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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 15, 2014 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, charles schwab, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering specialized solutions and capital to help you meet your growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news
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america." >> this is bbc world is america. reporting from washington, i'm laura trevelyan. people killed during a wave of attacks in iraq. we speak with one of the country's top politicians about what is behind the deadly violence. an international gathering ledges $2 billion of aid to syria. there are warnings that it could be so much greater. and hitting the open road. we will show you the technology that makes some drivers and passengers. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also
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around the globe. today witnessed one of the bloodiest days in months with 75 people killed in a string of attacks. , shotsere roadside bombs fired at drivers, and a blast at a funeral the killed 18 people. that brings the death toll for this january alone to at least 285. it comes after a year in which 7800 civilians and 1050 security forces were killed. groups have taken control of key areas including the city of falluja. i discussed these developments with iraq's deputy prime minister, a city that heads the iraqi front. rock, al qaeda linked militants seem to be running rampage. >> thes gone wrong acco
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united states and its allies, they have struggled between the different parties, the political parties in iraq. rather, looking for the power. >> what about the role of your aki?e minister, malik he hasn't he fueled the rise of this extremism i? >> they feel that they are marginalized. they packaged them in a way to marginalize them. to have them feel that they are part of this country and real
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partners of this country. this feeling has been growing with time. and i think if it continues, the sunnis will turn to the extremism. >> is that what we are seeing in falluja? >> yes. >> does the u.s. have a responsibility to help your government quell this file and violence? >> the united states has a moral responsibilities to iraq. what is happening in iraq is mainly because -- they removed the holst eight, the whole organization. the army, security. >> chaos ensued. what do you want to see the u.s.
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government do? want to see the united states advising their friends in a rack. downu will have to sit because of them. >> did the u.s. withdrawal allow iran to increase its influence acco to the extent that it is virtually a client state of iran . >> the influence is increasing. was petty because the .dministration here vacuum which was filled by them.
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>> is life better or worse than under saddam hussein for regular iraqis. >> to ask me if the situation is good, definitely no. >> deputy prime minister, thank you very much. inected by the crisis neighboring syria, but the united nations secretary general said half of the population urgently needs humanitarian help. he spoke in kuwait when the un was making its biggest ever appeal for a single crisis asking for $6.5 billion. emily buchanan has this report. growing desperation has brought these foreign minister's to kuwait. they came a year ago but now the humanitarian crisis has
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escalated and much more money is needed. >> it is much higher than the response. be some there will response and more money will be called in. >> semipermanent cities have grown up outside syria for the countries refugees. this one is in jordan. they have announced more large donations and the uk promised another $160 million. in some besieged areas, people are thought to be dying of malnutrition. delivering aid is almost impossible. one un official described how hard it was to reach a refugee camp. >> we were given a bulldozer to go in front. there was a firefight and direct
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gunfire on this bulldozer. meant that the convoy had to turn around and come back. there were 10,000 polio vaccines and six trucks had to go back. >> they have long condemned the syrian regime. westernppears intelligence agencies have visited for talks on the islamist groups. >> these countries ask us for security cooperation and it seems to me they are choosing between political and security leaderships. many have contacted us for security measures. >> the main syrian opposition group sees it self as a conduit to fight the islamist state in iraq. they said western governments might be cooperating with president assad who they believe
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is secretly in league with the extra mists. true,these reports are they are going to the wrong place. they are trying to get more information about it and it is a creation of the regime. >> this row undermines the trust of the opposition at a crucial time. emily buchanan, bbc news. that a new constitution has been overwhelmingly approved by voters. it is being seen as a referendum of the ousting last july of president mahmoud morrissey. many of his supporters called for a boycott because they are angry that the decision to put him on trial will do clear the group a terrorist organization. day two of voting and in cairo, long and patient queues.
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providing security and patriotic songs. they have been leading the battle for a yes vote. it is easy to see what side the police are on. with plenty of support for the referendum and for their hero, the army chief and likely president in waiting. at another polling station across the city, we met some adoring female fans. >> how do you feel about the generaly acco -- the ? >> he is 10 out of 10 and protects us. he is the leader of the nation. verdict on his removal of president morrissey. the parties have left little
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to chance. this referendum has been carefully choreographed. the no campaign has been denied a hearing. wasics say this process before the first vote was counted. >> the constitution would free egypt of the muslim brotherhood. she says this surpasses the birth of her daughter. >> it is much happier then. >> protests and a boycott. classified as a terrorist organization.
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>> the state has an army. and then we change it to be an army state. people have died in clashes of the constitution. >> the pentagon has suspended 34 u.s. air force office olds -- officers. nearly 200 missile crew members will have to reset the tests.
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accessing computers even if they are not connected to the internet. nsa andsaid the potential cyber attacks. >> all electronic devices amid some kind of radio wave. they pick up the soviet embassy typing on typewriters on the each key would leave a different radio signature. this is a significant expansion of that technology. moste nsa is trying to get
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ordinary computer networks, it taps into the telephone and optical cables that run across the atlantic or maybe regional cables. they are isolated from the internet. they have done it with a series of small circuit boards that have transceivers built into them that can broadcast up to eight miles away. it requires a human being to put that small device in the computer but they do that either on the factory line or intercepting the shipping. the scientist, maybe a maintenance person. >> who is the u.s. targeting with these? >> they are targeting anybody
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who would otherwise be a target, figuring out terrorism or other kinds of espionage. we identify in the story that among the targets of software implants, these countries in saudi arabia or there have been significant al qaeda concerns. people's liberation army units they believe responsible for cyber attacks on the united states. the mexican government, police, and drug cartels. even some offices have been by germann the past news magazines and others. do you think they will be covered by the president's new guidelines on surveillance jacko >> there are two recommendations.
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the advisers that of pointed himself, they called for an end to the deliberate weakening of encryption by the nsa. and they called for an end to flaws, onesero day that would appear in microsoft windows or other popular software that make it easier to get into a computer system once you have actually gained access to it and begin to manipulate data. the attacks on iran were so famous until they were revealed a year and a half or two years ago. those attacks were driven in part by for such flaws that allowed the nsa to get into the computer systems that ultimately change the directions for the nuclear centrifuges. >> thank you for joining us.
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even if you are off-line, you can be spied on. still to come on tonight's naziam, after a not see -- try to take over their town, this community fought back and is gaining widespread attention. scorching temperatures are set to continue in parts of australia this week and a fire ban has been issued across the state. our correspondent sent this report. has once again been burning. monday,re the hills on people doing their best to defend their homes. war than 50 houses were destroyed and one man died. moved easedhas now word, bringing more bushfires elsewhere. dozens of blazes are burning in
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the states of victoria and south australia. this historic guesthouse was among the buildings lost. washen i got here, the fire here that no one was going to bring it under control. >> the city of melbourne has been baking. temperatures now over 40 degrees for several days. >> a serious public health issue. we know there are serious consequences from extreme heat and will increase hospitalizations and deaths. >> spare a thought for those engaged in sport. fans of the australian open tennis have been doing their best to keep cool. but there are fears for the health of the players after the canadian collapsed on court this week. a ballboy also passed out. and the countries firefighters are facing a difficult few days.
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the forecast shows no let up in the temperatures. 2013 was just declared the hottest year on record, raising questions about the impact of climate change year. continues as it started, the record may not last long. clacks a notorious neo-nazi tried to take over a sleepy town and he expected residents to follow his lead. in november, he and a henchman swaggered through the town carrying shotguns and shouting obscenities. both men are now in custody and today appeared in court where they pleaded not guilty. the bbc went to the remote community to find out how the people fought back.
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>> the chilling signs of hate and racism, evidence of an ongoing battle for a tiny in north dakota. the 20 residents have lived in fear of a notorious white supremacist who began buying land. >> it was about the middle of august. he was planning on making it an all-white enclave and it would leave my husband and i i don't know where. >> an interracial couple that became fearful. >> he referred to my husband as my pet. he had said before that it is legal to have livestock in town, referring to my husband. livestock. >> he came after fleeing the authorities in canada after he was accused of inciting hatred.
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the son of a multimillionaire businessman, he bought one dozen cheap plots of land and gave them to other extra mists. >> he has done this his entire life. he goes from country to country, gets kicked out, comes back, goes to another country. >> this film was taken by one of his supporters. >> who's going chicken hunting a? the same thing, he wanted a wide enclave to just have a bunch of people that were like-minded. they did not have to be white supremacists, he just wanted to welcome more white people here to live. >> the town set up a legal defense fund and their plight gained national attention. himself andobb
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another were arrested after brandishing shotguns and shouting soup from it -- shouting obscenities. >> it is still not over until they are all completely defeated. >> if convicted, he could face up to 35 years in prison. his house has been declared unfit for human habitation. >> technology could forever change the way we act behind the wheel. key and navigating our way to a final destination. in a tight spot might become the work of the car's computer systems.
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>> driving across the golden gate bridge is a special experience but most of the time, life looks nothing like the car adverts. wheel is oftene just boring from stock to start with frustration. there has to be a better way. a truly autonomous car won't be just one technology, it is a range of different jobs that the car is going to have to take over before we can leave them to run themselves. audi is one of the number of manufacturers looking to get cars to park themselves. i take out my smart phone and the car should start parking itself. parked and everyone's
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body work is intact and i am not stressed about it. all of the big manufacturers in this race, the prize potentially huge. polling suggests drivers want the technology as well. it will be a lot safer. , shoutrs don't does off at their kids, or look at their phones. >> every day, the equivalent of an airplane crashing down with people dying in traffic fatalities. they can help us utilize the road infrastructure. >> ford is developing a system where cars communicate with each other to prevent collision. the range is about 250 meters. >> hands-free. >> how cool is that? off. is still a long way
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they surely there piloted driving system. the car will take control of everything but the driver still has to be ready to step in if conditions change. project leader says that we need to be realistic about how safe these technologies can be. >> are we ok with a piece of technology that is safer than the current state? 100% j?t not be >> the hurdles of technological for some, it can't come soon enough. the driverless car. i have a feeling my husband would like me to have one of those. i'm laura trevelyan. tune into world news america tomorrow.
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>> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, union bank, and charles schwab. >> there is a saying around here. you stand behind what you say. around here, you do not make excuses. you make commitments. and when you cannot live up to them, you own up and make it right. some people think the kind of accountability that thrives on so many streets of this country has gone missing in the places where it is needed most. i know you will still find it when you know where to look. >> for nearly 150 years, we have believed a commercial bank owes its clients strength, stability, security. so we believe in keeping lending
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standards high, capital ratios high, credit ratings high. companies expected it then. companies expect it now. doing right -- it's just good business. union bank. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> woodruff: at the supreme court today, a dispute that pits protections for abortion clinics and their patients. against the free-speech rights of anti-abortion protesters. good evening, i'm judy woodruff. >> ifill: and i'm gwen ifill. also ahead this wednesday, fact trumps fiction as fresh details emerge about how the government can infiltrate computers even when they're not connected to the internet. >> woodruff: plus, we profile a conservative economist whose response to a rising deficit was to pack up and move to the country. >> if we do not willingly, on our own terms as a nation, get our debt levels under control,

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