tv BBC World News America PBS January 24, 2014 3:59pm-4:31pm PST
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shining sunflowers are together again. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. today, a series of bomb attacks in cairo killed six people and wounded 100 more. among the targets, police headquarters. supporters of the army general who seized power last year has blamed the muslim brotherhood and its leader, bahamas morsi, for the attack, but they deny any involvement -- mohamed morsi, for the attack, but they deny any involvement. >> pickups arrive outside the police station. the driver switches quickly to a getaway car, and about two minutes later, this, the first bomb of the day. the massive blast produced panic on the street.
at headquarters, a desperate search in the rubble and a rush to help survivors. islamist insurgents have been carrying out attacks since president mohamed morsi was ousted last july. but this was the most significant strike so far in the capital. journalistlocal reasoning for friends and colleagues. she reported from police headquarters regularly. >> i am going to come back to die, i will be sacrificing my life for this country. i am ready to die for egypt. of the is an indication scale of the blast. this has been one of the most protected and secure buildings in the capital. it was an obvious target. attackers managed to reach this spot and deliver a message to
the very heart of the security establishment. crowds chanted their support for the army chief and their fury at the muslim brotherhood. many put the blame on the islamists, though they condemned the attacks. this man told us the brotherhood must be executed because they are terrorizing egypt and trying to turn it into afghanistan. deadly clashes between brotherhood supporters and police, with angry locals joining in. around a dozen people are reported to be killed. there could be arrests tomorrow on the third anniversary of the revolution that removed hosni mubarak. that brought hope of a democratic and peaceful egypt, a dream that looks remote today as one bomb followed another.
bbc news, cairo. >> now to geneva where representatives of the syrian government and opposition delegates say they will manger the weekend and talk through saturday. the announcement was made by an international mediator who met with both groups separately today and acknowledged that the road ahead will not be easy. paul wood joined us a moment ago. this does not seem like much of a breakthrough, does it? how significant is it that both sides have agreed to meet in the same room. >> it is a breakthrough in the what that it began with was supposed to be a meeting at 11:00 a.m. of everyone in the same room, and then we were told they would not meet because the government objected to what it said was inflammatory speech by the opposition leader and the opposition said it would not
meet until the government agreed to a handover of power. then the syrian leader threatened to take the whole delegation home. there were several hours of meetings in separate rooms. the way now meeting they were supposed to this morning to hash out an agenda. say thattor would only things are in question. it looks like a very shaky agreement. we are hoping to see everyone in the room tomorrow. we will not know for sure until they show up. >> you have seen the misery on the ground. is anything that is discussed in geneva going to actually alter that, given the pettiness that you're talking about?
pettiness, butt that pettiness does disguise very real and substantial differences. the governments as represented here are week, divided, not represented by people inside and they're trying to undermine the syrian regime. the government also thinks they are winning in the syrian struggle on the ground. the delegation mr. assad sent here obviously does not want to counsel the removal of mr. assad. sometimes the fighting on the ground seems irrelevant to what is being discussed here. partly because the rebels have turned on each other in the north of syria. they are fighting each other and the government is forging ahead because the rebels are fighting themselves. most of the ones i speak to are fighting for an islamic state, not a democracy, and they are
going to continue fighting regardless of what happens here. >> we will be hearing more about top stories from the former jordanian foreign minister later on in the program. in other news, there has been a drop in stock exchanges across slowdown sparked by a in emerging economies. recent data from china, turkey, and south africa has disappointed the markets. in new york, the dow jones plummeted 318 points, its biggest daily drop since june last year. a british man and woman have been jailed for sending threatening and abusive twitter messages to a feminist activist. john and isabella sent the --ets after airline launched carolyn launched a successful campaign to have a woman featured on a bank note. the twitter messages threatened to rape or kill.
hollande has taken his first visit since alleged reports of his affair with an actress. he is -- france is planning to andd its laws on abortion attempted suicide. today in ukraine, there are scenes tonight in kiev as the demonstrations continue despite promises from president viktor yanukovych that he will make concessions to defuse the political protests that have spread to nearly half his country. he said he would reshuffle his cabinet and free antigovernment activists who are in prison. is there, where demonstrators stormed a government building and forced the local governor to resign. this is the regional administration building in western ukraine, where the governor has his office.
just like he have, there is now a giant barricade all around the building. snow, tires,cks of wooden sticks. people have been working all night to put up the barricade. yesterday, hundreds of antigovernment protesters stormed into the building and force the regional governor who had been appointed by the president to step down. today, they are marching around, digging up ice and stones to add to the barricade, and more food has been distributed. here i am inside this rather rant building, although it does not really look like a government office today. there is a study stream of people coming in and curious about what is happening here. apparently, it was a common nation of groups, trade union organizations, youth groups and ordinary people who took this building yesterday because they
were angry about what was happening in kiev, angry with their government, and there are reports of similar regional offices in western ukraine either being picketed by protesters or, in some cases, being seized by them. >> he calls himself the commandant, the man in charge. he is also the head of the local trade union, and he says normally there should be lots of local officials in these offices, but they are not letting anybody in because they have taken the building. >> here we can see portraits of former local leaders. as for the governor who resigned toterday, no one here seems know where he is. there are some reports that he has rescinded his resignation, claiming he was forced to do it. but the people inside the building say that now the people are in charge.
>> rescuers in canada have called off their search for the night in a retirement home after a fire. eight people have been confirmed dead. several are still missing. recovery efforts are being hampered by the extreme cold and thick ice covering the rubble. the flames ripped through the building shortly after midnight. out, butpeople got many more are missing. fire crews called it a night from hell. by morning, this is all that was left. --peratures at minus degree -20 degrees celsius. >> the steam allows us to melt the ice and proceed forward without damaging any element that might allow us to go
forward. and most importantly, preserve the integrity of the potential victims. >> it is not clear how the fire started. the government is now exploring whether to make sprinklers compulsory. this is a small town, and many of the volunteer firefighters had relatives who lived in the home. a psychologist will be knocking on doors throughout the community to offer help. >> people are really in a state of shock. most of them have a tendency to close themselves, shut themselves off. >> many of those unaccounted for could have been away visiting family. collin malloy, bbc news, québec. >> you are watching bbc world news america. still to come on tonight's program, with just five months to go, the world cup stadiums
ready in time. but could brazil be paying too heavy a price? saw a newy of japan island formed by a powerful undersea eruption. many thought it would be washed away. but it is still there. year, a powerful undersea eruption pushed a tiny island above the waves of the pacific ocean. at first, japanese scientist were skeptical. they thought it would be washed away in a matter of weeks, but the eruption's continued and the island has grown, and ground, and ground. by mid december, it had tripled in size and was rapidly heading toward the nearby island. the arrival of this new piece of territory is causing quite a lot
of excitement here in japan. one religious group is called it a sign of god and said sinners should repent. , it doesain angles look like a certain cartoon character, at least it did. the latest pictures filmed this week show the new island is still growing very fast and is -- completely overtaken overtaking the nearby island. it is now 30 times bigger than back in november. in fact, it is now getting so big, it might change the size of japan's exclusive maritime zone. japan and china are scrapping over another collection of rocks nearby. japan'sthe pacific, territory is growing rapidly. so far, at least no one else is trying to claim it.
news, tokyo. topurning to tonight's stories, the bombings that killed six people in egypt represents clashes between the government and opposition. i'm joined by the author of a new book, the second arab awakening. i started by asking what the road was to success in geneva. >> it is a small step that they sat together, but no one expects them to do what they were supposed to do, which was agree on a transitional government to get serious out of this crisis. so maybe what we can expect from geneva is maybe some movement on the humanitarian conditions, but
i doubt there will be much movement beyond that. >> and egypt, another country in crisis. you talk in your book about the need for pluralism in the arab , there is another islamic insurgency. how do you breach the era of mistrust? inwhen the islamists were government, they attempted to push forward a constitution of the the wishes secular elements. today we are seeing the secular elements behave in exactly the same exclusion is manner that they accuse the islamists of doing. the violence is concerning, but i think the solution to this violence must be a political process that includes all elements of society. >> but does the arab world have time for that as we watch what is happening in syria and how it
is spilling into other countries? >> there are no shortcuts to democracy. i believe strongly that if the arab world is to transition to pluralist societies, it must put in place constitutional foundations for such a pluralist society. no one should expect that to occur in a short three years. it has not happened anywhere else in the world. it shouldn't happen here. but i argue in my book that the second arab awakening cannot be .ust a movement against it must be a movement for pluralism, a movement that is going to take decades. >> what should the rest of the world do? what support could the u.s., for instance, give to this process? >> the international community picking support by not winners and losers and by doing no harm.
but essentially, this is a homegrown process. this is a process that must take place to must agree. it is going to take decades. the international community can contribute, but in the end, it is going to be marginal to the process. you say the international community miss read the politics of the arab spring. how did they get it wrong? >> i think the international community chose stability over reform for a very long time. that stability was more important. i think we are looking at a situation where stability must be seen as happening through .eform yes, it is going to take a long time, but natural stability is only going to take place through reform. stability in the arab world before was artificially induced by autocratic governments that
put the lid on people's aspirations for democracy. when the lid was lifted, we are seeing what we are seeing today .n the arab world natural stability can only come through time and pluralistic institutions. >> thank you very much indeed for joining me. >> thank you. inturning now to brazil and just under five months from now, most of us will be glued to our television sets watching the world cup there unfold. the lucky few who actually get , but the site where england and other countries will play is still a work in progress. from brazil, we report. >> almost complete. the new arena. but the rush to get it finished has come at a very high cost. two workers were killed in
accidents here last year. just before christmas, one man fell from the roof where workers are still operating at incredibly precarious heights. safety measures have been tightened, but several men told us they are being forced to complete the project as quickly as they can and many are not even being paid. >> it is dangerous at times because it is so crazy in there and there is always pressure to finish the job. the worst thing is, i have not been paid for weeks. national says he has no money for food and has been working for a month without pay. stadium officials insisted after the recent tragedy that safety has not been compromised and that no one is being put under any undue pressure.
so much emphasis on completing the stadium, other projects are running late. a training ground that may be used by england is little more than a sand pit. vital infrastructure promise to the city has been scaled back. like many brazilian cities, this is hoping to use the world cup as a springboard for development and to showcase what it already has. here on the water, you get a anl feeling of what imposing, unique place the amazon is. it was perhaps inevitable that -- that england would be drawn to play here. he knows nothing about a region that interests everybody in the world. i am not angry though.
week, some good news. this new venue was opened by the president. as time runs out to deliver all 12 world cup stadiums, there is little doubt that the fee for secretary-general is losing -- ifa secretary-general is losing patience over the delays. >> from the pitch to pictures. two of vincent van gogh's sunflower paintings will the reunited for the first time in 65 years. the pair, which are among only five surviving versions of his sunflower collection, can be seen at the national gallery. we take a look. >> sunflowers, by vincent van instantly recognizable, iconic image. painted with a brilliant, radiant yellow by the artist in order to brighten up a dull room, now on display at london's
national gallery at double the wattage. it is joined by a second version from the van gogh museum in amsterdam. van gogh made the london version in the summer of 1888 to welcome paul gauguin to his studio in the south of france. he used that as the basis to create the painting on my left, which he made in the winter of 1889 after gauguin had left in a huff. in the intervening months, van gogh had cut off his year-end had a nervous wreck down. his sunny summer outlook had turned into winter blues. a mood change that might have --n up parent to experts apparent to experts when comparing the pictures. >> you can see reflections of his mood and state of mind. what you see more is that the copy is more carefully planned and stylized. to say that you could actually see different moods in the ways
he manipulates the brush or the think youi don't could say that. >> of course, now that they are together, the fine art game of spot the difference is irresistible. >> the positioning of the flowers is very similar, but the vase which is rounded in the london picture becomes kind of flat in the amsterdam picture, and then he just ups the color key with touches of red, of blue, worked into it in ways different from london. thean gogh said painting sunflowers took the energy and concentration of a person's whole being, i thought that could be applied to those -- a thought coming -- a thought that could be applied to those coming to study the paintings. the one on the left best. that brings today's program to a close. you can continue watching bbc world news for constant updates
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pretty city committee pod number seven, come to order! narrator: george was honored when steve asked him to be part of his pod. steve: as you know, the mayor has declared today city prettification day. that's right, steve. pods will be fanning out all over the city to pick up litter and, well, make the city pretty. (chuckles): right again, steve. later this afternoon, i will pick a winner. ooh-hoo! uh-uh, uh-uh, uh-huh! pods will be judged according to the prettiness of their streets, the amount of trash they collect, and their can-do spirit! steve asked me to mention that the winning pod will get their picture on this "pretty city" poster! ooh, ah. ah. can't you just see my face... i mean our pod plastered all over the city? (cheering, shouts) good luck pod seven. i'll see you at 3:00 sharp for the judging.