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tv   DW News  PBS  May 23, 2018 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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brent: tonight, but power of populism in europe as italy ushers in a new government. but will a little-known political novice be able to lead a government of diverging extremes. we will bring you the latest from rome. also coming up, yulia scripal speaks out after she had her father were attacked by a nerve agent in london she says her
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life is turned upside down. and after mass shooting a texas high school leaves tens dead -- leaves 10 dead, lawmakers will the special session on gun violence. but many in the gun loving states a stricter controls are out of the question. and one of america's literary giants, philip roth, dies at the age of 85. his works explore the tragedy and comedy of the jewish experience. we look back at the life and work of the pulitzer prize-winning novelist. ♪ brent: tonight in europe, uncertainty mixed with certainty. today italy's president approved the appointment of a little-known lawyer and political novice as the country's next prime minister. conti was put forward by the far
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right leak and the antiestablishment five-star movement. in his acceptance speech he vowed to form a government of change but said he was aware he needed to honor european and international commitments. conte promised to protect italians at home and abroad. voice of translator: the president has given me a mandate to form a government, which i have accepted with reservation. if i manage to form this government, i will present to parliament a program that is based on the interests of the majority political parties. i'm preparing out to defend the interests of all italians in all places, in europe and internationally, in dialogue with european institutions and representatives of other countries. i will be the defense lawyer of
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the italian people. brent: we want to pull in our correspondent from rome. good evening. the president has said yes. what happens now? correspondent: next week, mr. khaconte has to win a vote of confidence in both houses of parliament. the right-wing labor party has promised to organize this majority and then mr. monconte n work on the wish lists of these two big political parties. he will be a moderate face. they want tax reform, they want to renegotiate treaties with the european union, they want to crack down on migrants, and every populist dream you can dream of. brent: we know he is the
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populist party pick although he is a political novice, and he is a man that many italians will take you they have never heard of. what more do we know about giuseppe conte? correspondent: he is a law professor in florence. not many people, even in the academic world, even know him. he was a specialist in public administration and bailing out failing companies. maybe this gives him a little experience to do with italy, but many experts are sure that the lifespan of his government will not be so very long. he leads the 65th government in italy, since world war ii, so he has to fight a lot to stay in power more than a year. brent: it sounds like no change in all the change. what changes are italians likely to see in this new government?
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correspondent: the italians have the approach, let's just wait and see what really happens. there was a lot of fighting in the campaigns, there were a lot of promises, but italians are used to politicians giving lots of promises and delivering nothing. so they have an attitude of waiting. of course, there is a high expectancy to have more economic growth, to have a tax break and stuff like that. this is what italians want but they are not sure if they will actually see what was promised. and italian politics is a very, very difficult game. it used to be a shark tank and mr. conte was just a little fish in that. brent: we know of a lot of leaders in brussels with the european union are saying parada -- are seeing veronica in the water -- are seeing pirahna in
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the water. what does that mean for europe? correspondent: the new time government has the potential to inflict a crisis on europe, when it comes to the preservation of the euro as a currency, for example. the new finance minister is publicly a eurosceptic, or a euro foe, you might say. he wants to get rid of the euro and this will bring much fighting in europe, and we will see if the markets will tolerate that. and also, if italy will lend money at reasonable interest rates in the future. if not, it will be difficult to roll over debt or refinance debt. italy is heavily indebted, with 132% of its gdp so there is a lot of anxiety in brussels right now. brent: a lot fear this could be the next chapter in the euro crisis. thank you very much. the five-star movement and the
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league both ran fiercely anti-immigration campaigns and now foreigners in italy are worrying about their prospects under the new government. >> h is learning italianamadoun --hamadoun is learning italian. he comes to this school along with migrants and refugees. but that might change of the new italian government has its way. voice of translator: our students are definitely wear something has changed your. people are giving them strange looks. the are getting a first-hand experience of the shift and italian politics. correspondent: the head of the right-wing populist labor party wants to push through a hardline, anti-immigrant agenda as italy's next interior minister. he and coalition partner luigi d
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emaio from the five-star party want to deport half a million migrants as part of the agreement. experts say that might not exceed -- might not succeed. >> they will try to do things but it don't think they will be able to be really effective things. the common basis of these parties is the idea that they are both antiestablishment parties. i do not expect a very long, long-standing operation. correspondent: after months of uncertainty, sense of relief among the general population. polls suggest six of 10 italians are ready to welcome a populist coalition government. voice of translator: we have had very little substantive progress in politics over the last few years. i hope this alliance come a few you can call it that, will make a positive difference. >> i'm feeling nervous about
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this. a bit anxious. we are taking a big risk. >> i think change is good. italians have had enough of traditional politics, and we haven't got much to show for it. correspondent: but many refugees in italy, like hamadoun from mali, have reason to be fearful now. voice of translator: i think it's crazy the actually want to send us back. i can't believe it. i've been hearing this since i got here. it's just insane. correspondent: that is why people in classrooms like this one on the edge of rome hope the new government won't accomplish all it sets out to do, at least when it comes to migration. brent: many here in europe, especially the u.k. and russia,
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have been waiting for her to speak. today, she did. yulia skripal has been talking about the nerve agent attack that almost killed her and her father, a former spy. they were attacked in the u.k. city of cells bury in march. she says her life has been turned upside down. voice of translator: hello, my name is yulia skripal. after 20 days in a coma, i woke to the news that we may have been poisoned. i still find it difficult to come to terms that we were attacked in this way. the fact that a nerve agent was used to do this is shocking. we are so lucky to both have survived this attempted assassination. i don't want to describe the details but the treatment was painful and depressing and invasive. our recovery has been slow and extremely painful.
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i am grateful for the offers of assistance from the russian embassy, but at the moment i don't want to avail myself of their services. also, i want to read a rate what i said earlier, that no one speaks for me or my father but ourselves. brent: that was yulia skripal. other stories making headlines, medics are racing to contain an outbreak of ebola in congo. it's believed to have killed 27 people since april. the world health organization warns the situation is on a knife edge, and the epidemic has a clear potential to expand. a court in india has halted the expansion of a copper smelting plant as protests turned violent. at least 11 people have been killed and two days of demonstrations, demanding the closure of the site. activists and residents say emissions from the plant are a dangerous health risk.
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nfl teams in the u.s. whose players want to stand for a national anthem will face fines. some players chose to neil last year to protest police shootings of unarmed black man. that sparked criticism from donald trump. the new policy was announced today by the league commissioner. big changes for little banks in the u.s.? >> the big banks are going to have to stick to the old regulations, but u.s. president donald trump shocked america with plans to roll back banking regulations. and now congress has approved a bill to dismantle parts of the post-financial crisis legislation. but large lenders will have to continue as before. >> the u.s. congress vote to roll back. frank rules is a big win for small and midsized banks, who will have more freedom and less bureaucracy.
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big banks with more than $250 billion in assets will still be subject to the post-financial crisis regulation. until now, all banks with more than $50 billion in assets were subject to strict financial rules. these included higher capital requirements, more protection fr consumers and stress tests measuring banks' ability to survive a major economic downturn. opponents say loosening regulations will spur growth. critics say could lead to the next financial crisis. >> proponents are saying the deregulation will make it easier for smaller banks to compete. or is this just the start of a slide back to the bad old days of 2008? what do you say? >> deregulation does not go as far as the u.s. president promised shortly after he took over the white house.
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they had to come up because they needed to not go too far to find some common ground with democrats. and the main reason why we do see this deregulation is that there is some fear that the housing market actually could start to pull down. we already have mortgage rates at the highest level in seven years. and to prevent that, now lenders are getting it a little bit easier to give money to new homebuyers, so that is basically the main reason why. also, some democrats -- that is the main reason why some democrats are going along with this proposal. >> investors are finding it hard to dispel doubts about a u.s.-china trade deal. >> there was so much optimism on monday that an agreement would actually be right around the corner. the den on tuesday but then on
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tuesday, president donald trump said he is not very happy how trade talks are going, and he sort of repeated that remark here on wednesday. we did see selling pressure continuing at some point, but then we get the fed minutes, the protocol of the last fed meeting. and even if it is very likely we will see the next rate hike at the next fed meeting at the end of june, it is not so likely that the federal reserve will continue an aggressive course toward the end of the year. they downplayed some inflation fears and that actually calmed down the nerves of investors here on wall street in the late session on wednesday. >> thank you very much for that. let's get back to banks. germany's biggest lender looks to/10,000 jobs in an effort to reduce costs. reports say one in every 10 employees at deutsche bank is facing the chop, with cuts
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likely to extend into 2019. the new ceo has previously said the bank is scaling back its presence in the u.s. market and will place more focus on your. the lender -- focus on europe. the lender is expected to announce it at its general meeting on thursday. monitoring developments at deutsche bank this week, our correspondent in frankfurt. correspondent: reporting seems to indicate the cuts will be everywhere, across all levels of the operation, so retail investment -- retail banking, investment banking, asset management, and it is overly working on cutting its activities in the u.s. equities. that it is also starting to reduce operations elsewhere, like in central europe, africa and the middle east. so the supervisory board is apparently getting together tonight in order to consult on these plans and these targets, with the results being presented tomorrow at that shareholders meeting, where i will also be monitoring developments as they
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unfold. >> they call it tech for good. 50 top tech ceos have met with the french president in paris to talk about leaving a positive mark on the world. many would think firms like facebook and uber are hardly the ones to doubt the positive influence, but maybe that is the point, to get silicon valley firms to think different. correspondent: if mark zuckerberg thought his woes came to an end, he was wrong. french president emmanuel macron made it clear to the facebook ceo that he would be clamping down on global businesses who exploit personal data while avoiding paying taxes. zuckerberg was one of around 60 industry bosses attending the tech for good summit on wednesday. the meeting had one main objective, encouraging local companies to focus on improving the world, especially since so many of them had become more
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influential than governments. >> on a worldwide basis, people are increasingly concerned about their relationship to technology, the impact on the work lace, how this will affect international politics -- workplace, how this will affect international politics and governance. and governance has a harder time managing this than companies in the world, it is moving at a faster pace than government. correspondent: macron urged companies to stop free writing and ignoring situations around them. -- free riding and ignoring situations around them. >> we will be investing $100 million on entrepreneurs in europe and africa who are working on bringing digital skills to everyone, so the future of work is available to everyone. correspondent: the food delivery service deliveroo announced their drivers will now have
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insurance, while luber announced its drivers will have ub -- while ub announced itser -- brent: relations between beijing and berlin have been described as complicated, but in the wake of u.s. protectionism and the withdrawal from the iran nuclear gear, angela merkel and the chinese president may be looking to deepen their ties bring this visit. so what is the chinese term for big brother? residents of one city on the country's east coast might just have the answer. they're taking part in a radical social experiment, in which their every move is watched by surveillance cameras. they are awarded points for good behavior and they lose points for bad behavior. the best-performing residents earn social and economic rewards.
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correspondent: at first glance, the city on china's east coast looks like a tranquil, ideally seaside city -- idyllic seaside city. but a close look reveals cameras on every corner. it has become the center of a vast social experiment that could soon transform the country. city authorities use a point system to evaluate behavior and people who sing communist songs gain points, they are commended in -- commended in public and i have loans available. people who lose points could be banned from traveling by plane. in front of the camera, residents are all smiles. voice of translator: i think there are only good people here now, and far fewer bad ones. that is how it should be, right? voice of translator: i don't want to live in a chaotic society. i don't want honest people to
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suffer. that's why think people who are dishonest should be punished by the state. correspondent: the place where citizens are observed and rated translates to integrity square. it is here where points are added up or taken away. those who visit may not know their ranking, but they need a certificate of the status to buy or register at his school. the state council wants to make life difficult for those misbehave. could this social experiment be expanded to all 1.4 billion chinese? thanks to artificial intelligence and data harvesting, near-total surveillance is now possible. at this crosswalk in beijing, those who disobey traffic like our shamed -- a traffic light are shamed on a big screen. >> i don't know where this
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information goes, but edith -- but if it is used for commercial purposes, or by police, that's ok. reporter: here, donald trump is speaking fluent mandarin, thanks to artificial intelligence putting words in his mouth. this company can read your lips. this company can scan telephone calls in real-time and recognize every voice. a question for the spokesman, are they working for the state? >> actually, i do not know the details. >> but it is on your website? your websites as you are collaborating with the public security ministry? >> yes, we have an apartment that is using ai technology and speech technology for public security issue. correspondent: in one district, old-school snitching is still in operation, a notice board with citizens reporting on each other . the authorities don't want to talk about it.
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elsewhere, the city marches on toward a new level of surveillance. brent: lawmakers in the state of texas are holding a special session on gun violence. it follows last friday's mass shooting at high school in santa fe. despite the fatalities, there is little chance of serious reforms, like the push of strict gun reforms that followed the florida shooting. parents of the victims in santa fe are largely opposed to gun control. correspondent: an increasingly common scene in the united states, makeshift memorials for victims of a mass shooting, this time it santa fe high school in texas. there are prayers for the students and to teachers who lost their lives. but i made a nationwide debate over how to stop such massacres, this community thinks it is not
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about guns. and most say stricter controls are off the table. >> what i just really want to focus on is this city healing. i don't have a quick answers for this. i don't know that anybody does. >> knowing our town, probably not. they think our gun laws are good when they are. >> a lot of things need to be seen for the bigger picture. any inanimate object doesn't have a mind to think on its own. a person does. correspondent: no other developed country in the world comes close to levels of gun violence in the night -- gun violence than the united states, but many feel it is not gun legislation, it is society that is broken. texas has some of the country's most relaxed gun laws but many here don't think changing that would prevent massacres like the one at santa fe high school. this stands in stark contrast to the student-led activism in parkland-florida -- parkland, florida.
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16-year-old marcel mcclinton is trying to connect with communities like santa fe. he is a mass shooting survivor. two years ago, a man opened fire at his church. he says sharing that grief is a first step toward bridging the divide. >> how can march for our lives, how can people reach rural, conservative communities in a way that doesn't offend them, that speaks to them? correspondent: it is the unanswered question that left so many students traumatized and others fearing that they won't live to see graduation. brent: one of america's greatest writers, philip roth, has died. he was 85. roth pushed literary and social boundaries with his explorations of sex, death and assimilation. he won every major u.s. literary award including the pulitzer prize. correspondent: reclusive and often reluctant to give
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interviews, philip brought was known for his provocative and uncompromising novels about the american jewish experience. >> there is a certain audacity in writing books. without audacity can't write books, and there is even a certain recklessness in writing books. the society i leaving can live with my recklessness, such as it is. correspondent: roth authored nearly 30 novels and short story collections spanning seven decades. his work frequently per -- blurred the line between memoir and novel, and many of his protagonists were thinly-veiled versions of himself. >> my strongest characters were women, and i think my subject has been -- my strongest characters were men and i think my subject has been men. what is the life of a man in my time? correspondent: roth was one of the most highly honored figures,
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but for him acclaim in controversy were inseparable. he insisted that writing should expose and not sanitize the human experience. brent: here is a millennial maze. a lot of parents dread the day when they're grown-up off spring finally fly the coop, but not so for a new york couple. they were forced to take legal steps to get there 30-year-old son to leave home. a new york state supreme court judge ordered michael rotondo to vacate his childhood bedroom after repeatedly ignoring urges from his parents to move out. he says he will appeal the decision. ♪ ♪
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(water crashing) (truck rumbling) - we have been compelled to create a permanent armaments industry of vast proportions. (cannon blasts) (light music) - [eisenhower] in the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence. whether sought or unsought by the military industrial complex. (exciting music) - [narrator] america has the world's only global military. no one else comes close. - [roosevelt] in this year, 1942, we shall produce 60,000 planes.


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