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tv   BBC World News  PBS  August 23, 2010 4:30pm-5:00pm PST

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>> 6 million flood victims in need of basic shelter. the un calls the situation in pakistan critical. dramatic rescue scenes in the philippines. an armed man gets eight hostages killed. rescue could be months away for 33 miners trapped underground in chile. welcome to "bbc world news." coming up, the marriage that did not make the cut. tiger woods and his wife get divorced. the long struggle of these brazilians to protect their culture from the sprawling metropolis next door.
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>> hello to you. pakistan, the situation is still critical. the flood waters are still rising. the un estimates more than 17 million people are affected and 6 million black even the most basic shelter. the un has pledges of 70% of the $460 million it appealed for, but they are calling on the world to step up its response. >> even afghanistan has sent helicopters to help the flood victims. we flew with a crew from the afghan national army. their mission was to distribute box loads of materials. the people below are so hungry and they wrestle each other for what falls from the skies.
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[inaudible] [inaudible] >> we found chaos on dry land even as the a distribution center run by the police force. they were trying to hand out supplies of food they paid for from their own wages, but the flood victims ended up fighting with each other and officers who had come to help. this man wanted food for his family, all they got was a cut to the head. >> [unintelligible] the loss of their crops, food and their households. i don't blame them. any just don't want to take chances because they are not sure they will be doing
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tomorrow. >> villages have become islands. the pakistani navy are using hovercraft to rescue flood victims and get aid to people. >> my husband and i are helpless. we have no money and no food. we need the world to help us. >> family is like this want to stay here to protect their property. at least some of them are getting aid and clean drinking water. but they have had absolutely nothing in another village. occasionally they swim or wade back to their homes to salvage what they can. these are all he has left in the world. the villages, a shelter from the
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brutal heat and they wait for help to come. [crying] >> for those affected by the floods, they have been [unintelligible] telling of their frustration at the local authorities responsible for delivering the aid. >> many people are protesting against the political leaders. no one cares about the children, people are dying from hunger and disease. >> no one is helping us. they are creating different issues for us. sometimes they tell us to bring our identity cards. no one is helping. >> the president came to visit,
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but we were not allowed to convey in front of him. we are requesting the un to convey [inaudible] >> we will have more from our other correspondence in pakistan later on in the program. at least 32 people have been killed in the three separate bombings by militants in pakistan. seven people were killed during a council meeting and three died in a blast. the most serious attack was in a mosque. at least 22 people -- 22 people were killed. an american drone killed at least 12 people, including a number of suspected militants. two spanish aid workers have departed for home after a brief stopover.
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they were kidnapped in november and were delivering supplies to villages. australia's political leaders have begun talks with independent mp's. the general election proved inconclusive as. the prime minister and conservative rivals are arguing they have the right to lead the minority government. at least eight holidaymakers from hong kong have been killed in manila when a tourist bus was hijacked. police shot and killed the hijacker, a former colleague armed with an assault rifle. >> they nightmare for tourists began as they were taken hostage. negotiators found he was an ex
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police officer seen here on with an assault rifle who had been sacked from the police for drug crimes. he released hostages. >> are you feeling good? but the atmosphere changed. suddenly the coach moved. the driver took the chance to escape, running into the arms of reporters who had been surprisingly close to the scene. police smashed windows on the bus, throwing in a gas grenade. they were fired on from inside the bus and one police officer was wounded. their former colleagues fired out wildly, revealing his
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location to marksmen who killed him. >> [unintelligible] or hurting anybody else, but she was obviously distressed to begin with, something pushed them over the edge. >> there were only a handful of survivors. to read than half of those who had been on the bus made it out alive. >> rescue teams in chile made contact with 33 miners to have been trapped underground. they were for -- received their supplies of food and water, but it could take three months to get them back.
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cheers of jubilation and tears of sheer joy. they just got a message to the surface, they are all still alive 17 days after the mine collapsed. a piece of paper wrapped around a drilling probe sent deep into the earth. it says we are fine, in the shelter. there are 33. >> we are so happy. we hoped they were alive. >> there have been seven previous attempts to like this. on sunday, sounds of hammering were picked up by a camera attached to the drill the size of a grapefruit. they found not just the emergency shelter, but a face pressed up close to the lands. >> the miners were 700 meters
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down when they were trapped. that was 2.5 weeks ago, soviet miners moved to a shelter area described as the size of a small flat. rescuers have been drilling holes to try to find them. engineers will put a new shaft wide enough for one person at a time to be brought up. the miners may not get out until just before christmas. one lesson -- one letter urged patience. here e is with the president who promised to do all he could to rescue the man. the difficulties they face and not dampen the celebration spreading through the streets
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and across the nation. >> it has been confirmed tiger woods and his wife had officially divorced. this was nine months after he crashed his car outside their home setting off a fury of claims he has been cheating on his wife. our correspondent gave me more on what details have emerged. >> you have the celebrity news web site publishing 30 pages of documents from the courthouse today. is it a reliable source? it broke the news of michael jackson's death. it says the marriage -- elin nordegrenm it was irretrievably broken. the preliminary agreement was reached in early july. it says they have each undergone a parenting course prior to this divorce agreement.
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the one fact that is clear is they have shared parenting of their two children. intriguingly, the paperwork said tiger woods admitted to counts one-10 of the petition for divorce filed by his wife. we don't know what's the paragraph says, simply that tiger woods accepted the divorce is final. financial details remain secret. >> they seem to be putting the children first, but interests will focus on what the financial details will be. >> tiger woods career earnings is estimated at over $1 billion. he is the world's richest sportsmen. elin nordegren will walk away a very rich woman, $100 million is
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the lower end of some of the best estimates by some of the media watchers. i think the other assumption you can make is there will be some kind of secrecy or gag order related to the car crash outside their home in which tiger woods was at the wheel and he was seriously injured. there were rumors of reports about alleged discussions they had had prior to that. >> you are watching "bbc world news."still o come, south africa's -- putting more hospitals and schools to a standstill. it is life in space but not as we know it. scientists studying ways to
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colonize other planets have made a breakthrough. they have discovered an organism that can survive. >> a picturesque location and an unlikely spot for scientists trying to find new ways to colonize other planets. the research involved sending rock samples into outer space. tourists flock to this town for a relaxing holiday, but to microorganisms, this cliff is one of the least hospitable places. they are constantly being battled by seawater or dried out in the heat. scientists believe anything that can survive in these rocks could survive in space. in 2008, the space shuttle carried bits of rock into orbit.
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they stop them on to the outside of the international space station. the bugs inside the rocks experienced a cold vacuum of space, surely nothing could survive these conditions, but something did. this is a super bug that can survive in space. there are many uses of microbes in space. these produce oxygen and can be used as a life support system to sustain human spirit we have established permanent residence -- they could be these microorganisms that we will use. it all sounds like science fiction, but these really do contain organisms that can survive an hour -- in airspace. -- in outer space.
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>> aid is arriving but still not enough. pakistan has called on the world to step up to its response. officials are warning the floods and slow response represents an opportunity for militant groups. the taliban was driven out from one area by a major army offensive last year. >> a place of a stunning 3 d vehrs new stars. the floods -- bears new scars. many communities are caught off as they become so it has to be carried in punishing heat. we joined the track to one of the worst hit towns. where i am standing now they're
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used to be a hospital complex. like so many other vital parts, it has been washed away. it is clear a massive injection of aid will be needed and the fear is if people don't get enough support from the government, then others will be waiting to fill the vacuum. it is just a year since these people escaped the taliban. no one has forgotten the brutality and the headings, but desperation could give the militants a foothold. we met a band of brothers which sacks of flour bought by their father. this man says life is harder now than other in -- under the taliban. he has had no work since the floods and says death is a head
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without help. they have a long way to go. 15 hours, 12 hours more, 15, and for this elderly man, another six hours. >> [unintelligible] that is a hole in the wall. >> he shows me where his shops used to be. he worries that hunter might incite the taliban. >> the government did not help us with the taliban. maybe the taliban will come again here. they will work again and with the taliban. >> the army is busy directing relief efforts, a massive task on top of fighting the taliban. troops will be tied up for months.
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washington is watching very closely. there are worries a lasting legacy of the floods could be a shakier pakistan. >> more than 1 million people in south africa are still on strike. they are protesting against a government injunction. strikes have close hospitals and schools. -- closed hospitals. >> still fighting, watched by the military, the people who work in the south africa hospitals are on the picket line. many from continuing strike action. but a hospital cleaner ones to stand up to be counted. -- wants to stand up.
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she took her to her home where she earns $540 a month, a salary that is meant to support a family of 10. >> [unintelligible] that is why i am joining the strike. >> the south african public health system is held to ransom by this strike. business in the hospital where she works, is the defense minister. thinking the military who stepped in to keep [unintelligible] >> we would like the people employed by the hospital to take advantage of the fact that is secured, to make their way back. >> but at another hospital we found signs of neglect. waste discarded and food staff never bother to clean up.
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around hospitals in south africa [unintelligible] this is eerily quiet, patients have discharged because there is no staff. doctors are warning this is costing lives. amid the confusion with no staff are around, these volunteers are trying to do the best they can. one of the few patients is a mother expecting twins. she needs surgery but there is no chance of that, so she has been transferred. it is the third case this morning. with the union threatened indefinite strikes until demands are met, government is under pressure to back down or risk further disruption that could take months to repair. >> kenyan authorities seized
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two tons of raw ivory smugglers were trying to fly to malaysia. sniffer dogs found dozens of elephant tusks hidden. experts believe this could be worth $1 million. drivers in china can finally breathe as the traffic jam that stretched for hundreds of kilometers has finally cleared. there is. rove work is to blame for this and they are not expected to finish for another month. a jewish teenager and frank wrote about a tree that has collapsed. -- anne frank. she died in a concentration camp in 1945.
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on the outskirts of the biggest city in brazil lies the smallest indigenous reservation. these people struggle to preserve their culture after the swift expansion of the city. >> this is the smallest indian reservation in brazil. just 400 people live in this village. this is a sprawling metropolis of almost 12 million people. inhabitants of the forest that used to cover all this region [unintelligible] their struggle to protect culture against the mounting pressure of emigration. many in brazil say these people are not real people because many
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have tv sets and even cars, but they have a different take. they say being a native is something that comes from the inside. they have managed to preserve their traditions, even living close to the biggest city in brazil. >> we are what we are. we will always [unintelligible] what frightens us is a lack of understanding from the people in the city. they don't accept us. >> they survive off the pot -- of the productions of [unintelligible] >> what matters for the white man?
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it is the money. and for us, it is different. the important thing is our land and the animals we can eat. >> authorities recognize they are right to mow land, but saying creating new reservations is bureaucratic and time- consuming. >> we don't know what the problem is. we know how urgent it is. [unintelligible] >> the young practiced the warriors dance. it is a symbol of the resilience that has guaranteed their survival against all odds for 500 years. >> thanks for watching.
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