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tv   DW News  PBS  November 22, 2017 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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♪ sarah: this is "dw news," live from berlin. a triumphant arrival for zimbabwe's incoming president. emmerson mnangagwa makes his first public appearance since returning home from south africa. 's path to power made possible by the stunning resignation of his predecessor robert mugabe. mnangagwa is due to be sworn into office on friday. also coming up, justice for a you and tribunal sentences former laws the insert commando
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-- and what is next for germany as politicians seek away from the -- good the social democrats be rethinking their opposition for governing together with angela merkel's conservatives? we will have the latest on the negotiations. ♪ sarah: i'm sarah kelly. welcome to the program. thank you for joining us. zimbabwe's former vice president emmerson mnangagwa has arrived back in harare in preparations to take power after president robert mugabe's shock resignation. mnangagwa had fled to south africa earlier this month after being fired by mugabe. a short while back he addressed his supporters outside the headquarters of the ruling party.
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reporter: crowds in harare welcome home their hero. and emmerson mnangagwa failed to disappoint. it did not take him long to connect with his supporters. >> the voice of the people is the voice of power. today, we are witnessing the beginning of a new unfolding democracy. reporter: his return follows a historic day in zimbabwe. on tuesday, the speaker of parliament announced that robert mugabe had resigned after 37 years in power. harare celebrated the beginning of a new chapter in zimbabwe's history.
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today though, all eyes were squarely on mnangagwa. he is expected to be sworn in as interim president on friday. in the midst of political changes, the african union took a more cautious approach. >> the transition must be a and short-term one, as the constitution allows for elections in july and these elections must be free, democratic and inclusive, where everybody is allowed to run. reporter: the vote is expected to be held by september, 2018. what shape zimbabwe will be in by then will depend a lot on this man. sarah: for more, let's bring in journalist ray ndlovu who joins us from harare. ray, we just heard a pretty rousing speech. i think it is fair to say. did the former vice president tell the people what they wanted to hear? ray: thank you for having me. the former vice president definitely had a resounding welcome.
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winning over the people looking forward to his term. speaking into taking over and addressing president robert mugabe as the former president, clearly drawing a line in the sand that he is now in charge and ready to start a new way forward. definitely those that attended left happy and pleased that their man is back and he's talking their language. sarah: but surely when it comes to a new way forward, a lot of people must have concerns about that, because this is a man, he was the right hand man of president mugabe for a number of years. what is the mood there in the country, especially because people want change? ray: certainly we cannot take away the fact that he has been by former president robert
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mugabe's side for 50 years. but the mood right now in harare is they want to give him a chance and want to give them a clean slate in which he can begin to chart his own way forward. we heard in his speech addressing president robert mugabe as the former president. i read it as a very strong indication of how he intends to disassociate himself from the former leader. he is a new leader for the country. sarah: let's talk about what might happen to the old leaders of the country. robert mugabe and his wife, e first lady, grace. do we know what is expected of them in the future? ray: we have not had any official communications from those that have been in charge of the country, the military. but we do understand from those
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that are close to the mugabe circle, that the former president intends to remain in the country and is not have any plans to leave zimbabwe. he is going to be allowed to seek medical attention as he has always traveled to singapore and malaysia. we understand that is going to continue. his businesses are going to continue running. i understand that basically he intends to live right now as a private citizen. sarah: ray ndlovu with the latest from harare. thank you so much for your reporting. ratko mladic, the former bosnian chief accused of leading the massacre of 8000 muslim men and boys in the small town of srebrenica has been guilty of war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide. judges at the u.n. tribunal in the hague have sentenced him to life in prison. the atrocities that mladic has been convicted of took place
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during the bosnian war in the 1990's. his sentencing caps off years of efforts to bring him to justice. reporter: in july, 1995, ratko mladic stood before the cameras and assured bosnian muslims that no one would come to harm. 22 years later, he was sentenced to life in prison by the international criminal tribunal for the former yugoslavia for a genocide that saw nearly 8000 muslim boys and men from the town murdered. the conviction of the former bosnian serb general was met with relieve from the victim's relatives. but for those like this woman who lost two sons and two brothers, it offers little consolation. >> they killed all my brothers. all my sons. they were all mine. they were the same age as my sons.
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i have no one left. not even a neighbor. reporter: mladic's son said his father would appeal the ruling. >> this is all a lie. this is not a court. this is nato. i must say that they are trying to criminalize the legal endeavor of serbian people in times of civil war. reporter: but the chief prosecutor said mladic was no were zero -- no war hero. >> some today will claim that this judgment is a verdict against the serbian people. my office rejects that claim in the strongest terms. mladic's guilt is his and his alone. others who would say that mladic
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was a hero and was defending his people, this judgment demonstrates that nothing could be further from the truth. reporter: mladic will now spend his life behind bars after being found guilty of ordering the worst atrocity in europe since the holocaust. sarah: joining me now from london for more on this is the founder and chairperson of the u.k.-based charity remembering srebrenica. thank you for joining us this evening. we know that the tribunal found mladic guilty of war crimes and genocide. what does this mean today for the survivors? how are they seeing the significance of this sentence? waqar: well, the survivors and the mothers that i have spoken to, for them there is some consolation. the man who was sentenced, he was really the chief architect behind the genocide, behind the
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pure evilness that was promoted across bosnia. certainly there is sadness because those people who perished in the genocide, those children, those boys, they can never be brought back. genocide is one of the worst crimes that humanity can experience. and this is what happened in our lifetime in europe. sarah: and that genocide, those unspeakable atrocities, they were actually captured in a single iconic image that opened the world's eyes to what was happening. we just want to show it now because it shows an emaciated prisoner held in a serb concentration camp. that prisoner managed to escape his torturers. here he is at the court in the hague today, where he saw ratko mladic being brought to justice. that leads me to my question,
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because your organization wants to raise awareness of the genocide in bosnia. what lessons can be drawn from this tragedy, would you say? waqar: well, we must learn the lessons certainly, so that hatred can lead to genocide. and we are living during times we have far right organizations promoting hatred. particularly hatred focused on islam and muslims. we must understand that in our lifetime, that hatred led to the genocide of muslims after we had said never again after the holocaust. so we need to teach people through commemoration, through memorials, as well as in schools, teach children about the consequences of hatred. sarah: thank you so much for joining us this evening to tell us a bit more about that important work you are doing to raise awareness. we appreciate it. waqar: thank you. sarah: let's get a quick check now of some other stories that
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are making news around the world. the presidents of russia, turkey, and iran and said they have agreed to keep working on a peace process in syria. russia's vladimir putin said the syrian government is committed to a peace process and free and fair elections. earlier this year, the three countries helped negotiate a partial truce between syrian forces and the opposition. six syrian men who had been arrested in germany on terror-related charges have been released. authorities had suspected the men were planning an attack but now federal prosecutors say there's no sign of preparations for an imminent terrorist attack or that the men are members of the so-called islamic state. international airplanes and ships have joined the search for an argentine submarine that went missing a week ago. but experts say that oxygen levels on board may have dropped to critical levels. the argentine navy says that the ship's oxygen would last one week if that sub was still intact.
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german tennis legend boris becker turned 50 today. becker took his first wimbledon title in 1985 when he was just 17 and went on to win five more grand slam crowns in a glittering career. he has been remaining busy with coaching and poker interests while also generating occasional controversy in his retirement. the lebanese prime minister says he is putting his resignation on hold after the country's president asked him to reconsider and allow time for more dialogue. hariri attended independence day celebrations in the capital after returning to lebanon later last night. it is nearly three weeks since he suddenly announced resignation while in saudi arabia. lebanese officials accused saudi arabia of forcing hariri to resign, but he has yet to confirm those allegations. for more on this i'm joined now by bente scheller, she is the
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beirut office director. welcome to you. so why is this change of heart, do you think, taking place from hariri? bente: it was very important that today he would be here in lebanon. today we are celebrating the lebanese independence day and all parties here had said they would cancel the celebrations if he would not return, so therefore it is very important that he came and that he delivered the message that he's willing to engage here. the suspicion was that saudi arabia was behind his move and therefore now his signal to the lebanese population was i am here for you and i want to discuss with my adversaries or the other political parties what to do to solve the lebanese crisis. sarah: i want to talk a little bit more about that role from saudi arabia and iran. would do you make of the role
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they are playing in this? bente: it's a small state that has always been in the focus of regional powers and therefore hariri's movement -- , the future movement, is backed by saudi arabia. given the controversy these two have in the region, lebanon is one of the battle grains -- battlegrounds for them to fight it out. sarah: so is the crisis, would you say, over now? what do you anticipate hariri's next move to be? bente: the main aim of all political activity in lebanon is to have the parliamentary elections that is scheduled for may next yr. this reallwill be very important because the parliament has extended its mandate several times and now we are looking forward to these elections. and therefore, i think the crisis as such is not over, but at least a very important step has been done for having him
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back here so there is the possibility to discuss the issues at stake. sarah: what's the feeling on the ground there in lebanon? what sort of reception did the people give hariri when he came back? bente: it was a very warm welcoming back. also in the weeks before, we already saw a lot of posters and all the streets of beirut. you ll find poers with the image of hariri saying, we are all with you. there really was a large effort of all political parties to stress the importance of his return to focus on the future of lebanon. sara bente scheller, thank you so much. bente: thank you. sarah: daniel winter is here now with some business news. and we are talking about a big hack in silicon valley. daniel: that's right. it's a massive data breach which affects millions of customers, and yet uber kept it under wraps for a year. your name, email address and phone number could be among the
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leaked data. the ride-hailing app even paid hush money to keep it quiet. now, new york's attorney general is looking the case and a federal level investigation could also take place. reporter: not only did uber know about the hack and keep it from authorities, it paid the thieves $100,000 to keep quiet. uber is not the only company to be extorted by hackers. yet firms in the u.s. and u.k. are required to disclose breaches to the government. that means uber could face heavy fines. the cover-up also exposes the firm to customer lawsuits. more seriously, it raises questions about uber's management at a sensitive time. the company is trying to change a reputation for recklessness following a string of scandals under founder and former ceo travis kalanick. it is also pushing for a new round of investment. >> the fact that they refuse to tell people that tens of thousas of driver's licenses, that all this personal data was
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floating around outside of its control, only reinforces the impression that people have that this is a company that does not care about what happens to his user's data. reporter: customers say the latest revelations make them uneasy. >> uncomfortable. >> it is a little disappointing. i use uber. i had no idea this was going on. reporter: but will they actually leave uber? valued at nearly $70 billion, the company is already the largest ridesharing service in the world. d it has continued to grow despite past controversies. that means the latest scandal for uber may just be the latest bump in the road. daniel: u.k. finance minister philip hammond has the unenviable task of trying to relieve the burden of austerity in the country while reducing borrowing. the timing could not be worse. in his autumn budget today, hammond lowered his country's five-year growth forecast. that is due to the uncertainty caused by brexit. the country's decision to quit the european union has resulted
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in a sharp fall in sterling and an increase in inflation. he set aside 3 billion pounds for brexit contingency plans. ployees of bankrupt airline air berlin have taken to the streets of the german capital to protest against job losses. their futures hang in the balance under the company's new owners, lufthansa and easyjet. reporter: they say they have been forgotten. hundreds of former air berlin employees took to the streets to vent their frustration. the airline's insolvency has left them in a peculiar kind of limbo. >> today we are calling on politicians to take responsibility. this is about a company takeover. as the facts stand today, 80% of us here are flight crews. we have no work anymore. we were let go conditionally, which means we are not entitled to social welfare because we
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were not officially fired. i do not think people realize that. reporter: anger, especially at the decision to guarantee payments of up to 4.5 million euros to the former air berlin ceo. many people accuse the company of breaking promises. >> we're back to square one. people need to apply for new jobs from scratch. at other companies, which makes sense. but we had been counting on being kept on with the same salaries, as has been promised. this has not happened and that is a great shame. reporter: the protest took place as air berlin's bondholders learned they are unlikely to recover more than 1% of outstanding debt as a result of the company's insolvency. meanwhile, the future of thousands of workers remains up in the air. daniel: from bitter talks in berlin over an uncertain future, to something completely,
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totally, absolutely different. sarah: pretty much the same thing, just on the political front. because we're going to talk about those failed coalition talks here in germany, which have catapulted the country into unprecedented political uncertainty. president frank-walter steinmeier has been meeting with already leaders to find a way out of the deadlock. meanwhile, pressure is growing on the social democrats. they have so far ruled out joining angela merkel's conservatives in a grand coalition. but that position, it is becoming increasingly difficult to maintain. have a look. reporter: the conservative cdu csu block working together with the social democrats and the federal government. will the old team also form the new one? there is already support for a new edition of the grand coalition. the conservatives want to stay in power. >> we need a partner who at the moment still refuses to go along.
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the spd needs to quit pouting. reporter: so far, spd party leaders have shown no interest in governing. on election night they ruled out joining a grand coalition, something they reiterated after the collapse of the recent coalition negotiations. >> we remain unafraid of new elections. in view of the results of this year's elections on september 24, we will not be available to enter into a grand coalition. reporter: but germany's president is increasing the pressure. he even alluded to the spd's rigid stance during a visit with schoolchildren. >> those who barricade themselves behind assertions, as we are now witnessing, can only be reached with great difficulty later. reporter: there are even rumblings within the spd itself. not everyone is thrilled with a possible role in the opposition.
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>> president steinmeyer has made a very clever announcement. he said that we now have been called upon to talk. i always very much favor coming to decisions at the end of talks and not at the beginning. reporter: even the would-be governing green party thinks the social democrats should not refuse, in spite of everything. >> it probably won't work to their advantage to enter into a grand coalition again. that's the dilemma. but this general refusal to negotiate is unacceptable. reporter: spd chief martin schulz has probably started to reconsider. suddenly, he is reported to have said that the spd will put the country's interests ahead of its own. schulz is due to meet president steinmeyer on thursday. sarah: to turkey now, where the trial of 11 human rights activists on terrorism-related
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charges resumed today in istanbul. among the defendants is taner kilic, the chairman of amnesty of amnesty international in turkey. taner is still behind bars. eight other activists including german national peter steudtner were released on bail last month. all of them deny the charges against them. our correspondent julia hahn has this report from istanbul. julia: their supporters came to make a point. this banner says justice for rights defenders. it's a reference to the 11 activists on trial. >> today, many of your friends have gathered here. rights defenders from turkey and other countries like brazil, the u.s., india, ireland, and germany. >> it has nothing to do with the rule of law. this is a politically motivated case.
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the court is just following the decision already made by the authorities. julia: most of the accused had previously been released from detention, including the german national peter steudtner. he is seen here at the rear before he flew home last month. but this man was kept in custody. taner kilic, the chairman of amnesty international in turkey. he is accused of having links to the movement which turkey claims was behind last summer's attempted coup. aiding a terrorist organization. similar charges has been labeled against tens of thousands of people here in turkey since last year's failed military coup. the government says the prosecutions are necessary to maintain stability in turkey and the region. but the activists and their supporters believe their trial is aimed at silencing all critical voices in turkey.
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the trial further inflames the already-heated relations between turkey and the european union. at the same time, it sends a clear signal to the people of turkey. according to another of the accused, the turkey director of amnesty international. >> defending human rights in turkey has never been an easy task. it shows that it can be quite dangerous as well. but i think it has also served the understanding that you can be accused of ridiculous charges and kept in detention for no good reason. julia: the accused have long campaigned for human rights in turkey. the question now is whether that campaign can continue. if found guilty, the defendants could face 15 years in prison. sarah: a quick reminder now of the top stories we have been following for you before we go. zimbabwe's former vice president
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emmerson mnangagwa has arrived back in harare in preparation to take power after president robert mugabe's shock resignation. mnangagwa had led to south africa after being fired by mugabe earlier this month. he will be sworn in as president on friday. you're up-to-date now on dw news. i'm sarah kelly in berlin. thanks for watching. i will see you next time. ♪ [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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steves: the dramatic rock of cashel is one of ireland's most evocative sites. this was the seat of ancient irish kings for seven centuries.
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st. patrick baptized king aengus here in about 450 a.d. in around 1100, an irish king gave cashel to the church, and it grew to become the ecclesiastical capital of all ireland. 800 years ago, this monastic community was just a chapel and a round tower standing high on this bluff. it looked out then, as it does today, over the plain of tipperary, called the golden vale because its rich soil makes it ireland's best farmland. on this historic rock, you stroll among these ruins in the footsteps of st. patrick, and wandering through my favorite celtic cross graveyard, i feel the soul of ireland.
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- [narrator] saudi arabia is a nation in transition. with increasing signs that the status quo it has enjoyed for decades is beginning to fray. as aging rulers give way to a new generation, the political, social, and economic status quo is beginning to shift. with an ambitious young prince, will saudi arabia be able to weather the push for reform? once known for having a special relationship with the us, many question whether the alliance between an ultra-conservative islamic monarchy and the secular democratic republic is coming under new strains. saudi arabia, next on great decisions. (enthusiastic music) - [announcer] great decisions is produced by the foreign policy association in association with thomson reuters.

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