tsunami is still visible around fukushima. he survived, but the 11th of march five years ago changed his life forever. brent: here are some of the other headlines making news around the world. indications that the mosquito-born zika virus may be much more dangerous than previously thought. french researchers have found traces of the virus in an elderly patient, raising fears that it could cause serious brain infections in adults. until now, the virus has been linked to microcephaly, which deforms the brains of unborn
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babies. the ukrainian pilot on trial in moscow over the deaths of 2 russian journalists has relaxed her hunger strike and started drinking water. human rights activists fear that she might die before or because of her protest. she faces up to 25 years in jail. the eu has urged russia to free her on humanitarian grounds. justin trudeau has become the first sitting canadian prime minister to visit the white house in 20 years. president obama welcome him on the south lawn. in talks, the 2 discussed cooperation on combating climate change and creating a clean growth economy. mutual defense issues were also on the agenda. it was a crime that shocked south africa. a newborn baby snatched from a hospital as her mother slept, 19 years ago. for years there was no word on what happened, until an improbable twist of fate that
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her back to her real family -- led her back to her real family. reporter: this woman was found guilty of kidnapping a baby girl 19 years ago in cape town and raising her as her own child. the girl's mother and the kidnapper met briefly in court. the girls family is hoping for compensation. >> justice shall prevail. what the person is doing will be revealed in the light. we didn't fight this lady. the state fought this lady. getting back the tears and the suffering, she is just getting back what we went through. reporter: the defendant was arrested after a chance encounter at the girl school. the kidnapped girl's biological sister, who attended the same school, noticed the similarity, which eventually led to the revelation of the crime. the girl, who is now 18 and was baptized, is not present at the
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trial. >> i want to thank all of you guys for supporting us. >> and your relationship now? >> my relationship with my daughter, that is all that matters. reporter: the girl is now living with her mother. the kidnapper faces up to 10 years in prison. her sentencing will be announced at the end of may. brent: amazing. daniel is back with business news about tourism. daniel: tourism sometimes has its downsides, brent. itb is underway here in berlin, and one of the less pleasant sides of the industry has been the rise of big game hunting for the affluent middle classes of the developed world. over 50 million tourists visited africa last year but they are not all looking for the best shot of mount kilimanjaro for the victoria falls. many them come for the best shot of the continents wildlife. reporter: cecil the lion. his life was worth 45,000 euros.
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at least that is how much an american dentist paid last year to have him lured out of a national park in zimbabwe today and shoot him with bow and arrow. big game hunting is big business in africa. a global outcry only ensues when especially popular animal is killed. every year some 18,000 game has come to africa to kill animals. the most sought-after trophies are the big 5 -- rhinos, buffaloes, lyons, leopards, and elephants. an estimated 100,000 animals are slain annually. the price of an elephant's life, between 17,000 and 65,000 euros. that is how much trophy hunters are willing to fork out to shoot one. the price weekly includes flights for transporting the carcass comes extra. the hunting tourism industry is literally making a killing.
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in south africa alone, big game hunting generates over 100 million euros annually. namibia and tanzania makes 30 million euros, and botswana and zimbabwe, 20 million a piece. only a tiny part of gdp, trophy hunting is an important source of income for specialized tour operators. governments also cash into hunting licenses and export permits. but studies show that local communities benefit very little. the 8 biggest african hunting countries have a combined population of 140 million, but only around 15,000 locals earn a livelihood through the wealthy hunters, mainly working as guides and assistants. daniel: that is a for your business is for now, but brent, you are tackling sports for us. brent: to football now and the europa league's round of 16. the german club absently dominated the play. -- actually dominated the play.
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pierre puts the home team up 30 minutes in. thrashing. one of the best-known athletes in history is about to put thousands of pieces of career memorabilia up for sale. brazilian football great pele has donated a good chunk of his collection to the city of santos, where he spent most of his career. he will give up even more when a london auction house pounds the gavel on trophies, metals, and game balls from his history making career. reporter: pele was a record-breaking player, scoring 1283 goals in his career, and winning three world cups to boot. the legendary brazilian star is selling 2000 of football's greatest pieces of memorabilia and with the option, he is expected to raise well over $1 million, and a list of what can be bought is usually impressive, including this jewelry-laden
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trophy that he received from fifa for winning the world cup in 1958, 1962, and 1970. >> these relics can be kept forever and are really timeless. i am very happy for amassing such a great collection and achieving all this. i thank god for being here in good health and talking to you about my life and sports. reporter: all three of pele's world cup winning medals are up for offer, and is much too by from the 1000th the goal scored in mack arena stadium. you can buy the ball that put him into the record books. that is not enough, how about this certificate from the guinness book of world records itself? at age 75, he says he wants fans and collectors to share in his history and will donate part of the sale to a brazilian children's hospital.
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the items on offer are not just football activities. is a trip back in time to when the term superstar applied to just one player, pele. brent: after a short break i will be back to take you through the day. we will have more of our exclusive coverage from inside europe's largest refugee camp. plus, we will go back five years and look at fukushima, how it changed japan, germany, and the world. we will be right back after a short break. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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