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tv   Newsline  PBS  January 20, 2017 7:00pm-7:31pm PST

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glad you can join us for nhk "newsline." i'm ross mihara in tokyo. people in the united states and the world have witnessed an historic transition of power. donald trump has been sworn in as the country's 45th president. he's now greeting the crowds on his inaugural parade route. the new president went down pennsylvania avenue in a motorcade from the capitol to the white house. a roughly 2 1/2 kilometer stretch.
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at some point he made it more personal getting out of the car with the first lady melania and his son walking parts of the way. security was tight along the route with secret service surrounding the president and security guards forming a human barricade at the sidewalk. in his inaugural address trump pledged to put america first and restore its promise to the people. >> congratulations, mr. president. ♪ ♪ >> we are not merely transferring power from one administration to another or one party to another, but we are transferring power from washington, d.c., and giving it back to you, the people. we are one nation and their pain is our pain. their dreams are our dreams. and their success will be our
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success. we share one heart, one home and one glorious destiny. the oath of office i take today is an oath of allegiance to all-americans. >> now as u.s. president donald trump has pledged to bring back jobs for americans and rebuild the country's infrastructure. >> we will follow two simple rules, buy american and hire american. we will seek friendships and goodwill with the nations of the world but we do so with the understanding that it is the right of all nations to put their own interests first. together we will make america strong again. we will make america wealthy again. we will make america proud again. we will make america gave again
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and, yes, together we will make america great again. thank you. god bless you. and god bless america! >> thousands of people flocked to the capitol for the celebration, but about 60 democratic party lawmakers boycotted the event. nhk world's katherine could he b-- kobayashi is in washington, d.c. >> reporter: president-elect trump said he will bring the power back to the people and make america great again. it will be now on america first. i spoke to some people here in the national mall after trump's address. one man from new jersey said it was good because it was inclusive of all people. he said, trump aimed to mend fences and the president brought home the point that when americans work together they can make the country better. one woman from brooklyn said the speech was uplifting. her husband said trump will
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bring it back and make america great again. some people say america is already great. one pakistani muslim said in his country he doesn't have the same freedoms that america has. during the peaceful transition of power just outside the security perimeters there were protests. about 500 people marched through the streets while smashing windows. police officers had to disperse them with pepper spray. now whether you're for the new president or against, today is a day of change. earlier not long after trump's speech i saw former president u.s. barack obama -- barack obama pass by in his helicopter. i saw his helicopter pass by. the heli made a final tour of the capitol before heading to joint base andrews before he made a final speech. meanwhile, president donald j. trump is getting ready for inaugural balls and for his
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first full day in office. ross, back to you. >> that was catherine kobayashi reporting from the u.s. capitol. trump promised to pull the u.s. out of the trans-pacific partnership. the new u.s. president didn't mention a t.p.p. withdrawal in his presidential address but he made an official announcement on the u.s. website. the u.s. and 11 other countries already signed the t.p.p. when barack obama was in office. the free trade deal won't take effect without u.s. approval. the white house statement also says trump will renegotiate nafta, the north american free trade agreement and if other countries refuse, he has threatened to withdraw the u.s. from nafta as well. in tokyo about 400 people took to the streets to demand that trump honor women's rights. >> here we go! >> americans living in japan and others gathered in a tokyo park
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on friday evening before trump's inauguration. they responded to a call by the u.s. democratic party's branch in japan. >> translator: i want to push this on to trump's face. >> the demonstrators marched more than two kilometers holding rights saying women's rights are human's rights and harassment free world. >> make the world great. >> trump's remarks and actions have been interpreted by some as being derogatory toward women. protest organizers said similar demonstrations were planned in 360 places around the world to coincide with trump's inauguration. leaders and citizens in the asia pacific region are wondering how trump will follow up on the obama's administration pivot to asian policies. many asian people feel uncertain about trump. the u.s. commitment has performed a crucial function in bringing peace and prosperity to what is the global engine of
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growth, even taking into account some destabilizing factors. in afghanistan fears are spreading among residents in the capitol kabul. trump's inauguration comes amid major questions about the future of the u.s. mission there. >> translator: we're worried that if the u.s. military goes back to their country, the security situation will get worse in afghanistan. >> translator: trump shouldn't leave the afghan people by themselves. if the u.s. troops go home, we afghans will have to fend for ourselves. >> in the philippines more than 200 protesters gathered in front of the u.s. embassy in manila. >> from manila to washington to new york are joining protest actions against what we believe to be a fascist and racist regime and now the chief
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representative of u.s. imperialism. >> for asean countries the u.s. served as a key political counter weight to china, particularly those with territorial disputes with beijing. an expert says southeast asian nations are looking at trump's america with a mixture of anticipation and dread. they may have to rethink their policy to cope with the asian giant. >> caught between a rock and a hard place. if trump backs it up, if he backs it up, then more intention. if he talks tough but turns up empty, then china will dominate southeast asia. investors are worried about a possible protectionist trend as asia's exports account for 1/4 of its gdp and 1/5 of them go to the united states. as the new administration takes power in the u.s., north
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korea is threatening to test fire an intercontinental ballistic missile. the warning came in a commentary in the official newspaper of the ruling korean worker's party. it says test firing and icbm is a fair self-defense measure to counter the u.s. nuclear war threat. the commentary adds that it's useless for the united states to try to stop the test through sanctions and pressure. it also says the test will come at a time and place that north korea's leadership decides. in a new year's address the country's leader kim jong-un said the preparations for the launch are in the final stages. on thursday a south korean leader said pyongyang appears to have deployed two new icbms on mobile launchers. meanwhile, defense officials from japan, the u.s. and south korea are on high alert. authorities in seoul say they are conducting a joint exercise. practicing a maneuver to detect and track the ballistic missile
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using advanced egis radar. south korean media say a special prosecutor's team has arrested an incumbent minister. she's been accused of abusing power in relation to the influence peddling schedule that has engulfed president park. the culture minister and former presidential chief of staff were arrested early saturday morning. a court issued arrest warrants for the two earlier this week at the request of a special prosecutor investigating the scandal. prosecutors suspect they drew up a black list of over 9400 cultural figures deemed critical of the park administration. investigators believe the government denied support to anyone on the list. south korean media are criticizing the arrest saying they constitute government suppression of free speech. the question now is whether president park was personally involved in drawing up the black list. legislatures in beijing and
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shanghai have elected close aides of chinese president xi jinping as new mayors. the municipal's people's congress elevated ying. xi was party chief of the eastern jew jang province. he held meetings at an inspection department. in beijing this gentleman was elevated. the election of xi's aides as mayors of the two most important chinese cities is viewed as part of xi's efforts to consolidate grip on his power. this comes ahead of the party convention scheduled for later this year. a major reshuffle of communist party is expected when the
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congress reconvenes. it does so every five years. hong kong's former financial secretary says he'll be running for the city's leadership in march. he was the third most powerful person in the government and he'll face a tough race against the former number two. media outlets say sung made his announcement. beijing did not accept his resignation as financial secretary for more than a month. it's a pre-condition for filing for candidacy. the reports the mainland government doesn't support him partly because he listens to youth activists. a growing number of people say the city's high degree of autonomy is being eroded by beijing. >> i don't think there's a simple solution to the discourse we have witnessed in the past two years. there's clearly a whole number of different issues that have caused that. >> tsang's main opponent is
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carrie lam. the chief executive will be chosen by an elections committee. the majority is lost to beijing but pro democracy supporters have secured more than a quarter of the membership joom. u.n. human rights envoy wrapped up a 12-day visit to myanmar on friday. it will soon be a year since the administration in myanmar led by a pro-democratic party was launched. the people had high hopes at the time but the government faces tough security challenges. nhk world reports. >> reporter: the de facto leader aung sun suu kyi has put priority on ending more than 60 years of conflict between government troops and armed ethnic minority groups.
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>> translator: our country can't grow without achieving peace. >> reporter: but the fighting continues. in november, four armed ethnic minority groups reported in eastern myanmar, a conflict continued, deepening the chaos in the region. one of myanmar's main roads to china was temporarily closed. this truck driver has been waiting here for more than ten hours. and they don't know when they can reach the next checkpoint. >> translator: i've been here since 3:00 in the morning. >> reporter: ethnic minorities who live in the combat zone had to flee for safety. about 130 people from a group took shelter in a monastery in this village. >> translator: countries without war or terrorism are the best.
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we want peace, not war. >> reporter: in western myanmar, rohingya militants have attacked security forces. the rohingya are mostly minority in this predominantly buddhist country. 17 soldiers and 69 militants died in the violence. after footage surfaced on the internet showing rohingya villagers being kicked and beaten, authorities admitted that it was filmed by a police officer. they've launched an investigation. aung san suu kyi invited foreign ministers from other asean member nations to yangon in an apparent gesture of consideration for malaysia and other asian dominated countries. she promised that myanmar would accept humanitarian assistance. aung san suu kyi moved from
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criticizing the military over ethnic minority issues and pride of rohingyas. that shows she's trying to maintain a good relationship with the military. instead of trying to exert a strong influence. amid the crisis near the borders in both eastern and western myanmar, the leadership of aung san suu kyi is being put to the test. diasuke iijima, nhk world. the manufacturer of the mitsubishi regional jet plans to postpone its first delivery by two years until mid-2020. that would be the fifth delay for the mrj, japan's first domestically built passenger aircraft in half a century. test flights for the mrj are being conducted in japan and the united states to acquire tight certification for the plane's
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safety functions. sources close to the manufacturer say glitches in key electronics equipment have forced a review of the jet's design. work to make the changes means the developers won't be able to get the certification until autumn 2019. mitsubishi aircraft has received orders for 447 mrjs from airlines in japan, the u.s. and other countries. officials at the developer's parent firm, mitsubishi heavy industries, plan to announce the delay next week. they're expected to say they're going to try to move up the delivery date as much as possible. here's a look at some of the other business stories we're following. sales at department stores in japan have dropped for the third straight year. officials at the japan department store association say sales at 234 stores nationwide amounted to about $52 billion, that's down 3.2% in yen terms.
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it marked a drop of nearly 40% compared to the peak in 1991. sales of clothing were slow as specialty stores gained in popularity and sales dropped in general because foreign visitors switched to less expensive items such as cosmetics rather than buying luxury items. transport authorities in japan and india have begun a week-long trial run of a freight train service. it links new delhi with a city 2200 kilometers away. it improves india's cargo rail networks. a 40 car train carrying vehicles and home appliances left a cargo terminal in the indian capital on early friday. a japanese logistics firm is working with local businesses for the trial. they're checking for any problems with the cargo and whether the train runs on time. japanese merchants relied on them to tally up sales but most
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people gave up the abacus decades ago when calculators swept the world. now they're trying to revive the age old industry behind the enduring devices. >> reporter: this is an abacus town. at one time more than 800 crops people were based here. every year they produced one million abacuses. fast forward to today and it's a very different story. the town wants to change that. it's trying to reinvigorate the centuries-old industry. students at this vocational college are taking a course in rehabilitation. they're collaborating with the university to create devices that borrow features of the abacus. the aim is to help people overcome physical ailments.
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one student says the abacus is ideal for this purpose. >> translator: it's true that an abacus is good for calculating but it's good in other ways, too. for example, turning the beans, flipping them, turning them up and down to make nice sounds. i think these features are a good match for rehabilitation training. >> she and her fellow students built a device to help with hand rehabilitation. users toss beads on to metal bars to make different sounds. another innovation is touch. it features 4,600 beads across dozens of strings. users move them around to create pictures or patterns. it's the kind of device that appeals to people of all ages. the designers spent five months putting it together.
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the hardest part was choosing the material for the strings. they needed something thick enough to keep the beads from falling. eventually they settled on three bundles of nylon thread tied together in a braid. they took the idea from women's hair. recently students held an event to show off their prototypes to abacus makers and buyers. >> translator: i think it's great. students are very creative. they have interesting ideas. >> translator: it will be great if lots of people find out about our work and if that serves to promote our abacus. >> people here are keen to preserve a craft dating back hundreds of years. many accept that sometimes the best way to safeguard tradition is through innovation.
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japanese defense ministry officials say a u.s. military helicopter has made an emergency landing on an island in southern japan. officials in okinawa say the attack helicopter landed on ikei-jima island. the u.s. military says it was due to technical trouble. no injuries or damage have been reported. >> translator: i saw that two crew members were out of the helicopter. its engine was on. it landed without any damage, so maybe it had something wrong. >> the ah-1 is a two-seater helicopter used for attacking tanks and other targets. the helicopter in question is deployed at the marine corps
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futenma air station in okinawa. the incident comes weeks after a u.s. military osprey aircraft made a crash landing in waters off okinawa. the accident renewed safety concerns of u.s. military aircraft. a former official with japan's education ministry has stepped down. it was a position that has prompted a review of the relationship between bureaucrats and the sectors they oversee. nhk world has details. >> the university in tokyo say they accepted the letter of resignation from a person who worked for the education ministry's higher education bureau. >> translator: we did not sufficiently understand the restrictions on hiring retired senior officials and were unable to stop the ministry's illegal lobbying for jobs. we are very sorry. >> when he was at the ministry,
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his responsibilities included allocating government services to universities. only two months after retiring he was hired by the university as a professor. the government decided to replace him with a man who as vice minister holds the highest post at the ministry. >> translator: i'm very sorry that i've undermined public trust in the ministry. i hope officials working there will put the ministry back on the right track. >> this ministry has taken disciplinary action against seven officials and employees. a government oversight committee found they lobbied to secure university position for the retiring colleague. the committee concluded that the action was present to prevent collusion between bureaucrats and the employees they oversee. the committee says since 2013
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there have been 38 cases resulting in mediation. they were found to have violated the law. prime minister shinzo abe ordered all government ministers and agencies to check whether there have been similar cases. nhk world. foreign residents in tokyo can be especially vulnerable in an earthquake or other disasters. as the numbers risen to half a million, efforts are underway to make them more prepared. nearly 300 people from about 50 countries and territories took part in an emergency drill on friday. they worked with firefighters to learn how to help people trapped under debris. they also practiced first aid including applying bandages and performing cardiac massage. >> translator: it was a good opportunity to learn how to give a cardiac massage and use a defibrillator.
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>> the metropolitan government is increasing efforts to inform foreign residents how to prepare for disasters and deal with them when they strike. here is the weekend weather forecast. an argentine footballer has arrived in shanghai. he will be paid $40 million a year. it is thought to be the highest pay for a soccer player in the world.
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more than 2000 fans welcomed him at the airport on thursday. he signed a two-year deal with a club in the chinese super league. the former argentina national striker has played for major european clubs including manchester united and juventus. >> translator: i'm thrilled so much. >> translator: i hope more high-performing players come to the country from abroad. >> china has been working to strengthen the abilities of its team as it seeks to host a fifa world cup tournament. another shanghai based team signed a player known simply as oscar from brazil last month, the deal is reportedly worth $26 million a year. that's all we have this hour on nhk "newsline." thanks for watching and have a great day.
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narrator: welcome to "global 3000." this week we're looking at animal species which are under threat of extinction and at the -- those trying to protect them. we go to south africa where rhinos are still at the mercy of poachers. their horn is more valuable than gold. what can be done to put a stop to this illegal trade? in kenya, we learn about bee populations that protect elephants. it might sound like a joke, but it's not. but first we go to kazakhstan, home to the saiga antelopes. recently, the species was nearly wiped out. we went to find out why. it's been a year since news emerged of the agonizing deaths sufferedy

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