tv ABC World News With Diane Sawyer ABC December 11, 2013 5:30pm-6:01pm PST
page. help us give where you live. >> world news is next. >> from welcome to "world news." tonight warning signs, the new video of the passenger plane missing the runway and the wake-up call for pilots about relying on computers. double standard. we'll show you two people saying the same things exactly alike except for their sex. a new study tonight and an experiment, do they prove women have it tougher at work? and say what? outrage over the sign language interpreter at nelson mandela's memorial. did he even know sign language? was he a fake and how did he get to close to the president? good evening. tonight millions of americans are planning to travel by plane
for the holidays as today's safety experts issued a wake-up call for pilots. they have studied a new tape of that crash in san francisco and are warning it's time to concentrate on people trained to fly the planes and not just the technology. abc's senior national correspondent jim avila takes us through this new tape. >> reporter: a new look from the airport camera at this devastating accident. clear skies in july, daylight at san francisco international, this boeing 777 cartwheels down the runway, killing three and threatening the lives of 300 more on board korea-owned asiana air. a fatal crash experts say could have been easily prevented, and the national transportation safety board today questioned why the three pilots depended on computer controls during an emergency and didn't simply manually throttle up before it was too late.
>> we do have an issue in aviation that needs to be dealt with with respect to automation and performance. >> reporter: the approach to san francisco airport has special challenges. it's over water and a steep rate of decent. the pilot at the controls this day in training on the 777 told investigators it was very stressful, very difficult to perform a visual approach with a heavy airplane and he was very concerned. cockpit communications show the flight was approaching normally. the pilot, unfamiliar with local geography, asking, "is that the golden gate?" no sign of panic until 30 feet above the bay. he had mistakenly turned off the computerized auto controls and suddenly an audible warning. the plane is flying too slowly and the captain orders the junior pilot to go around, attempting to abort the landing, but it's too late. >> the asiana accident is a big watershed and a big wake-up call. we've got to stop relying on automation. >> reporter: one simple move by
any of the pilots pushing the throttle forward would have lifted the 777 enough to make the runway and prevent the fatal crash. instead, these pilots appeared too dependent on computer controls. >> we didn't have pilots in that cockpit. we had systems operators. >> reporter: who apparently forgot how to fly out of an emergency by hand. the ntsb calls that "automation addiction" and it's worried that lack of training is creating a generation of pilots who can no longer fly by hand. diane? >> thank you so much, jim avila, reporting in. now we want to tell you about the breaking news on the international space station, word of trouble that could require quick action and even an emergency walk in space. there are six astronauts on board including two americans. abc's clayton sandell has what we know at this hour. >> reporter: tonight nasa is considering an emergency space walk to fix part of a critical cooling system on the international space station that may be failing. severe temperature fluctuations
in something called a heat exchanger. think of it like a radiator on your car indicating there is a problem. engineers do not know what's and if it's a software or hardware problem but the only way to fix its may be a space walk like the one we saw in the movie gravity to diagnose it and what may be happening. if it can't be fixed astronauts on board may have to shut off parts of the station, and in a worst case scenario may have to evacuate the station completely. right now there are six crew members on board the station from the u.s., japan and russia. the most recent occupants arrived in november and were supposed to stay until march of next year, but tonight engineers are working overtime to try and make sure they can complete their mission. clayton sandell, abc news, denver. >> abc news will be staying on this tense word and also the full story throughout the night as it develops. down below tonight, that frozen dome of air making its way across the country is creating dangerously slippery
paths for millions of people, the roads, the sidewalks, almost icing over as you watch. abc's meteorologist ginger zee says there is another storm now on the way. >> reporter: subfreezing and even subzero. >> feels like minus 11 right now. >> 17 below in aberdeen. >> reporter: the arctic chill digging deep from the great lakes to the northeast, temperatures up to 20 degrees below average and frozen in fargo, just one of so many places that has seen single digit high temperatures or below for a full week. minnesota has been one of the coldest spots in america. wdio meteorologist ben dery showing us just how frigid. >> it's warmed up to a balmy 7 degrees below zero. because it's so cold we thought we would try a little experiment. it's been about 30 seconds. watch what happens. pure ice.
>> reporter: in aberdeen, south dakota it's been a long stretch of indoor recess. >> it's been probably over a week now since we've been outside. with kindergartners it's kind of crazy. >> reporter: about that next storm we've got to get straight to the map. everybody is talking about it and hearing about it this weekend. let me time it out for you. a couple of low pressure systems are going to converge together and give us the chance of seeing snow. from chicago it looks like friday night into early saturday. across cleveland, that's all snow for sure. in the northeast, this is the part we have to watch and fine tune as we get closer because right now it looks like major cities along i-95 rain and snow mix, but if we move south this could be a mess for the weekend. >> you are right out there for us night after night. thank you so much for being in the cold for us. ginger zee reporting in. we have a weather note from london tonight. famous for its fog, but a kind of continent of fog descended and just a few sky scrapers
poked above to see the winter sun. word that pope francis has become the "time magazine" person of the year. he was recognized for his immediate and dramatic impact on the catholic church including more inclusive words about homosexuality and abortion. an abc news pole says a remarkable 92% of american catholics have a favorable opinion of pope francis, up 16 points from his predecessor. from overseas tonight, after the service for nelson mandela, the man who tried to create a rainbow nation, a perfect rainbow in the sky. today people lined up to pay mandela their last respects as his body lies in state. but in the newspapers in south africa, a kind of uproar about that service we all watched together and the man who seemed to be interpreting in sign language. was he an imposter, and how did
he get so close to president obama? abc's gio benitez has more on that. >> reporter: with the world watching, paying tribute to nelson mandela. look at this man, right next to the master of ceremonies, mandela's grandchildren, and even president obama, supposedly translating the nearly five-hour ceremony for the deaf. but tonight, many believe he said nothing at all. the deaf taking their outrage online. one tweeting, "what is he signing? he knows the deaf cannot vocally boo him off. shame on him." we turned to a sign language expert in south africa, deaf himself, speaking to us through an interpreter. >> when did you first notice that there might be a problem here? >> he was just moving his hands. it was nothing, no meaning on any signs. he was in his own world. it wasn't language at all. >> reporter: braam jordan says he only knew what was going on by watching this woman, an
interpreter on south african television. just watch, they don't seem to be on the same page. >> there was no structure, no facial expression, which is an important part of south african sign language. >> reporter: he says the interpreter couldn't even sign key names like mandela. >> what is the sign for mandela? >> this is the sign for mandela because of the fact that he used to comb his hair in a side part. >> reporter: so who is this man and should he have been up on that stage? it's not his first time in the spotlight. here he is next to president zuma last year, and the deaf federation of south africa has complained about him before. tonight, the government says it's investigating. gio benitez, abc news, new york. >> a closing word on that selfie, the famous selfie at the mandela memorial service, leaders of britain, denmark and the u.s. and first lady michelle obama looking dubious. the photographer who took that picture says the shot was
captured by chance, and in fact, just a few seconds earlier mrs. obama had been joking, a lesson, he said, that photos can lie. we have news about women in the workplace, the day after the first woman became a ceo of a big auto company. the hard fact is that women run only four percent of companies in the fortune 500. a new study shows almost twice as many women as men say they've been turned down for a job because of their sex. is there a way to capture what is happening on tape, looking at two people in a job interview, the only difference their gender? here's abc's cecilia vega. >> reporter: he's the boss, she's bossy. the negative way women are perceived in the office, in a new ad for pantene that's gone viral. it's hit a nerve. so we set out to find the truth. are women who act exactly the same as men seen differently?
listen to this woman. how do you feel about her as a job candidate? >> i know the windows operating system like the back of my hand no problem. >> reporter: now listen to him. >> i know the windows operating system like the back of my hand no problem. >> reporter: the candidates in these videos are actors in a yale university hiring experiment. the resumes, identical. the interviews, identical. [ talking over each other ] >> reporter: the only difference is gender, but when it comes to who got the job -- >> i thought the male applicant had better soft skills. >> i'd say the woman was arrogant and overselling. >> reporter: in hundreds of evaluations, the female job seekers come off as more aggressive. they're rated less likable and they're less likely to be hired. >> isn't it a catch 22? you're supposed to be strong to get the job, but you're saying if you're too strong you won't get it. >> you need to behave in this dominant way to advance as a woman in the workplace but you're seen negatively because that's not how we expect women to behave.
>> reporter: and if you think this is just male bias, it's not. both men and women doing the hiring made this same call. >> i think there's a level of arrogance that might be ok to be a manager, but then there's a step above and i thought she was slightly above that. >> reporter: and when we revealed our study results? >> i was surprised by my reaction. >> what does that say about us? >> we have a long way to go. >> reporter: a science experiment with real life lessons about who gets the job, who gets passed over, and why. cecilia vega, abc news, new haven, connecticut. next here tonight, secrets of survival, the trick the family used to stay alive for two days in below zero temperatures, how setting a tire on fire and warming the stones saved their lives. and our made in america team is back, the surprising place in a rush to hire new workers, how one city is making a comeback this christmas. we'll see you in two minutes.
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take the energy quiz. energy lives here. next tonight we are learning some surprising secrets of survival from that family of six, including a 3-year-old girl, who survived two days at temperatures below zero. a fire built with a tire, rocks heated up for warmth. abc's david wright looks at some ingenious ideas that kept them alive. >> reporter: for two full days they huddled together in their overturned jeep, two adults and four children, one just three years old. lucky that james glanton, a hunter, knew how to keep his family from freezing to death. >> awesome. all the kids were warm. their dad did an excellent job. >> reporter: the first thing they did right? rescuers say when they ran into trouble, they did not go looking for help. they stayed together with the
vehicle, their best source of shelter. >> people that stay with the car survive. >> reporter: the most ingenious thing they did was to use the spare tire as a makeshift fire pit. burning twigs, branches, dry brush, even heating up rocks to take back to the car to keep warm. some of the rescuers said they'd never seen that trick before. >> and he was able to keep that fire going the entire time while they were out. and i think that really prevented any serious medical problems for them to develop. >> reporter: the third thing that saved them, they kept their cell phone on. the signal was too weak to make a call but strong enough that authorities were able to find it and them. >> almost everybody carries a cell phone now. we're able to pinpoint to some great degree where the actual phone is. >> reporter: always make sure you have a charger with you. tonight a statement signed by the whole family, heartily thanking the community for the valiant search and rescue that saved their lives. david wright, abc news,
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door from the outside, making her way to freedom. if you've ever wondered what happens when a president and former presidents car pool on board air force one, here's the photo on the flight returning from nelson mandela's funeral. former president bush used his ipad to show off his paintings. former secretary of state hillary clinton looked impressed at the presidential show-and-tell. today a big surprise about yellowstone national park and the size of what lies beneath the hot springs and the old faithful geiser. they are warmed by a lake of molten rock which turns out to be so big it would dwarf the volcano at mount saint helens. today university of utah scientists say that lake of lava at yellowstone is two and a half times bigger than anyone thought, which means it's enough molten rock to fill up the entire grand canyon. if it erupted, the ash could cover most of the united states. it could erupt, they say, every
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finally tonight, our made in america team is back with good news for a city facing some hard times. santa's new workshop is creating jobs in the city of detroit and abc's david muir is right here to tell us about it. >> diane, you and i have heard from so many viewers with their one thing. you at home leading the way on made in america. tonight where the lights are back on and where every american worker can tell you exactly what time it is. >> reporter: in detroit tonight it's going down to 9 degrees. but don't be fooled, they're just warming up inside a 30,000 square foot factory where made in america is coming back to life. what are they making? there is a hint right there. look in the reflection of his magnifying glass. you can see the watch made right here in america. and we heard about it from so many of you at home, on facebook. "david, i wonder if you have profiled shinola watch co. in detroit. it would be a nice mention with all that detroit is going
through." and the videos. >> hi, david. >> reporter: viewer diane kowalski in snowy detroit. >> i'm here holding this small blue package. >> reporter: just hoping that what is in the box is what she's been hinting about. hope her husband's watching. >> i'm hoping it's my very own green shinola watch. >> reporter: because those elves at the north pole are facing some stiff competition from workers back on the job in detroit. >> all the employees that we hired, they've never assembled a watch. they've assembled cars maybe, but not watches. >> reporter: until now. they brought over swiss watch makers, had them train the workers in detroit and that's all they needed. now, it's americans giving the swiss a run for their money. one of the workers can't wait to see one of her watches worn on the street. >> people are going to buy watches that we made. it's going to be a big deal to me. >> reporter: workers in what look like hospital scrubs with surgical precision. a game of "operation." and we were invited to see the finished product. on the way, the made in america team spotted. he told us his wife is in. >> i can't get to watch the sports. i got to get a new tv.
>> because she's watching "world news." >> yeah. >> reporter: suddenly, they knew we were there. made in detroit. >> merry christmas. made in america, where america is made. >> reporter: right here in the showroom, proof that quality watches can be made in america. we had a hard time picking our favorite, this one or this one or this one. we kept going, women's watches, too. the leather bands stitched in largo, florida, assembled in detroit. everything by shinola made in america. leather goods sourced in chicago, sold in missouri. bicycles made by the famous schwinn family, waterford, wisconsin. we weren't the only ones on the move. just look at the numbers tonight. six employees when shinola started two years ago. tonight they have 200 workers. >> you're hiring tonight? >> we're hiring tonight. >> reporter: perhaps wrapping some new jobs for christmas. >> we could put a job under the tree this year. >> we could put a job under the tree. that would be a great gift. >> reporter: just imagine a few more workers in this room at the end of their shift getting on
the elevator after making watches. those three words in mind. >> made in america! >> they are hiring tonight. the first 2500 watches selling in just 8 days. if you wondered where the name of the company came from it's named after that famous shoe polish, shy knoll la. >> those beautiful two words again, hiring tonight. >> yes. >> love it. thank you, david muir. and thank you for watching. we're always here at abcnews.com. "nightline" of course will be here later and we will see you right back here again for "world news" tomorrow night. good night. new video on the crash of asiana flight 214 and a teen-aged passenger killed by the fire department. >> it's going to be another chilly night but chill is diminishing. i'll vavt coming up.
>> some families spent the night in the cold. >> and we'll take you behind the scenes for opening tonight of the nut cracker. it's a holiday tradition. >> not once, but twice, a teen-aged survivor of the asiana crash at sfo struck by fire rescue trucks. that is a detail first reported by abc7 news i team confirm today in washington. good evening, everyone, i'm carolyn johnson. >> today's hearing postponed once by the government shut down, then, again, delayed yesterday by severe weather in washington did not produce what you'd call a smoking gun. but we did get this video of the crash showing asiana flight 214 as it cart wheeled across the runway july 6th. and some new foet crows of the aftermath came out today showing the burned out
fuselage carrying 291 passengers at the time. vic lee has been following the hearing and leanne melendez spoke with the daughter of a survivor today. >> reporter: the hearing focused on the training of pilots and systems on the boeing 777. asiana officials insisted their pilots, including the captain that crash landed flight 214 are well trained. >> i know several of you are viewing from san francisco or maybe watching from home we recognize your lives were forever changed when the are crash occurred >> the flight was too slow and too low. as you can see in this video, the boeing spun