tv BBC World News America PBS January 2, 2014 2:30pm-3:01pm PST
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for. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. tonight, more than 50 passengers trapped aboard a ship in antarctic ice since christmas eve have been rescued. they are heading home. after three ice breakers failed to reach the ship, it was a chinese helicopter which finally carried the scientists and tourists to safety. the bbc's andrew baker was on board for the ill-fated journey and that this report. >> look at that. hadas the site everyone been waiting for, the first rescue helicopter descending onto the same ice that had kept the russian research ship stranded for over a week.
previous attempts to bring about the rescue of the scientist and tourists have been aborted due to poor weather. finally, today these guys were clear. the helicopter is here to take us home. thanks, everyone. passengers were carried in groups of 12 to an icebreaker 15 minutes away. the operation lasted several hours. i was one of those who made this journey. was you were just watching the last group of people varied -- ferried from the russian vessel to just outside the australian icebreaker. scientists on board the ship had been re-creating the journey of douglasralian explorer morrison and his 1911 voyage to antarctica. but on christmas eve, big floes of ice driven by wind
had left the vessel unable to move further. lang syne," they celebrated the new year by working towards their own rescue. helipadspreparing the by stomping down the snow and ice so that the chinese helicopters can reach us. finally, with the weather clear, the rescue could go ahead. the icebreaker is now breaking through the ice. the eventual destination, the australian state of tasmania 1700 miles away. but for the crew of the ship, the wait remains. they will have to hold out until the ice surrounding the ship breaks up, and that could be many more weeks. andrew baker, bbc news. >> a perilous journey 100 years ago and today. peace talks aimed at resolving tribal violence in south sudan
are about to start in yukio peer. the violence that has left hundreds dead broke out last month after a power struggle between the president and his sacked deputy. so far thousands have been driven from their homes. 75,000 refugees are thought to be living at a camp on a riverbank having fled fighting in a nearby city. our correspondent reached the camp and send this report. >> progress has been slow in the world's youngest country. this is one of south sudan's major highways. a political crisis that sparked ethnic violence has left things precariously balanced. it could still go either way. there are two roads that run from the capital to the north. this is considered to be the safer of the two roads. cars coming down here are packed
full of people getting out of dangerous areas. after a while, the landscape suddenly fills up with people. under every tree now lives a family. perhaps 75,000 people escaped fighting to get here, but they have nothing. no food, no clean water, no sanitation. they have seen the impact here -- at two small clinics set up by medecins sans frontieres. many of the sick are children. those in need are overwhelming the handful of doctors. >> a major problem we're seeing is watery diarrhea, which we expected. if it continues, it could turn into cholera. >> at the moment the only source of water is the nile, muddy and dirty, to drink, wash, and cook with. there is no food and little shelter. a 14-year-old took me to the tree where his family is camping.
everyone here is from the biggest tribe. they fled for their lives when the killings started. to the watering transportation station. you come around, you find dead bodies. >> soldiers or civilians? >> civilians. remembers father 1991, when militia from a rival tribe massacred 2000 people here. today the same politician sparked tribal killing again. >> it is a political crisis, not a trouble crisis, -- >> but all the people here are -- commander, he is the one who divided people. >> this is how tens of thousands of people managed to escape the
fighting, crammed into boats with what little they could carry. they made it across the nile. the boats are no longer going. it is too dangerous. there are still many people desperate to get even here, where at least there is a chance of some help. arrived, but very little. nothing like the amount needed for so many people. with peace talks ending the crisis soon, the need for help becomes even more critical. >> a car bomb has exploded in the southern suburbs of the lebanese capital, beirut, killing at least ticks people. another 60 were wounded by the blast that happened in an area that is a stronghold of the shia movement hezbollah. this comes days after a sunni critic of hezbollah was killed by a car bomb. they have seen rising tension during being war in -- the war in neighboring syria. in iraq, a major operation is under way to retake the cities
of fallujah and ramadi. it comes amid a backdrop of violence that continues to plague the country. today a bomb targeting a street full of shoppers in a city north of baghdad killed 16 and wounded at least 30. for more, i am joined by our guest, who served as u.s. envoy to iraq after the invasion of allied forces a decade ago. thank you for being with us. in 2000 three, the us-led this invasion to protect iraq. militants linked to al qaeda running through two major iraq he cities. i cities. >> it happened in 2006 and 2007, and thanks to the search we basically defeated al qaeda and iraq, by the way with help from some sunni tribesmen. looking for a silver lining today, some of those tribesmen are helping the iraqis today.
>> do you think this is happening because u.s. troops left in 2011? >> i said it at the time, i withdrawal was a risky decision the president took. i think it has been proven to make a dash be a mistake. we lost her leverage. maliki has seen an opportunity to marginalize sunni politicians, including this weekend when he had an mp arrested. you have military and political deterioration. >> does the u.s. government, because of that invasion in 2003, have a responsibility to try and help the iraqi government, whatever its flaws? >> i think we have an interest in helping the iraqi government. i am not keen to make it a moral question. to me it is a question of seeing the political and economic measures put in place a decade ago are carried out.
in particular the political, because the economy is doing well. >> do the decisions you made in 2003 to disband the iraqi army, did they exacerbate this sunni- shia split? what it is clear i made a mistake in how i implemented it. i turned it over to iraqi politicians and it has been a political football ever since, even today. baathista baptist -- military group that is now part of the violence. that has been a problem. again, if you look at where we got to by the end of two dozen nine -- end of 2009, we defeated al qaeda through a counterinsurgency strategy and the economy was working. the problem is to make sure they carry out the constitution. >> the cost has been so high.
up to 4500 americans killed, up to half a million iraqis killed depending on what estimate, and over -- trillions of dollars. was it worth it? >> i think so. if you take a long view. we americans and british to be understanding of how hard it is to build democracies. it was 500 years between the magna carta and the glorious revolution. these things take time. people are definitely better off politically and economically than they were under saddam hussein, and from a security point of view far fewer iraqis are being killed, though it is far too many. but it could slide the runway now, given what is happening in anbar province. >> what should this u.s. administration be doing? talking about sending missiles and sending some low-tech drones. >> we need to first of all see how we can expand the military assistance we are already getting -- giving through advisers and trainers, particularly intelligence cooperation and some operation
on covert and special operations. there is a late -- range of things. secondly, we need to be talking privately to the prime minister about the importance attached to him carrying out free and fair elections in april. in other words, both the military and political problems have to be dealt with. we have some things to say about it. >> ticky so much for joining us. in other news now from around the world, security sources in libya say a british man and woman -- and a woman from new zealand have been found dead near an oil and gas complex area officials say they had gunshot wounds. the security situation in libya has worsened over the past few months, with militias challenging the authority of the government. south african police are investigating the death of a leading rwandan opposition inure, whose body was found a hotel room in johannesburg on wednesday. colleagues say it was a political assassination. the rwandan government denies any involvement.
he was a former intelligence chief and he fled rwanda after he was accused of falling against the president. israeli doctors say former president ariel sharon is in critical condition and his life is in danger. he has been in a coma after suffering a stroke in 2006. on wednesday, doctors said there had been a serious deterioration in the 85-year-old's condition. ford,yor of toronto, rob put his name on the ballot to run for another term after being stripped of most of his powers by the city council. he has been under intense pressure to resign after he admitted taking crack cocaine in a drunken stupor. mr. ford remains popular with many voters. it is being billed as one is -- one of pakistan's biggest trials in years. musharraf enter the courtroom is proving to be a challenge. today he was taken to hospital on his way to the courthouse,
where he faces charges of high treason. officials said he suffered a heart problem and was taken to a nearby military facility. he missed previous sessions at his trial for security reasons. nick charles has the latest. facilitylitary medical to where pervez musharraf was rushed. the surprise turn of events is the latest twist in the formered president -- president's struggles with authorities since his return from self-imposed exile last year. he was in his heavily armed motorcade on his way to court when he apparently began suffering chest pains. this is where the former president has been having -- had been heading, the venue for the special tribunal where he faces treason charges. as is the third time in a row he has failed to make an appearance in court. the previous two occasions, supposedly because of security concerns. it has prodded some to question whether the general who seized power in 1999 but was forced
from office in 2008 has been sadly trying to avoid appearing in court. what is next? asked the court has exempted him for appearance today, but his next appearance, that would depend on his health conditions. whatever advice his doctors did. a decision will be made whether or not he will appear in the court. >> earlier this week, general musharraf made an appearance by gathering offore a retired military officers, again insisting the charges against him have been concocted. he had hoped for a political comeback when he returned home last year. instead he was barred from standing in the elections eventually won by the man he had rif, and spentsha much of the year under house arrest on charges related to his time in power. the trial continues. >> japan's coast guard has rescued a chinese man who tried
to reach a group of disputed islands in a hot air balloon. the islands are known as inkaku in japan and diaoyu china, and are administered by tokyo. the coast guard says they were in japanese territorial waters when found. authorities say they will not press charges. it is not clear exactly where he landed. you're watching "bbc world news america" still to come, will the stock market continue to soar in 2014? we take out our crystal ball to look at the year ahead. for a lot of us, the ride to work today involve getting on public transport. in shanghai, the met throw -- metro system will take you further than ever after two opened thisw lines week. >> it is hard to believe, with 7 million passengers a day, the shanghai metro system is barely 20 years old.
the pace of expansion has been breathtaking. it is now the world's longest subway network, and with the 16 thisof lines 12 and week, the first to stretch over 500 kilometers. >> i used to take the bus. that took ages. this is great. this new line saves me half an hour on my normal journey. i am really happy. this week, shanghai now has 500 -- 567 kilometers of operational track, leaving london languishing with a mere 400, and new york even further behind with just 330 kilometers or so. game of my metro is bigger than yours, china looks likely to remain undisputed champion. the beijing metro is now the world's second-longest.
cities already have subway systems, and at least 18 more have begun construction. if nothing else, it is a sign that there is little let up in big government spending despite all the talk of the need to rebalance this economy. this week, shanghai also announced a ban on passengers eating on board, but the appetite for growth is undiminished. in the next few years, yet another 230 kilometers will be added, more than the total length of the paris metro. bbc news, shanghai. >> for digging the future is always dangerous. a decade ago -- predicting the future is always dangerous. one thing this publication is looking at 2014 and guessing what we can expect in the year ahead. from economics to entertainment.
"time" magazine has a new issue with their take on the biggest trends. for more, i spoke a brief time ago with the senior editor from new york. you have that crystal ball somewhere about your person. what does the u.s. economy have for us in the year ahead? >> the markets had an incredible year into -- in 2013. the question really now for the recovery, as we go through 2014, is whether wages will start to rise. a lot of the jobs that have come back after the recession are not paying as well, frankly, as a the jobs we lost -- as the jobs we lost. >> time magazine says janet yellen, the new chair of the federal reserve, that she is the most powerful person in the world right now. what does she have in store for us? >> if you believe that unemployment is the most vexing problem in the u.s. economy right now, as many people do,
chairwoman yellen's charge to shore up the unemployed problem in the u.s. does sort of make her one of the most powerful, if not the most powerful person in the world. her mandate at the fed will be to help stimulate employment in the u.s. economy as it recovers. >> moving to tech issues, will this be the year the dusty desktop pc is finally replaced by the tablet? >> yes. the tablet and the phone have sold incredibly well, and pc's have not been selling as well as they have in the past. a large reason is that tablets and phones are increasingly doing the things we have been used to doing on desktops and laptops for so many years. >> is this the year we can all start wearing google glasses and forget about our tablets? >> maybe not quite. you will be able to buy google glasses here for the first time. it has been in beta.
people who are technologists and early adopters have been able to buy the product, but this year it will be open to a wider away -- array. we will have to see if the end of the year whether we are wearing watches that tell us what our phones have been telling us the last four or five years. >> broadening out, could i theoretically blastoff into space as a tourist this year? >> yes. it is possible. there is a very vivid space race going on. unlike the space race of the 1960's and 1970's, it is a private space race. a number of companies are trying to build the businesses on selling trips to space, either trips to countries that want to send cargo to the international space station, or companies like sir richard branson's company that wants to take tourist into low earth orbit, very close to space. that is heating up this year. >> extraordinaire.
thank you for joining us. >> thank you. >> a most unusual trend in portugal. the country is known for its each is at historic sites, but in the city of porto, architects set up an agency called "the worst tours. close road -- "the worst tours." instead of taking them to beautiful sights, they walked into the worst spots in town. ♪ site on a heritage river near the ocean, portugal's second city is a photogenic tool in the country's ground, and visitors flock to taste the famed port wine. a few steps on the main shopping street, there are so many abandoned neocolonial buildings that it is almost as if you stumbled into a mini-havana. >> i would like you to take a look at this building. >> meet "the worst tour guide
stuck" this is the opposite of your normal tour. they take you down talk allies -- down dark alleys and mean streets to show you how hard economic times have hurt the city they love. they say the bailout measures to make portugal more competitive have badly damaged the city. they say the wages and spending have fallen so much that hundreds of businesses have been forced to close. they say austerity is not an abstract concept. it is something you can touch, see, and feel everywhere you go. stopped trading in the past two years alone. some see this as inevitable economic change, but the tour guides say it is because local spending power has been destroyed. >> people have less money, so they can't maintain the internal market, the stores, the actual economy that exist. the cuts are making a downward spiral in society in practical terms.
the houses are closing, businesses are closing. >> another stop on the tour. this agent public watching place now above the river duro is more heavily used by families that can't afford washing machines. >> of all the places we have seen here, this is the most extraordinary. in 1980's style shopping center. going on.is >> it is not empty anymore. a lot of those bands and musicians and several bands are using the closed shops for rehearsal. sometimes several bands using up the space. >> porto still has plenty to charm the visitor. they just hope that highlighting the worst bits will show investment is badly needed. nigel cassidy, bbc news, porto. >> ringing today' is programmed to a close. what you can continue watching "
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> reporter: the winter storm that sacked the midwest with heavy snow and bitter cold to start the new year barrels through the northeastern u.s. good evening. i'm judy woodruff. gwen ifill is away. also ahead, with health coverage under the affordable care act kicking in for millions of americans, we update the rollout, the state of healthcare.gov, and more. plus, amazon's delivery drones, google's robotic ambitions-- what does all this new technology from the private sector mean for society going forward?