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tv   Newsline  PBS  October 26, 2016 12:00am-12:31am PDT

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9:00 a.m. i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. japan's prime minister will meet with the philippine president on wednesday, to discuss bilateral cooperation and their alliances with the united states. shortly before rodrigo duterte left for japan, he once again lashed out at the u.s., telling it not to treat his country like a dog with a leash. in the meeting with duterte, shinzo abe is expected to go over his plan to set up bilateral cooperation on the economy and national security. abe hopes to express that peace
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with the u.s. is critical for the region. >> translator: we discussed various topics such as the regional environment and his recent visit to china. >> the philippines has a territorial dispute with china in the south china sea. but last week, in a trip to beijing, duterte agreed to set it aside for now and took home investment pledges worth billions of dollars. he also said that his country would break in the united states. he also spoke to filipinos living in japan who gave him a rousing welcome. he expressed the importance of bilateral ties with japan. >> i'd like to extend my gratitude to the japanese people and government for hosting so many filipinos and providing
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them work, gainfully employed in the country of japan. >> on his anti-drug campaign, duterte said its making steady progress. he said it's silly that some industrialized nations such as the u.s. and members of the eu are criticizing his crackdown. it's killed thousands of suspects and been under scrutiny from hum rights observers. a senior official said washington plans to expand sanctions against north korea, because the country is violating human rights. he told a gathering, the u.s. will identify the individuals responsible for abuses and will add them to a list it will release in december. >> we want to ramp up even further, and the more we can identify the individuals who may be responsible for human rights abuses and put them under sanctions, i think the more real pressure they're going to feel to possibly change their
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behavior. >> the u.s. imposed sanctions bike asset freezes on the country's leader kim jong-un, as well as other officials in july, citing their participation in violations. he also says the u.s. plans to sanction countries from exploit north korean laborers. expressed concern about pyongyang sending them overseas because that could provide them hard currency for its nuclear and missile programs. america is looking at firms in chin and russia that use north korean labor. a key issue is whether the teachers could have known that the tsunami would reach the school. 74 students at okawa elementary school in miyagi prefecture were skilled by the tsunami. the school was four miles from
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the coast and was designated as an evacuation site. the bereaved families of 23 of the children filed a lawsuit against the city and prefecture government demanding damages of about 22 million dollars. the plaintiffs argue the teachers should not have made the children stay in the school grounds for about 50 minutes after the quake. the local government say the teachers can't be blamed because the school was not in an area that was expected to be inundated. let's take a look at the latest business news. leaked financial papers called the panama papers raised awareness on the issue of tax evasion. now officials in japan have rolled out their own measures to tackle the issue. ai uchida joins us now. what's going to be done? >> the panama papers showed that many of the world's wealthiest individuals and companies, that they are not paying their fair share, and officials at japan's national tax agency are tightening measures to prevent wealthy people and multinational
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corporations from through hafern havens and other strategies. agency officials say they'll launch a system by september 2018 to automatically exchange information with tax authorities in over 100 nations. the effort will be based on international rules. the officials say that starting next july, they will expand a nationwide network of project teams specializing in taxation of the well off. sources say executives at coca-cola group and kiring holdings are thinking about a business alliance. it would be aimed at fierce competition in japan's soft drink market. coca-cola is the market leader and kiring ranks fourth. the sources say the executives
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are considering joint delivery of products as well as joint procurement of ingredients, containers, and other materials. their business alliance could develop into a capital tie-up in the future. japan's beverage market has been shrinking. the two firms are hoping to shave costs and improve earning capacity through the deal. now let's check on markets. wall street ended lower on disappointing u.s. earnings results and a decline in oil prices. the dow jones industrial average down a third of a percent, where the nasdaq close said down half a percent. now we'll see what's happening here in tokyo this wednesday. for that, we go to ramin mellegard at the tokyo stock exchange. tell us how markets here are opening. >> good morning to you. investors not too enamored, shall we say, by some of the earnings reports that come out in the u.s. apple was the big focus there. reported a third straight
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quarter of declines in revenue. so we'll have to look at a lot of the component makers in japan which supply a lot of apple products. let's have a look at the nikkei and topix. both in the negative. the nikkei recorded a six-month closing high on tuesday, helped by a weaker yen. that may provide an underlying theme to support sentiment. i'll come to the dollar in a second. apple's earnings may highlight the plight of dwindling smartphone global sales and may likely hit a lot of the component makers, many of the biggest of course being japanese. so we'll keep track of all of those and we'll be keeping track of kyushu railway shares. it debuts on tuesday. its trading value topped the tokyo stock exchanges section at $2.6 billion. it closed up 15% from his ipo
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price. another dip in crude oil prices keep energy stocks in focus. it's been one of the most volatile sectors of the market. so far, a lot of investors taking bets on what the major producers will do to cap oil production. so that's a big focus as well. ai? >> and ramin, you mention said that the dollar this come off a touch. what's going on with currencies? >> yeah, that's just come off a little bit from recent highs. let's look at the levels here. 104.7 to .12. the greenback hit a few months' eye against the yen overnight in new york against expectations of a rate hike later this year. the dollar lost ground for october, fell more than a little bit more than consensus expectations. investors were likely booking some profits there on the strong gains. and of course ahead of the u.s. elections, which are just around the corner. now, turning to europe, very quickly, i want to touch on
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germany's closely watched ifo business sentiment survey. rising to his highest level since april 2014, pushing the euro a little bit higher. 1 .0887. asian markets are open now. exchanges there, both in the negative. we'll have more updates in a couple of hours, ai. back to you. >> sounds good. thanks a lot for keeping us up to date. now moving on, it is peak hiring season in south korea. university students are applying for jobs they hope to start after graduating in march. but the country's economic slowdown means 1 in 3 students may not find work. so a new business sector has sprung up to help give them a competitive edge. nhk world's kim chan ju has the details. >> reporter: this room full of concentrating people is not a library. it's a cafe for students
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preparing for job applications. they are studying for extra qualifications, such as languages and accountancy, to help them beat the fierce competition for work. the cafe provides free wi-fi, sockets and lockers. there's even a massage chair to revive tired young bodies after a long day of hitting the books. a $5 drink buys a four-hour stay. the fee then rises by the hour. >> my home is the greatest place for taking a rest, but not for studying. i like this caff -- cafe. >> reporter: this is the owner, he started the cafe after hearing young people struggling to find a place to study.
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>> normal caves don't like students to stay too long. but ours is different. the longer they stay, the better it is for our business. >> reporter: similar cafes have sprung up across the country. over 300 in seoul alone. some go a step further to beat rivals. at this cafe, coffee and a place to study aren't the only things pulling customers. the staff also give interview training, to give jobseekers a leg up in the market. >> translator: i've got passion and i think i'm perfect for your company. >> translator: your self-introduction is too long. you're making mistakes and going out of breath. make it shorter. >> reporter: the staff members have worked in the finance, media, and other job sectors. so they're qualified to give tips on the kind of skills
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companies look for. >> translator: with interviews, i can't really practice by myself. the feedback i get here really helps me improve. >> reporter: the cafe helps customers with branding. it provides one to one on writing resumes. this kind of guidance is available every day during the job-hunting season. this owner believes his cafe program helps match young people with suitable work. he claims that over 75% of his customers find jobs. >> translator: this is not just a cafe where people gather. it's a place where they prepare for their futures. i want to work with universities to expand our cafe program.
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>> reporter: study caves have become a vital part of the job-hunting process in south korea. cafe owners make some money and the country's hard-pressed students, have a place to work on their futures. nhk world, seoul. all right, that's the latest in business for this hour. now back to catherine. >> thank you very much. japanese researchers have conducted the first ground survey of a kol vannic island that's been erupting for nearly two years. it's located about 1,000 kilometers south of tokyo. the lava created a new land mass that merged with the existing islands and changed the entire landscape. the researchers got a first hand look at the changes. nhk world reports. >> reporter: the group approached the island by boat and swam the last 30 meters to avoid damaging the environment.
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[ speaking foreign language ]. >> reporter: they headed first to the original part of the island. the researchers were surprised to find plants which survived the eruption. during the survey, they found various plants including grass, which had grown after the eruption. [ speaking foreign language ]]. >> reporter: they also found old birds' nests and young birds hatched this year. the researchers say this species inhabited the island before the eruption. they confirmed sea birds have been breeding on the island despite the volcanic activity. the eruptions began in november
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2013. it was the first time in almost 40 years that they occurred on the island. as lava flowed, a new island formed beside the original one. lava flows made the island 12 times larger than its original size. >> translator: we believe our research would help us know what kind of hazards could occur when with similar eruptions happen near populated areas. >> reporter: the research team has installed seismometers on the original part of the island. they have collected lava samples that grew at different stages at 13 locations. they will analyze the samples to determine the mechanism of the eruptions. nauko hattery, nhk world.
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people in pakistan are mourning after a deadly attack on a police academy in the southwestern city of quetta. gunmen stormed a dormitory late monday night while cadets were sleeping, killing 61 people and injuring more than 100. officials heightened the city's security and funerals were being held for the dead. pakistan's army chief and other officials attended. >> translator: this is very sad. pakistanis are in shock after hearing this news. we strongly condemn it. our people are standing shoulder to shoulder with our forces. >> some of the survivors spoke about the attack from hospital. >> reporter: when we heard the explosion, we felt as if doom's day had arrived. many of my friends in the police were martyred. i want to pay respects to all of them. may god give them a place in the best of heavens.
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>> the islamic state group claimed responsibility, saying three of its fighters were involved. but a pakistani military commander says that the gunmen were from a banned militant group. >> translator: terrorists from alamy were involved in thisek ta. they received instructions from their commanders, hide inside afghanistan. >> the group is believed to be responsible for numerous terror attacks, particularly against minority shi'ite muslims. monday's attack was the deadliest in pakistan since a suicide bomber killed 70 people outside a hospital in the same city in august. reuters reported that the attack was claimed by both the islamic state militants and the taliban. south korea's president park geun-hye has apologized to her nation after admitting she was influenced by an acquaintance who is a private citizen. the person is allegedly involved in a financial scandal.
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>> translator: i apologize to the citizens for making them feel upset, shocked, and worried. i sincerely apologize to the citizens. >> park said at a news conference that choi offered guidance during her presidential campaign and after she took off. park's office is also believed to have pressured many major firms to donate money to set up foundations for choi. the claim has drawn criticism, saying the relationships are opaque. prosecutors are investigating how the foundations were established. police in china have detained three people over
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monday's powerful explosion at a prefabricated housing complex. the police suspect they were illegally producing explosives in the building in fugo county of shang xi province. the state-run news agency say 14 people, including two children, were killed, and 147 others were wounded. the explosion heavily damaged the complex that housed five families. police say it's highly likely explosives stored in the building caught fire. chinese media reports say the three may have been selling them to nearby coal mines. in thailand, the first voluntary repatriation of myanmar refugees has begun. it's been called a milestone. some residents have been living in the camps for 30 years. the u.n. high commissioner for refugees said that one family left a camp in the western province of racha bury on tuesday. according to the agency, dozens
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more family in tak province will follow on wednesday. agency officials say this is the first time those who are repate yating have received the endorsement of both the myanmar and thai governments. officials stress the move will not lead to an exodus. thailand is home to over 100,000 refugees. they're living in nine camps along the border. nearly 80% of them are ethnic curan. aung san suu kyi has brought forth measures to bring reconciliation in her country. she expressed her resolve to seek a lasting peace with armed ethnic minority groups. china's music industry is booming, including online sales of digital recordings. younger fans looking for something new are turning back to the analog era.
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and as our next story shows, they're spinning new business opportunities. [ speaking foreign language ]. >> reporter: vinyl is becoming a fascination of young music lovers. they come together to share their favorite recordings and get recommendations. albums released from the west and japan in the 1960s and '70s are the most popular here. they like the quality and say listening on a record player is a new experience for them. >> translator: you have to operate the turn table manually each time and adjust the needle each time as well. it feels to me like a sacred act. >> reporter: vinyl recordings were never common in china because of war, poverty, and the cultural revolution. when people started to listening
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to pop music, it was already the age of cassette tapes and cds. the country's oldest record comp stopped producing vinyl in 1978. but they recently reissued a 1930s album from their catalog. ♪ ♪ >> reporter: it became an instant hit. the company has followed that success with the release of more than 50 albums of classic chinese music. the original recordings were very deep in their old store houses. >> translator: i don't expect vinyl to be as big an industry as cds. but china has a huge population. so the record market will be big enough in the future. >> reporter: some experts are looking at producing vinyl players. wang started planning a venture five years ago to make a top
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quality chinese turn table. he's learning from manufacturers in and outside the country. he says japanese engineers have given him some good advice. he will be launching his own product this year. >> translator: china's music culture was torn apart by our history from the 1950s to the 1980s. i'm hoping my great turn table will bring back our record culture. >> reporter: it's been 100 years since the first phonograph was produced in china. today's young fans are spinning reproductions and discovering the rich analog sound of golden oldies. ♪ ♪ >> and oldie but a newbie there in china. a heavy rain maker is moving across the bay of bengal towards the eastern coast of india. robert speta has the details.
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>> yes, actually, this is our first storm out here since may. typically, you get them between the monsoon seasons and that's going to be the big deal with this as it continues to develop, is the rain coming out of it. actually kind of enhancing that southwest monsoon towards the east of it, still bringing scattered showers across myanmar, towards thailand as well. as it tracks west, it's going to start to encounter more dry air, because we have the northeast monsoon dominating much of the indian sub continent at this time. it's about the equivalent of a tropical storm if it was in the western pacific or the atlantic. before coming on shore across eastern india, big thing with this, it will weaken. but it likely is still going to be a big rain-maker. the northeast monsoon dominating much of the indian sub continent.
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still tracking south. you have a lot of dry air influencing this storm system. so it will weaken as we look ahead. i think there could be some coastal flooding. something to watch over the next several days. let's take a look back towards the north, where we still have autumn, almost winter weather really dominating northeastern asia. the tropics not active out here at all, in fact. we have one storm pulling away towards the east, high pressure is settling in across much of japan, even over towards the korean peninsula today. keeping things, well, it does look like sunny skies out there, so it will be slightly warming up, at the very least on wednesday, even over towards the tokyo area, extending back into seoul. might see snowfall by wednesday night, into hokkaido, the northwesterly winds coming in. meanwhile, back to the southwest, another low developing, this is going to be the big game-changer, at least by friday into saturday. as this starts to track to the northwest, it's going to bring
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in widespread precipitation, heading into the week. and then another cold surge behind that. let's look at the three-day forecast and break down everything i just mentioned here. so for today, tokyo, 25, partly cloudy skies. by friday, it will continue to cool off. 17, rain showers for you. much in northeastern asia, looking at cooling temperatures. south korea also looking at scattered showers by friday as well. let's tell you what's going on here across europe now. actually, a few areas i want to mention. one is really this trail of low pressure system dominating the region here from parts of france into germany. actually some severe thunderstorm warnings in place in southern france today. the tail end of this cold front, continuing to stretch through there. as that works its way towards the east, it's going to encounter cooler air off towards western russia. it's really just a siberian air mass, continuing to dominate over there. a lot of snowfall in the forecast. in parts of the baltic states,
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10 to 15 centimeters on the ground. kiev, as well, just a high of 3 wednesday and snowfall as well. here's your extended outlook. ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ hum and that's all for this edition of nhk "newsline." i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. thanks for joining us. x0
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reporter: this week global 3000 aims straight for the taste-buds. algae it seems is the new pasta. we check out some ocean farms in the us. and speaking of oceans, they're growing increasingly full of trash. among them a startling number of single flipflops. in kenya, they're being turned into art. but first, we head to turkey where the government has recently dismissed many university academics. we meet a sociologist who suffered that fate. since the attempted coup on the turkish government in july, the country has changed dramatically. there's still no conclusive evidence as to who was behind the failed putsch.

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