tv BBC World News PBS August 23, 2010 1:30pm-2:00pm PST
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>> 6 million flood victims in need of basic shelter. the u.n. calls the situation in pakistan critical. it played out on live tv. a policy maker shot dead in manila as police stormed a bus hijacked by a colleague. a the commander in afghanistan, general david petraeus, tells the bbc his troops are turning the tide against the taliban. >> when you take away areas and in a great deal to the enemy, the enemy fights back. as i said, it gets harder before it gets easier. >> welcome to bbc world news, broadcast on pbs in america and around the globe. coming in later for you, the marriage that did not make the cut. tiger woods and his wife get divorced. and the long struggle that leaves indigenous brazilians to protect their culture from the sprawling metropolis next door.
♪ >> hello to you. the pakistan situation is still critical. the monsoon flood waters are believed -- unbelievably still rising in parts of the country the un estimates more than 17 million people are affected. more than 6 million still lack the most basic shelter. the u.n. does police now have pledges of around 70% of the $460 million it has appealed for. but it is calling on the world to step up its response. here is the report from pakistan. >> even afghanistan has to send helicopters here to help the flood victims. >> we flew with a group from the afghan national army. their mission to distribute box loads of high energy biscuits. it is only a drop in the ocean that now covers so much of pakistan, but the people below
are so hungry, they wrestle each other for what befalls from the sky. >> it is chaotic, but at the moment, it is the best. the people on the grounds a desperately needed. >> we found chaos, too, on dry land, even as and a distribution center run by the police force in sindh. there were trying to handle supplies of food to the paid for from their own wages. but the flood victims ended up fighting with each other and the officers who had come to help them. this man wanted food for his family. all they got was a gas to the head. >> in terms of -- [unintelligible] the loss of crops, food, and households. i do not blame them.
they just do not want to take any chances. they're not sure what that will be feeding their children tomorrow. >> villages have become islands. and the pakistani navy are using hovercraft to rescue flood victims and get aid to places like catori. >> my husband, me, my children, are helpless. we have no money, no clothes, no food. >> despite their ordeal, families like this one to stay here to protect their property. and now at least some of them are getting aid, food, and clean drinking water. but they have had absolutely nothing in another village. these are its people. occasionally, they swim or way back to their homes to salvage what they can.
and this mans' unbundle is all but has left in the world. the villagers of got them shelter where they can go away from the brutal heat and wait for days to come. >> we will have more from another correspondent in pakistan just a little later in the program. at least eight holidaymakers from hong kong have been killed in manila, capital of the philippines, where a tourist bus was hijacked after a nine-hour siege covered live on tv. police shot and killed the hijackers. a former colleague was armed with an assault rifle. david reports. >> the nightmare for tourists, mostly from hong kong, began as there were taken hostage -- hostage on their courage. as the hostage takers that is a demand of to the bus windows, a good shooters found he was an ex police officer, seen here armed
with an m-16 assault rifle, who had been sacked from the police for drug-related crimes. he released a group of hostages, including children. but as night fell 11 hours after the drama began, the atmosphere changed. suddenly the coach moved, and waiting police shot out its tires. the driver took the chance to escape, running into the arms of reporters who had been allowed surprisingly close to the scene. police smashed windows on of the bus, throwing in a gas grenade. as they forced in ensuring the the back window, there were fired on pending least one police officer was wounded. the ex collet fired out wildly, revealing his location from waiting marksmen.
once he was confirmed dead, and full of shots survivors were helped to safety. -- shocked survivors were helped toward safety. their ordeal finally over. bbc news. >> of the american officer in charge of nato forces in afghanistan told bbc casualty figures are certain to rise as the fighting there intensifies. and general david petraeus dedman said although the taliban have lost momentum in parts of the country, a coalition service -- sources have yet to take on the safe havens. our world affairs editor reports from kabul. >> david petraeus is not just another american general. he is an a-list celebrity, the man who engineered if not a victory in iraq, at least a remarkable turnaround there. now he has a new word to salvage, and he warns it is going to cost more lives.
>> you have to take away the sanctuaries and safe havens at the taliban had been able to establish over the course of those years that they enjoyed the momentum. that will intel tough fighting. >> june and july were the worst month in this war for the deaths of the soldiers on the old command. >> yes, when you take away areas that mean a great deal from the enemy, the enemy fights back. a gets harder before it gets easier. >> out in the streets here, just about everyone thinks the taliban are winning this war. you might find the same thing in the united states, and it is partly because president obama has said that american troops will start to pull out next july. >> that is a date when the process begins been on nothing more, nothing less. it is not the date with the american forces began an exodus and look for the exit and the light to turn off on the way out of the room.
>> comes alive next year, if you do not think it is right or possible, you'll say we cannot withdraw now and the president will accept that. >> come july 2011, i will offer the president my best professional military advice. >> you're not worried that like general mcchrystal, you might be set here? >> i think we need go into a job like this, you think it is your last job. that is what i did in iraq. you are determined to do the very best you can in this particular position. >> but the bitter reality is that more fighting will mean more soldiers killed. it became visibly moved when i asked if they can face the families and said the sacrifice is worth it. >> if i could, just a real quick story i guess from leno was a division commander in iraq and we had a terrible collision of
two helicopters. and we lost 17 of our great troopers in a single event in a single might come in my head was literally down as i came out of the post. a young trooper came and put his arm around me and said that the 17 reasons to get this right. >> turning this war around will be hard. general petraeus is using the techniques that worked in iraq. his biggest challenge will be persuading people they're working here. bbc news, kabul. >> intelligence officials in neighboring pakistan are setting an american ground attack in the northwest least 12 people including a number of suspected militants. this strike in north waziristan also hit a house nearby. reports suggest several civilians were among those killed. earlier in south waziristan, at least 32 people died in three separate bombings by militants. in the most serious, at least 22 people including a pro-taliban former member of parliament died
in a suicide attack at a mosque. two spanish aid workers released by al qaeda militants in north africa and going home after a brief stopover. the two were kidnapped in november while delivering supplies to villages. as chile's political leaders to become an urgent talks with three independent military police is backing could decide to rent the country. the general election proved inconclusive. the prime minister and her conservative rivals are both arguing they have the right to lead a minority government. it is the end of the tiger woods and his wife have officially divorced. this is nine months after tiger woods crashed his is to be outside their home near orlando, setting up a flurry of information about tiger woods' cheating on his wife. do we have any details on this or is it being kept as private
as possible? >> in the past few moments, the celebrity news website, tmz, as published about 30 pages of documents from the courthouse today. this is a reliable source of celebrity news. it broke the news of michael jackson's death. the paper works as the marriage of tiger woods and evelyn nordegren, now going back to her maiden name, it was irretrievably broken. is a preliminary agreement for the divorce was reached in early july. it says it tiger woods said his for kirk -- former wife and himself a both under in the quarter-hour parenting course. the one fact he is clear from this is that they have what is described as shared parenting of their two children, a 3-year-old girl at 1-year-old boy. and intriguing way, the paper work says tiger woods has admitted to counts one to 10 of the petition for divorce filed by his wife.
elin nordegren filed for divorce. we do not know what pair crops one to 10 say, simply that tiger woods has accepted them in the divorce is final. in the financial details remain secret. >> very tough on the children, of course, and they seem to be putting them first. but interest will focus on what those financial details might be. >> well, tiger woods' career earnings estimate it did over $1 billion now. he is the world's richest sportsmen. i think we can make a couple of assumptions about this. one, elin nordegren is going to walk away very rich woman. $100 million at the lower end of some of the estimates by some of the media watchers here. some of them very well sourced. the other assumption you can make is that there will be some kind of secrecy or gag order relating to that car crash outside their home early one morning in november in which
tiger woods was at the wheel and was seriously injured. he was semi-conscious after that accident after hitting a fire hydrant. and all manner of rumors and reports about alleged discussions that they had prior to that. the police never trust anyone with a crime. tiger woods denied he was drinking are doing drugs. both he and elin nordegren denied they argue prior to the crash. but i think it is producer in the both parties will keep the details of those circumstances leading up to the crash secret as part of this agreement. >> thank you very much. thanks to you for being with us. stay with us on "bbc world news ." a note confirms the 33 miners trapped underground for two weeks in chile are still alive. but it is likely to take months to rescue them. >> first, life in space but not as we know it. scientists studying ways to colonize other plants have made
a breakthrough and discovered an organism that can survive and the harsh environment of space. here is the explanation. >> a picturesque location and an unlikely spot for scientists trying to find new ways of colonizing other planets. the hard-hitting research involved sending rock samples or microorganisms contained in them into outer space. tourists flocked to this seaside town for a relaxing holiday, but believe it or not, to microorganisms, this cliff faces one of the least hospitable places on earth. it is either constantly being battered by sea water are dried out in the heat of the sun. the scientists believe that anything that could survive in these rocks could survive in space. >> space shuttle atlantis. >> in 2008, the space shuttle carried with it bits of rock from the cliffs from here into
orbit. and they stuck a month to the outside of the international space station. for a year and a half, the bugs and said the rocks experience the called vacuum of space. surely nothing could survive these conditions. but something did. here it is. this super bug that can survive in that space. >> their many uses of microbes in space. for example, these sorts of places where microbe's produce oxygen, and they can be used by life-support systems to sustain human beings on the moon and mars. if we eventually establish a permanent human presence on the moon and mars, it would be a hardy organism was the lead in experiments like these that we will use. >> it also likes science fiction, but they do contain organisms that can survive in our space. ♪ >> one main headline this hour
on "bbc world news." aid is arriving but still not enough. the u.n. has called on the world to step up its response to pakistan's monsoon floods. officials in pakistan and the united states have long been warning that the floods in the slow response represent an opportunity for militant groups including the taliban. here is the report from this lot valley where the taliban were driven out by a major army offensive last year. >> it place a stunning beauty bear's new scars. the floods of our roads and bridges. nature showed no mercy in the swat valley. many communities are now cut off. if a comes, it has to be carried. a 40 kilocdo and punishl in heat. we join the track to one of the worst hit towns. korea's distending now, they're used to be a hospital complex.
like so many other vital parts of the infrastructure, it has simply been washed away. it is very clear that a massive injection of aid will be needed here, and the fear is that people cannot get enough support from the government and the international community, then others will be waiting to fill the vacuum. it is just a year since these people escaped the yolk of the taliban. no one has forgotten the brutality and the big headings. but here and elsewhere, desperation could give the militants a foothold. we met a band of brothers burdened by sacks of flour bought by their father with the last of his money. he says, life is harder now than under the taliban. he has had no work since the floods and says that is ahead if help is not come.
they have a long way to go. 15 hours. 12 hours more. 15. 15. and for this elderly man, another six hours walk. >> he shows me where he shops -- were his shops used to be. he was a target for the taliban and worried that hung there might invite them back in. >> they did not help us. maybe the taliban has come again here? in those people do not have food or anything. there they go again with the taliban. >> the army is busy directing the relief efforts, a massive task on top of fighting the taliban. and troops will be tied up with this for months.
washington is watching very closely. there are worries that a lasting legacy of the floods could be an even shakier pakistan. bbc news. >> you'll find lots more coverage of the crisis on our website. just go to bbc.com/pakistan floods. 33 miners trapped hundreds of meters underground in chile may not be rescued until december. they have already been stranded for 17 days, but managed to get a message to the surface, saying they are alive and well. a drill is being used to search for them. james robert has the story. >> tears of jubilation and tears a share joy. the 33-presumed dead under tons of earth have just got a message to the surface.
they're all still alive 17 days after the mine collapsed. here is of the news came. on a piece of paper wrapped around the drilling probes sent deep into the earth. it says simply, we're fine in the shelter, the 33 of us. for all the families, some beginning to lose hope, enormous relief. >> relief. we're just so, so happy. we all hope that they were alive, and the news was amazing. >> there have been seven previous attempts to reach the man trapped in his gold and copper mine. but then on sunday, sounds of hammering or picked up by a camera attached to the drill which was boring a hole the size of a grapefruit through the rock. that down not just the emergency shelter where the miners had gathered but if a suppressed a close to the lens. proof at last of life. -- but a face pressed up close to the lens. the miners were 700 meters down when they were trapped. rock above them collapsed into a mine access tunnel, blocking any
hope of a media escape. but was two and a half weeks ago. so the miners moved to a shelter area, described as the size of a small flat, where the have and dirt temperatures over 32 degrees celsius or about 90 fahrenheit. rescuers have been drilling in narrow boreholes to trephined them and did so at the eighth attempt. now engineers will make a new shaft to just wide enough for one person at a time to be brought up. but the drilling to take at least 120 days to complete, so the miners may not get out until just before christmas. from the oldest of the miners, a letter to his wife, urged patience and faith. he said he did not stop thinking of her for a single moment. and here she is with the president of chile, who personally promised to do all the good to rescue the men. the difficulties the trapped miners still face cannot dampen the celebration of his spreading through the streets. bbc news. >> we will be back to that story
for short. kenyan authorities and seized nearly two tons of raw ivory. the smugglers are trying to fly it out to malaysia. sniffer dogs at the airport found dozens of elephant tusks in crates and avocados. two men have been arrested. experts believe it could be worth almost $1 million. drivers in china can finally breathe a sigh of relief, that traffic jam that stretched for 100 kilometers has finally cleared. the holdup began nine days ago on a stretch of road near the capital known as the beijing- tibet expressly. there was roadwork. they're not expected to finish it for another month. the chestnut tree in the jewish and fragrant about in her diary has collapsed. the trio said her home is a very few signs of nature visible from the attic where she hit for more than two years during world war ii. she died in a concentration camp in 1945. she was 15. on the outskirts of the biggest
city in brazil lies the smallest indigenous reservation in the country. less than two football pitches a few hundred corny indian struggle to preserve their culture, a corner by the swift expansion of sao paulo, the economic hub of brazil. >> this is the smallest indian reservation in brazil. some 400 people live in this village, roughly the size of two football fields. it is a sprawling metropolis of almost 12 million people in neighboring san paulo. the original inhabitants of the forests that used to cover all this region have been trying to protect a rich culture against the mounting pressure of life. >> many in brazil would say that these people are not real
indians any more because they were close. many have tv sets and even cars. but they themselves have a very different take. they say that being an indian is sending the comes from the inside and not from the outside. and actually, then managed to preserve their traditions, their ways of life, even being so close to sao paulo, the biggest city in brazil. >> we are what we are. we are indians. what threatens us is the lack of understanding from the people in that the city. they do not understand it did not accept us. >> the core news survive the production of handicrafts as there isfor their traditional culture. >> what matters for the white man? the years, the forest?
no, it is the money. it all turns into money. for us, it is different. importance in our land, the forest, the water, and the animals. >> brazilian authorities recognize their right to moorland but say that creating new reservations is bureaucratic and time-consuming. >> it is difficult to estimate when they will get their land because we do not know what the problems are. we are aware the agency, and we have done our part. >> the young indians practiced the warrior stance. it is a symbol of their resilience that has guaranteed their survival against all odds for over 500 years. abc news, a sao paulo. >> much more on line, on twitter, and facebook. thanks for watching.
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