tv DW News PBS May 8, 2018 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT
♪ brent: this is "dw news," live from berlin. a campaign promise kept, a move that europe tried to prevent. president trump pulls the united states out of the iran nuclear deal. >> in just a short period of time, the world's leading state-sponsor of terror will be on the cusp of acquiring the world's most dangerous weapons. therefore, i am announcing today that the united states will withdraw from the iran nuclear deal. brent: trump also reinstated economic sanctions against iran with a veiled warning that there
will be consequences for countries doing business with tehran. meanwhile, european countries is a are committed to keeping the deal going despite the u.s.'s withdrawal. benjamin netanyahu calls it a bold decision. we will have reaction and analysis of this is stored withdrawal and what it means for the world. "dw news" starts right now. ♪ brent: i'm brent goff. it's good to have you with us. tonight, a game changer in the middle east and perhaps beyond. u.s. president donald trump has pulled the u.s. out of the iran nuclear deal. trump signed a presidential memorandum reinstating sanctions against iran after calling the agreement a quote, horrible, one-sided deal that did not bring peace and never will.
in an address before signing that document, trump called iran the leading state sponsor of terror. trump had previously resisted lobbying from the seven other signatories to the deal, insisting that it had to be changed to keep the u.s. on board. let's listen in to part of what the u.s. president had to say just a few hours ago. >> at the heart of the iran deal was a giant fiction that a murderous regime desired only a peaceful nuclear energy program. today, we have definitive proof that this iranian promise was a lie. brent: all right. we have team coverage of this story tonight. we want to go first to clear richardson in washington. -- claire richardson. what was the biggest take away from this announcement today? clare: there is a lot to unpack
in what was truly perhaps the most monumental foreign-policy decision we have seen in donald trump's presidency to date. he repeated a lot of his critiques of the iran nuclear agreement which he has always maintained was a very bad, one-sided deal. he things was poorly negotiated in 2015 under the obama administration, and he points to specific issues he had been seeking to try and address and have threatened to remove the added states from the accord if they were not. essentially he thinks the agreement overall is too weak. he was concerned about things like sunset clauses, which allow iran to resume some activities after a certain amount of time. it does not seriously address -- and did not not seriously
address iran's ballistics missile program. however, this is a devastating blow for the u.s. european allies who believe the iran nuclear deal is the best way to stop iran from getting nuclear bombs. it was also in many ways expected. we have a new secretary of state and a new national security advisor who have always been ironic hawks. -- iran hawks. it now suggested to many that this was something that was going to take place sooner rather than later. brent: let's have a listen to more of what the u.s. president said today. >> the iran deal is defective at its core. if we do nothing, we know exactly what will happen. in just a short period of time, the world's leading state-sponsor of terror will be on the cusp of acquiring the world's most dangerous weapons.
therefore, i am announcing today that the united states will withdraw from the iran nuclear deal. brent: clare, what happens next? are we looking at old and new sanctions to be introduced? clare: it is of course quite a complicated process. we do see the treasury will start implementing a 90 and 180 day window of wine down periods of reinstating the sanctions. this was expected this could be a possibility, that they would not be implemented immediately the rather have this period in wish trump perhaps hopes iran will have a change of heart and come to the negotiating table. but iran has said many times it will not renegotiate a deal. brent: let's talk about the european position on all of this. we know that europe says it
wants to stick with the deal you now we -- deal. now we have had reaction from the iranian president. i want to read parts of a quote from him, something he said after trump's announcement. he said if we achieve the deal's goals in cooperation with other members of the deal, it will remain in place. by exiting the deal, of america has officially undermined its commitment to an international treaty. now that is a turnaround of the position of iran, surprising words. do we know how would a deal work with european partners in it but without the u.s.? guest: if the commitment by iran stands as it was issued tonight that would be iran and the eu against the u.s.. the assessment of the nature of the deal is completely different on this side of the atlantic. the europeans say this deal is essential for security in the region for europe and the rest of the world, and they also say
this deal is working, it is preventing iran from acquiring atomic nuclear weapons. and therefore it must be kept. is it possible to do it without the united states? that is very difficult to say because if sanctions are in place, the pressures on iran will be very large and the eu will have to circumvent somehow the sanctions for its own companies because trump is also threatening european companies to have secondary sanctions. so the eu said today we will prevent our own interests and protect our company. it is also here, the eu against the u.s.. brent: the eu against the u.s. we also know the new eu ambassador to germany tweeted after the trump announcement
that german companies doing business in iran should begin winding down their activities there. clare, if indeed iran does stay in the deal and we have maybe u.s. pitted against europe, it is going to mean that trump is more isolated than ever. has the u.s. tonight, as a result of all this, a weaker hand when it comes to north korea? clare: sure. certainly it would strengthen iran's hand in terms of asking for further concessions if it decides to stay in the deal with the european powers and china and russia. you mentioned north korea, and this is also very much a salient point moving forward. we heard surprisingly in trump's speech him say that his secretary of state mike pompeo was on his way to pyongyang to negotiate some terms of what could be an historic upcoming meeting between trump and the north korean leader kim jong-un.
he is going there to have out -- hash out details of this historic summit. it will be the first time a sitting u.s. president has met with north korean leader. of course the main reason that trump has said he is going to speak with the north korean leader is about the process of achieving denuclearization for north korea. and the rest of the world is looking very closely at how the trump administration treated this iran nuclear deal and to see whether in some ways it was a fake ill -- fateful actor to the deal is signed in 2015. it'll be interesting to see how this will affect those negotiations, with north korea will look to today's announcement as evidence that the united states is not good for its word when it signs international accords. brent: that is a good point because we will remember that the clinton administration, there was a deal signed with the north koreans that than the bush administration reneged on. the north koreans have not forgotten that.
bernd, we are getting reaction from the european union to this announcement from trump. let's listen now to federica mogherini. >> the european union will remain committed to the continued full and effective limitation to -- implementation of the nuclear deal. we fully trust work, the governments, and the economy of the international atomic energy agency that has published 10 reports certifying that iran has fully complied with its commitments. the lifting of nuclear-related sanctions is an essential part of the agreement. the european union has repeatedly stressed that the lifting of nuclear-related sanctions has a positive impact, not only on trade and economic relations with iran, but also mainly crucial benefits for the iranian people. the european union is fully committed to ensuring that this continues to be delivered on. brent: we know that the u.s.
president does not agree with that. he says the money that was freed up through this deal did not go to the good of the iranian people, and he says that businesses in europe in particular that are doing business with iran are helping aid terror. now, he has said he wants all businesses out of iran. and there was a veiled threat made today by the u.s. president that there will be consequences for countries that do not still -- stop doing business. a lot of commentators say that was addressed to europe. are we looking at a situation tonight with the u.s. threatening some type of sanctions against its european allies over iran? bernd: well, some european diplomats in brussels here say this is the only way you can read this because these sanctions are imposed unilaterally without the european union involved.
when the europeans in the u.s. together had the sanctions in place, now these sanctions are also directed when i are imposed in 18- days against -- in 180 days against european companies doing business is. these are secondary effects of the sanctions. this is -- frederico marguerite he has vowed she will protect these interests and there are some ways you can build workarounds to the sanctions and maybe protect these interests. but of course this will harm iranian interests as well because many german companies, banks, will not be reluctant to go into iran and do business there. so this is a real conflict of interest here. but still, paris, london and berlin have declared tonight they will stick to the deal and continue to work with iran is nobody knows what donald trump is up to, how he will have the
leverage to force iran to go back to the negotiation table and to prevent them better from now not to build nuclear weapons. brent: bernd reigert and clare richardson, thank you. israel's prime minister benjamin netanyahu is an outspoken opponent of the iran nuclear deal. he was one of the first world leaders to react to trump's announcement tonight. >> israel fully supports president trump's bold decision today to reject the disastrous nuclear deal with the terrorist regime in tehran. israel has opposed to nuclear deal from the start because we said that rather than blocking iran's path to a bomb, the deal actually paves iran's path to an entire arsenal of nuclear bombs, and this, within a few years time. the removal of sanctions under
the deal has already produced disastrous results. the deal did not push war further away, it actually brought it closer. the deal did not reduce iran's aggression, it dramatically increased it. brent: that was benjamin netanyahu there. increased aggression seems to be what israelis are preparing for. we have reports that israel is on high alert, the military saying forces ordered bomb shelters to be opened and go on height after spotting irregular activity of iranian forces in syria. what more do we know? tania: this statement from the army came shortly before the speech from mr. trump. we understand the israeli army has given instructions to open public bomb shelters in the
israeli controlled part. they have identified unusual movement by iranian forces in syria. they say it additional defense systems have been deployed. and also we understand now that some limited numbers of israel's reserve have been called up. this columns -- comes after the immediate was speculating the past couple days, there was a lot of concern here that an attack might be imminent in the coming days. the israeli military has been in high alert for the past couple weeks because it believes iran wants to retaliate for the alleged israeli strike in april on a syrian air base, which killed several iranian military advisers. iran has blamed israel for that. brent: let me ask you, you are
there, you cover this powder cake every day. -- powder keg every day. is there a feeling there that this move by donald trump has brought israel closer to a military conflict with iran? tania: certainly the tensions have been steadily growing, and there has also been more of what has been called military confrontations, even, in the beginning of the year. there has been alleged iranian drones that entered israeli airspace. an israeli jet was shot down. we have seen more and more alleged israeli airstrikes on syrian soil. and we also understand that tonight there have been reports actually just coming in of explosions near damascus. they are all unconfirmed, we do
not know yet what is behind it. there is a sense that the tensions are growing. it is just not clear what a retaliation could actually look like. brent: our correspondent tonya kramer on the story for us in jerusalem. thank you. helena is here now. we're going to talk about the economic impact of this decision. a lot happening the last few hours. the u.s. ambassador to germany tweeting that german businesses should wind down their activities. there is also a veiled threat that the u.s. could maybe threaten sanctions against europe if it continues to do business with iran. helena: absolutely. it was a veiled threat. not just sanctions against tehran, anyone who helps tehran with building a nuclear weapon. anyone who was still party to that agreement, which is the european union. so, many concerns over the future stability of the iranian
economy following president trump's announcement about withdrawing the u.s. from the nuclear deal and to impose the highest level of u.s. sanctions against the iranian capital and the government there, and adding that those sanctions as we just mentioned will extend to any country that helps iran with what he calls iran's ambition to produce nuclear weapons. the european union said it was concern tougher sanctions could push iran's economy to the brink of collapse. reporter: the streets of tehran are in a sorry state. of the government only repairs the very worst sections of road. and to do that, they need machinery from abroad, including cranes, excavators and bulldozers. when sanctions against iran were ease in 2015, many western companies seize the opportunity to business, including many german companies. in the 1970's iran was germany's second most important export
country outside the usa. last year iranian firms deliver goods worth 400 million euros to germany, above all, oil. germany for its part exported 3 billion euros worth of goods to iran. the easing of sanctions brought more than just machinery to iran. there were also food products and other goods. they created jobs, too. a total of 600,000 a year since 2015. but that is not anywhere near enough. a total of half of all females under 30 with high school diplomas and a third of all males in the same demographic are unemployed. a return to economic sanctions against iran will only make the situation worse. european countries do not want to risk contravening u.s. sanctions when they are resumed in the coming months. but the european union, which supports the iran nuclear deal,
has already made it clear they will take measures to protect its companies doing business when the sanctions are reimposed. helena: let's bring in our financial correspondent jens korte in new york. jens, bring us up-to-date with the reaction on wall street to this announcement. jens: investors really have not made up their minds yet what to make out of the announcement net we have gotten, even after u.s. president donald trump spoke there were a few cheers on the floor of the new york stock exchange. some investors believe or shared that much him that the deal has not necessarily been in favor of the u.s.. that was just a few traders. which is to give you a reaction idea here in new york. the big question is will the whole situation escalate? that could happen, but it could very well not happen. where also short on details,
which actions will to place -- take place, what and when. there is still a lot of room for interpretation. the market at one point was down then towards the end, the dow jones closed a tiny bit higher. helena: what about your interpretation? how could this affect u.s. companies? jens: well, certainly it could affect the defense stocks, the defense companies in the united states. we saw stock prices from lockheed martin trading higher. it could a cup -- affect a company like boeing. they have a pending contract for 110 airplanes worth about $4 billion. that deal could certainly be in jeopardy. wheels i have to see what happens in the energy market. oil prices fell here in the tuesday session. i guess that was because most
people actually anticipated that donald trump would pull out. we already saw oil prices gaining quite a bit in the past couple days. my feeling is we probably need to sleep one night over those events and also wait for the global reactions, than we might have a better idea on the wednesday session. helena: we can sleep on it, then of course european investors will be waking up as well. is there the feeling that european companies could be more affected potential is an american ones? -- potentially than american ones? jens: yes. there are not a lot of u.s. players doing an awful lot of business with iran. there are also no oil imports from iran to the u.s. if you look at some infrastructure companies, energy companies, even financial institutions in europe, may have closer ties to iran and the u.s. does. so there is a feeling here
that european companies could be much more affected than u.s. ones. helena: jens korte, thank you very much, indeed. it is back now over to brent. brent: thank you very much. here are some of the other stores now making headlines around the world. thousands of protesters rallied outside hungary's parliament tuesday against what they call prime minister viktor orban on's authoritarian rule. this after he was nominated for reelection for a third consecutive term during parliament's inaugural session following his landslide election victory last month. he has been criticized for his fierce anti-migrant stance. congo's health ministry has confirmed a new out recover ebola. -- new outbreak of ebola. officials reported the deaths of 17 people showing symptoms of the disease prior to the official confirmation.
it is the ninth outbreak in drc since it was discovered there in the 1970's. russian lawmakers have overwhelmingly voted to approve demetri as a further term as prime minister. his previous term ran from 2012. armenia's parliament has elected opposition leader nicole bosch jim as prime minister. 's election marks a significant change of power in the former soviet nation. it comes after weeks of matt -- mass protests that plunged the country into crisis and forced armenia's longtime leader to resign. reporter: it was the second time lucky. the man who spearheaded weeks of protest clinched the parliamentary majority he needed to become prime minister.
republican lawmakers had blocked his initial bid last week but backed him this time around, saying it was in the national interest. the former political prisoner and opposition leader's first address was to the point. >> dear colleagues, thank you for your votes and for your support. i would simply like to say the following. i will serve the people of the republic of armenia. i will serve the republic of armenia. thank you very much. reporter: elsewhere in the country's capital, the result was greeted with jubilation. tens of thousands of people had gathered at republic square to celebrate. many here were heavily involved in the protests pashinyan led, which is now being called armenia's velvet revolution. shortly after he came to thank his supporters. he said he would waste no time getting to work.
despite the overwhelming enthusiasm among the crowd, there was also an element of surprise. >> nobody was sure it was going to happen. they really helped. because -- they really hoped. now we are here finally victorious. >> i did not think it would actually happen, but i am very happy it did and i am very excited some people believed it would happen, because without them, this would not have been possible. reporter: he rose to power on a platform of ridding the country of poverty and corruption. now he has to deliver. brent: in sports, american baseball's biggest rivalry goes european next year. the boston red sox and new york yankees will play two regular-season games in london. today the baseball commissioner and mayor of london said the first ever major-league games in london deserves two of the sport's top teams.
london's olympic stadium will host the games which are slated for late june of 2019. here's a reminder of that top story we're following for you. president donald trump has pulled the u.s. out of the iran nuclear accord. he has also signed a memorandum reinstating sanctions against iran. he called the accord a horrible one-sided deal that did not earn peace and never will. after a short break i will be back to take you through the day. extended coverage of the u.s.'s withdrawal of the iran nuclear deal. ♪ [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
st. patrick baptized king aengus here in about 450 a.d. in around 1100, an irish king gave cashel to the church, and it grew to become the ecclesiastical capital of all ireland. 800 years ago, this monastic community was just a chapel and a round tower standing high on this bluff. it looked out then, as it does today, over the plain of tipperary, called the golden vale because its rich soil makes it ireland's best farmland. on this historic rock, you stroll among these ruins in the footsteps of st. patrick, and wandering through my favorite celtic cross graveyard, i feel the soul of ireland.
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