tv DW News PBS November 16, 2016 6:00pm-6:31pm PST
>> this is dw news, live from berlin. barack obama is in the german capital tonight, part of his final tour as u.s. president. air force one touched down in berlin earlier this evening. mr. obama spoke out against inequality, austerity, and authoritarian regimes and championed democratic ideals. also coming up on the show, does he pose a threat or represent a golden opportunity? european leaders are at odds about how it donald trump presidency will affect the european union.
and, how to deal with a climate change denying u.s. president. despite reassurances from john kerry, delegates at the u.n. conference in marrakesh are worried a trump administration could pull the u.s. out of the paris climate deal. ♪ >> it is good to have you with us. barack obama has touched down in berlin on the final leg of his last european tour before leaving office. he stepped off of air force one before heading into central berlin for dinner this evening with the german chancellor, angela merkel. he will hold one-to-one talks with her tomorrow. everyone knows obama has strong ties to the german chancellor and he has called her "probably his closest international
partner. he will meet other european union leaders this coming friday. in a major speech earlier in the day in greece on the first leg of his trip, president obama emphasized the importance of a free press and independent judiciary. he made a passionate kiss for democratic ideals. the country where it all began. -- passionate plea for democratic ideals. the country where it began. >> obama's visit here was well-planned. in light of donald trump's victory last week, his visit have added poignancy in what is likely to be his last major address a broad as president, obama opened his speech in athens with a tribute to the importancece of democratic idea. pres. obama:he basiconging to live with, e futa desire to have control of our lives and our
future and to want to be a part of determining the course of our communities and our nations, these yearnings are universal. julie: there was praised for his greek host for taking in so many desperate migrants. pres. obama: because our democracies are inclusive, we are able to welcome people and refugees in need to our countries. and nowhere have we seen that compassionate more evident than here in greece. [applause] pres. obama: the great people's generosity towards refugees arriving on your shores has inspired the world. julie: he warned that they could not shoulder the burden alone. his farewell trip has become a voyage designed to calm america's jittery allies about a
trump administration. pres. obama: i am confident that just as america's commitment to the transatlantic alliance has endured for decades whether under a democratic or republican administration, that commitment will continue including our pledge and treaty obligation to defend every ally. julie: obama aims to assure europe. brent: joining us now in the studio is nicholas from the jfk institute. no matter where barack obama goes now in europe, his task is to reassure europeans and their leaders that everything is going to be ok when he is gone. nicholas: pretty much. the problem lies not with what
he pointed out that for 17 years the transatlantic had -- the 70 years, the transatlantic alliance richard europe, but donald trump has been vague at best. insecurity about what his administration will be his poison. brent: he cannot make any promises because as he says, he will not be in the next president, so it is out of his hands. what about syria? we know it is on the agenda friday, what can obama do their? -- there? julie: nikolas: not much, actually. his commitment to resolving the crisis has been a little lukewarm and is on stand to reason to assume that the trump administration would be more
forceful, especially considering that his isolationist kind of approach to politics does not really promise more engaging america diplomatically as well as militarily. brent: assad said donald trump could be a good ally to syria. that is a completely different message than we have been hearing. nikolas: that is more part of the insecurity message then of trump's actual political message . since nobody knows what is going on, assad and putin actually now smell the rising morning. they think that with less commitment -- and i think this is a realistic scenario -- with less commitment from the united states, the europeans will make their last stand on the moral issues of cities like aleppo and the war crimes going on there. the europeans have not been so forceful in their policies of
late, so that is good news for them, i guess. brent: ironic, too, that it takes donald trump to get back have -- get that type of movement. 2008 era in berlin, he gave that speech, he was like a rockstar. he did not come to berlin tonight like a rock star. nikolas: no, he did not, but he was always one thing, and that is authentic. nobody would accuse president obama of not wanting to close guantanamo bay and make this hope materialize before our very eyes, but everybody knows the restrictions the u.s. president faces. that is good news also in case of president-elect trump, and what he did, and from a german perspective, his lasting imprint is to bring the transatlantic closer together after eight years of george w. bush where
the partners did not talk much with each other. brent: also angela merkel saying she is his closest ally and her standing in the world of liberal democracy definitely has to be going up. thank you very much, we appreciated. nikolas: always a pleasure. brent: european leaders have been busy trying to determine what impact obama's successor, donald trump, will have on their countries. jean-claude juncker says he is worried about europe's ties with the u.s.. others see an opportunity. here is brussels. reporter: the world in brussels has been turned upside down by this man. officials in the european commission are determined to put europe back on its feet. >> i think this is the right chance for us to realize the
power we have, that all of us should play, and this can be based in the confidence in the european union. i see opportunity for europeans to come together in a much stronger way. reporter: is there a silver lining or is the e.u. putting on a brave face? that is what i asked you expert holland for a sunshine -- f reudenstine. >> we always thought there was going to be an external jolt and it would galvanize us into action and then we would come together as one. well, we did not. reporter: so what about trump's team, i wonder? could they have a positive impact on him? >> that is the big hope. i talked to a couple of his advisors in july. basically the whole foreign-policy team consisting of six or seven people, i met them in july. they were not impressive. reporter: one thing is clear.
the timing for europe is unfortunate. brussels is still recovering from britain's brexit vote. they are asking themselves whether a president trump would be the same as a candidate tom. -- trump. >> almost everything is a big unknown. reporter: some consequences are already clear. talks between the e.u. and u.s. under the free trade treaty are under a deep freeze. so what about trump's comments to tear up the paris accord for cutting greenhouse gas emissions were his statement that nato is obsolete? let us turn again to the expert. >> i think he is well cannot brl international agreements. he cannot cancel everything that
is in the pipeline at the same time. america needs allies and even mr. trump knows that. reporter: ironically, trump's for most european ally during his campaign was none other than populist nigel, the king of breaks it -- brexit. both men nurtured great expectations ahead of their respective votes and started to walk away from their promises the moment they had one -- they had won. >> we will seek common ground, not hostility, partnership, not conflict. brent: america's secretary of state says he is confident that washington's climate commitments will not be reversed despite
donald trump denial that global warning -- donald trump'denials that global warming is real. the levels of anxiety about what a trump presidency will mean for the global climate deal, they could not be higher. >> where to put the american flag? the politicians at the u.n. climate conference in marrakesh are as clueless as these helpers. as a climate change denier, which course will donald trump take? so far, the 190 countries involved had been confident and on course. last year's paris climate agreement has set the standard. countries which produce large amounts of greenhouse gases have to produce a plan for reducing them. even china wants to reduce its use of coal and is making massive investments in solar and wind energy. and poor countries especially in africa want more money.
more than $100 billion have already been promised them to fight, change. but these minor quarrels will not stop an agreement in marrakesh. >> i do not think there is any real conflict because we have set aside funds for adjustments. we know how important it is. germany will be investing additional money here. reporter: the present u.s. secretary of state, john, visited the conference in marrakesh. he stressed how important it is to protect climate. soon, he will be out of a job. if trump that's out of the lime energy meant, it is the -- if trump facts out of the climate agreement, -- environmental groups are hoping that environmental protections in the u.s. will continue despite a trump adminitration. >> the business sector in the
u.s. will play the checks and balance approach and also the citizens. it has been already at work. what are the consequence of doing nothing? reporter: really have u.n. member countries been as united around climate protection as in marrakesh and they even found a spot for the american flag. brent: argentina held an explosive press conference on tuesday. the players announced -- one of their teammates had been smoking marijuana. reporter: his entire team is fed up with the media's allegations against -- >> we have made the decision to not speak anymore to the media. obviously, you know why. we received a lot of accusations . the accusation against -- is very serious. we are very sorry that it has to
barack obama is making his last trip to -- upheaval in the u.s. barack obama is making his last trip. what is in store in the world and in the white house, this week on dw. ♪ brent: welcome back here with dw news, live from berlin. barack obama has arrived for a two-day visit. it is the second leg of his final overseas tour as u.s. president. he will meet with angela merkel tomorrow to talk about sanctions on russia and the election of donald trump as u.s. president. obama and merkel will be joined by other european leaders on friday. business news now. javier is here and the french have another candidate to choose from now in the elections coming up. >> it is getting closer and it
is getting exciting. you might have heard the name before, he was the economy minister in france, will now run for president. the 38-year-old considers off an alternative to the ruling elite but his pro-business policies could make it hard to conquer a french population that is tired of unpopular reforms. reporter: it is hard to put former french economy minister in manuel -- emmanuel in a box. he has been known to criticize long-standing socialist cornerstones. like the 35 hour work week. he has also liberalized the transport sector among other areas and allowed more late night and sunday trading. he has a reputation for being business friendly. he indicated change would ring brighter days.
i am a candidate for the presidency of france because i believe more than anything that we can be successful and france can be successful. but change has not always been easy in france. macron's deregulation laws needed to be forced through. growth remains weak in the eurozone's's second-biggest economy and unemployment hovers above 10%. macron's policies may be popular with businesses and investors. brent: those happen to be a key income source for many of the world's top economies. for years, too little money has been invested in net infrastructure here in germany and that could prove dangerous in the future. a summit is trying to find
solutions. reporter: germany wants aimed to lead the world -- once aimed to lead the world in technology. it held its first i.t. summit -- there was talk of a german search engine to rival google, but those goals all seem further away now that in 2006. a look at average connection speeds shows how wide the gap is. south korea leads the world with a bit rate of 29 megabits per second on average. norway and sweden are second and third. germany is way behind in position 25 with a bit rate of 13.9 megabits per second. german networks are improving, but other countries are improving faster. it takes fiber-optic cable networks to carry today's massive data flows and germany
is lagging behind here as well with only four fiber-optic connections to every 1000 inhabitants. south korea boasts over 200 per thousand. the i.t. sector has put forward a manifesto that calls for gigabit networks as a national standard. theirs is 75 times faster than average. they also want more ministers. it advocates a european i.t. program modeled after an aerospace giant, aimed at boosting the industry. opponents say following these measures will help germany become a world leader in information technology. brent: people are going crazy about this. if you are angry at how your city takes or how long it takes to fix a pothole, take a look at this. last week, a 30 meter sinkhole
opened up underneath the streets of the japanese city. with astonishing speed and efficiency, the local government has already repaired the hole in just two days. reporter: it is a nightmare scenario, construction work on a new underground mine saw a streets collapse in the city. while no one was injured, the 50 meters deep hole disrupted power, water, and gas supplies. but in a miracle of civil engineering, the road is already repaired and in use. it took just two days of construction work around the clock. the city's mayor said the speed was thanks to close cooperation between municipal government and companies. we completed this operation without anyone being injured during the entire process is thanks to and could not have been done without the united
will of private and public sectors and all of the citizens. the engineers used 7000 cubic meters of soil and sand along with plenty of elbow grease. now, there is almost no sign of the infrastructure project or the single which caused it. brent: that is quite impressive. russia says it has withdrawn its backing for the international criminal court. russian president vladimir putin has signed an order removing moscow from a treaty it created for the war crimes tribunal. russia never formally joined the courts but has accused it of bias after the court called the annexation of crimea "an armed conflict." while crimea was part of ukraine in 2014, the year of the revolution.
the pro europe protests led to the ousting of the russia-friendly regime of viktor yanukovych. many are disenchanted by persistent corruption and the oligarchs who will not go away. reporter: three years ago, this man spent months demonstrating against you came for russian government. president viktor yanukovych was forced out of power and many thought things would change, but the post-soviet elite has maintain power and corruption is rampant. >> they still are in the country with the oligarchs who can call it counter revolution also, if you want, and this is bad, but this is something that i was expecting. you know, i was saying just after that it is not going to be better. i was sure it was going to be worse. reporter: three years on, might
on square -- the square, the center of the protesting kiev, highlights huge discrepancies in ukrainian society. the wealth of the elite and the poverty of the overwhelming majority. soldiers in uniform hang out with ordinary people. the ukrainian army has been fighting pro-russian separatists in the east since 2014. ♪ reporter: the soldiers are either on their way back from the front or just heading off to the war zone. this man and others of his generation are fighting for their revolution with very different weapons. they are techno-ravers, expressing their protest through their music. ♪ reporter: since the protests, kiev's music scene has become
highly politicized. it has a clear opinion. >> it is the opposite side of society. there is a space where everything is for bid and and so on. we are fighting for freedom -- forbidden and so on. we are fighting for freedom. reporter: they say this is not about music. it is about living out western political values and winning over other young people for a different kind of society. >> before the might on -- maidan protests, i see it makes sense to live and work here. now, there are people and initiatives here that really want to affect change. i can feel the difference.
reporter: their protest movement had itself, under pressure, particularly from ukraine's new nationalist right-wing movement on ukrainian independence day. right-wing extremist groups made their might known on maidan square. the nationalists are not only strong, but hostile to the young european activists. there are places in kiev where he no longer feels safe. >> right now, because just recently, there were attacks on the ravers, there were at least three attacks. one guy was beaten seriously. reporter: but the ravers are not giving up their vision of a democratic ukraine. no matter how long the road ahead. brent: a reminder of the top
story we are following for you. barack obama has arrived here in berlin for a two-day visit. it is the second leg of his final two or as -- tour as u.s. president. he'll meet with angela merkel to touch on sanctions against russia and the election of donald trump as u.s. president. he will be met with other -- other leaders on friday. more on that final visit by barack obama to the german capital. ♪ [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] çñññññññññññññññññññññ