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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 10, 2014 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, charles schwab, >> for nearly 150 years, we believe that commercial banks owe their clients strength, stability, security will stop so, we believe in keeping land in standings high. credit ratings high. ,ompanies expected of them companies expect it now. doing right, it is just good business.
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and. >> and now, >> this is bbcs." world news america. forbrations on the streets the central african republic after the president resigned. will it do anything to stop the fighting? the fresh -- the french president threatens a lawsuit after a magazine publishes details of an alleged affair. a new exhibit features findings on mars. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. the day after weeks of sectarian violence, the president of the central african republic dramatically resigned leaving the country with a
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dangerous power vacuum, it was just last year that he assumed his post. with the aid of a mainly muslim rebel movement. he has been criticized for failing to stop the fighting between the christian militias which has spurred nearly one million people to leave their home. we start tonight's coverage in the capital. christianas joy in areas even before the president's resignation was announced. .o, just go what happened to us could happen to you. today to killg muslims. french troops watched as more and more christians came out. muslims the state at home. this was the moment that the christians heard that michael djotodia had stepped down.
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we think he is mocking the former president's wife. ae bow and arrow belonged to christian militia. the arms are crude, their rifles are homemade. magic amulets stop bullets from the enemies machine guns. that made it easy to kill muslim soldiers. they hope to force a president to resign. today's event are their victory, they believe. ofre is quite among tribalism. the president's resignation could spur there him -- could spur them on. >> they slaughtered people like animals, says this commander. we had to kill them to make them afraid of us. but, he says there has been enough killing. it's a stop now.
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>> some are listening. this afternoon, a mosque was attacked. they demolished it brick by brick. some christians cannot forget what happened to them. the main hospital, they ought -- become victims of the militia. market gone to a local and was kidnapped off the street. his hands were tied, his brother tells me, then they cut his throat. , christians people and muslims have fled such violence. these people are our hiding in the grounds of a half finished church. they just want to go back to the way things were but on the streets, a toxic mix of hysteria and hatred.
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much blood has flowed here already. the wild men may determine what happened next in the central african republic. >> for more on the situation in the central african republic, i spoke with the deputy director of the africa program, the center for strategic and international studies. now that michael djotodia has resigned, who will take charge? >> that is a big open question. there will not be many people lining up to volunteer. veryis taking over a dangerous time. and as a report made clear, very very high sectarian tensions. a lot of anger and frustration and ill feelings between the majority christian community and the minority muslim community that had an interim president as their figurehead. >> we saw them using their machetes.
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who was in charge of them? >> who is in charge. it is going to be requiring great political skill, a combination of political skills. and cool headand on the peacekeepers, both the french and the african union peacekeepers are there on the streets. >> the regional leaders lead by chad's president forced his resignation. >> chat is not a mutual actor in this process. that was long suspicions they back them. when they got sick of him and he showed he was unable to look after the country, they decided to show him the door. they make ups that a large proportion of the african union peacekeeping forces right now.
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.here could be a flashpoint >> france has 1600 troops in the country helping. the eu was thinking about sending more. is that the answer? >> he needed more than 1600 troops. his is a very large country. this is for the core infrastructure. the mandate, the french, what they are doing is there is a tricky mandate. they went in for good reason, to protect the civilian populations. did not go inhey with a clear idea. what is the process going forward? republicntral african has gold, diamonds, but it is chronically unstable. why? >> it goes back a long time. the country you came independent in 1960 and has never had a long time of stability or civilian rule.
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the leaders have not been interested in governing in the interest of the people. they were able to capitalize on the natural wealth. the former colonial power constantly intervening militarily. speaking toowney me about the crisis in the central african republic. -- a frenchident president françois holland is threatening legal action. they printed seven pages of the president with a french actress. he has not denied the story but called it a deplorable invasion of privacy. >> this is a story about the ,rench president, scooter rides and an actress. this was the president today and his entourage crushing the street near the palace. a french magazine alleges that
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he made similar short journeys to this apartment, just 200 meters from his office. on the back of a scooter and disguised by a helmet. julie said to be meeting actress and one of his prominent supporters. she had described him as humble and a good listener. the magazine says that this was the secret life of the president. over the revelations about this apartment, the palace says that he greatly deplores the invasion of his privacy to which he has a right along with any other french citizen. what they did not do was to deny the story. >> i think that politicians have a right to have a private life. click the president is just a human being as everyone and he has the right to have a private life including a sexual life. >> the president's partner
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lives at the palace. today, they attempted to justify revealing new personal allegations. >> it is the private life of a president private or public? he has talked a lot about matters. he has deliberately opened up his family and created interest in them. >> these revelations come at a difficult time for francois hollande. he has the lowest approval meant of any modern french president. protests against high taxes. the economy hovers near recession. difficult for him to be gallivanting and frolicking in the streets of paris when the economic situation is so dire. >> the president to his first news conference of the new year. many were calling the high hopes of his inauguration saw this as an opportunity to relaunch a
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troubled presidency. now, he is involved in a scandal. the french might respect privacy but on most newspaper the magazine was sold out. >> it should be an interesting presidential press conference next week. the statesidents in of west virginia have been left without clean drinking water after a chemical spill forced the closure of school and businesses in the capital. the spill of a chemical used in the coal industry occurred on thursday on the river, up river from a water plant. it is not clear when the water will be safe again. israel hasto build more than 1400 new homes on the occupied territory. this comes after a visit by the u.s. secretary of state john kerry to encourage peace talks. the posting official said the plan is a message from israel to stop the u.s. from securing
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peace efforts. the pakistani teenager who was killed all trying to stop a suicide bomber at his school has been nominated for a top civilian award. he saw a man wearing a suicide vest outside of the school pakistan onthwest monday. his friends ran inside, he grabbed hold of the bomber who then detonated his best. tonight, the un security council is holding an emergency meeting about the fierce fighting in iraq. we have been reporting on the news that al qaeda militants have seized control of key areas there including falluja and parts of her monti. it comes just two years after the u.s. withdrew and is raising questions about the country stability. for more on the battle being waged, i was joined earlier by james jones who formerly served as the commandant of the u.s. marine corps and national
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security adviser to president obama. how concerned are you about iraq's stability given that falluja and parts of her monti are part of al qaeda control? wesley we have to be concerned given the sacrifice that was extended. -- >> we have to be concerned given the sacrifice that was extended. this is very concerning. this is a little the symptomatic of what is going on in the broader region. >> what do you attribute this pilots, the failure of the military to take on al qaeda or the failure of the politicians? >> i think it is a political failure to be perfectly honest. hasink the prime minister really not succeeded in cementing the idea of one iraq. is a steady seen pressure from the autonomous
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from the pull away central authority. the al qaeda renaissance, if you want to use that, has been able to find the scenes to navigate that lack of cohesion. >> this is particularly painful to the u.s. marine corps. they lost so many lives in that battle. now, -- >> i had a son in that battle. you think the sacrifice of those marines was worth it given what is happening now? >> very frankly, one of the things that has offended me personally is the fact that i don't think that the senior leadership currently in baghdad really appreciates the enormity
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of the sacrifice that was made. >> meaning who? >> the prime minister. i could be wrong. betweenthe relationship and alsond washington baghdad has demonstrated a willingness to reach out to people that really are not our friends like the neighbors in iran, support, verbal support for bashir al-assad. this is not indicative of a country that is grateful for the sacrifice that was made. >> turning to america's surveillance program, you are the president's national security advisor, is it time for an overhaul of the way that data is collected in order to restore public trust? >> well, one of the great things about our country is that when we uncover things that need to
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be fixed, we have a very public arena and we fix them. might extent that there need to be some fine tuning, i have no doubt about the fact that we would do that. on the other hand, i want to say ,uite clearly that this is not this practice is not only the property of the u.s.. the practice of industrial espionage is alive and whirl all of the -- alive and well all over the world. there are quite a few industries that were taken right from the u.s. and developed. so, the people, the politicians who are out there overtly demonstrating how terrible this is and everything else, they should be a little bit more circumspect i think. there is no question come of the
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technology that the u.s. developed, whether it is drones or just about any other thing has made the world a safer place and the subject matter of al qaeda has preserved the capacities. >> thank you so much for joining us. will announcent the changes that he is making to that controversial surveillance. on the program, the indian diplomat whose arrest sparked a bitter row with the u.s. is now back in new delhi but the fallout continues. we will bring you the latest. the unemployment rate in america has fallen to a five year low but the number of jobs added in december's were disappointing. employers hired 74,000 extra workers which is less than half
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than what was expected. that might complicate the decision about how quickly to start economic -- to curb economic stimulus. this woman has been out of work for nine months. she is exhausted her unemployment benefits and has very little left in the bank. but every day i woke up and was not as positive as i once was. i was wondering what was wrong with me that i was not able to find a job. little fitsthrough of depression here and there. it is hard. to not look.type i need to be a productive member of society. >> she does not have a job today. this company has an opening. her way of setting herself apart.
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there are more than 4 million americans that have been out of work for six months. the sheer number of long-term unemployed is having a ripple effect on the u.s. economy. these workers are not earning for their full potential. it is less money in their pockets that they can spend on groceries. these are all things that are a drag on the economy. despite the months of searching and -- she remains optimistic. half the next time she walks into this building more she will do it as an employee. >> the west a department said that an official would leave the embassy in delhi at indy's.
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tensions in the countries ever since and indian geomet was arrested and strip searched and church -- and charges that she lied on the application of her housekeeper. she was granted immunity to leave the country, which he did last night. with our spoke with correspondent in new york. really, the issue of diplomatic immunity had been at the heart of this controversy before it became a political one. the indian government has always said from the start that they believe that devyani khobragade should have been granted the same courtesies of diplomats and basically spared arrest. after several hours over several weeks of talks, the u.s. attorney's office here in new york was unable to reach a plea agreement with her, she
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has maintained her innocence through all of this. so, the compromise to invite her and a grand jury here in new york and the other to grant her diplomatic immunity beforehand allows the countries to put this behind them. >> what has been the cost to u.s. and indian relations? >> well, this has put a serious rift in relations. the two really consumed countries dealings. the state department actually acknowledge that saying this has been a challenging time. india has basically canceled bilateral meetings. they removed security barricades around the u.s. embassy in the capital. today's decision to expel a u.s. underscoresically india's dissatisfaction. over the long-term, mutual interest will take over. the u.s. sought a bilateral strategic relationship and brock
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obama hopes that the indian u.s. relationship will be one of the defining relationships of the 21st-century. >> what happens to the maid and her and her case against the diplomat. >> this case will not come to court until devyani khobragade returns to the u.s.. the maid thanked u.s. officials and rights groups for their support and the rights groups that support her same that despite this latest move that this was still a victory and it sends a strong message to other diplomats that cannot this -- exploit domestic workers. when it comes to amazing images, few can rival those captured by the mars rover. there was an opportunity to survive martian winters to bring an incredible view. to solo with the 10th
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anniversary of the landings. will betion of images displayed here in washington. at the since we gazed red planet, we wondered what mars was like. two robots have roped the surface for the last 10 years. >> this tells the story of mars that was very different in the past. mars was different. it was warmer, it was more wet, it was more like earth. this tells a story of exploration might not just the science but the process of uncovering that and driving for climbers across the surface of another world and exploring as you go. >> the exploration mission was launched in 2003 did find .vidence of water and it did these pictures at the national air and space museum reveal rock
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formations, mineral deposits, surface ripples and indentations that could have only been made by water. >> you have a stack of layered rocks and those rocks are made of 40% sulfate salt. this is the kind of stuff that forms when you have salty sea water that evaporates. we can measure composition, we can read the story. >> this was expected to last three months but it kept going for more than six years and opportunity is still gathering information. apart from being stunning works of art, these images tell the story of evolution on mars with a show walk -- rock formations that give evidence of water and may one day answer the eternal question, was there was life on mars. they help direct the rover mission. they are tantalizingly close. >> they will make the next step
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towards life. this is moving in that right direction. as we see a planet that once must have been much more earthlike, the idea that they could have harbored life is realistic. , the rocks will have to be brought back to earth and the plans are underway for the first human exploration. as for these images, the ashen nods will at least know what to expect. >> maybe there really was life on mars. that brings today's program to a close. you can continue watching "bbc world news" for constant updates. for more, you can just go to twitter. thank you for watching. have a great weekend.
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>> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, union bank, >> there is achwab. saying around here. you stand behind what you think. around here, you don't make excuses. you make commitments. when you can't live up to them, you own up and make it right. some people think the kind of accountability that flies on some in the streets in this country has gone missing in places where it is needed most, but i know you will still find it when you know where to look. >>@union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in. working to nurture new ventures
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and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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>> woodruff: today's jobs numbers painted a surprisingly downbeat picture of the u.s. economy. hiring slumped in december and more people stopped looking for work. good evening, i'm judy woodruff. also ahead,a state of emergency has been declared in west virginia, where a chemical spill has contaminated the public water supply. we get the latest from charleston mayor, danny jones. you can't imagine what it is like to not have water to do anything except flush the commodes and put

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