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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 16, 2012 4:00pm-4:30pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." . reporting from washington, i am katty kay. is this what cease-fire looks like? in syria, the guns are not silent. we have a special report from inside that country and the u.s. ambassador ways en. >> two days last week, it definitely looks like it is continuing and there is real reason to question the commitment. >> no apology, no remorse. anders behring breivik goes on trial for the murder of 77 in norway, claiming he acted in self-defense. and which way are the political winds blowing in france?
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welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and also around the world. dozens of people have died in serious is the u.n.-brokered ceasefire came into effect last -- have died in syria since the u.n.-brokered cease-fire came into effect last thursday. access to the country for foreign journalists is restricted, but our been insidects have northern syria and they sent us this report. >> there is supposed to be a truce in syria. it does not sound like it. to come here, it seems uneasy, and the ground remains highly dangerous. we move with rebel fighters into a northern town of firmly under the grip of president assad's
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minh. they rely on the stealth and cunning. they know these routes while. -- well. but the rebels are vastly outgunned and were unable to resist the ferocious government offensive that swept through this region just days ago. the international community talks of cease-fires and peace plans, but the view from the ground is very different. >> they are buying time. the government lies to the people. if lies to the whole world. it is not surprising it would like to kofi annan, too. >> you can see not all government forces have withdrawn. every few minutes, there are short bursts of gunfire. we do not know who is shooting, but whoever is responsible, kofi
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annan's cease-fire looks shaky. >> the government is not in control of this area. they set up checkpoints and. over the last hour or so, you can hear the sound of gunfire. this is days after the cease- fire was to have taken place. >> we saw roy blokes, -- which saw roadblocks, looking for the man who is the head of the rebel army. the rebels have been beaten and bloodied, but not about. and the fighters have moved back in, by passing main roads and cities. they call it a mission to protect their homes and families. this struggle is about their future. the girls of this family may be young, but the already know the language of syria's revolution.
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last week, this area was under attack. today, women and girls dear to leave their homes once again. -- dare to leave their homes once again. coming back on to the streets to demand change. it is a mistake to think all syrians share their view. some think there is an islamic threat. if there is to be peace, and must be made in places like this. -- it must be made in places like this. and the year is never far away. even for a 19-year-old of bill. a -- bdul -- abdul. >> when kofi annan left last time, they attacked us. >> she is no faith it will make
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a difference. the truth is these people have come too far and lost too much to give up now. in the words of one "we will carry on protesting until the last man standing." bbc news. >> until the last man is standing. for more on the situation inside syria and the international community's response, i was joined by the un ambassador. can you really call this a cease-fire when there have been so many violations on both sides? >> there definitely have been violations, particularly since saturday. the bulk of them have come from the government side in places like homs. it definitely looks like they are freezing, and there is real reason to question the government's commitment.
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>> what contingency is there if the cease-fire does not hold? >> the annan plan is more than a cease-fire. is a diplomatic process, a humanitarian process for those who need it most. it has always been a plan that depends upon the commitment of the syrian government, as well as the opposition. it is not something anyone can impose on the. we have joined with many others in putting maximum economic and political pressure on the government to appear to its commitments. if it does not, then we will have to look at this. >> if you look at the political plan, why would president assad agreed to democratic elections that would mean the end of his regime? what is going on behind closed doors? >> many of the countries that
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have the greatest influence on assad have put pressure on him. otherwise you would not have seen him go along with the annan plan. those countries will have to resume their pressure and make it clear assad does not have a choice if the ones to have anything -- if he wants to have any potential of not facing harsher pressure from the international community. the u.n. security council will be monitoring implementation of this. we will be meeting next week. if indeed this looks like it has fallen apart and cannot be salvaged, then we will be looking at how to step up the pressure, including potentially greater applications of sanctions. >> briefly, do you hear from russia and china, that they will put pressure on assad to go? >> they have been putting pressure on the sod to adhere to
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this plan, and -- on assad to appear to this plan, and that would result in a democratic transition. they may assume that the democratic transition is one in which assad may survive. i think the rest of the world knows otherwise. >> a strong condemnation from the united nations this weekend about the rocket launch. have you come to the conclusion that the carrot of food aid is not working with north korea and it is time to use a bigger stick? >> first of all, food aid was not a karen. -- not a carrot. there will be additional sanctions that we agreed to today in the context of the security council interactions'. they also received a very tough warning that should they pursue another launch or a nuclear test that the security council is
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determined to take further action accordingly. >> are you concerned -- this is the pattern, right? of failure on north korea's part, and they have some kind of test. >> that has been the pattern in the past. the message from the security council was with an unanimous and forceful, that it would be extremely unwise for them to pursue that pattern again, because we are ready and we are agreed on the necessity of additional tough measures should they do so. >> ok, ambassador susan rice. thank you for joining the program. >> good to be with you. >> the extremist accused of carrying out norway's worst mass murder cried as he went on trial. when prosecutors showed the anti-muslim videos anders behring breivik had made, he showed no remorse for the attacks, saying he made them in self-defense. the families of the victims were
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in court as the prosecution showed in detail how breivik planned and carried out the massacre. >> the mastermind of norway's suffering was handcuffed. he seemed relaxed, eager. he always wanted this, a chance to present his views in public. he started with a salute to the far right. no remorse. and for the first time in court, we heard the voice of the killer. >> i acknowledge the acts, but i do not plead guilty. i was doing it in self-defense. >> he says the bomb in oslo that killed eight and his massacre on the nearby island of utoeya were the opening shots in a war, war against multiculturalism, against political parties that support immigration.
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the prosecution named every one of his victims'. it took them almost an hour. slightly less time than it took him to kill 69 people on the island. among them -- breivik shot him three times, twice in the back of the head. and a 16-year-old girl. a bullet through her brain. for the first time today, we saw tears from anders behring breivik, but not, it seems, for his victims. the court was shown a video he had made to justify his one-man wore. this 10-week trial inside the courtroom is being very carefully managed. the most disturbing and sensitive evidence will be given only once the television cameras are switched off, and breivik's
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appearances will also be limited so as not to give him a platform for his views. he says that amounts to courtroom propaganda. prosecution showed us the room he lived in in oslo, the car he drove to get to the island, the uniform he was wearing their. is steady progress across the summer camp -- his steady progress across the summer camp, at each red dot another death. and the this phone call to the police. [speaking foreign language] >> then, for just a few minutes, breivik's lawyer spoke and
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defended his client's right to have his say in court. >> it will be hard for the victims to hear him. but it is his right. it will be the most important evidence in deciding whether he is legally sane. >> among the survivors in court, and edith. >> i think it is good to see -- because it is definitely closure. >> are you still afraid of him? >> no. because he is going to be locked up no matter what. >> but it will be a long, drawn- out process, and breivik takes the stand tomorrow. >> remembering a terrible day in norway. this weekend, a brazen taliban offensive across afghanistan
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provoked a withering assessment of afghan and nato intelligence services by president hamid karzai. he said they failed in their effort to detect the attack, which are being blamed on the terrorist network. and true north was in the capitalan -- drew north -- andrew north was in the capital. >> the heart of kabul this morning. of gunbattle -- a gun battle between insurgents and afghan security forces. the taliban call this the new spring offensive with the british embassy one of its targets. a coordinated attack across afghanistan. soldiers mounting a desperate effort to end the siege by scaling the building. the fighting lasted 18 hours in
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what is almost a carbon copy of an attack last year on the u.s. embassy. president karzai saying that nato intelligence failures are to blame for this embarrassing reprieve. but afghan troops were celebrating when they finally regained control. >> if they come back again, we will be more than ready to give them a strong answer as we did yesterday. in one day, we have rappelled all 66 of them who came here. >> on every floor, we saw the corpses of dead insurgents, evidence of how fierce the battle had been. >> there is a general feeling that they did a lot better this time than in the past. but need a backup was still a central. and we understand from afghan security sources that british special forces were also here in
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this building, and they played a decisive role in bringing things to an end. once the fighting was over, americans were on the scene, gathering evidence. what worries afghans is if insurgents can do this when nato troops are still here, what will happen when they leave? bbc news, kabul. >> a very worrying weekend in afghanistan. you were watching "bbc world news america." -- you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come -- american jim yong kim is picked for the top post at the world bank. anbar rao has -- are rao has broken out among the iraqi -- a row has broken out among the iraqi government about an oil pipeline. >> the crumbling bricks were
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part of the once-magnificent territory of a kaine. more is buried underground. they are worried undiscovered treasures are at risk. according to the antiquities department, behind me there is the wall of the ancient city of babylon. it goes down this way, where the oil pipeline goes into the city. the newly-constructed pipeline will carry oil products from the self to baghdad. -- from the south to baghdad. >> that have nothing in that area. when they lay the oil pipe, they find nothing. than find nothing. >> the antiquities officials consider the pipelines a threat
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to what they say are fragile ruins underneath. they want them diverted. >> there is another problem. the board of antiquities worked hard on that side. the pipelines could prevent that from happening. >> the lion of babylon has survived almost intact. is symbolizes the babylonian warriors protecting their city. today, it is the floor of oil that could prove impossible -- the lure of oil that could prove impossible to resist. bbc, babylon. >> today, it became official that dr. jim yong kim will become president of the world bank. it was almost a foregone
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conclusion once he was tapped by president obama last month. i spoke a short time ago to shaun cassidy of "the new yorker." it has been awhile since we have had a rock star head of the world bank. is he that man? >> if he is, he has been hiding his stardom. all we know is he is an expert in world health. he has spent the last few years in new hampshire where no one has seen him. the obama administration has really pulled him out of obscurity. the most we know about him is how little we know about him at this stage. >> he seems to have faded in public view compared to the international monetary fund, which has gotten so much spotlight. it means that shot in the arm, does it not, the organization at the moment? >> it certainly does.
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now that the imf is involved in things like the european crisis, the financial crisis, 10 years ago the world bank was quite prominent when people like tony blair and president bush were talking about development goals. that has all been relegated. you are exactly right. it needs a leader to come forward and bring it back into public consciousness right around the world. it really remains to be seen whether he can do that. >> but isn't this more an existential question about is the world bank the relevant organization it once was? in the next 12 years, you say the bank will lose more than half of its traditional customs? does that matter any more? >> it does matter for the very poor countries, particularly in africa. what we see in these countries like china and india, get on their own two feet, and in a few years, they will not need the
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world bank anymore. but the places in sub-saharan africa, they definitely need all the help they can get. the question is, how do we reach to live for this new world where it still has an important -- how do we re-tool list for this new world where it still has an important role? he does not come from an economic background. he comes from a public health program. he will have to be learning on the job. it is not clear whether he has the leadership skills or the intellectual ambition to drive this forward in the coming years. >> what will be your benchmark? what is the one thing you will look for to see if he is a successful leader that will revitalize the organization? >> the role of the world bank president is to raise money. you need to persuade world governments to put more money in the pots that you can lend out to the poor asian countries, african countries.
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there were rumors that some countries around the world did not want to contribute any more. that has not happened. but there has not been a big financial ground for a while. then you go to places like the u.k. -- just keep the institution going, but find it. that is what i will be looking to see. >> thank you very much. >> thank you. >> the economy is dominating elections around the world, and next weekend, france will go to the polls for the first round of the keenly-anticipated pull their. nicolas sarkozy and francois hollande have been contesting their. we went to a town that has a remarkable record for predicting the right results. >> they are sold and some of the most expensive stores in france.
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20 people in the village rely on the cache of the made in france label, but the heavy cost of labor puts jobs at risk. and the much cheaper chinese competition. >> it promises -- they do not have so much chance reflects theierre national mood. the candidates would do well to listen. this village has an uncanny knack of predicting which way the political winds are blowing. in key elections since 1981, france has voted left, right, left, right, right, left, and right again. and the people of this village
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have voted in the exact same pattern as the national average. in 2007, they placed all 12 candidates in the first round of the ballot in precisely the same order as the rest of the country. he and his wife cecille are testing public opinion with this homemade survey that attacks -- that detects important themes and the candidate's best suited to address them. >> even if sarkozy would be better to do that or that? >> i do not go with surrogacy -- sarkozy. >> there is no strong tide of opinion for either candidate. he thinks that abstentions will
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be high. >> it is a new phenomena and. the candidates are annoying people. they are not talking about the issues. >> the political landscape could yet be shaped by the final few days of this campaign. if form runs true, it is this rural community in burgundy that holds the vital clues to sunday's first round results. bbc news. >> clearly a beautiful village. that brings today's show to close. remember, you can get updates on that story and others on our website. you can also reach me on twitter. i am @kattykaybbc.
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>> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, union bank, and shell. >> this is kim, about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, we're developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us get the most from our energy resources. let's use energy more efficiently. let's go. >> "bbc world news america" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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