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tv   DW News  PBS  October 21, 2016 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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♪ ♪ ♪ anchor: this is "dw news," live from berlin. dealbreaker. canada walks out of trade talks with the european union. the country's trade minister drops out of last-ditch efforts to salvage a free trade deal, blasting the e.u. for being incapable of striking an international agreement. e.u. failed to convince belgium's wallonia region to lift its blockade. also coming up, kurdish peshmerga fighters shoot back at i.s. militants attacking the city of kirkuk. at least 14 die in a coordinated assault on targets in and around the city. and, south africa calls it
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quits. it wants to leave the international criminal court that prosecutes war criminals. the icc ordered south africa to arrest the wanted president of sudan last year and pretoria has resented it ever since. anchor: thanks very much for your company. dead in the water. the ceta trade deal between the e.u. and canada seems to have sunk without a trace, as the canadian international trade minister walks out of talks in brussels. all this after frantic efforts to persuade the belgian region of wallonia to reverse its opposition to the deal. , but it refused so the planned ratification by, e.u. member states next week now looks unlikely. the e.u.'s trade commissioner is perhaps whistling in the dark, saying she still hopes to find a
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solution. reporter: it was day two of the summit in brussels, where big european decisions are usually made among leaders of e.u. member states. but this time is different, and it is as much about discord in the -- says much about discord in the e.u. when the small belgian town of namur turned the process on its head. canada had had enough. the minister of trade broke off talks with wallonia's regional government. >> it is evident to me, and to canada, that europe is not capable of reaching an international agreement. reporter: the e.u.'s 27 member states would have voted in favor of ceta, but with french-speaking wallonia against it, belgian -- belgium's vote is now no. wallonia has twice the jobless rate of nearby flanders, and many fear that a boost in free trade would kill yet more jobs. the wallonia from your called
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for guarantees against price dumping in farm products. >> i think progress should be possible. it was just a matter of time. i can't say to parliament, you must give approval today or tomorrow. reporter: ceta, one of the e.u. 's most ambitious projects, is in danger because of the resistance of a regional parliament. national leaders in brussels can only look on helplessly and hope for a last-minute turnaround. >> it is urgent. we have invited canada for talks next week. our credibility is on the line. reporter: the e.u. trade commissioner later tweeted -- this is not the end of the process. anchor: so, is this just a bump in the road? our very own max hoffman has been covering these talks in brussels, and we can go live to him right now. good to see you. set the scene for us. what do these developments mean, going forward? max: as you just heard, the conclusions drawn are very different. on the one hand, you have the canadian trade minister, who was really shaken up.
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she seemed very emotional, and she really seemed to think this is the end of the line. on the other hand, you have the walloon prime minister who said they just need a little more time. the truth is probably somewhere in the middle, but it seems unlikely that the e.u.-canada summit planned for next thursday will really take place. that's one thing. the second thing, it's very likely the e.u. commission will now step in and try to salvage something. our sources in the commission do confirm that. anchor: so would you say the deal is not dead yet? there's still hope? max: listen, they have been negotiating this for seven years. they are not just going to throw it away in a matter of hours. that is clear. you have to look at the goals of the two parties involved. on the one side, wallonia, and you know, many think that their goal was not to reject the deal entirely, but to get the most out of it for them, the most concessions possible, so they might be a little shocked that this happened, that the canadians just walked away. on the other side, the canadians
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are not going to refuse an e.u. ratification even if it comes in two or three weeks. this might even be some kind of power play to say, we are at the end of our patience gear, get a move on. anchor: this of course begs the question, how did the e.u. allow this to get this far? why didn't they notice the fact that apparently the belgian government does not have the authority to say yes, and that it is up to the regions? max: they knew that all along. but in the beginning, this was not supposed to -- a mixed agreement, that is what is called, when national and regional governments agree to it, and it is the e.u. council that is supposed to give their yea to it, and that changed this summer. there was not a lot of time. everyone knew this problem was there, but i don't think a lot of people expected the walloons to really resist until the end. anchor: thank you very much for your continued coverage of these
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developments. we are shifting our focus now to iraq, were dead, have been killed in kirkuk after militants from the so-called islamic state attacked targets in and around the city in the country's north. kurdish peshmerga fighters have been funding for -- hunting for i.s. forces still held up in the city. the assault early on friday was largely seen as an attempt to divert iraqi forces from the battle to retake most of from -- mosul from i.s. witnesses say there were multiple explosions. i.s. fighters attacked police buildings, and in a neighboring town at least four workers were killed when they stormed a power station and blew themselves up. >> the offensive by iraqi and kurdish troops continued pushing toward mosul. i. hass\ defended its strongholds with suicide bombs.
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i.s. reportedly has killed civilians suspected of disloyalty. this footage on a militant website reportedly shows i.s. fighting the iraqi army in nearby villages. the military says i.s. is holding civilians as human shields. residents return to their homes to find widespread destruction. >> they put a car bomb here. the building is collapsed. reporter: people from territory recaptured by i.s,. walked through the harsh desert to return to their homes after iraqi forces pushed out islamic state occupiers. >> we have been away for three days. we had to flee our homes. we left everything behind. had it not been for the iraqi forces who saved us, we would be dead. look at the children, how much they are suffering. what can i say? we are done. we are done, my brother. reporter: international
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organizations are delivering humanitarian aid to people displaced by the fighting, an all too familiar sight in the war-torn region. anchor: saying in the region, russia says it has extended the pause in its bombing of the syrian city of aleppo until saturday evening. it was originally due to expire today. described as a humanitarian pause, its purpose is to allow unarmed militants and civilians to leave the eastern part of the city via h corridors. the u.n. says security concerns have caused delays in their plans to evacuate the city. aleppo has been under siege since mid-july as government forces backed by russian airstrikes try to retake it. south africa is quitting the international criminal court because it says being a member conflicts with diplomatic immunity loss.
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pretoria clashed with the icc last year when the court ordered south africa to arrest the visiting president of sudan. some african nations believe the icc is biased because of its investigations, most of its investigations are into alleged crimes in africa. reporter: a simple press conference announcing a momentous decision. south africa's justice minister said the formal process had begun for his country to leave the icc. >> written notice to withdraw from the statute of the international criminal court has been submitted to the secretary-general of the united nations. reporter: south africa is now set to become the first nation to leave the body in one year's time. to understand the reasons behind this move, it is best to look at one high-profile incident last june. south africa hosted an african union summit. among those attending, sudanese
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president omar al-bashir. he is wanted by the icc on charges of genocide and war crimes, and under icc rules, south africa should have arrested him. when a domestic court also ruled bashir should not be allowed to leave the country, the sudanese president disappeared. the south african government said they did not know where he was, but alj-bashir turned up again in -- al-bashir turned up again in sudan. pretoria says arresting foreign leaders like al-bashir goes against domestic laws giving visiting heads of state diplomatic immunity, and that it would amount to regime change. for south africa, that would be incompatible with its duties as peacemaker in african conflicts. those duties are usually coordinated with the african union, a body which has long been one of the most vocal
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critics of the international criminal court. many believe south africa's decision may have more to do with wielding leverage at the african union design with the icc itself. the icc was founded as the first legal body with permanent international jurisdiction to prosecute genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. in its 14 year history, it has only ever convicted africans, like the former congolese vice president jean-pierre bemba. of the 10 ongoing investigations, nine are in africa. that has led options from the african union of racial bias -- led to accusations from the african union of racial bias. burundi's parliament has already voted to leave the icc and namibia and kenya have spoken of withdrawing. with one of africa's most
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important nations now following suit, there are fears the icc's reputation will be permanently damaged. anchor: now to other news. authorities in cameroon say more than 50 people have died and many more are injured after a packed train derailed the west african country. the passenger train was traveling from the capital to a port city, and derailed around 120 kilometers into its journey. the french company that runs cameroon's rail network says it is investigating what exactly caused the train to derail. officials in london have reopened city airport, declaring that it is safe following with a called a suspected chemical incident. several people were treated for breathing difficulties. city airport is london's most central, just kilometers from the financial center of the city. the fire brigade said in a statement that about 500 people had to leave the building.
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no information yet about what caused the scare, but emergency services say no evidence of chemicals was found. flights have resumed, but schedules are still disrupted. all right. we want to bring you up to speed with the latest sports headlines. the european soccer'chief is just getting started in his new job, but his comments are already causing controversy. ceferin has adjusted that the champions league final could be held outside of europe. here's a closer look at what the new uefa president had to say. >> berlin's olympic stadium, a classic european venue that held the biggest football event on the continent just last year. but new uefa president aleksander ceferin says the showpiece could take case -- place outside of europe. he said his organization may
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consider taking the final two major cities around the world, both for financial reasons and to spread the game to developing football markets like north america and asia. in the interview, ceferin said it might be an idea for the future, but we have to think about it. for the fans it is no problem, but we have to see. it is a european competition, so let's think about it. >ceferin only became uefa president in september, but he is bullish about the union's future. he says if the world cup is expanded, europe should receive more places at the tournament, even though uefa already gives twice as many berths as any other federation. for now, ceferin's comments refer to brought ideas rather than specific plans, but they are sure to provoke a strong reaction from the football community. anchor: we still have a lot more to tell you. here's what is coming up. president maduro of venezuela lives to fight another day, but the country is on the brink of
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collapse and the state owned oil company is at risk of defaulting. we will have that story for you, coming up. that and a whole lot more in just one. don't go anywhere.
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anchor: great to have you back with us. you are watching "dw news." these are our top stories this hour. canada has walked out of trade talks with the european union. pthe country's trade union blasted the e.u. for being incapable of striking an international agreement. e.u. leaders have been trying to persuade belgium's holdout wallonia region to accept the deal. kurdish peshmerga fighters shoot back at i.s. militants attacking the iraqi ci of kirkuk. at least 14 have died in a
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coordinated assault on targets in and around the city. time to get you up to speed with the latest business headlines. a report on venezuela, still in crisis mode as we speak? reporter: that is right. unfortunately, the situation keeps getting worse and worse. it seems venezuela is on the brink of collapse. the opposition blames president nicolas maduro and his government for the deep economic crisis of the country and wants to impeach him, but the election council blocked the effort. the state owned oil company is at risk of defaulting, and with it the entire country. reporter: for these people, president nicolas maduro is a hero. they are overjoyed about the election council's decision. it prevents the opposition from collecting any more signatures to back the maduro recall referendum, for now. others call the decision a farce. >> they are only doing all that to stop the changes we want. people here want to see the back
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of this government. we are fed up with the whole situation. >> it only goes to prove that we are living under a dictatorship. maduro doesn't deserve to be president of this country. reporter: but although the referendum against maduro is on hold for now, it offers him little respite. the country is deep in crisis. now, it has emerged state owned -- the state owned oil company is on the brink of bankruptcy. if it falls, it could drag the whole country down along with it. the company's finances had taken a dramatic turn in recent years. after posting income of $122 billion in 2014, revenues slumped to only $72.2 billion last year. that is probably why president maduro has headed out to the middle east for four days. he's holding talks with saudi arabia, iran, qatar, and azerbaijan. it looks like he's hoping to convince an alliance of
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oil-producing states to cut production. that will certainly raise prices and channel much-needed cash into venezuela's coffers. reporter: a president on a mission. let's analyze this critical information with our financial correspondent in new york. how much can the venezuelan president actually influence oil prices? sounds like a difficult test to me. >> it certainly is, especially with the next opec meeting at the end of november, november 30 if i am not mistaken. and i'm not sure if he can convince the other opec nations to have an emergency meeting before. that's one problem of venezuela. one of many, is that because oil production in venezuela is so much higher than in other nations, even with oil prices where they are right now, even if they move a bit higher, it might actually not be enough. reporter: now, this is not only about venezuela exclusively, but
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the state oil company. we saw they also have interest in the united states. how much could a possible default affect the u.s.? >> well, it could affect the refiners, especially in the gulf coast region. venezuela is the main supplier of foreign oil to that region. last year, venezuela exported about 280 million barrels of oil to the united states, the biggest supplier for refiners in the united states, followed by saudi arabia and mexico. so that could affect imports, especially to those refiners. if we talk about oil prices, it is not just about supply and demand, but also about the dollar. if the dollar continues to strengthen, that could put some additional pressure on the price of crude oil. reporter: thank you for covering
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this story for us. have a good weekend. now onto one of venezuela's most important allies. cuba is freezing new licenses for private restaurants in havana. the boom in tourism on the island has caused shortages and food supplies, since travelers like you want to taste the local cuisine when they are abroad. but the country still is a communist state-run economy, and now the government has taken action. reporter: it started with enterprising cubans setting up tables in their backyards. now it has expanded into an industry of hundreds of restaurants popular with tourists. that restaurants in havana lack a wholesale market, so they empty retail shelves and buy goods on the black market, irking city officials. restaurant workers say closing them down is not the answer. >> many families depend on this, so taking away their license leaves them. empty-handed it is a big
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problem. those with three or four or five kids will have to look for something else. reporter: officials say they are only going after lawbreakers. >> we have to remain alert to some people's intentions. the government encourages legal businesses, allowed by the state, businesses that work well and provide valuable services. but some could acquire money illegally. in cuba or abroad, and try to launder it with an illegal business. reporter: clamp downs on small businesses are nothing new in cuba, where the state still controls most economic activity. the government encourages private enterprise, but tries to keep them from becoming too successful in causing wide disparities in wealth. restaurant owners say wealth isn't the problem. >> people think that having a business makes you rich, from one day to the next, that you become a millionaire and live in a castle. it's not like that at all.
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reporter: the tougher line comes at a bad time, just as the tourist season is about to start. reporter: that is all for business, but we have more world news for you. anchor: thanks so much. as the war continues in syria, many trying to seek refuge elsewhere -- one of over one million refugees who has made the dangerous trek to europe. but this young girl is in a wheelchair. in august 2014, she and her family left syria, and after a journey of 6000 kilometers, she made it to germany and has this message for her new home country. >> dear germans, i wish you a good day. i just want to say, you should not be frightened of us. we are just guests here, and if we can, we all want to go home again.
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>> she has been confined to a wheelchair since she was a child. when bombs started to rain down on her hometown of aleppo, she needed help to get from her apartment on the fifth floor to safety. >> when the bombing started, we decided to leave. the last few nights, we all started thinking about the possibility of death, that we would not be alive tomorrow. >> nujeen now lives in germany and goes to school. in aleppo, she could not do so because of her cerebral palsy. she was taught at home. >> many people around the world are not as lucky as i am now. so i cannot complain. >> last year, nujeen and one of
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her sisters set off on an incredible journey. the family already fled syria for turkey, and then made it to greece. the two young women then made it over land all the way to germany. they now live near cologne. nujeen is upset about the widespread hostility toward refugees. she says they are people, each with their own story. >> it's always numbers, numbers, numbers. and then they always talk about isis, russia, the regime, the politics. and they forget people. so, i didn't want to become a number. >> with the help of a british author, she has written a book about her life. it was first published in english, and now there is a german translation. nujeen shows her parents a copy.
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they are still in turkey. nujeen dreams of being reunited with them. she also wants the international community to do more to bring peace to syria. >> i think the politicians in europe are like kids who have not done their homework. they have to take responsibility, because you have the power to stop what is going on. and then people will gladly go back to their homes, you know? >> her hometown has been destroyed. much as she enjoys her new life in germany, nujeen very much wants to go back to aleppo. but nobody knows whether or when that might be possible. anchor: i want to remind you now before we let you go of our top stories this hour. canada has walked out on trade talks with the european union. the country's trade minister blasted the e.u. for being
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incapable of striking an international agreement. e.u. leaders had been trying to persuade belgian holdout wallonia region to accept the deal. and, kurdish peshmerga fighter shoot back at i.s. militants attacking the iraqi city of kirkuk. at least 14 people have died in a coordinated assault on targets in and around the city. we will take a very short break, and after that i will be back to take you through the day.
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>> this program is brought to you in part by cie tours international. for over 80 years featuring all-inclusive tours and go as you please value vacations throughout ireland and britain. [music] [music] >> hello and welcome i'm patricia oreilly and i'm delighted you could join us for another edition of out of


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