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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 7, 2014 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. ♪ >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering specialized solutions and
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capital. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. the iraqi government says it has killed 25 al qaeda militants in an airstrike, but extremists are not giving up, and there is fear of a civil war. to morgan chase was slapped with a 1.7 billion dollar penalty. authorities say the bank ignored obvious warning signs of bernie ponzi scheme. and we will show you the new gadgets rolling out at the consumer electronic show. ♪
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. today, there was fierce fighting in the iraqi province of an bar, as the military tries to gain the upper hand of those who are in key cities. they say they have killed 25 al qaeda-linked militants, but hundreds of civilians are fleeing falluja, fearing they may be caught in an all-out situation with the military. we have this report. >> the armed forces take the battle to the militants. direct hitis shows a against some of the al qaeda- affiliated militants, and these are some. the iraqi military claims that
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one airstrike alone killed 25 on tuesday, and residents of the city have told the bbc that special forces are now working with the sunni tribes to get them from ramadi. some of the heaviest fighting in years, being seen as a serious threat to the authority. upernment troops broke antigovernment protests, but then the fighting spread to falluja. the sunni minority has been complaining about what they say is discrimination from the shia government. they turned the camp into the headquarters. they have been fighting in serious and have taken this opportunity to spread across the countries. for many, fleeing falluja is the only option. the government assault on the
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city has been delayed because they fear civilian casualties. there is a clear difference in the weaponry of the two sides. some areas are under islam it control. concern togrowing other countries, as well, including the u.s., because of the consequences it might have for the wider region. bbc news. >> for more on the battle inside a rack, i enjoyed from denver for a man -- by a man who formerly served as an ambassador. ambassador.merica's could you have foreseen then the situation we're are in today? >> well, certainly the situation been tenuous. it took quite an operation from the u.s. military in 2007 and 2008 to get the local chiefs and
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the local shakes --sheiks involved and to help baghdad, with a lot of lubrication by money, so that u.s. presence is no longer there, so there has always been this sort of violence, but i think it is far worse today because of the situation in serious, and i think one has to look at this situation as a direct consequence of syria. the two,rder between and we are getting reports that the al qaeda militants are calling on the sunni tribes in anbar to join them. given your experience in the country, do you think that could happen, and if it did, are we looking at a serious breakdown of security in the country? >> there is no question it is a dangerous moment, but i would not say they are just calling on the sunni tribal leaders.
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they are trying to give them an offer they cannot refuse. that is they have targeted them. the real issue is whether the sunni tribal leaders can feel that they have enough support, not help to resist this. i do not think the sunni tribal leaders have any desire to live under them, so i think it is very much up for grabs right now, and i think it is important that baghdad step in and try to work with the sunni tribes, and there has been some good, good news in that regard, but this is a very tough one. some people blame prime minister al maliki for not doing enough with the sunni community, and i think we are beyond that issue. does ort care what he does not do, we simply want to turn this into a new state involving a sunni led the state. >> the white house has said it will speed up and step up their u.s. military
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equipment, including drones and helicopter equipment. do you think that is helpful? >> there is no question that is helpful and needed. of course come in and of itself, it will not solve the problem. the border, it has become very porous. we know that these al qaeda elements come and go as they wish. they live syria when the heat is 20 great, and they leave iraq when the heat is too great, so there is a need for a broader strategy, and i think the key to that is some kind of political arrangement in syria. >> all right, you mentioned syria, and i want to talk about what is happening there, because we are seeing fighting between the rebels and the al qaeda militant groups. how much is that changing, and what about the prospects for some kind of a political solution in serious? >> i think longer term, it reflects the fact that the sunnis have never been unified in syria.
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always been very hard factions there. they have tended to unify themselves to get the government under assad out of power. that dynamic is going on in iraq. this has to do with their distaste for our malik he, and ist we are seeing in syria the sunni forces have increased, and i think they have also increased the prospects of assad . like a lot of dictators, he is very good at holding onto power. already seen that he believes to be part of the solution. >> having an improvement in the situation in iraq, how much will that improve the situation? >> i think you need some improvement in both places. if you had improvement in iraq, and by that i mean the tribal leaders supporting the baghdad
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government, our malik he doing some things with them, and then a unified force towards the al qaeda elements, i do not think that is necessarily the situation in syria, driving them back into syria, maybe even increasing the fighting in syria, so i think murat -- perhaps the strategy is needed in both places. it used to be that you had egypt stepping in, trying to work with these issues, but egypt is so crappy pot with its own issues thet now, so you do not get overall air of supervision that we used to have with egypt. >> thanks very much. >> thank you. syria,on another note in chemical weapons shipped out of the country after the deadline. there was an agreement to destroy the syrian chemical arsenal. a small number of
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containers now aboard a danish cargo vessel. of weapons and precursors, which are to be transferred to an american ship and destroyed at sea. j.p. morganbank chase agreed to pay $1.7 billion ,o the ends of bernie madoff and the bank was accused of failing to carry out its legal obligations while he built the massive this rotting of investors. >> he was behind one of the biggest frauds in history. 65 billion dollars of investor money was lost after bernie collapse. a seeming pillar, his empire was built on a scam. hadl his arrest in 2008, he taken money in from clients and used to pay others. in the end, there was nothing
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left. for 150 years. today, authorities punished his main bank, jpmorgan, for their failures. >> jpmorgan failed to carry out their legal obligations. today, jpmorgan finds itself criminally charged. internal messages and e-mails between j.p. morgan staff about concerns about his in 1998, 1 said it was possibly too good to be true. another said, the more i think about it, the more nervous i am. broughte were concerns to u.k. watchdogs but not their counterparts in the u.s.. later, he was exposed. man lost all of his
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savings and took his own life. his son told me how he felt about the news of the jpmorgan fine. >> ultimately, my father was a victim of an appalling fraud, and this money coming back from jpmorgan is not going to do anything to bring my father back. i am not convinced my family will ever see a penny of restitution. >> jpmorgan could have done a better job, even though no him please knowingly assisted. there are heavy fines relating back to the financial crisis. bbc news. madoff scandal, and the people who suffered from it around the world. the turkish government has put , and they began a corruption inquiry into the government. will investigate senior officials overseeing the corruption investigation.
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minister has described this as a smear campaign. and in the u.k., a crash involving a helicopter belonging to the u.s. military in norfolk in the east of england. and the refrain sounded across much of the usa today as temperatures got to record- breaking lows. people remain inside to escape dangerous temperatures. forecasters say that 187 million people have been affected by the polar vortex. lake michigan steams in the cold. the freezing air above. some parts of the midwest are suffering temperatures of 26 degrees below zero, about the same as the antarctic, much colder than the inside of a domestic freezer. people are wrapping up warm. facemasks, and my mustache
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keeps freezing. >> it is as cold as it has been in forever, but i have got more layers on been in forever. >> the wind made it almost unbearable. >> i feel like my fingers are going to crack and burst into a million pieces. >> outside chicago, hundreds were stuck on trains overnight. the sudden drop in temperature ,ame after severe snowstorms and one illinois family was trapped in their car for 15 hours. that we take,ip we will definitely fly. >> thousands of flights have been canceled. say this isecasters a storm flung off of the polar vortex.
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icy fingers of the vortex have reached out to the nation's capital. ands absolutely freezing, the wind makes it that much worse. it is really painful. for the thousands in washington who live on the streets, charity helps little. a steely resolve. >> that is the first law of nature, survival of the fittest. you survive, and i am going to do that. you have got to do that. >> yes. >> for those snug at home, venturing outside for a science experiment, watching water turning to ice from the window. in north america, coping with vicious weather is a way of life, but this big freeze is a new extreme to endure and admire. bbc news, washington. really scary for those people
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who are sleeping out on the streets tonight. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on this program, chinese economic growth has great progress. many are gasping just for a breath though. today, olympic downhill champion lindsay vaughan announced she will not be able to participate games due to surgery needed on her injured knee. not being able to compete is coming just one month before the opening ceremony gets underway, and there is a major security operation going to the next level. 30,000 police and anti-aircraft devices have been dispatched on combat alert. before, russian new that the olympics here could be a target for terrorists, so it has
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planned a security operation long in advance. with a month to go to the opening ceremony, it is putting that plan into action. security is being stepped up at the olympic venues. sochies not registered in will be banned unless they have special aggregation. -- accreditation. some have vowed to disrupt the games, but the russian security problem extends beyond sochi. last month's suicide bombs 1000 kilometers away at a train station and on a trolley bus have taken the threat of violence away from the olympics. there is concern that in the run-up to the games, russia could suffer more attacks in less secure parts of the country. vladimir putin has vowed to annihilate terrorists.
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he is determined to make sure the olympics are safe and successful. games are his project, but securing the olympic city is one thing. securing the whole country will be almost impossible. bbc news, moscow. >> in china, the highway of economic growth in many cities are often shrouded in smog, and shanghai is the latest too close to help clean the air. for many, air pollution is now a health and economic concern. is here to editor help us find out more. >> there are good days in china, but look at one of the many bad ones. the air turns a toxic gray. it contains gases and particles
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linked to absent and heart trouble. study, it mayne even be taking five years off of the average lifespan. to venture outside in the chinese winter, these twin girls do not just need coats. there are facemasks, as well. like many, she is scared of the air they have to breathe. are so many people and cars here. it is affecting the children's health. >> it is so bad, she even thinks of moving away. you cannot even see some of the pollution. microscopically small. tois virtual reality visualize them. less than 2.5 microns across. meaning you could fit 400 in a single millimeter.
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by comparison, a grain of sand is 20 times larger. particles are small enough to get into the lungs and also into the bloodstream. this kind of pollution is measured by a cubic meter of air. we can visualize that. the world health organization sets a maximum limit of 25 of these particles in this space. brees moreshould not of them over a 24-hour period, but a level of 200 is routinely reached in many chinese cities, with a peak at 800. a seriously hazardous level. key factsntly, some about air quality were kept secret. now, readings from monitoring sites like this, public concern has forced the authorities. this is the center where the
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measurements are analyzed. officials make sure their own air is kept clean, and there is a purifier. the pollution often gets trapped by the mountains. these are hotspots, including for that small type of pollution. says it should run right along here, showing the severity of the problem. are the authorities doing? first, they are closing down any power stations within the city that burn coal. that is the biggest source of pollution. next, they are trying to limit road traffic. officials say they are confident they can clean it up. world hadties in the huge air problems in the past. but their air is much better now.
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we have to cope with this problem. some organizations are taking matters into their own hands. the international school of beijing has sealed off part of its playground. inside this inflatable dome, children are breathing filtered air. it was not cheap, but it is very reassuring for the parents. selling point. one of the first questions that prospective parents will ask during our admissions process and doing the tour is what is the air quality inside? people actually ask? >> yes. >> it has forced entire cities of taking drastic steps. an ugly downside. chinese government is banking on green technology for the future, but pollution will be a reality here for years to come. bbc news, beijing.
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>> make no mistake, it is very bad for you, that pollution. the casinos or the shows that are getting the attention this week. instead, it is the latest in electronics. the latest gadgets, officially smart televisions, and everyone is lining up for a look at the future. our correspondent is there for us. january, newin gadgets that could change our lives. these people are looking at wearable technology. smart watches, the google web connected glasses, and even a smart band that measures were pulse, recording activity and sharing it with the world. was certainly a lot of hype around wearable tech. whether it comes to fruition, we will see, but there are tons of
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withnies at the ces show their wares, hoping this is the next big thing in consumer technology. >> a small band of fitness fanatics. of the new products may break through the pack, but there is plenty of competition. there is the augmented reality glasses, which allows you to watch hd movies or receive information. tv, andunveiled a huge its main attraction is its curved screen, and then there is a curved smartphone. glitz and glamour at a bargain basement hotel, preparing its assault on las vegas with a 3-d printer. >> this is huge. this has not seen by anyone apart for some people on the website, so we are really keen
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to show it, what we can do, what it can do, and how it can make life better for everybody. are also unmanned aerial vehicles, popularly known as drones, with new commercial uses for them. analysts already said they could use drones to deliver parcels. >> daylight agriculture. search andes for rescue. you are able to get something in the air quickly without having to get a fully manned helicopter out there. this week is the place to see the picture of what is new in technology. remember, for all of the bright ideas hatched here. bbc news, las vegas. >> of the things he must just have and things you will never need, a look of the future.
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you can carry on watching bbc world news. we have our 24-hour news network. i am katty kay. for all of us at world news, thanks so much for watching. i will see you back here tomorrow. ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank, >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you
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operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? ♪ >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> woodruff: the american midwest and east coast were colder than swaths of antarctica today as the record breaking freeze even spread to the deep south. good evening. i'm judy woodruff. gwen ifill is away. also ahead, the country's biggest bank is slapped with another record fine. this time for what j.p. morgan didn't do when it learned of bernie madoff's ponzi scheme. plus, the head of the u.n.'s world food program, the group on the front lines of the fight against hunger, in areas crippled by violence. >> in the central african republic there are 100,000 people in and around the airport itself, in bi.

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