tv DW News PBS October 31, 2016 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT
>> this is dw news life from berlin. turkish police have arrested editor of the senior staff of the country's leading independent newspaper. it has been a thorn in the side of tayyip erdogan's government. we are outside the offices and he is stamping out all opposition in the country. also on the show. scientists warned that more earthquakes could shake italy. historical towns and villages are heavily damaged but no deaths have been reported.
and the ghosts are out tonight if you can only hear them. it's halloween, complete with creepy clowns and pumpkins. halloween's roots reach back 3000 years. i'm brent goff, it is good to have you with us. tonight ankara is continuing its crackdown. turkish police have detained the editor of one of the opposition newspapers. they accused the journalists of having certain links. >> one of turkey's leading
newspapers saw its editor in chief and several senior members arrested in a string of early-morning raids. members of turkey's main opposition parties stood alongside and they are calling this a coup against democracy. >> we will hold our heads high and continue our publication without fear of this morning we know that the -- there have been detentions for 16 of our friends. >> turkey's government said they arrested journalists are suspected of crimes. the left-leaning secular nurse -- newspaper has been under pressure four months. the previews editor survived a gun attack in may. he was then sentenced to five years in jail for publishing a
story on arm shipments. he now lives in germany. the rest of murat sabuncu -- "cumhuriyet" is the latest on a series of crackdown following the coup in july. since then dozens of media organizations have been forced to close, tens of thousands of civil servants have been fired as over 30,000 people arrested. brett: with me is the director of reporters without borders-germany. it is good to have you. you have just returned from turkey yesterday. you met with the editor in chief of the newspaper of "cumhuriyet" ? >> i just met him on friday and there were -- they were more or less optimistic that so far they would save -- safe because other
media would be a target but today was very tragic. brett: they had no idea these rates were going to happen. now they are in police custody and we know that for the next five days we may not hear anything from them. have you been able to talk with their relatives? >> we have been in touch with some colleagues and it was a shock to everyone there. because the spirit was like that. they are in the independent voice keeping up the spirit of freedom of information and it is a target on the newspaper itself and the newspaper as a symbol. brett: they are accused of publishing material that supported the attempted coup. can we verify that? >> this is nonsense because
everyone is now accused of being close to any kurdish groups and of course they published documents and stories on the influence of the coup in turkish society. the job of journalists is to publish such material. that is why i think it is not a crime to publish materials or just reporting about the influence of any move in. brett: we tried to get journalists to come on the air and talk to us tonight but across the board they have said no. they are afraid. can you confirm that journalists are fearful for their safety? >> yes unfortunately that is my personal impression of having been to turkey.
the climate really changed and some people have told me that they are somehow tired of hoping but that is why we as an international community, it is much more important to keep an eye on turkey. brett: what can be done? we have the european parliament saying better redline has been crossed -- saying that a red line has been crossed. what can they do to change the course? >> there is still a practical measure which the european states could take. that is to grant urgent pieces for anyone who wants to leave the country and not to hold up these people with bureaucratic procedure. and your politicians still have to speak out loudly not only
about it in a general way but to make this. we need the european politicians grooving -- grueling politicians like angela merkel. maybe shaming. this may be something that could hurt in my experience. brett: thank you very much for coming in, we appreciate you giving us the latest information. central italy is bracing for further aftershocks tonight after a powerful earthquake hit the region on sunday. it was the third in just two months. seismologists say there was a significant risk of another quake in the area. no deaths have been reported but thousands of people have lost their homes. >> the old quarter has been cornered off to the public.
it is practically a ghost town here. only volunteers are allowed in. they try to secure the remains of the historical building the best they can. the risk of more quakes remain. >> we will try to rescue all the cultural heritage sites and buildings/and if. we are right in the middle of seismic activity. the tremors are very intense. they are so strong it is really difficult for us to work. >> to your great was the biggest hit the region in over 30 years. large fissures shows just how powerful sunday's quake was. >> thousands of people in the region have been forced to their homes. 15,000 are sleeping in tents, hotels and emergency shelters. many are afraid to return home. >> i've been sleeping outside. we are really scared with all
the aftershocks. we are very sad and don't know what to do now. it is hard to find the words to describe our situation. >> the residents are hoping that the worst is over. seismologists are warning that there could be more earthquakes in the weeks to come. brett: 499 years ago, martin luther is said to have nailed his thesis in germany. he therefore started the protestant reformation. this will be marked by a year of reformation across germany. the official start of germany celebration in berlin today at the concert house. he praised the reformation as the initial start that led to today's democratic society.
the key figure in the protestant break from the catholic church. our religious affairs correspondent joins me now. good to see you again and talk to me about how radical martin luther's ideas were in 1570. >> they were indeed very radical. the catholic church had unbounded power and the church was trying around 1517 to actually finance the basilica and they sent someone to try and collect money. one of them was to charge indulgences. they could pay their way out of being sinners and of course many the logical took issue with this. if you take into consideration that it was a direct challenge against the entirety of the church and that they wielded
enormous political pattern, this was truly revolutionary. brett: the protestant church which rose out of that has spread to north america at first tell me a little more about the size of promises smooth. -- protestantism. >> they has exceeded the bounds of eastern europe. this is something at the british empire. the czech republic. as of today we find enormous communities or powerful communities in korea for example. latin america has seen an enormous growth.
it covers for whole array of political positions. you have it in scandinavia. they are extremely liberal so it is truly a very large movement. it gets to be the duty of the particular individual and this meant of course democracy --brett: what is the relationship today between the protestant church and the catholic church? >> by and large i think these are movements that have found themselves and i think the
logical of questions -- the logical questions continue to be abated. brett: tonight authorities and morocco are promising monday to investigate the death of a fish seller who was crushed by a garbage truck. the gruesome death has triggered outrage across the country. >>'s life ended in a garbage truck and moroccans are outraged. it is been two days and they are taking to the streets. this amateur video shows the sequence of events.
the fish have put into the truck to be destroyed when he and two other people leads into the truck to retrieve the fish said to be worth about 10,000 euros. the two other fishermen and eight but he cannot get out. these protesters believed the police are to blame. >> what happened to him could happen to anyone of us. the authorities humiliate us whenever they can. what happened in the city should not happen in 2016. this way of killing people by the police, our grandfathers are used to it that we should not be. >> every time the police kill one of us they use the excuse
brett: welcome back here lies -- live from berlin. the shifting allegiance of asian-americans have traditionally voted republican but they are switching their support. a cluster of vietnamese shops and restaurants in virginia. they are attending a voter outreach event. the suburb of washington dc has tended to vote conservatively in
the past for their political allegiances are shifting. >> my name is kim and i am living in virginia. this coming november i will vote for hillary clinton and tim kaine. >> they immigrated from vietnam decades ago. for years they voted for republicans but she has decided that democrats better understand the problems of immigrants. >> i believe the democratic party aligns more closely with issues that are important. ugee i i i i i i i he says he cannot vote this election for donald trump. >> there are also asian americans who support the republican nominee. >> i have been in america for 26
years and this november i am voting for donald trump. >> he is active in the local party and a number of donald trump's asian-pacific committee. >> the republican party knows that this is an important community and we have to engage with them and you outreach. >> republican or democrat, asian americans want their voices to be heard in the conversation. brett: tetra tech business now. china has been the promised land for german car companies but that could soon change. >> the chinese government wants to change the rules and beijing is promising to introduce it for electric cars. they will either have to sell a
certain number of them and it could come into effect as soon as 2018. none of that is sending good with it german car industry. >> the new bill in china has the car industry worry. the world's largest car market could be subjected to a rigorous quote of electric cars. china wants to place a point system. it would allow a certain number of petrol cars that company short on credit must pay up. it spells trouble for some carmakers. they currently sell about 3 million units in china and the carmaker would have to sell 60,000 electric models in 2018 to make the quota. that is currently out of reach things do not look any better for bmw. only 1200 were electrical field
goals. -- vehicles. companies like bw -- bmw are ahead of chinese competitors. now beijing hopes that chinese companies can benefit from a stronger push for electric ability -- mobility. last year over three hundred 30,000 vehicles were sold their subsidized with 12 billion euros from the government. beijing is currently paying the equipment of 8000 for an electric car made domestically. car manufacturers now demand details on any proposed quotas. the chinese government is keeping quiet and analysts are worried that foreign carmakers will soon have to cope with unfair competition and an pdip market access. >> german companies in china are already saying that doing business in the people's republic has become more difficult for them.
strict investment rules and corruption are among the regular complaints. the german economic minister will have a lot to talk about during his five-day visit to china especially since chinese investments in germany have been looked at with more suspicion. chinese investors have set their sights on a german machine building firm. the minister put its foot down blocking the acquisition. the reason is that fear of technology could fall into the wrong hands. they want to hinder the process. it has received opposition not just from china but germany two.
on the other hand german firms have complained of limited access to the chinese market and they are demanding a change. rights to equal treatment and if that does not happen, the temptation will be to make chinese takeaways more unpalatable. brett: here is your next measure -- megamerger. general electric will take over baker hughes and the two companies will combine their oil and gas businesses creating the world's second-largest oil service feel profile with a revenue of $32 billion each year. ge is already the biggest oil equipment maker in the world. two years ago the obama
administration scrapped the takeover of baker hughes by halliburton on antitrust grounds. let's bring in hose a -- jose. premerger worth more than $7 billion. what else to investors see? -- do investors see? >> they think this merger makes sense especially since crude oil prices keep recovering over the next few months. they will create a $32 billion giants as halliburton and schlumberger. it also creates agencies that give their blessing. analysts expect activity to increase moderately year -- next year. it is still pending approval from regulators and baker hughes shareholders.
let's not forget that regulators derailed already a previous merger. now it is october 31, high time to get your scoop on. sales are increasing. is that setting the tone for the holiday season? >> it seems so because americans are going to trick-or-treat more than eisis according to the national federation of retailers. although in sales will approach an all-time high. an average of $83 in items and this sets the tone for the coming holiday season especially after we learned that in the third quarter consumer spending was not as robust. >> thank you. brett: speaking of, i saw him wearing his vampire teeth.
i brought my candy corn in for the trick-or-treaters. it is great. i'm going to leave you that while i do a little introduction. it is halloween tonight and that means you can take the kids and see some ghosts and witches. even here in berlin there are trick-or-treaters making their rounds. american commercialization of it but it began as a pagan right right here in europe. >> high time for pumpkin heads. it is halloween. copenhagen is typical going all out. another american fashion taken europe by storm. where is it? could halloween actually be a deeply european tradition and one that is more than 3000 years old.
the danish priest knows the history well. >> halloween got to the u.s. either immigrants to the states to the states and there is a reason why it is in october. it marks the end of the harvest season and it was believed that day spirits would return to earth on that day. dressing up was a way that they could protect themselves against the spirit. >> people scare them back to their graves dressing as always. >> the way the park celebrates the they certainly makes an impression. >> it looks like it is a lot more corresponding with the harvest. it is a celebration of the season not just halloween day. the park is not content to leave it at that.
they have come up with new ways to terrify their visitors and the spirits. for all those who already had enough. >> here is a reminder of the top story we are following. protesters outside save the arrests are part of the campaign to clamp down. after a short break i will back totitionalaptioning instit, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
♪ [theme music] ♪ [theme music] ernabel demillo: welcome to asian american life i'm ernabel demillio. did you know more than twelve million immigrants came on this island and walked through these doors between 1890 and 1954. they traveled from europe and asia and came through this inspection center. today we take a look at some of their stories and how they shaped asian american history. here's more.