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tv   Global 3000  PBS  May 5, 2018 12:30am-1:01am PDT

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♪ people live around the world. from a corrugated-iron hut, to an apartment, or even a mansion. when it comes to security and a sense of well-being, few things matter to us more than our own homes. but there are many different living models around the globe. join us as we head off to south america, the u.s., and the netherlands to find out more. we start in peru, one of south america's more populous countries, where around 20% of people live in poverty, mostly in the countryside. in many urban areas, rich and poor live side-by-side. in impoverished districts, people might live in wooden huts worth around $300, while their
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affluent neighbors snap up mansions worth $3 million. how does that affect a community? reporter: the air here is heavy with dust. most of the people living in these shacks have no access to electricity and running water. on the other side of the mountain, a well-to-do neighborhood with sports facilities and luxury villas. two worlds separated by a ten-kilometer long wall made of concrete and topped with barbed wire. sara torres lives on the poor side. pamplona alta is situated in the outskirts of the peruvian capital, lima. the population is increasing rapidly, as more people arrive from the countryside to try their luck in the big city. sara has lived here for 17 years. during that time, both the wall and the contrast between the two
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sides have got bigger. sara: it makes people aggressive. this kind of situation shouldn't exist today. it's a form of discrimination. other people might see it differently. but for me, it's a clear separation of the poor on one side, and the rich on the other. reporter: sara runs an eatery in her neighborhood. she offers good food at a good price, sometng her ctors apprecia. the 49-year-old earns just enou to get . she serv mealsm rly intovening. du the day, she takes time out to go shopping and sometimes even goes home for a short rest. she lives alone now. she says her ex-husband was violent. rapid population growth, coupled with poor-quality housing and
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lack of services have led to many problems. sara: there are a lot of health risks where we live. there are animal feces everywhere, which raises the risk of infection. there's plenty of filth and smog here. and our neighborhood is located in a valley. the air is always smoky from the garbage being burnt. lots of children have asthma, breathing problems, and digestive issues. and there's never enough water. reporter: on this side of the wall, the stench of burning garbage is ever present. on the other side, there's a different kind of fire lit. the villas' fireplaces provide warmth and comfort. here in the suburb of las casuarinas, life is good. for many of those on the rich side, the wall provides peace of mind.
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sebastian: even if it's my work that makes me successful, i believe everyone who seeks success should find it. we have to work together and give each other opportunities. in my opinion, the wall provides protection, but the door is always open, so that we can be together. reporter: several years ago, he hired victor, who lives on the other side of the wall, as home help. victor has come to terms with the divide. victor: yes, i'm one of the poor people. i'm from the village, and that's where i'll die. but there's no reason not to be friends with people on the other side. it's not about exclusion. i wouldn't call it a wall of shame, like other people do. those people only want to hurt others.
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reporter: ten kilometers of barbed wire designed to keep out undesirables. city officials agreed to the wall's construction at the request of wealthy residents who hoped that it would keep crime out of their area. sebastian says it's about boosting security, not promoting discrimination. sebastian: over the years, there were always rumors that mountain thieves were entering the neighborhood. but they weren't residents of the poor neighborhood. many who live there work here with us, and we get along fine. but there were some people who tried to come over to us through the slum in order to steal. they were the catalyst for the construction of the wall. it was built for more security. reporter: but for sara, the wall symbolizes injustice.
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a barrier separating peruvians from each other. it's a form of confinement she'll never accept. sara: it's sad. you can see two different kinds of lives that have been deliberately separated. from up here, you can see two different worlds. the lives of the rich, and the lives of the poor. it's very sad that there's a wall like this, made of cement, built to separate people. reporter: a growing divide between rich and poor, coupled with increasing fears over security. the wall separating two neighborhoods in lima is a
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concrete example of both. host: to own a home is the desire of nearly everyone in the world, but perhaps nowhere more so than in the united states. having a solid job, a car, and your own home -- that's at the heart of the american dream. around 64% of americans own property, be it a house or a flat. and the real estate market has been booming in the sunshine state of florida, in particular. having a home close to the coast is still the ultimate goal for countless would-be residents. even if it means living in a town built on not-so-solid a foundation. reporter: gloria raso tate is something of a cape coral institution. she came to the sunshine state with her family when she was only nine years old. a home on the waterfront, their own boat outside the front door. living like millionaires, though
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at affordable prices. the american dream. gloria: we're selling the same dream my father was selling, quality of life. we've been doing it for 43 years and our office, almost 45 now, in our office, the third generation of real estate in our family. and we continue to look forward to the growth in our community. we're only half -- we're not even halfway done. reporter: sun, sea and sand. the carefree life drew speculators from around the world to the swampland here. it's hard to believe, but cape coral is america's fastest growing city. a community built on shaky ground, threatened by rising sea levels. no one here seems to give a hoot about the effects of climate change, though. nate: i don't believe the climate change. i think it's nonsense.
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barb: they've been having hurricanes for years. so, i don't think that's really a climate change issue. mellie: don't build a city below sea level? that's probably a good option. but, you know, since they've already done that, you just kinda have to deal with the consequences. reporter: american bravado. cape coral is a planned city that went straight from the drawing board to the water front. its attraction -- affordable housing and low taxes. a housing estate for 180,000 sun worshipers. the regular hurricanes that tear across the region don't put prospective buyers off. despite all the warning signs, construction here continues apace. former county commissioner ray judah shows us what cape coral looked like before the bulldozers and backhoes arrived. ray: their limited or lack of planning, where they really recognize that there is gonna be some 400,000 residents in cape coral someday, well, they need to start planning for more open
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space and to actually provide for development and growth away from the waterways, so that it doesn't put people in harm's way. reporter: it all began in the 1950's, when two speculators snapped up some swampland. uninhabitable mangrove swamps became construction sites, with very little infrastructure. the advertising promised paradise on earth. jim: marshes and those mangroves protected the pine flatwoods and the higher ground behind that. now the ocean's been invited all the way in to the center of the city. and so sea level is going to rise throughout the city, not just on the edges of it, as it would be if you didn't have the canal system. reporter: but there are sustainable options. like babcock ranch, 40 kilometers northeast of cape coral in the florida hinterland. it's a new project vying for buyers.
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protected from floods, with a more european touch, including a carefully planned downtown district. everything easily accessible, close to nature, 21st century florida. and no costs spared when it comes to marketing the impressive package. sabine: it looks great. you won't have to drive everywhere. you can do most things on foot -- go to the water, go shopping, get an ice cream, take the kids to school. amazing. reporter: unlike cape coral, babcock ranch has declared 90% of its land a nature reserve. it hasn't forced any of the original inhabitants out. it also hasn't altered the environment, leaving naturally evolved storm protections in place. it's the first completely solar powered u.s. city. that's an attractive selling point. and although still under construction, houses survived the massive storm hurricane
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irma. donna: september 10 and september 11, 2017. thank you to the people who are building our home. we hope you and your families were out of harm's way. and we wrote that on 9/13/2017. reporter: now the avecks are settling in. it's the first house to be finished in their future community. an architectural pearl. it feels good to be in the avant-garde. jim: be with open-minded people who are thinking forward and don't run from change, but embrace it. we think that's very, very important. reporter: back at cape coral, gloria tate insists that the construction boom is far from over. regardless of the hurricanes that pummel florida's coasts
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ever more frequently and fiercely. just living in the moment. forgetting the future. though some of those with a little more cash are starting to build with bricks instead of wood, now. gloria: our limits are endless. and really, the opportunities here for businesses, for growth, for manufacturing. there's plenty of land here for everyone to come and fulfill their dream. reporter: a place in the sun. cape coral really couldn't care less about rising sea levels and storm damage. a game with high stakes. host: when it comes to finding a place to live, there's nothing like a good dose of creative thinking. something the dutch are pretty good at. what about providing affordable housing that also benefits the greater community? multigenerational houses have been gaining in popularity in recent years.
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young and old living together under one roof fosters a sense of community and belonging. in the netherlands, they've taken this basic concept to the next level. reporter: the dutch town of deventer on the river ijssel has a population of 100,000, about a quarter of which are students. jolieke van der wals is one of them. affordable housing is rare here, but jolieke has finally found something and is moving in today. she's excited to be part of this experimental project. >> hello, everyone. this is your new student resident. reporter: these are some of her new housemates, who are all between 70 and 104 years old. 160 seniors live in this retirement home, together with six students, one on each floor. jolieke: at first i thought it was a crazy idea. all of my neighbors would be elderly.
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but actually it could be really sociable. i'm certainly in no hurry to move into student accommodation. i'm sure it will be lovely living here. reporter: this is jolieke's room. instead of paying rent, she will spend 30 hours a month caring for her elderly housemates. there's not much time to settle in, though. her first task starts right away, helping to set the dinner table. then jolieke gets a little lesson in tact. jolieke: shall i open these for you? they say they can do it themselves. and of course, they're right. i don't have to do it. reporter: hitting the right note can be tricky. it might take a while to get used to things here.
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piepe and jaans daam live right next door to jolieke. over morning coffee, piepe reads to his wife from the newspaper. the couple met when they were teenagers. piepe: we've been together for 62 years. reporter: and how many children do you have? jaans: three daughters. reporter: and how many grandchildren? jaans: i don't know, i'll have to count. piepe: you know how many. jaans: no, i don't. piepe: six. reporter: jaans' memory is failing. she has alzheimer's, and needs more and more help. that's why piepe decided they should give up their home and move in here.
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jaans spends a few hours every day in a special therapy group for those with dementia. that takes the pressure off piepe for a while. it lets him relax and do the crossword. he likes to chat with one of the other student residents, jurrien mentink, who's lived here for four years now. jurrien: what i've learned is that each of the 160 residents has a unique story to tell. they have different interests, different skills and knowledge. and that's what it's all about. what can the people here still do? what do they want from life? we have to get away from the silly idea that old people are just a burden, and that looking after them costs a fortune.
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reporter: jolieke soon became friends with yoke keerdeek, who has mild dementia. she likes to talk about the olden days and her late husband. jolieke: it gives you a totally different view of old people, a way of learning from them. i think that's great. especially when you are still young, it can affect your whole life and how you think about older people. reporter: young and old living in harmony. it's easier than you might think. host: and now we go to thailand, for our global ideas series. animal feed cultivation is a popular source of income for many farmers here. it's about as far from organic or sustainable farming as you can get. and in places like chiang mai province, it's having a devastating effect on the local environment.
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our reporter florian nusch went there to meet a man doing all he can to convince local farmers of alternatives. florian: the mae cham meat market is no place for the faint-hearted. but demand for its end product, cheap meat, is growing around the world. here in thailand, the surging appetite for meat has been accompanied by an increase in demand for low-cost animal feed. that's a source of concern for rattapat srichanklad. he leads an initiative that promotes sustainable agriculture in chiang mai. rattapat: thailand is one of the biggest meat exporters in the world. of course, that pleases the government. that's why it supports the cultivation of corn used as livestock fodder. but it would be better to
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produce food for humans. florian: for farmers, cultivating this kind of corn can seem like an attractive option. high demand for meat keeps feed prices stable. as a result, many farmers have come to rely on it for their income. but growing the same crop in the same place each year sucks nutrients out of the soil. farmer somboon has been growing corn for animal feed for over a decade. but he'd actually prefer to grow other crops. in recent times, his yield has fallen. the plants rely on chemical fertilizer, but that's pricey. so much so, he's run into debt. somboon: growing corn is becoming more problematic. up to now i haven't had an alternative. i haven't been trained up to do anything else and i need to take care of my family. if someone comes along and helps me to change course, i'm all ears. florian: that's where rattapat srichanklad comes in. he wants to persuade farmers to try out alternatives. he travels widely to deliver his message. today he's on his way to give a
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workshop in a hillside village. the journey takes him past barren landscapes, a sign of the damaging impact corn crops can have on the soil. as demand grows, more and more corn is being planted. logging is against the law. but many farmers flout the regulations. rattapat: when the rainy season begins, feed corn will be planted here again. before that, they'll burn the grass. everything here will be up in flames. florian: the resulting ash functions as a fertilizer. but the fires have a disastrous impact on the environment. rattapat: the fires happen once a year. smaller plants and animals don't survive. it has a devastating effect on biodiversity. but the worst thing is the smog that hangs in the air for days.
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florian: no matter where he goes, rattapat srichanklad's workshops are well attended. farmers can take part for free. rattapat: imagine what this would look like if there were green forests around us. florian: germany's environment ministry provides half a million euros in funding to the workshops. environmental group wwf is the project's local partner. ply: we are competing with the industrialized capitalist system that is not sustainable. our solution is involving a lot of efforts, a lot of awareness, a lot of actions to be done. so that is the biggest challenge to make this happen. florian: this wwf project will run for another three years. organizers are hoping to reach some 200 households.
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the workshops provide farmers with practical help, like tips on improving irrigation. many types of crop require more water than those destined for animal feed. rattapat srichanklad explains how to use natural methods to retain more moisture. rattapat: this method allows us to slow down the movement of the stream. that allows the surrounding land to absorb more water. but you need to inspect and fix the dams regularly. florian: this man has managed to make the transition. thirasak suwanno used to grow feed corn. but like others, he ended up in debt. these days, he grows organic bananas. thirasak: the transition was difficult, especially because we had no money coming in during that period. but thanks to the support we got, we managed it. the bank gave us more time to pay back our debts, so i'm
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feeling confident. florian: the wwf instigated project hasn't been as much of a success for everyone as it's been for thirasak. but still, half of the workshop participants say they want to make the leap to more sustainable crops. the wwf has teamed up with some local businesses to promote the project. among them, this organic restaurant in chiang mai. by cutting out expensive middlemen, the farmers' products can be delivered directly to restaurants, schools, and hospitals. it's a project run on ideals and it's by no means certain a market for sustainable goods will emerge. but change could be in the air. rattapat: look at the sky. smog everywhere. everyone's affected by the environmental problems. we can't wait for the government. we need to become more sustainable, in terms of production and consumption. florian: making sustainable produce irresistible to consumers. rattapat srichanklad and his
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team are hoping there's an appetite for it. host: who cares about the flower industry's destructive impacts? >> i do. host: who cares about lgbt rights in australia? >> i do. host: who cares about homeless people living on the streets of los angeles? >> i do. host: who cares that your superberries are destroying the rainforest? >> i do. host: who cares about female empowerment in senegal? >> i do. all: and that's why i follow dw line to global3000@dw.com, or on facebook. see you next week. bye for now. ♪ [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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steves: on the mediterranean sea, basking between the french and italian rivieras, the principality of monaco barely fits on its one square mile of territory. of its 30,000 residents, less than 10,000
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are true monegasques, as locals are called. many of the rest call monaco home because there's no income tax. despite overdevelopment, high prices, and mobs of tourists, a visit here is a riviera must. and monaco is a work in progress. the district of fontvieille was reclaimed from the sea. it bristles with luxury high-rise condos. the breakwater -- constructed elsewhere and towed in -- enables cruise ships to dock. and cars still race, as they have since 1929, around the principality in one of the world's most famous auto races -- the grand prix of monaco. the miniscule principality has always been tiny, but it used to be less tiny. in the 1860s, it lost most of its territory to france. but the prince built a casino and managed to connect his domain to the rest of the riviera with a new road and a train line. humble monaco was suddenly on the grand tour map --
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the place for the vacationing aristocracy to play. today, the people of monaco have one of the world's highest per-capita incomes, with plush apartments to match. its famous casino allows the wealthy to eoy losing money in extreme comfort. if monaco is a business, the prince is its ceo. while the casino generates only a small part of the state's revenue, its many banks, which provide an attractive way to protect your money from the tax man, earn much more. there is no income tax here, but the prince collects plenty of money in value-added taxes, real estate taxes, and corporate taxes. nearly all of monaco's sights are packed in a cinderella neighborhood atop its fortified hill. its impressive aquarium, which proudly crowns the cliff like a palace, was directed by jacques cousteau for 17 years. a medieval castle sat where monaco's palace sits today.
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the palace square features a statue of françois grimaldi, a renegade italian who captured monaco disguised as a monk in 1297. this first ruler of monaco established the dynasty that still rules the principality. today, over 700 years later, the current prince is his direct descendant. palace guards protect the ruling grimaldi family 24/7. and they change with the pageantry of an important nation. every day at about noon, tourists pack the square to witness the spectacle in this improbable little princedom. [ band playing march ]
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- [female voice over]: this program is made possible in part by the town of marion, home of the wayne henderson school of appalachian arts, celebrating 21 years as a certified virginia main street community. the historic general francis marion hotel and the speak easy restaurant and lounge, providing accommodations and casual fine dining in downtown marion, virginia. the bank of marion. technology powered, service driven. wbrf 98.1 fm. and bryant label, a proud supporter of our region's musical heritage. ("cherokee shuffle" by gerald anderson) ♪

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