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tv   DW News  PBS  March 19, 2018 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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[ ♪ ] brent: this is dw news live from berlin, the slightly longer brexit britain wants, it will get. the chief negotiators for the european union and britain announced they agreed on a 2-year transition for the u.k. to complete its exit. there's still no guarantee that brexit is a guarantee. more from our correspondent in london. also coming up, no pull back at the border. turkey promises to push on with its offensive against the kurds in syria.
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now that the city of av ran seized and 150,000 displaced. and western leaders greet vladimir putin's re-election as russian president as ambivalent. germany expects russia to remain a difficult partner with vladimir putin in charge. [ ♪ ] i'm brent goss, good to have you with us. tonight we know it will be a slightly longer divorce. britain and the europe queen union laid out plans for a 2 year exit from brexit. u.k. will be allowed to stay in the single market and customs union for the end of 2020. for businesses and ordinary citizens, it's good news. for the future of brexit itself, the uncertainty remains.
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reporter: a rare site. the two chief brexit negotiators full of mutual comply ms and smiles. it may be too early to call the progress a break through. it will prevent a hard called brexit and allow for a transition period until the end of 2020, thanks to concessions from the british. >> translation: during this transition period britain will no longer participate in the eu decision making. it will no longer be a member of the eu as of march 2019. it will benefit from the advantages of the single market and the customs union. and it will abide by all e.u. rules. reporter: unions and industrial associations throughout europe sounded warnings about the impact of a hard brexit. monday's deal provides for a 21 month transition period when duties and export barriers will
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not be applied after britain leaves next year. >> business decisions need not be allowed. based on guesses about the future deal. reporter: time is less of a stress fracture. important issues are unresolved such as the border between ireland and eu member, and northern ireland which belongs to the u.k. . brent: we'll go to our correspondent barbara wesel, she is following the story from london. good evening to you. we have the u.k. getting the transition period that it wanted. is that a reason for the brexit ears to celebrate? >> the brexit ears don't celebrate, they are ominously quiet. one lead brexit-ear said that it was knit picking to criticize the deal for extra time for britain with brexit negotiations. only nigel farr age came out and
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says theresa may should step down over it because it was a shame and more or less treason, and the scottish government felled betrayed by london over fishery rights. there are a lot of people who are, sort of, not ape with this. however, of course, the majority particularly in business will be greatly relieved because they are gaining time. brent: they are gaining time and certainty. what is uncertain is the future of the irish border, the boarder between northern ireland and ireland. it is still a thorn in the side of the u.k. and we understand that britain has agreed to what is called a backstop solution. what is that? >> that is a legal fallback. is it means, simply, if a, b and c will not be possible, d applies. d is what britain doesn't want.
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and it means that northern ireland would more or less have to stay in large parts of the customs union and the single market. and then the next step is that if you look at it more closely, indeed, in a border running between the european union and great britain, or not so britain after this, throughout the require sea. that is something that theresa may said the impossible can never be bun, never ever. but the pressure was so great to deliver the brexit solution, interim solution, she said let's have a back stop, and we have to come up with an idea how to solve this until autumn. >> a few weeks ago the british prom said agreeing to the backstop option was something no british premier would intera to. we have a dramatic turn around. does that speak to the fact that
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brexit, itself, is still not a forgone conclusion? >> she had to turn and eat her words. she was - the eu had theresa may over a barrelment. the -- barrel. the pressure on her was enormous, and the european played their hand and could only lose. it was quite clear that she had to deliver this interim period. throughout this week, otherwise the next summit would have been in june, and time would go by. businesses would leave. we have heard about unilever leaving the -- unilever leaving the u.k. and going to the netherlands. others would follow, there was fear, anxiety and pressure on the british government. so they ate their words, turned around and said okay, we drew the red lines in the sand yesterday, and we walked across
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them today. brent: yes, people call them shifting sands in politics. correspondent barbara wesel on the story for us tonight in london. thank you very much and here is some other stories making headlines around the world. angela merkel, angela merkel is making a drip to poland. meet the the prime minister and the president. america 'em's drip comes with relations between germany and poland at a low point amid disagreements on migration and polish judicial reforms the substance used to poison russian ex-spy sergei skripal in the u.k. is due for testing. an international team of weapons experts arrived to test samples of the nerve agent used in the say tack. it is known as novichok. the u.k. alleges that russia is most likely behind that attack. turkey is not letting up on
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its campaign against the kurds in northern syria. turkey's recep tayyip erdogan vowed to extend the offensive. 150,000 from afran has been displaced. turkey views kurdish militants along the border as terrorists. he wants the militia eliminated from the border. >> this is what victory looks like. turkish forces and turkish-backed fighters swarming into atram and armed to the teeth. according to ankara, it will not be the end of the fighting. reporter: we'll go on to manndit and kabani. we continue until we clear the corridor of turkish held areas. if necessary, we'll take permanent control of the
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terrorist camps in northern iraq. we told the iraqi government if you are going to do it, do it. if you can't take care of it, one fight we may enter sinjar and clean out the kurdistan workers party. reporter: in afghanistanran they have taken care of it, this statue in the afram city center is a symbol. and it'sion, along with y.p.g. that forces drove out. turkey sigh esees the y.p.g. as a terrorist organization and a threat to national security. turkish officials called on the international community for help, with little success, in the fight against n.a.t.o.'s second-largest army, the kurds are defiant. >> translation: our forces will be a nightmare for the turks in every area in afghanistan rein. the -- afran.
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it will continue until every millimetre is free. and the residents return to their homes. reporter: this child is one of 150,000 refugees that fled the district. they are bearing the brunt of the suffering. with turkish forces set to turn east. it doesn't look to leave soon. brent: we will brick in dorian jones, our correspondent, monitoring the situation in istanbul. good evening to you. we know that mr recep tayyip erdogan says turkey has no intention of in vading syria. what is he doing, and whathis e >> well, officially it is to remove what they call a terror threat from along most of its 900 kilometer border. the afran provision is swift and successful. they are looking to move
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eastward and they'll have the - the president made clear they want to clear out the kurdish militia which they link to inside turkey and beyond the border and into iraq. beyond this, there's a strategic goal involved. turkey realises the more real estate you control inside syria, the greater the say over the end game when the end approaches and the end of the civil war. and the policy of adding might to diplomacy is no different to russia, iran and the united states. it's part of a dangerous policy followed by all the countries involved in the region. brent: what about the civilians caught in the mid of this. afran is a kurdish military tail. what happens to the civilians, do we even know what the situation is on the ground there?
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>> the reports we are getting is alarming. there's reports of widespread looting across afran city. pictures of shops and houses emptied of their contents and unconfirmed reports of those that remain in the city facing intimidation and threats. there are some that welcomed the arrival of the turkish forces. but the vast majority of the city. over 100,000, 150,000 fled the city in the last few days before turkey over ran it. the situation facing them is causing concern. many have sought refuge in syrian regime territory nearby. they are trying to get to the other turkish renaling jocks to the east. forcers are not allowing them to proceed. if they move east, that is the target of the operation. the future is concerning. we have reports that many at the
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moment don't have food or water. brent: the kurds played a pivotal role in the fighting with the united states. is there a reaction from their allies, the united states? >> well, there has been a strong statement from the state department, they are deeply concerned about the situation, voicing concern about reports over looting, and the plight of these displaced people. and raised concerns about how this separation cut across the war of the london knights, which all should focus on. it underlies a deep division between the two n.a.t.o. allies. turkey has been hitting back against the united states. and aiming at pushing back us influence in the region, and the rhettor coming from the advisors. and this is aimed at ending western meddling in his backyard.
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at the moment this situation is deepening the crisis between the allies. us forces are debe dlid. that is the next --s are deployed. that's the next target. brent: correspondent dorrien jones on the story in istanbul, thank you very much well, where was your profile harvested. what has facebook been doing with our personnel data. >> better hit the emoji button, facebook is about sharing. the company has once again shared your information for political purposes. it was not intended. according to a former staff member of came bridge analytica. the personal data of 50 million facebook accounts was misused during the 2016 election. facebook announced an investigation. c.e.o. mark zuckerberg is facing
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serious questions. reporter: facebook's mark zucker burg enjoys the limelight, when the news is good. as far as the latest data concern, he is keeping a low profile. cambridge analytica was using data from 50 million user. the company failed to inform those. cambridge analytica was told to delete the data, which, according to reports, never happened. facebook offered to delete the accounts of those that brought the scanned ol to light. people like chris wylie, former cambridge research esh at analytica. he described how the company worked. >> imagine i ask you and say hey, if i give you $1 or $2 can you fill out the survey, do it on the app. and you say fine. i don't just capture responses.
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i capture information about you from facebook. and then crawls through your social network and captures the data. by you filling out my survey, i capture 300 records. reporter: the users facebook friends were spied on without consent. their likes, gender, sexual orientation and political leanings. everything was gathered. on twitter, facebook executive andrew bosworth denied climbs of a data link saying no passwords or information were stolen or hacked. friday, facebook announced that it had suspended cambridge analytica. that is not enough for politicians in britain and the us. they want to tackle the issue and confront those responsible. brent: facebook is a big company. we'll see reactions at the stock price. let's bring in our correspondent at the us stock commavening.
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this is bad news for facebook. >> yes, and there could be some legal challenges. and those are actually quite likely. what i'm hearing over here is the european union could be a bit tougher on facebook than us regulators, and overall if you look what happened in the past. not just with facebook and other tech companies, usually those fees or fines that we saw were not really threatening to the business model. . and then companies paid and pretty much still played along as they did before. from a league at side. we have to wait and see if this really is going to have a huge implications on facebook. >> now, how has the stock of the company behaved during the trading session today. we are seeing effects on other companies as well. >> we have seen implications on other tech companies.
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if you look at the business side of facebook, it relies on trust. if trust is going to be damaged by this affair, that could have some implications. also facebook on other social media companies may have to invest more to protect the feed and information of the customers, and the reaction on wall streets was intense. the stock lost 7% in value. 35 billion in market value was lost. it was the worst day for the facebook stock in about four years. brent: thank you. jens coulter in new york the other topic, tariffs on steel and aluminum announced by the us are around the corner. us allies are trying to seek extensions. germany's economy minister is in washington for talks. the eu trade commissioner will join tomorrow. it's a race against time as tariffs on both sides of the
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atlantic are piling up. reporter: the new tariffs come into force on friday. in some ways the german and european steel industries could sit back and relax. after all it makes up a small proportion of the european exports to the us. yet the eu is the trading partner to be hit hardest by the new taxes. the eu as a whole, all 28 countries, would have $26.5 billion of steel and exports affected by the ussers followed by chine re with an export volume of $3 billion. germany pays tax on $1.7 billion, making it the country most affected from within the eu. some experts warn that the new tariffs may be the beginning of a cascade of others spreading across further sectors and countries, the europe queen steel fear the us may be flooded
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with cheap exports. reporter: with our correspondent is in washington following the statements by the german economy minister. it's good to see you alexandra. as you saw the minister, how optimistic was he, is there a real possibility to avoid the tariffs? >> well, i ask peter ald mier whether he is confident that a solution can be found before the tariffs are going to be imposed on friday. he really dodged, just saying that he cannot speculate on that because it is such an important matter. but then he added it is a little more optimistic that he was before, after meeting his counterpart here. the us secretary of comers and other members of the trump administration. he didn't, however, tell us what
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a possible solution could look like, and what the european union would be willing to offer. there are rumours saying that the european union may be exempt. but that there could be tough conditions attached to that. conditions such as caps on steel exports, and an increase in defense spending. but we have to say we have to wait because there is a lot of diplomatic activity here. >> let's take a look at the bigger picture here. we know one thing for sure, and it is that donald trump wants tariffs in general. what does the eu in this case want. is it about avoiding tariffs on steel and aluminum or talking the us out of tariffs altogether? >> i think that the europeans are more concerned about measures that could come next. and the more important question
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for them is whether president trump will follow up on his repeated threats to slap tariffs on imported cars, and that could really harm the economy in the european union and particularly, of course, in germany as one of the top car exporting nations worldwide. >> you were talking about what comes next. and now let's take a look at the scenario if donald trump doesn't give in. could we see tariffs imposed by the eu. >> well, the european union was quick to say it is going to fight back. there was a list published. a list of us products that could be potentially targeted by the european union. we have to say that the european union is not interested in escalating the dispute. and germany wants the european
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commission to tread cautiously. >> alexandra following the story for us in washington. thank you. that's all for business, back to brent. and a familiar winner in russia's election. brent: well, a day after russian president vladimir putin's landslide reselection, protests against him an erupted. on the streets of moscow several hundred opposition members protested the outcome. they say that they do not accept vladimir putin's win, because polls were not fair. and the organization for security and cooperation in europe says that voters had no real choice. meanwhile vladimir putin struck a softer tone than he has recently towards the west on monday, saying he would put diplomacy first. >> translation: we have no intention of engaging in some kind of arms race.
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just the opposite. we will seek to develop constructive relations with other countries. we call on our partners to have a constructive dialogue. brent: i'm joined at the big table by gustav from the european council of forward relations based in berlin. good to have you on the show. >> thank you. brent: we saw mr putin saying he didn't want to do arms race, but he presented to the country a couple of weeks ago an invincible now nuclear weapon, which vladimir putin is telling the truth? >> well, vladimir putin hardly ever tells the truth. let's stick to facts. on arms rails, yes, russia is increasing its military budget and arming up. russia is preparing in manoeuvres against the west.
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here the russian behaviour doesn't match with vladimir putin's rhetoric. it's an information operation. vladimir putin reaches out, without making any tangible concession, to whomever wants to pick up the hand in europe, you have the freedom party co-governing in austria or an italian government. and they'll want an excuse to say why sanctions are nonsense and why we should not reach out to this hand. ignoring the fact that the hand is well armed. brent: what do you think about what we here coming out of the united states with cambridge analytica and facebook. there's a controversy over facebook, and the controversy over russia being behind everything. is there any way to hold vladimir putin and the kremlin to account for in? >> well, that is difficult. first of all, because it's not so clear cut on what the kremlin
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does. russia here is - it's not such as vladimir putin is the only evil sislord sitting on the conceiving plots. it's more people that have moscow consensus, and we are at war with the west. they are trying to sell products to vladimir putin, raising the importance domestically. and they engage the secret services that compete with each other. brent: vladimir putin would know something as ominously as influencing an american election - he would know it's going on. >> yes, and he likes it. you have several actors in russia trying to show off to influence how much they have influenced the american election. brent: and win his favour. >> and win his favour. you have competition between different arms and oligarchs,
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trying to use their special angle and sell it to vladimir putin, and vladimir putin chooses in terms of favour and money who is the best. brent: we are out of time. i have a feeling we'll talk about this in the future for the next six years. goous av greggel from the council of european relations. after a break i'll be back to take you through the day. we'll take an indepth look at the claims of facebook and cambridge and analytica, russia and donald trump.
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(ste ady orchestral music) - are you curious about careers in science?ic) - hi it's janellyn and today i'm here with dr. tamara bush. so where are we today? - you are in the biomechanics lab here at michigan state university and we primarily work with the human body. - what is motion capture technology? - it's a grouping of cameras and we put reflective markers on the body. we put 64 of them on the hands and then we can see
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how each of the digits of the hands moves in 3d space. everything we do impacts people and can make a difference in their lives. and everyone in my lab gets excited about that and that's why their in biomechanics. - i had an awesome time meeting dr. bush and learning about biomechanical engineering and motion capture technology. explore your possibilities! (steady orchestral music)
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reyes: women of latin america making a difference across the continents. we'll show you the unique ways they're creating an impact. i'm elaine reyes in washington, d.c., and this is "americas now." [woman rapping in spanish] reyes: first up, female rappers fighting for justice with song. they sing out to stop crimes against women and draw attention to the thousands of disappeared women missing in mexico. then, a physicist who has made a breakthrough that is literally out of this world. she helped discover gravitational waves in space that will now help scientists understand the mysteries of the universe.

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