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tv   Matter of Fact With Soledad O Brien  KOFY  September 4, 2016 7:30pm-8:01pm PDT

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announcer: today, on "matter of fact" -- fact" -- cities fed up with the feds? these two leaders aren't waiting for the government to act. how are they tacklg problems on their own? plus, can he run a town before he can buy a beer? mayor paulin: biggest perk? title is really good. announcer: meet the millenial mayor. and getting young voters to 'swipe right' for the future of their hometowns. is there an app for that? then, soledad o'brien. soledad: we really want to push people to understand their views. announcer: she has a message to share. jessica: hello, i'm jessica gomez, filling in on this week's "matter of fact." today, a special edition. a look at our nation's cities. when it comes to national politics, we've seen the gloves
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are off. hillary clinton: donald trump simply does not have the temperament to be president. donald trump: she's got the temperament of a loser and i have the temperament of a winner, and we have to win again. jessica: but on the local level, often falls on city leaders to find common ground. we begin with two mayors, jim brainard of carmel indiana, and chris cabaldon of west sacramento, california. both are working to bridge the partisan gap. they're starting with the environment and say national leaders should take notice. mayor cabaldon: it's odd in california. because of the climate change, we're dealing with both the potential of hardly any water to drink except during flood season when too much water is coming down the mountain so we are trying to both protect ourselves from water, and then scrounging for it for the rest of the year. the other issue for us that is key is urban sprawl, which was a
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major trend for most of the last century. but the consumption of farm land has put a dent in our agricultural competitiveness as well, so our challenge is to be smarter about the land that we are using. jessica: mayor brainard, as a republican, you are part of president obama's task force on climate preparedness and resilience. talk about what you were able to accomplish in that role and how was it as a republican working in a democratic white house? mayor brainard: i don't think if we hadn't known what party different members of the task force were from we would have ever told from the meetings. everyone got along well and it wasn't about politics. it was about finding solutions and how we are going to implement those solutions. jessica: and you've actually encouraged other republicans to get on board with things like climate change? mayor brainard: i think it is important to remember that for
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years it was thought of as bipartisan. if anything, it was a republican issue. teddy roosevelt, a republican, who set aside millions of acres of much our national park land. until recently, this has been bipartisan. i point it out to people, we're conservative, the root is to conserve. we need to take good care of our natural resources. we need to leave the earth in a better place for our children and grandchildren and succeeding generations than we found it. jessica: and how have your republican colleagues responded to that? mayor brainard: i think a lot of republicans get it. unfortunately, sometimes the ones that scream the loudest are the ones that get the most attention. mayor cabaldon: the loudest voices always get the attention, but mayor brainard has been leading a lot of bipartisan work for a decade. even when the federal government was doing nothing on climate change, republican and democrat mayors said we're not going to make a big deal, but we're going to start implementing first in america changes -- energy conservation, building redesign,
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electric cars and hybrid vehicles -- the kinds of things that have changed the country on climate change. so it's largely due to the fact that only among mayors who , didn't even know who was republican or democrat, come together to just get it done. mayor brainard: it's important to recognize, too, that over 80% of the population lives in an urban development area or pattern of some sort. and starting about a dozen years ago, we had about 1200 mayors, 99% of the cities over 30,000 population of the united states, come together and set goals for reducing carbon, cleaning up the air. and i've yet to meet a republican or democrat that wants to breathe dirty air or drink dirty water. jessica: there was one other thing we found interesting in this interview -- the link between dating and development. mayor cabaldon: we want to
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show people different scenarios. a five-story apartment but it has a café on the bottom. here's a two-story apartment, but no café on the bottom because there is not enough people. swipe right or left depending on whether you like it or not. it's low stakes. you can do it in line for coffee or the bus stop instead of coming to our meeting at 7:00 at night and testify. you are giving casual feedback all the time. and by aggregating that data, we can get a really good insight about what you like and pinpoint what your hopes and aspirations are, so we are starting to use that now. jessica: you may be the first mayor who is modeling policy choices after a dating app. mayor cabaldon: well, one of the reasons we are doing that is we have been obsessing over, how do we get citizens engaged? those dating apps have a lot of experience getting people to use their systems and be engaged in the most fundamental way, so why not take advantage of that research and user base to
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disrupt the way that we have been doing citizen engagement. jessica: thank you so much for sitting down with us. we really appreciate it. announcer: coming up -- he lives with his parents, and he's the mayor. meet the young man with big plans to turn around his town. and next -- politics unusual. two mayors with opposing views. >> on this issue, we stand very united. announcer they're setting aside : partisan politics. but, is it enough?
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jessica: one of the biggest challenges facing the nation's cities is growth. whether it's getting millenials to move in or fixing aging infrastructure, mayors have to balance the demands of the present and the needs of the future. we asked two top city leaders how they do it. stephanie rawlings-blake, the mayor of baltimore, and mike
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ck cornett, the mayor of oklahoma city. thank you all so much for sitting down with us. mayor cornett: thank you. mayor rawlings-blake: pleasure. jessica: so stephanie rawlings-blake, you are the outgoing president for the u.s. conference of mayors. mayor cornett, you are the incoming chair. any advice as he takes over the reins? mayor cornett: how much time do you have? i'm sure she could give me plenty. mayor rawlings-blake: i could say that i'm thrilled to pass the gavel to mayor cornett. it's an exciting time to be a mayor in this country, and it's certainly exciting to be at e conference of mayors at this national election where we have a chance to actually set the national agenda, to be a part of setting the agenda for the next four y je priorities are your role in this next year? mayor cornett: well, when you list priorities, it kind of implies that some things aren't important. almost everything that we do is important, but certainly infrastructure, criminal justice reform. i also think we need to roll up our sleeves and get ready for the technology advances that are coming our way. autonomous vehicles, flying cars. what's coming? it's going to directly affect how citizens interact with the
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infrastructure that is in place. and if you're in the business of building roads and parking garages you kind of need to know , where this technology is headed. i think mayors need to be involved in that conversation as it takes place. jessica: both of your cities have seen a lot of development over the last 10 years but not without challenges. what is working in both of your cities, and what do you see as the biggest obstacles? mayor rawlings-blake: i think what works and what works in baltimore is an acceptance that we have to use all of the tools we have in order to see the growth that we want to see. for me, i saw that we had an emerging tech and innovation industry even the city. and even when we had a challenging budget. knowing that, i increased funding for that sector and we've seen a tremendous amount of growth. now baltimore is one of the top 10 destinations for millennials, one of the top 10 for tech startups. and that didn't happen by accident.
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mayor cornett: millennials are very choosy about where they are going to live. the reason they are going to baltimore and oklahoma city, it's because they are getting what they are seeking. economic development is really the result of place-making and so cities that are attractive to millennials are going to grow, and i think that is something stephanie and i continue to work on in our roles as mayors. jessica: so you also -- moving to infrastructure -- you called on all mayors to support flint, michigan, which is, of course, reeling from the contaminated water crisis. why did you think that was so important to bring up here? mayor rawlings-blake: it was important because the nation watched as hundreds of thousands, if not more people were impacted by poor choices , around infrastructure across the country. we all have challenges when it comes to water and waste water. i don't know of a city that can fund all of its needs on its own. we have billions of dollars in
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infrastructure projects in the pipeline because of aging infrastructure in baltimore. and what i know is we've got to see what happens when people make poor decisions based on thinking about dollars instead of the people that are being served, and we can't have that happen again. mayor cornett: generally, local governments should solve their own water and utility issues. but flint is an extraordinary case. there is no doubt in my mind that this is a case that the federal government needs to get involved and step in. the case is too large for any local community to resolve on its own at this point. jessica: i did talk to karen weaver, the mayor there, a few months ago. and she said every city should be watching what is happening there because this is certainly not the last time this will happen. mayor rawlings-blake: absolutely, and we can't forget that some cities that will be more prepared to deal with their water infrastructure because they are more affluent. and when you have a poor community, they don't have extra
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money laying around. mayor cornett: oklahoma is a fairly new city, so a lot of our infrastructure is not is nearly as old, with not nearly as much deferred maintenance. you look at some of the eastern cities like baltimore and philadelphia and new york, and some of their infrastructure needs to be replaced. and it's a ticking time bomb that we are just leaving for the next generation if we don't address it sooner rather than later. jessica: so as mayors, you have to have a loud voice to the federal government right? mayor cornett: that's right, that's right. mayor rawlings-blake: but a loud voice and a unified voice. i think people would look at us and say that we are very different. i'm a black girl from baltimore, a strong democrat. he's not, right? but on this issue, we speak with one voice. when you build or repair an airport or a bridge in oklahoma city, that job can't be outsourced. when we repair water structure in baltimore, that job can't be outsourced. we are improving our infrastructure, making us more competitive, globally, as well as creating jobs for the future.
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jessica: thank you so much. we really appreciate you sitting down with us and best of luck in your cities. announcer: next, can his energy speed up the bureaucratic pace of government? >> it's a relatively slow process. announcer: hear from the mayor who's barely old enough to vote. then, soledad's take. who's barely old enough to vote. then, soledad's take. what ♪ ♪ you live life your way. we can help you retire your way, too. financial guidance while you're mastering life. from chase. so you can.
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jessica: welcome back. now, to a mayor who is making history. at 19 years old brandon paulin , became the youngest mayor ever elected in the state of maryland. just a short distance from the nation's capitol, people in indian head decided to elect a teenager and upended the political establishment there. we decided to check in on him, now more than one year into the job. mayor brandon paulin: we're at george's ribs. it's one of my favorite spots. i love it. jessica: brandon paulin eats, drinks, and lives indian head.
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a town of about 4000, it sits on a peninsula about an hour south of d.c. mayor paulin: i try to hit up as many small businesses in indian head as i can per week. thank you. sometimes, it is not even mayor-related. sometimes, we will just have a conversation. jessica: often, those conversations center around the fact that paulin, at 19, was able oust an incumbent mayor with decades in political office. making him the youngest mayor in maryland, and one of 10 in the nation under the age 30. >> i think it takes a lot of courage to unseat the powers that be. jessica: since being elected, he has gotten his braces off and has a girlfriend. and he's gotten used to the jokes about his age. mayor paulin: there would be the evening dinner meetings and then everyone would make a joke, 'oh, its mayor's bedtime, we've got to wrap this up.' jessica: inside indian head's town hall, just off a modest kitchen, paulin's office looks more like a closet.
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the mayor still lives with his parents and makes only $6000 on the job, which he uses for online college courses. mayor paulin: oh, biggest perk? oh, that's a difficult one. the title is really good, uh, so, you know. it's 'what's your job?' oh, i'm the mayor. that's always a good conversation starter. jessica: mayor paulin got his start in politics right here, just a few feet from town hall. at about 10 years old, he persuaded elected officials to install a crosswalk. now, he says he has much bigger plans for his hometown. paulin says he's delivering on his campaign promise to provide incentives for new businesses sorely needed here. indian head is home to a u.s. navy base, but has no grocery store. mayor paulin: we're waiving all commercial permitting fees, so that is a big one.
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it cuts a lot of overhead for businesses. we're definitely trying to work with businesses and get them in there. jessica: the mayor says he's worked with property owners to tear down some dilapidated buildings and is joining forces with navy officials in an effort to continue its expansion. the biggest challenge for this millennial mayor? mayor paulin: i guess the biggest frustration is maybe the speed of government. it is a relatively slower process. jessica: long-time residents and don't want him to slow down. they say he may represent a movement that goes beyond indian head. a discontent with the status-quo, seen up highway 210 in the nation's capital and beyond. business owner: i think what we have got is we have a mindset now that doesn't accept that the way things happened in the past has to be the way things have be moving forward. and indian head made that change. i think it is a change for the better. jessica: a change, the young mayor says, he hopes will inspire other young leaders.
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mayor paulin: i think what we are looking for is good representation. we want down to earth, honest people representing us. jessica: as for his next political step? mayor paulin: i would still be the mayor of indian head. i love it here. i love having the impact i have. jessica: we asked paulin who he planned to vote for in the presidential election. and in true political fashion, he evaded the question. announcer: coming up next -- on the front lines. racing to find a cure for the zika virus. could it be right in front of them? and later, soledad o'brien's new chapter. she has an invitation for you.
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jessica: welcome back to "matter of fact." here are a few things that caught our eye this week. drugs that already exist could fight the zika virus.
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researchers found three drugs that were effective against zika in the lab. two are in clinical trials. one for cancer patients, the other for patients with hepatitis c. the third drug fights stomach parasites. the lab tests on those three drugs allowed human cells in petri dishes to live longer when infected with zika. and in some cases, recover completely. the next step here? more trials. researchers warn it could be years before those drugs are approved for use against zika. sky-watchers have found more evidence of a mystery planet. astronomers found objects orbiting beyond neptune. they aren't planets. bacut they're orbiting somethin. researchers believe the objects are evidence that a so-called "planet nine" exists -- another addition to our solar system. they think the new planet is 15 times bigger than earth -- and it's way, way out past pluto. the astronomers say the more
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objects like this they can find, the more they'll be able to narrow down their search for planet nine. they say they could find it and turn theory into reality within the next five years. and six people are home from a mission to mars. well, sort of. the six left a dome in hawaii where they've been living in isolation for a full year as part of a study ahead of a possible space voyage to the red planet. they're from the u.s., france, and germany -- and were greeted by family and friends as they ended their year-long project. the study helped scientists understand how the isolation required by a deep-space mission could affect humans. the project is a joint effort by nasa and the university of hawaii. nasa hopes to send a manned mission to mars sometime after 2030. send us your thoughts. tweet us @matteroffacttv. check in on facebook.
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and connect with our video site, matteroffact.tv, to view and share videos from all our programs. announcer: when we return, high stakes. soledad: these are some of the most important conversations of our time. announcer: a message from soledad o'brien about changes you'll see right herer
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jessica: we close our program this week on this note. a message from soledad o'brien, who will join us next week as the host of "matter of fact." soledad: hi, everybody. i'm soledad o'brien, inviting you to join us for season 2 of "matter of fact with soledad o'brien." that begins right after labor day. of course, we'll be expanding our conversation to include some new voices and different perspectives. and while we're always interested in a fresh take, we really want to push people to understand their views. clearly, there's a lot happening in politics. and we're going to get to the bottom of it because these are
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some of the most important conversations of our time happening right now. so jess, thank you so much for filling in on "matter of fact." everybody else, we'll see you back here next week on "matter of fact with soledad o'brien." [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is f caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap
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