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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 28, 2014 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> for nearly 150 years, we've believed that a commercial banks owes its client strength, stability, security. we believe in keeping lending standards high. capital ratios high, credit ratings high.
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companies expected it then. companies expect it now. doing right -- it's just good business. union bank. >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america" reporting from washington. i'm kathy k. europe ofuses meddling in ukraine after the government makes concession to protesters, and the premier resigns. president obama is getting set to make his state of the union address. in divided washington, what can he get done? and with whack -- and -- long time passing.
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>> his folk music struck a chord. tonight we look back on the life and legacy of pete seeger. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. ukraine's prime minister and his entire cabinet resigned today, and the government repealed controversial laws, but this may not satisfy protesters who have been on the streets since december. they say they will not go home until the president himself steps down. we report now from kiev. ukraine's political elite had to squeeze through police lines this morning to a parliament protected by the riot squad. anthem.he national
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ukraine has not yet died saying the heavyweight. some here fear it is having that way. today though, a rare moment of unity. gone were the unpopular anti- protest laws that provoked last violence. gone to, the prime minister, who announced his government's resignation. outside parliament, the president's supporters said that should end it. >> i don't want these protests anymore, she told us. front lines, it wasn't enough. the president's whole handling of this affair is being widely question now right across the country. that is feeding into perceptions about his lack of leadership over the last few years in ukraine. there is a deepening sense that this will only end when the president himself steps down.
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around the barricades, we found a marketing manager, now key lady for the revolution. what did she think would end the standoff? [indiscernible] russia is the reason these protests started when, two months ago, the president decided to distance his country from the european union and strengthen ties with moscow. today, those two geopolitical forces, fighting for influence in ukraine, came face to face. the eu sent its top foreign- policy official to kiev tonight. russia's president suggested such visits aren't helpful. i am not sure ukraine needs intermediaries. if they do, they can ask for them, but i think the more intermediaries there are, the more problems there are. >> in the subzero of kids independent square this evening,
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a game of chess. the protesters here believe they can topple the president and that they have the patience to wait it out. yet.isn't over matthew price, bbc news, kiev. more on what is going on in ukraine, i spoke with matthew . the last time we spoke, you suggested it was overly simplistic to see the ukrainian situation in the context of the cold war, but after today with putin criticizing the europeans increasingly it does seem like the east and the west are battling it out for influence in the ukraine. >> there is definitely an international level on which the scenario is playing out. there is also a domestic level. the problem is for the past 20 years, the solution has been in the hands of the ukrainian people. the fact that the government reached out to moscow for support so they could continue
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to survive until the next elections, bailouts, whatever, pointo importantly, to moscow when they negotiate with the west, that is a critical tactic. they are going to decide the future of ukraine. we have to talk to the russians from the position of the west. the ukrainians have to talk to the russians. they have a big dog in this fight. is aundamentally, this ukrainian battle for control, influence, power, wealth and survival. >> and we have seen a battle play out on the streets of kiev. the prime minister is gone. the cabinet is gone. anti-ave repeal the protest laws of the demonstrators are saying this is still not enough. at what point do the demonstration stop? >> this is very problematic, because i think you have two sides that are reasonably deeply dug in. my concern would be on yana on his side, when
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you're out of power, your phone verbal. he will not accept anything that results in his leaving power. what will happen to his family? what will happen to his fortune? and i think from the protesters standpoint, these people who have been out for two months in freezing temperatures have basically given up their jobs, at least the tens of thousands who have been the core of the protest. they have been registered by the police. they know they are on lists. they know there will be consequences. the only way to get around that or ather a new amnesty total victory. that means getting rid of the current government. my concern is, while i think things probably will muddle through for quite a while longer before an actual endgame, neither side, at least in its most extreme position, is actually prepared for that. stake yourad to
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fortune, which way does ukraine go? does it turn toward moscow or europe in the end? i think ukraine continues to swing back and forth between the two and pull each one in when it is convenient. >> thank you very much for coming in. a very fragile balance in ukraine. now seven months ago, mohamed morsi was the president of egypt. today he was held in the soundproof cajun cairo facing charges that he escaped from prison in 2011 before he became president. he used his moment in court today to shout at the judge that he is still the country's legitimate leader. from cairo, we have this report. >> mohamed morsi. the former president back on the dock. mohamed morsi pacing in a glass cage designed to muffle any .utburst
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he could only be heard when the court turned on his microphone. who are you, he yelled at the judge. the thief of the criminal court, he was told. throughout the hearing, morsi insisted he was still the legitimate resident of egypt -- president of egypt. the state news agency said he was throwing a tantrum. there were several layers of security around the hearing, which was held at cairo's police academy. excerpts were broadcast on state tv. it is a show trial in every sense according to supporters of the former president. the heavily guarded courtroom, it was a defiant appearance by mohamed morsi, who still refuses to recognize that he is no longer in power. can expect president to spend many more days in the
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dock. in addition to the two trials already underway here, he is facing a current set of charges. that case against next month. begins next month. before the hearing got underway, a high-profile killing in cairo. a senior official was shot dead on his own doorstep. it is the latest in a series of attacks that have left the capital feeling phone verbal. .- feeling vulnerable >> the united nations security council has approved a resolution allowing european troops to use force in the central african republic. the eu is to send up to 600 troops to help african and french soldiers who are already deployed in the country. about a million people have fled their homes during months of violence between christians and muslims there. the state of emergency is in place in several provinces in bolivia as have earl -- as heavy
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rain and floods continue. several people have died in northern parts of the country. homes have been washed away in more than 20,000 families have been affected. in just a few hours from now, president obama will go before the nation to deliver his annual state of the union address. we know he will emphasize the use of his executive powers to help him act without congress and to do things like raise the minimum wage for new federal contracts. with just three years left in office, can president obama an still get anything big done? last year, the president asked congress to do 41 different things with him. he only got two of them. will he have any better luck this time around? >> including three of the major things that he asked for last time, you remember he called for gun control, he called for tougher environmental protections, he called for immigration reform as well. he didn't get any of them. this time around he is talking
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about flying so low, going alone, flourishing his presidential pen and issuing executive orders. raise the minimum wage of federal contractors from now on. but that is a sign of weakness. if you want to do big things in america, you need big legislation. executive orders are rather piecemeal. that is the problem. obama has a divided congress and frankly, even after the congressional elections in november, it looks like the congress will be pretty much as it is now with the democrats in control of the senate and the republicans almost certainly in control of the house. >> ellen kullman is it for presidents to go into states of the union addresses at this stage with very low approval chance ofd no big getting -- how common is it for
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presidents to go into states of the union addresses at this stage with very low approval ratings and actually get things done? this is why presidents often look to the foreign field to create some sort of legacy in their second term. i think he is going to talk about inequality. it is clearly something he believes his successors will have to confront. he is saying this is an issue you need to frame in the debate. , inthat shows his weakness a way. presidents don't just like framing the debate. they like doing the things they are talking about. rex i spoke earlier to the former chairman of the democratic national committee and former governor of vermont, howard dean. a very common problem. bush's numbers were worse at
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this point in his presidency. clinton's numbers weren't very good. this is a five-year itch. i think the president is about to do the right thing, which is throw down the gauntlet and say -- he is actually pushing around a body that has far worse numbers than he does. >> and maybe his only saving grace. >> well, it is not a bad thing to do. congress is very unpopular. he is going to say if you don't do your job, i am going to do it for you to the best of my ability under the constitution. >> you have the stock market, which is booming. you have businesses sitting on very hefty profits. in many ways, the american economy is doing very well. much better than economies around the world, and yet the president is not getting much credit from the american people. >> that is because of the split. most of the benefits of the
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recovering economy are going to 20% in this country, and the bottom 80%, even though the economy is getting a little better, there is still an enormous number of people who have not had a wage increase and have actually seen a wage the ordinary american is not feeling the economic recovery nearly as much as the top 20%. >> that the president's gauntlet, as you have suggested, throwing down the gauntlet to , there is not very much he can do by himself. he wants to remind the american people that congress is selfish and all they want to do is get reelected. they already know that, but he has to remind
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them. >> you are not actually talking about the policies the president can do. >> the problem is they can only really do this if they work together and that is clearly not going to happen. the republicans for six years have decided this is not going to happen, so the president is out of options. but he does have the bully pulpit. he can make people feel better about themselves simply by taking action himself. frankly, the truth is, even if the congress did all kinds of things it would not have a bigger effect on the economy. the real economy is driven by the federal reserve's and the decisions of 15 million business people all over the country every day. >> he is three years left in office. can he do anything big? >> it would be very difficult to master glee to do anything big. our government has been so paralyzed for so long, but look at what is going on. same-sex marriage on one side.
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on the other side, attacks on women's reproductive rights. so things are changing. >> what about foreign policy? policy, he can succeed. the uranian move is interesting. i think it is -- iranian move is interesting. certainly can be moves on cuba. i think the president would like to do something on cuba. certainly in the middle east, although that is a much more difficult laundry. >> -- difficult quandary. >> thank you. still to come tonight, bennett your bhutto's son speaks about his personal loss -- benazir son speaks about his personal loss and his political future. a former army command he has refused to give evidence at his
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trial. he told the u.n. tribunal it was a satanic court and that he would not testify because of his health and the possibility it could prejudice his own case. emily buchanan has the story for us. >> the long-running trial of the bosnian serb leader. he faces charges of genocide and crimes against humanity during the bosnian war. known -- he called in his defense the man once known as the butcher of bosnia, but he was a reluctant witness. he refused to recognize the tribunal and called us a 10 a court. >> for the last time, will you take this declaration you go? >> i do not care one bit about any of it.
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i will not testify here and i cannot talk because i have no teeth. will the security people please bring my teeth so that i can speak better? >> there was a pause while the dentures were found. the general is also on trial for genocide. in articular for his role massacre when over 7000 bosnian men and boys were killed. mr. kerry that chokes to prove he did not know of any plans to . karovich hopes to prove he did not know of any plans for the execution. at the general refuse to answer any questions to help his formal ally, citing ill health and a fear of prejudicing his own trial. >> in pakistan, the name bhutto
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carries great political weight. no one knows that better than he. his grandfather was elected prime minister and executed under martial law. his mother, benazir bhutto, was assassinated in 2007. now if the age of 25, he says he too wants to run for election in his country. it is clearly a family passion. he has been speaking to our correspondent. lifelitics has been in his from the moment he was born. moments before his mother became prime minister. enough tohe is old run for parliament, and says he will. >> politics is a dirty and dangerous game in pakistan. >> it is, and i have seen my mother bury her brother. i have seen her living in exile, raising her three children as a
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single mother while my father was a political prisoner. i have seen the trials and aibulations, and i challenge 25 euro to look at my history and say you know what? i want to do this. this looks like fun. >> he was only 19 when his mother was assassinated. he blames the taliban and says it is time to take military action to stop pakistan's now daily violence. >> i thought the assassination of my mother would finally wake this country up. >> if you were in power now, would you say let's go in and crush them in their stronghold? think dialogue is always an option, but we have to have a position of strength. how do you talk from a position of strength? you have to have military to back it up. home in the city of karachi is a fortress.
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he is under constant threat and pressure. rule, he washer routed in last years election. >> do you think a 25-year-old can help save pakistan? >> i think every 25-year-old needs to step up to the challenge of helping to save pakistan. i don't think it is about being a bhutto. it is about the fact that pakistan is failing us and my generation is sick and tired of these red herring politics. >> even of your own party. are you talking about salvaging your own party? >> election cycles happen all over the world. >> but are you worried about your party's performance? >> all elections are to some on the partyrendum in power's performance.
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there is a lot of room for introspection, and that is exactly what is going on right now. there are closed door discussions about what is wrong, how can we do better, what can we improve on, but that does not take away from the things that i am proud of, the historical achievements. >> i hereby declare emergency. >> this week, he launched the cultural festival in his hometown province with this video. he may look like a leader, but pakistan is in deep crisis, and thatask, is he up to toughest of that jobs? >> pete seeger died last night at the age of 94. ever since the 1940s, seeger used his music as an instrument of social change. today, president obama issued a statement of gratitude to the musician for reminding us where we come from and showing us where we need to go. the kind reports. where have all the flowers
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gone, long time passing? >> is gentle protest songs and deep social conscience made heat -- his gentle protest songs and deep social conscience made heat seeger a social icon. he played at union meetings and political rallies. sii, his groupr were blacklisted as communist sympathizers and kept out of falls. he went so low. anshall overcome became anthem of the civil rights and antiwar movements of the 1960s.
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>> ♪ if i had a hammer, i'd hammer in the morning ♪ >> that was not his only song to become a protest movement standard. cleaning up my dirty street ♪ >> in later years, he channeled his protest to environmental causes, particularly the hudson river, beside which he built his home. >> normally, i am against big sayings. i think the world is going to be saved by millions of small things. too many things can go wrong when they get big. father figure to social activists, a man who saw music is more than just entertainment. seeger, who may have liked small things, but became himself a very big folk star.
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he died today at the age of 94. that brings our broadcast to a close. we will be back in a few hours with full coverage of president unions state of the address. thanks for watching. tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in.
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working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key, strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> ifill: president obama will lay out his 2014 agenda tonight before congress and the nation. we preview the state of the unionwith white house press secretary jay carney and our own mark shields and david brooks. good evening, i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: and i'm judy woodruff. also ahead, concerns about security at the sochi olympics and the lengths to which some american teams are going, to stay safe. plus: >> ♪ i hammer in the evenin' all over this land ♪ we remember folk legend and activist pete seeger with reflections from peter, paul a

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