tv Global 3000 PBS December 16, 2016 7:30pm-8:01pm PST
anne: this week, "global 3000" heads to japan, the country with the world's oldest population. we meet an entrepreneur who runs affordable retirement homes. in the u.s., donald trump has older voters to thank for his election victory, leaving many young people in shock. another brexit? we ask a demographics expert about the generation gap. but first, we go to mexico where thousands of migrants remain dead set on crossing the border into the u.s. what does the future hold for them? the border between the u.s. and mexico is over 3000 kilometers long and one of the most patrolled in the world. getting across is already pretty
tough. and if u.s. president-elect donald trump fulfills his election promise, a towering wall will soon be erected along much of the frontier. in 2014, 486,000 migrants managed to get into the u.s., many of them without valid documents. but if trump has his way, stricter border controls and mass deportations could soon become a reality. >> it'll be complicated, but not impossible. i think i'm going to jump. i've got to get over the border fast before trump gets into office. >> only a few hundred meters separate luis martinez from his dream of a life in the u.s.
he's desperate to get over this fortified fence. he's already travelled 4000 kilometers. after setting off from guatemala, he made his way up through mexico and finally reached the u.s. border at tijuana. >> it's very dangerous in guatemala. there are lots of criminal gangs who threaten you even when you've done nothing. they rob you. it's very dangerous. >> luis is one of thousands of people looking for a better life in the u.s. they come from mexico and all across latin america. many end up trapped in tijuana, grateful for a hot meal from a charity. francisco was born in mexico, but grew up in the u.s. last year, he was caught there with drugs and deported to a
country he'd never known. he worries about a trump presidency. >> i'm just afraid of not seeing my boys again. it scares me. it's scary that now he's the president, but i wish him the best. and god bless him. >> a generous sentiment compared to what trump has said about mexicans, accusing them of being rapists and drug dealers. but luis still sees his future in the u.s. he's just waiting for the right moment to cross the border. until then, he'll stay in this shelter along with countless other migrants. some of them have managed to get across before, but were sent back. they say they want a better life for their children.
>> i didn't go to school, i can't read. but i want my kids to be able to go to school and to get on in life. i can't earn enough for them to study in guatemala so i have to get to the states. >> but it's a risky undertaking. many people die in the attempt. and even if they get across, they're still not home and dry. last year, u.s. authorities returned 150,000 illegal migrants to mexico. that number could grow under president trump. he wants to deport all 11 million undocumented migrants from the u.s. >> we're expecting a jump in deportations in january. we know we have to be ready if that's going to happen. we're the first port of call for them on the border. >> mexico's already becoming overwhelmed by the number of deportees. the situation could even get
worse. mexicans are starting to worry about their jobs. a lot of jobs in tijuana depend on the united states. giant industrial parks have been set up right next to the border. the region's become a colossal low cost processing plant for u.s. companies. the factories around tijuana employ 175,000 people. many of those workers now fear for their livelihoods. they know donald trump promised to repatriate low-level industrial production jobs to the u.s. >> i'm worried there won't be any more work for us mexicans and that will hit the economy. how will we be able to feed our families? >> another worry is that trump could raise import tariffs. mexico wouldn't be able to compete if that happened. >> he's going to be losing a lot of jobs.
the exchange rate is going to be even worse. the economic problems will grow. it will be a more difficult neighbor for the united states. other problems in the world. >> the fear of donald trump is palpable here. but so is the yes we can spirit. the president-elect certainly hasn't put luis off his plans. >> if they deport me, i'll just keep trying again until i make it. >> luis says donald trump couldn't build anything high enough to keep him out of the united states. anne: a wall along the border to mexico, a ban on muslims entering the u.s. with his aggressive campaign slogans, donald trump scored points among older voters in particular. exit polls showed only around a third of young adults cast a ballot for trump.
older voters on the other hand were more likely to support him. we caught up with demographics researcher harald wilkoszewski in brussels. he's been investigating the differences between the concerns younger and older voters have and what impact that has on election outcomes, including the brexit vote. so why do young and old people vote differently? >> age is a broad category that tends to conceal other factors. the u.s. election and the brexit vote have given us some very interesting insights. trump's supporters, for example, tended to be more concerned about immigration and cultural identity, and seemed to be concerned that the former white majority will fall behind. so, it wasn't economic
questions, per se. we heard a lot about the idea that trump supporters tended to have economic concerns. that was a factor, but more importantly, it was about a question of culture. anne: cultural identity was an issue when it came to brexit, too. there was a sharp divide between how young and old voted. only a quarter of young people voted in favor of britain leaving the eu. the older the voter, the more likely they were to want out. so, older voters made a decision that shaped the younger generation's future. that anger brought many young people out onto the streets. so, will we see this generational divide in other countries? how much sway do older voters hold? >> we were interested in how a brexit-style referendum might have played out in other countries. what would the demographic impact have been in germany, the u.s., or australia?
we created an index and looked at 19 different countries, and found that in each one of them, the younger generation would have been on the losing side. so in industrialized countries, populations are aging to such an extent that whenever there's a strong difference of opinion between young and old, older voters will tip the scale. anne: so, young and old people certainly hold very different views. the generations seem to be drifting apart, but can that trend be reversed? how can we bring young and old together? >> young and old will always differ in certain ways. over the course of our lives, we tend to undergo some changes in our attitudes and lifestyles. that's something our political leaders should pay attention to. but it's also important for young people to become more
active politically. we know that turnout is significantly lower among younger voters. and we could also do more to make older people aware of issues. political and civic education isn't just for young people. anne: closing the gap between young and old is a challenge facing populations all over the world. the portion of people over the age of 60 has already reached a fifth in many industrialzed countries. over the next few decades, aging populations will become a major issue, including in china, the world's most populous country. to find out what this means for a society and the problems that come with it, we only have to look at japan, the country with the largest proportion of elderly people.
♪ >> this home for the elderly is located in kawasaki, a city of over a million in the greater tokyo area. the residents often attend events like this concert of japanese folk songs. seiko adachi can sometimes be found in the audience. together with her mother, she runs shinko fukushikai, the so-called social welfare corporation to which the home belongs. almost every day, her mother, masue katayama can be found in the kitchen of one of the nursing homes. she loves to cook and often prepares meals for new residents or guests. >> in japan, we have a saying -- "everyone eats from the same bowl." sharing meals brings us closer together. that's why i like preparing the food.
>> the kawasaki home has many residents in need of care. in japan, care for the elderly is becoming increasingly inadequate. in the past, it was normal for children to take care of their parents. but now, many can't manage to do that because they have to work and their living space is limited. 30 years ago, there was no government-supported care of the elderly. so, masue katayama founded her own homes. that was a first in japan and criticized as an impossible task. >> lots of people told me not to do it. they said it couldn't possibly work, but that actually gave me the strength to do it. >> japan's demographics are changing rapidly. by 2030, more than a third of
the population is forecast to be over 65 years old. rich people can afford luxurious homes for their old age, but for the majority of people dependent on normal pensions, other solutions are needed. masue katayama is now 76 years old. today, her corporation runs more than 30 homes. she says maximizing profit is not the goal. >> we japanese are good at many different kinds of business dealings, but we're not social entrepreneurs. people wouldn't even think of trying to solve social problems. it doesn't have priority. i wanted to be a businesswoman and also act in a socially committed way. >> the founder's personal touch is evident throughout her homes. it's of great importance to masue katayama that residents should feel well cared for and respected. financing the homes continues to be difficult. the government pays a certain
sum per place and the residents contribute their pensions. the mother and daughter team have to hunt for donors to cover special costs and events. it's also difficult for them to find suitable personnel. here they're showing a group of interns from australia around the home. they'd like to hire more foreign workers. >> the japanese tend to be quite shy. we don't express our feelings, but many latin-american employees, they naturally hug residents or they are very good at showing their emotions, especially happy emotions. the residents really like that. >> one reason for the staffing problems is that caregivers are generally poorly paid. in some places in japan, robots are already being used to carry out simple tasks in elderly
care. >> i've got nothing against robots. they can be very helpful, but i don't want to be thanking a robot during my last moments on this earth. >> she wants the residents to feel truly at home in her homes. anne: and now, from the world's oldest population to one of the youngest. the median age in uganda is 15.7 years. uganda though is poor and opportunies for its youthful population are few and far between. but, it's not all doom and gloom. one film director there is on the lookout for the young and energetic. >> ready? ok, action! >> he's a master of on-screen punch-ups.
director isaac nabwana shoots his films in the wakaliga slum in the ugandan capital kampala. the district has even become known as wakaliwood. he wants to redo the take. the actors are good kung-fu fighters, but he reckons they can do better. he wants perfection. >> i think at first they thought i was crazy because you can make an action movie. it looks like it's a crazy idea. not only for people in kampala, but all over the world. they thought it was impossible to make a film with that budget or something like that. >> production costs rarely exceed 100 euros. most of the shooting is done in nabwana's own backyard. family, friends and neighbors all pitch in. the costumes and props are all homemade like this condom filled with stage blood. >> action! >> his passion for action is infectious.
for the director, making movies is a dream come true. >> my brothers used to work and they could come back and tell you stories about what they've seen. they could tell you that is crushing people. bruce lee, rambo, schwarzenegger, chuck norris and others. i have the imagination in my mind. >> the dramatic scenes speak for themselves. his first film was "who killed captain alex?" featuring makeshift special effects, virtually no dialogue and plenty of blasting away. nabwana offers an original take on american and japanese classics. he remakes scenes like this one from "karate kid," setting the stories in africa and spicing them up with ugandan civil war myths. the text commentary adds an ironic touch. it creates a unique wakaliwood style.
anyone can join in. >> we sometimes need many people in the movie and camera. talk to them and say, she's a good actress. when we're discussing the scripts after we watch the trailer. we discuss the trailer and we say this could have been in the movie and we work with them. >> are you ready to die? >> restaurant owner dauda's been in on the action from the very beginning. a talented mechanic, he says he'll make any props wakaliwood needs. he's turned scrap metal into guns. his greatest feat yet? a helicopter currently standing by for its next flight. >> start. >> isaac nabwana describes the ramon film productions team as
one big family. >> one for all and all for one. let us work together. united we stand, divided we fall. for ramon film productions, amen. >> five years ago, american film producer alan hofmanis came across "who killed captain alex?" online. at the time, he was working on hollywood productions. he'd never seen anything like wakaliwood. >> it's the best place to be if you love movies. if you love movies, there are only two places to be -- on set with tarantino or here in wakaliwood. i'm convinced it's the best in the world. >> hofmanis dropped everything and went straight to join isaac nabwana in africa. nabwana took him on immediately as his lead actor. hofmanis was thrilled by the energy and creativity of the wakaliwood troupe.
he wants nabwana's films to be shown at major festivals. he's convinced of wakaliwood's potential. >> it's action. it's uganda. but, i think in the future when you see the body of work. i know what's coming. there'll be a reassessment. he's a serious artist. >> isaac nabwana taught himself everything he knows -- camera, lights, special effects. perhaps not as high-tech as hollywood, but that's just what his fans love. >> as soon as the first few scenes of a film are in the can, nabwana gets a trailer straight onto the internet. he's a dab hand when it comes to using social media to stay in touch with his fans. >> hey, hello. this is wakaliwood.
listen, my friend, why don't you subscribe to our youtube? it is fun. we have good movies. >> wakaliwood has developed a huge online following. fans send in remakes of scenes from places as far apart as indonesia, japan and germany. tourists sometimes drop in on a kind of wakaliwood pilgrimage. isaac nabwana gives them a warm welcome and gets them straight onto the set. sometimes they turn up later in his films. >> i have one from germany who died in a movie. we told him uganda. that movie will be wakaliwood versus the rest of the world in action. you see, yeah. and he's dying, yeah. >> nabwana says it's not his films that are brutal, but real life. cinema is merely a reflection of it. he wants people to have fun.
most of all, to be entertained. >> the biggest of all, i have done it. i wanted my movie to be known all over the world. if i die today, i die happy. >> but he's not finished yet. for isaac nabwana, wakaliwood's like a child. it just keeps growing. he's certain that one day it'll make the big time and be the center of africa's action film industry. anne: time now for an appetizing trip to france, a country with food so good, it was added to the unesco cultural heritage list. ♪ >> paris is a food lover's delight. if you're looking for something tasty, it won't take you long to find it here.
the marais district in the heart of paris is home to the city's oldest covered market -- the marche des enfants rouges, named after the red uniforms worn by the children who lived in an orphanage which used to occupy the site. in the midst of all the bustle lies a special find -- a stand run by alain roussel. alain's here from wednesday through sunday. he runs a crepe and sandwich bar together with his son who handles the bakery products. >> they say i make the best galettes in paris. from the start, my idea was to produce a quality product, something really good that people love.
i use flour, water and salt. add a little beer to the batter. plus, eggs and a drop of olive oil. we try to use organic ingredients as far as possible. >> you can order a vegan galette with mushrooms, avocado and toasted sesame seeds. or one with ham, cheese and salad. or the traditional version, with lemon and sugar. >> sugared crepes are very french. galettes are breton, they're from britanny, so they're not traditionally french in the same way. >> alain has many loyal customers and is always winning over new galette fans from all over the world.
>> the mixture of the ingredients. i mean, the ingredients in here are amazing and altogether its really good. >> i actually had one last night. >> local parisians know the best time of day to come round. >> sunday mornings, there's no wait. by midday, it can take quarter of an hour. after that, it can be even longer. >> but, it's well worth the wait. bon appetit. ♪ anne: and that brings us to the end of today's show. do join us again next time. and don't forget to check out our new facebook page -- dwglobal society.
- this program is made possible in part by the town of marion, historic marion, virginia. home of the wayne henderson school of appalachian arts. celebrating 21 years as a certified virginia main street community. the ellis family foundation. general francis marion hotel. the historic general francis marion hotel and black rooster restaurant and lounge providing luxurious accommodations and casual fine dining. the bank of marion. the bank of marion, your vision, your community, your bank. wbrf, 98.1 fm. bryant label. a proud supporter of our region's musical heritage. (upbeat bluegrass music)