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tv   CBS Morning News  CBS  December 10, 2013 4:00am-4:31am PST

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africans the anger born of 1,000 stripes, 1,000 indignities, 1,000 unremembered moments to fight the system that imprisoned my people, he said.
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but like other early giants, the sisulus and the tambos, madiba disciplined his anger and challenged his desire to fight in the organization and platform and strategy for action so men and women could stand up for their god-given dignity. moreover, he accepted the consequences of his actions, knowing that standing up to powerful interests and injustice carries a price. i have fought against wlhite domination and i have fought against black domination. i have cherished the idea of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and equal
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opportunity. it is an ideal which i hope to live for and achieve but if need be, it is an ideal for which i am prepared to die. mandela taught us the power of action but he also taught us the power of ideas, the importance of reason and argument, the need to study not only those who you agree with but also those who you don't agree with. he understood that ideas cannot be contained by prison walls or extinguished by a sniper's bullet. he turned his trial into an indictment of apartheid because of his eloquence and passion and his training as an advocate. he used decades of prison to
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sharpen his arguments but also to spread his thirst for knowledge to others in the movement. he learned the language and the customs of his oppress sorors s that he might better convey how their own freedom depended upon him. mandela demonstrated that action, that ideas are not enough, no matter how right they must also be chiseled in the law and institution. he was practical, testing his beliefs against the harsh surface of circumstance and history, encore principles, he was unyielding, which is why he could rebuff offers of unconditional relief, reminding the apartheid regime that prisoners cannot enter into
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contracts. as he showed in painstaking negotiations, the transfer of power and draft through law, he was not afraid to compromise for the sake of a larger goal. because he was not only a leader of a movement but a skillful politician, the constitution that emerged was worthy of this multi-racial democracy, true to his vision of laws that protect minority as well as majority rights and the precious freedom of every south african. finally, mandela understood the ties that bind the human spirit. there is a word in south africa, ubuntu.
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a word that captures his greatest gifts, his recognition that we are all bound together in a way that is invisible to humanity, that there is a oneness to humanity, that we achieve ourselves by sharing ourselves with others and caring for those around us. we can never know how much of this sense was innate in him or how much was shaped in a dark and solitary cell. but we remember the gestures, large and small, introducing a jailor as an honored guest in his inauguration, taking a pitch in a uniform, turning his family's heartbreak into a call to confront hiv/aids that reveal the depth of his empathy and
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understanding. he not only embodied ubuntu, he taught millions to find the truth within themselves. it took a man like madiba to free not just prisoner but the jailor as well. to show that you must trust others so that they may trust you. teach that reconciliation is not a matter of ignoring a cruel past but a means of confronting it with inclusion and generosity and proof. he changed laws but he also changed hearts. for the people of south africa. for those he inspired around the globe, madiba's passing is rightly a time of mourning and a time to celebrate a heroic life.
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i believe it will also prompt in each of us a time for self-reflection, with honesty, regardless of our station or our circumstance. we must ask, how well have i applied his lessons in my own life. that is the question i ask myself as a man and as a president. we know that like south africa, the united states had to overcome centuries of racial subrogation as was true here. it took sacrifice. the sacrifices of countless people known and unknown, to see the dawn of a new day. michelle and i are beneficiaries of that struggle. in america and in south africa and in countries all around the
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globe, we can not allow our progress to cloud the fact that our
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being able to come back and to forgive. and to reconcile and to build a nation. the evolution took place in him. >> we want to go to mark phillips who is about five miles away from this stadium where there is a huge overflow crowd of people that want to take part in this day. mark, good morning. >> reporter: good morning, norah. well, i'm in another stadium about five miles from the main one where the service is will be held. the whole intent here through this whole week of commemoration is one of making the celebration of nelson mandela's life accessible to people. it is a difficult place to get around the township surroundings of johannesburg. communications are not terribly
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well established. in order to accommodate people, this is a stadium called orlando, one of the big soccer teams plays here. people have come through this rain. what they say is, they could have stayed at home and watched it on tv or gone to their local cafe. they wanted to come out to be together. this is very much a week where the connection between nelson mandela, even though he has been out of public life for so long, even though he has been so frail and in decline for at least a year now. he still maintained direct connection to the people and they maintained a very close affection for him. so this is very much a question for them of coming out and expressing collectively the kind of feeling that you feel all over this country. this is the great leader of this country and one of the great leaders of the past century in
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the world. but you are struck at how personally people feel toward him. people will tell you, i owe everything to him. my kid is in university because of what he did. that kind of thing. people stop you on the ,,,, a picture of f.w.
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clark, the man that nelson mandela negotiated with to bring the end to apartheid watching as they worked hard and negotiated hard to bring an end to apartheid and the release of nelson mandela. >> reporter: that is very true. it's what you hear here. nelson mandela is not just a hero to black south africans which make up the vast majority of the country, he is a hero to everybody here, including the white south africans, the former white regime was a very brave one. they were forced into it by
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economic sanctions and other kinds of pressures and the moral rectitude of the battle that was being fault. his greatest gift he was being remembered for was not just long walk to freedom, the long fight for liberation but the reconciliation he saw afterwards, bringing everybody into the fold, saying this was and is a country for everybody. the inequality economically and socially is much less than it used to be. a lot of brave people coming together here on this very historic day. >> mark phillips, we thank you. as you point out and everyone knows, he has been out of public view for a very long time but he was still considered the moral compass of this country. everybody knew that nelson mandela, even though we knew he was frail and fragile, everyone thought of him as the moral
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compass. out of this sadness comes opportunity. what will the people of south africa do with this. can you talk about that, john? >> reporter: can you roux he pete that? >> i was talking about nelson mandela being the moral compass of the country even though he has been out of view for some time. people still knew he was somehow still in charge and in control. >> reporter: he is the moral compass and precisely the fact that he has been out of the public eye, out of politics. he may be like the moral conscious of this country for many years to come. specially it is already right now this unexpected memorial service.
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the camera pans on to the current president. when his name is mentioned, clearly, what they are booing is looking at where he stands relative to the moral compass that nelson mandela fought for for the country. they think that he is wavering from that course. you are seeing it in action right now at mandela's funeral. you are seeing that the moral compass is in action live. >> john, this is charlie rose. there was also, as you have pointed out, nelson mandela's understanding that they had to surprise people when he made the commitment he did to the rugby team famously saying, we have to do this, because we have to surprise them and show them who we are.
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>> reporter: this element of surprise is a big thing. i think that we are having a massive surprise right here at this very minute in the way this funeral is a massive political event. you mentioned that the famous rugby final. there is no one on the political horizon in south africa and certainly not president zuma, who is capable of turning people around, of transforming the mood of the country the way they were able to with that extraordinary mastery of political leadership and persuasion that he has. it is really, really fascinating. mandela's moral weight moving very heavily over this event and the current government.
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>> john, you point out his moral weight. you see the people there in a celebration, dancing for nelson,
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i see many toy-toy moves. nelson mandela would do that. you couldn't help but smile when you saw him doing that little chicken wing movement with his arms. many times in africa, people laugh and sing and dance through their sadness and their sorrow. these are people celebrating nelson mandela's life. if you didn't know this was a funeral, he would not know this was a funeral. they are in a stadium. a lot of cheering. people are very happy on this particular day to give what they call the old man a long good-bye. we are in the process of a ten-day funeral service for nelson mandela. >> you always hope at a time like this, that this will somehow cause a recognition of the possibilities of south africa that nelson mandela dreamed of. >> people will tell you there is
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still work to do in south africa. everyone knows there is still work to do. we will see it remains to be seen what will happen after the death of nelson mandela in this country. bill whittaker is inside the stadium. i know the weather is very dreary. a friend says, that's why we have umbrellas, nobody seems to mind this very drizzly weather there today. hello, bill whittaker. >> the president is making his way under the umbrella as he makes hi way. >> reporter: you see president obama making his way to the stage now. it is one of the highlights, if not the highlight, of this day. people have been waiting to hear president obama's speech. as he said earlier, when he came
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in, the crowd went wild cheering. now, the moment has come. he is greeting all of the other dignitaries, ban ki-moon. obama has said that nelson mandela was one of his heroes. i think it is fair to say that president obama is a hero to many of the south africans. they see in him something like some of what nelson mandela was like. a nation as large and powerful as the united states is. they see that in president obama. >> president obama is shaking many of these world leaders and
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dignitaries and shaking the hand of raul castro and others. >> on sunday, when we were at the kennedy center, i saw some who wrote the biography, mandela's way. and you can watch streaming video of mandela's memorial service on cbs news.com. that's the cbs news for this tuesday, i'm ann marie green. have a great day. arrived and president zuma, president of the country, was booed. that's a very interesting dynamic. >> this is a famous gospel song,
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and i'm frank mallicoat time is 4-- here good morning everyone, it's tuesday, december 10th. i'm michelle griego. >> hi everyone, i'm frank mallicoat. nearly 4:30 on your tuesday and lout the door and -- out with door with a little traffic and weather. let's get it going.
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>> we're back in the deep freeze again this morning. it has been day after day of very cold temperatures down to 26 in concord right now. 24 in napa. and 24 degrees in santa vow s. the good news -- rosa. the good news is the cold snap will soon come to anened. >> thank god for seat warmers. everything is good coming into san francisco. but we're getting word of a new accident on the opposite end. southbound 101 near eastbound 80. all the details on that coming up. >> thank you liz. well happening right now, tens ofthousands of people and several world leaders including president obama honoring nelson mandela in south africa. you're looking at live pictures from the world cup soccer stadium in sew wee toe. the people who braved the weather danced and sang in the rain today. during the speech, president obama urged to world to act on mandela's legacy. >> around the world today, men and women are still in prison

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