tv CBS Overnight News CBS January 21, 2019 3:00am-3:59am PST
in my process i was taking to . i wa ve, as a leader in the right guy. i was the first american they geneva at the time i made very clear nothing should happen. ever met. it was incredibly difficult. >> brennan: to a lot of people it's the diplomacy you do to get this looks like cash for hostages. things done in the world. to jason's point this has been a >> brennan: in the swap one of industry for the country many. the things people remember from >> it was a totally separate that, the fact you were released negotiation strand. the same day the nuclear deal of it had nothing to do with jason's release. iran went into affect and the in the end when they tried to transfer of money in a financial renege on the releases, we made dispute went through. 1.7 or $1.8 billion. clear nothing should go clear until the hostagees were on the it was a legendary story of a plane. plane full of cash. >> brennan: do you think we what is the truth about this. should negotiate for americans >> there is some nonsense about release now? this. >> yes. there was some di diplomacy goig hi a message from another gentleman released with me not on. nuclear track, the track with too long ago. jason and the prisoners. when we heard about the case of in parallel lawyers negotiated another american being held. under the hate tribunal for 30 he said, i'm happy we got years. we have lawyers in the state released during the last department probably not getting administration. paid with the situation in there is no direct negotiation washington. they have negotiated with iran going on with iran now between for 30 years. the united states and iran. they have been working on the that's a by product of the trump
transactions for 30 years. administration decision to leave the iranianve paid us the nuclear dea deal. $2.5 billion. there was a settlement that without the talks there is no americans had to pay iran, money deal. we have to bring them home. that iran gave us. it's a imperative matter of right and wrong. we don't leave americans behind. we hear that all the time. the trump administration has been pretty good about bringing people home from other countries. iran is a black spot on the record. unfortunately some of the same people so adamant about not negotiating over the nuclear issue while myself and others were in prison went completely a sent on the issue. i would like to bring it back to the for front. >> without that deal they would be
were welcome to perform but not welcome to stay. >> reporter: the rossonian hotel and lounge was one of more than 80 businesses in the area listed in the green book. >> these places carry a spirit with them which is why it's so important that they're still here. i was scouting about 30 site as day. >> reporter: 23,000 miles on her car during just one of her trips around the country documenting more than 9600 of the sites. >> if i had to guess i'd say at least 85% were black owned. but there were sites like charley's sandwich shop in boston that was in southy. it was owned by a white n. don't miss the grand opening of the new floor & decor in burlingame. if you have never been to a floor & decor, you have to go to the grand opening. hardwoods, laminates, tile or stone. holy smokes, this place is huge! i'm on a budget and i was able to go to
when you humble yourself under the mighty hand of god, in due time he will exalt you. hi, i'm joel osteen. i'm excited about being with you every week. i hope you'll tune in. you'll be inspired, you'll be encouraged. i'm looking forward to seeing you right here. you are fully loaded and completely equipped for the race that's been designed for you. this is the "cbs overnight
news." back in the 60s it wasn't exact exactly safe for african-americans to travel through the deep south or other parts of the country for that matter. one indispensable tool was the negro traveller's green book. back then it was the only place for people of culler to find places to sleep and eat in peace. we pick up the story at charley's sandwich shop in boston. >> reporter: a greek immigrant opened the restaurant in 1927 and with his partner, served all races, possibly first in boston to do so. was there a back lash? >> yeah, there was some pushback. >> reporte: he bought charley's in 2017. >> the original owners did not care. they welcomed everybody. if you didn't like it, you didn't come in.
>> reporter: it didn't matter that black -- head quarters were upstairs. the railroad starting talking about charley's even before they started listing in the green book in 1927. and of course the jazz greats that came to charlie's. >> sammy davis jr. used to tap dance in front of the diner. >> reporter: as times changed, so did the green book. for sale by subscription at esso gas stations sold 2 million copies a year. but victor wrote there will be some time in the future where this guide will not have to be published. this will be when we as a race has equal opportunities.
>> and he dies in 1960. >> reporter: in 1964 the civil rights act was passed, mandating the end of segregation. pub publication of the green book ceased in 1967. it was largely forgotten, its true legacy underestimated. >> so important that we look at the green book not just as a historical travel guide, not just something we needed in the past. ♪ walk with me >> but what the green book teaches us is about the resilience and the courage of what black people were able to do and accomplish in spite of the circumstances and all that happened. ♪
that rocking chair would look grahh, new house, eh?e. well, you should definitely see how geico could help you save on homeowners insurance. nice tip. i'll give you two bucks for the chair. two?! that's a victorian antique! all right, how much for the recliner, then? wait wait... how did that get out here? that is definitely not for sale! is this a yard sale? if it's in the yard then it's... for sale. oh, here we go. geico. it's easy to switch and save on homeowners and renters insurance. they say a picture is worth a thousand words. well, one photograph taken on a harlem brown stone 60 years ago speaks to us in the language of music. 57 legends of jazz in one place at one time. it didn't happen before and it
never happened again. anthony mason calls the tune. >> reporter: have you been back here since that day? >> i haven't. not at all. ♪ >> reporter: bennie gold stn is one of the great 10er sax players a composer of jazz standards a member of the jazz hall of fame. he was also a member of the elite group of musicians who gathered on this harlem doorstep do you remember this day 60 years ago? >> i remember it like it was 24 hours ago. i remember everything about it.o new york join dizzy gilespie's bands. did you know what you were coming to? >> not really. all my heroes and i say to
myself what am i doing here? >> reporter: you didn't think you were worthy? >> no. eve nobody knew who the heck bennie goldston was. >> reporter: count basie sitting on the curb. dizzy gilespie and charles mines, jerry mulligan. hawkins and sonny rollins, can you imagine if everybody had their instrumentses and played? group? >> cream of the crop. . >> reporter: he will be 90 next month. he's one of two surviving musicians from the photograph and the only one still performing. >> i didn't think i was going to make it this far. >> reporter: i'm glad you did. >> what a surprise.
>> reporter: this picture was your dad's idea? >> it was. >> reporter: jonathan's father was a hot shot art director in 1958. he pitched the idea of the picture to esquire magazine for its golden age of jazz magazine. >> it was to assemble as many great people as possible. >> reporter: your dad wasn't sure how many people were going to be there? >> he wasn't. >> reporter: art kane harlem 1958 shows frame by frame how the musicians started to gather. what was the atmosphere like? >> first word that comes to mind is loaded. you never had that many musicians of stater together in one place. >> reporter: there was no money involved. i don't know if there was catering. >> reporter: no stylist. >> what you had were 58
brilliant arts who came to the love of their craft to represent. >> reporter: art kane vintage contact sheets show there were destrarkzs as he tried to take the big picture. street pedalers passing and the musicians themselves who were all excited to see each other. >> reporter: my dad rolled up a "new york times"s into a mega shape and started emploring people to please move up through the steps. did you have any idea how big it would be? >> no. i said boy, that's a great picture and like all magazineses, you keep it for a while and i threw it in the trash. >> and over time the legend of this picture and its impact on our culture has grown. it's really taken on a life of its own.
>> reporter: art kane's career ass a photographer was launched that day. his future subjects would include aretha, janice joplin and the who. b bennie became a composer for "m.a.s.h.", "mission impauses" but nothing compared to this doorstep. how do you feel about being in that picture? >> i feel like it was a privilege. >> reporter: the new owner oof the brown stone came out to give him a copy of the magazine he threw out those years ago. threw out those years ago. >> i'm
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just last week they grabtsed pardon to forty-four young african men and their trial and incarceration is now seen as a a shameful example of racial injustice. >> it never happened. >> reporter: it took 70 years for this day to come. >> his only crime was to be black. >> reporter: for decades the case had been called an injustice when a white woman
claimed she was raped by four young black men, the clan torched black neighborhoods. four killed, one beaten by mob and others beaten into confessing. >> my father was tortured. he was hung down in a basement over a hot pipe by his hands. >> reporter: greenly was imprisoned for more than a decade. this humble box was the only gift he could give his young daughter. >> it symbolized that even though he was in prison he loved me. >> reporter: thur good marshal won them a new trial but the local sheriff shot and kill canned one of them in cold blood claiming he tried to escape. during the years, the members of the groveland four have partitioned for a full pardon
even though the men have passed away. there was one surprise >> no, i do not want him pardoned. >> reporter: the alleged rape victim who hadn't spoken publicly in decades. >> if i had to go to court today i could tell you the same stories. >> reporter: but over the years findings from federal and independent investigations disagree and today so did the clemency board voting to remove the stain of injustice. carol says she carries no bitterness. neither did her father. >> he said forgive them. >> reporter: forgive them? >> my father says hatred, anger destroys you from within. love bring you out.
in the u.s. army air core in world war ii flying more than 15,000 missions over europe and north africa. the remains of more two dozen were never found until now. jeff floor have the story of a fath daughter who never gave up hope and a remarkable recovery mission 75 years in the making. >> i just got little pieces here and there, people talking about it. >> reporter: marlau andrews was jusehitry. this is your tribute to him? >> yes. each cluster dez uginginat. so that's how we know that there were 68 missions. >> reporter: his plane crashed over austria in december 1934. the legendary all-black pilot unit. 27 of them have never been found.
dixon's wife, marlau andrews' mother wrote to the military at the time looking for answers. more than 70 years, nothing. >> i think like most people the fact that you can't find out what you want to know immediately makes you crazy. >> reporter: andrews got a call from the pentagon but they needed her help. enough clueses to point investigators to a site where they found wreckage matching dixon's plane along with art facts and bone fragmentess. they asked andrews for a dna sample. it was a match. >> surprised me like when they found the art facts, among them were part of a harmonica. and it made me laugh. he couldn't take his electric guitar with him in the plane, he took his harmonica.
how smart is that? >> reporter: they also found his ring. >> this one had the initials of my mother and a heart in the middle of the. how romantic is that? >> reporter: she continues to honor her father by keeping the legacy alive for her children, his grandchildren. >> the children when they got older will know they had someone in a family who was an honorable way. i think he would be proud that his legacy is beyond me. >> for some of you the news continues. for others check back a bit later for the morning news and from the broadcast center here in new york city, i'm michelle miller. this is the "cbs overnight
news." welcome to the overnight news. i'm michelle miller. today is martin luther king jr. day mark birthday of the civil roigtsz icon. he was the chief spokesperson and spiritual heart of the sichlk rights movement in the 50ss and 60s. won the nobel peace prize and remembered as one of the most eloquent speakers in american history. one young man who used to run to church just to listen to dr. king on the radio is elijah cummings. he's been representing maryland in congress and now the democrats have a majority in the house representatives, it's chairman comings.'sn charge of house oversight committee. >> reporter: elijah cummings has been a familiar face on capitol hill for a long time.
a 13-year term congman who's served under four different presidents. and he was hand picked by the democratic leaders. >> this job. >> we are in a fighting for the soul of our democracy. and you got to understand that. this is serious business. >> reporter: you could dismiss the congressman's statement as partisan hyperbole but part of the government is shuttered, foftrump's former associates are convicted felons, four left under a cloud of scandal and there are 17 other investigations underway. >> will you all please raise your right hand. >> reporter: not counting the ones about to begin in the new deat ofenta comed to nd cpel have ithe pastcans a
you know why? because that's our job. and it comes to subpoena, i know the power of subpoena having practiced law. you agot to have documents, emails, information. >> reporter: for the first two years of the trump administration that information was beyond the reach of house democrats. the power of subpoena belonged exclusively to the republican majority. as ranking democrat comings made 64 requests for subpoenas on things like white house security clearances, hurricane are relief efforts in puerto rico and the justice department's refusal to defend the affordable care act. all of them were blocked by the republican chairman. you've asked for documents connected to jared kushner's use of private emails, child separation policy at the border.
ever got anything? >> zero. >> reporter: nothing? >> that's the point. i don't know if any president has ever done this. none, none that have ever said i'm not giving you anything, but anything. nothing. >> reporter: but you're sitting here telling me you think mir aculously he's going to change. >> reporter: not miraculous it's abouted a herance to the constitution and the american people and the congress is insisting he allows us to do our job.basicaatheresident h publans ha hands and the only blocking but become the defense counsel for the president. okay. but no documents? i mean come on. >> reporter: now as chairman of the oversight committee comings no longers to the consult with the republicans to issue supeen
aa and initiate investigations or call hearings and he has a much bigger budget and stack. so will adam schiff, chairman of the house intelligence committee and jared nadler chairman of the judiciary committees. comings' committee has the authority to investigate anything inside or outside the federal government. >> we can look at anything. anything. >> reporter: you could look at interior? epa? >> anything. but the fact that we can look at anything is part of the problem. there's so much. i'm serious. there's so much. >> and you only have two years. >> less than that. actually less than that. the congress doesn't meet but so many days in a year and we got to hit the ground not running but flying. >> reporter: some democrats
believe cummings should guy for the juggialer and push for impeachment. he says that's premature. his hstaff has already sent out letters asking for documents related to investigations that committee may launch. the issues range from the private use of government aircraft by cabinet members to the flow of foreign money into various enterprises like his hotel in washington. you think he's making money off this job? >> please. >> reporter: a lot of money? >> a lot of money. >> reporter: and you say the laws and constitution say -- >> it's not okay. i still believe that people -, my block, they ought to know if the president is making a deal in his self interest or that of
the country. >> reporter: in response the white house says these complaints are completely baseless but we cannot comment further about ongoing litigation. elijah cummings is not a creature of washington. >> this is part of my district. >> reporter: he commutes from his maryland district an hour's drive to the north where he represents 700,000 people in most of the city baltimore. he was born here 67 years ago to parents who had been share croppers before moving north for a better life. his father worked in a chemical plant. his mother was domestic. both were pent costal ministers. >> first religion, then education. he had a saying, if you miss one day of school, that meant you died the night before and he meant that.
i did not miss one second of school between kindergarten and graduating high school. not one second. >> reporter: he graduatedify beta cappau before -- how long have you lived here? >> 37 years. >> reporter: he says he keep as campaign poster in the front window so people will know where to find him. so you like the be among your constituents? >> let me tell you something, man, if i don't do well in this block, i'm in trouble. if i lost in this block, i might as well stay home. >> reporter: and you can see the rest of the report including investigations he has planned for the trump administration in
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news." and welcome back to the overnight news. i'm michelle miller. elijah cummings has been the ranking member of the house oversight committee for six years. during that team he's watched the republican chairman ignore 64 of his subpoena requests and cut off his microphone in midsentence. those days, they're over. congressman cummings is now the chairman of that committee. >> reporter: when riots broke out in baltimore three years ago after the death of a young black man, freddy grey who was injured in the back of a police van, cunmmings gained national attention walking the streets trying to keep the peace. he's part of the fabric. but now he's stepped on to a much larger stage under bright lights of the oversight committee. >> well, i sit here and the democrats will be all over here.
and the republicans will be over there. our hearings can go anywhere from an hour 1/2, to 11 or 12 hours. >> so you got good, comfortable chair? >> and i got to tell you, steve, standsing here it sort of gives me chills in a way because i think about my journey to chair. >> reporter: after years as the committee's ranking minority leader he's ready to wield the gavel and issue subpoenas. and you don't have unlimited power and the republicans are going to put a lot of obstacles in your way >> i expect that. there's one big elephant sitting around here that we don't know what it's going to yield and that is mueller's report. i don't know what that report is going to have in it. one thing i do know is whatever it is, if it exonerates the
president, fine. but this i do know.ment. >> reporter: you think it's possible the republicans will try and suppress the report? >> i hope not but that's a possibility. i hope they don't. >> reporter: cummings republican foil is one of the president's most loyal and enthusiastic reporters. how would you describe your relationship? >> there's not much of anything that mr. cummings and i agree on policy wise but i respect hiss toughest, his tenacity. he's demonstrated he's a fighter and my background is such that i apprec dratiate that. >> reporter: a founding member of the freedomoa. he's seldom seen wearing a
jacket and always ready to go to the mat. >> taxes have been cut, economy growing at an unbelievable rate, 312,000 jobs added last month alone. gorsuch and kavanaugh on the court, hostages are home from north carolina and by the way there's arnew nafta agreement. so it's an amazing record and that's what i know about the two years weaveler donald trump 've the president of the united states. >> reporter: you said you must valiantly defend t truthfulness president trump's strongest asset. >> well, i mean, steve, look, this president has probably been attacked more than any president that in my lifetime. and over the last two years in spite of that unprecedented
attacks that have come against president trump, the last two years have been amazing. >> reporter: chairman cummings wouldn't disagree the past two years have been amazing but in a different way. >> i don't think the other presidents called a lie a truth and a truth a lie. i'm going to tell you that's what makes the relationship so difficult. it's hard to trust. want to believe if you make an agreement with someone and i believe with the other presidents it was this way. their word was their bond. i don't know how to compare and i'm not trying to be smart. >> reporter: year in new territory here? >> yes,er it's new territory. >> reporter: the new territory includes a beefed up white house it will anticipate as a barrage of requests and subpoenas from congress. what happens if you issue a bunch of subpoenas and the administration invokes executive
privilege or doesn't respond? >> it probably will end up in the courts and one of the interesting thing about the courts is our president has been making sure that some of the most conservative judges are being appointed to the federal bench and i think he relies on that. and i think that he assumes that the courts will possibly be helpful to him. >> reporte >> reporter: it promises to be a demanding time for a man whose spent time in the hospital. as he shows the victory chair chapel, he relied on a cane and a walker. he says his chairmanship will be a physical burden on him but -- you feel you have the strength and stamina? >> i'm good.
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on this martin luther king jr. day we're looking back at some of the african-americans who made their mark on u.s. history. intar group of soldiers and musicians who fought bravely for freedom and democracy in europe during world war i despite the fact they never experienced those ideals in their own country. on the new floor of the smithsonian museum a tribute to american veterans. the freedman of the massachusetts 54th, the buffalo soldiers, t soldiers tuskegee airman. >> whether it was the french, the germans or the american press. >> reporter: a guest curator at theium of african-american
history museum. >> it sticks to the heart of the way these men served and fought. >> reporter: among the first american troops to arrive in france, their first few months weren't spent fighting. >> digging ditches, latrines, making roads. >> reporter: why? >> well, there are many reasons but i think a part of it there was a political pull and then there was this issue some of the white americans did not want african-american units to fight. >> reporter: t allies wdee for fighrs. so commanding general handed over the all-black unit to the french. the 369th served more than any other american troop in combat. >> they saw that these men fought ferociously on the battle field.
>> reporter: some weren't just fighting. lieutenant just a minutes europe led thehell fighters reg minute band and was credited with bringing jazz to the french. >> every reg minuiment had a ba. they were heardtime sett they s fran be field was where they made their name. their most famous act of heroism. sentries at an isolated out post when they were aic tattacked by least a dozen germans. >> he runs out of bullets. he's throwing grenades and ends
up using his ebolo knife and prevents them from dragging his buddy away. skblrks johns >> reporter: johnson and roberts would be the first to receive one of france's highest awards for valor. >> that was the day the service, patriotism of what african-americans were capable of and willing to do for their country became known throughout the world. >> reporter: more than 150 other hell fighters were given the award. >> this one is his military uniform. >> he looks so proud. >> reporter: he does. >> reporter: gina mcveigh is the corporal's granddaughter. when did you discover the true story? >> 2004 or 5 i went to a car dealership and there was a
gentleman in uniform waiting for his car and i said oh, my grandfather fought in the war and he said he did? yeah, world war i and i said yeah, he 1 rar french medal. and he said said what? and he said can i ask you a question is your fath arblack man and he said do you know what you have? and i'm like a medal? no, you have history. >> reporter: she was asked to bring in her grandfather's belongings. >> i said it's all awards. and they said really? yeah. >> reporter: despite enduring more days in combat, despite being the first ally to reach the rhine river d spite no member ever being taken prisoner, the american government refused them an important honor. >> they were not allowed to
march in victory parades. this was in france. >> reporter: but in february of 1990 the hell fighters were allowed to parade up harlem. >> you see the pride of these men and you step in formation and know it's there. >> reporter: an even greater sense of pride came in 2015 one of the hell fighters received an award. >> the president of the united states of america has awarded the medal of honor. >> it's just amazing that all the things that african-american community has dwun the weight of not
day revisit the story of an african-american family basking in the future without ever forgetting the difficult past. >> reporter: long ago but not nearly as long ago as you might expect share croppers worked this field in south carolina. as late as 1964 bow and lake giles were still toiling like indentured servient. in fact their children say they were by nar poorest family around. >> we had to pick cotton all day long. >> oh, yeah, you had to pick cotton during the school year.% iwaing. p d god, please get us out of this situation. >> reporter: buts even as the praye prayer went unanswered, they knew there was a better life out there because it was so tantalizingly close. in their view just past this
pond was another house. you can see it right back there. just a modest home but to those share croppers kids picking cotton in these fields, that place seemed like the taj mahal. >> it looked like mansion. >> they got bathroom and stuff. >> felt like they were rich compared to our broken down home. >> they had flowers. >> reporter: and that is why it felt like liberation when half a century later the giles family moved across the street into the taj mahal. some of the siblings pooled their money to buy the property which they're renovating for family reunions. eventually the plan is to put the house in a trust so future generations will know the story and learn the lesson that poverty doesn't have beget poverty that through
determination pover can become a subses. ruthy a nurse, teacher, and chairman of the board but still a share cropper in his soul. >> across the way and now we're sitting over here instead of over there. >> we have a better life. ♪ >> reporter: this holiday season many americans will be unwrapping presents but for family like the giles, the greatest gift is the only gift that truly keeps on giving, the sacrifice of thoses who made all this possible. steve hartman, on the road in kelten, south carolina. >> amazing. and that's the overnight news for this tuesday. and that's the overnight news
captioning funded by cbs captioning funded by cbs it's monday, january 21st, 2019. this is the "cbs morning news." bundle up. tens of millions of americans are feeling frigid temperatures after a snowy weekend. how long will it last? it's day 31 of the ongoing government shutdown, and there's a push for president trump's plan to end the impact, but there's plenty of pushback. to the end zone -- hello super bowl