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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  February 7, 2014 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." get theing ceremonies olympics off to an impressive start. but do the terrorist threats overshadow the games? and the first evacuations allowed and beseech syrian city of homs offer temporary relief. and it was exactly 50 years ago that the beatles invaded america. we look back at the weekend at rocked the music world. welcome to "world news america." in an opening ceremony that was nothing short of spectacular,
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the winter look it's officially kicked off in search you, diverting attention away from the anxiety surrounding games, but not for very long. this afternoon, a man attempted fly it toa plane and sochi, saying there was a bomb on board. the plane landed safely in istanbul. passengers were evacuated, and the suspect was detained by the authorities. this latest scare shows how much attention is still on security. talk about that and the isctacle of the celebration short time ago. alex, opening ceremonies are usually cause for the country to show itself off for the world. how did this one go? think it was visually very impressive. spectacular. expected from an opening ceremony hosted by .ussia a russian odyssey, a trip through russian history seen a girl namedyes of after love in russian.
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torch washe end, the set inside the olympic complex just outside the stadium. there was great secrecy over who would like the cauldron, and eventually, it was to former russian sporting stars. a figure skater who won three an ice hockeynd great. they ignited it, which brought to a climax what was a stunning opening ceremony, which i think has gone down very well here. the audience inside the stadium certainly enjoyed it. a series ofted to performances by pop russian ballet stars. one was a scene from "war and peace." then, a rendition of swan lake. people have never seen a performance of "swan lake" like that before.
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it was different, innovative. certainly on a huge scale, as by would expect, watched president vladimir putin, who officially declared the games open. >> how tight was security at the opening ceremony? >> security has been tight here all week. i have been here now for five days, and if you go outside this complex, head up to the mountains, security is very evident. there is a ring of steel around sochi. 40,000 police and members of the security forces trying to keep the area safe after all the threats of violence they've had s and weeksst month and years. once you get inside the complex, it's much more relaxed. if you have been through lots of security checks, though, it's not that obvious. in fact, it's much the same as you would expect at any other major sporting event, but, yes,
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security has been a huge issue. they are very sensitive about or it wasey have said said to me that sochi is the safest place right now. >> for more on the importance of these gains for president iadimir putin and for russia, spoke to dimitri from the center of national interest a short time ago. when you watched the opening ceremony, what was the narrative about russia you felt they were trying to present? >> that russia is again a major superpower, a legitimate player in major global events, that major foreign leaders including the secretary-general of the united nations, the president of china, the president of france where there. mother russia has arrived again after the collapse of the soviet union. >> is this a true narrative? >> i think so. some think that russia under
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putin is much stronger than it used to be under yeltsin, but the problems in russia, economic performance is not great. corruption is pervasive, and things that were happening in sochi -- they were sending two messages yes -- two messages -- russia is back but not that quite yet. >> by putting the games so close to the troubled caucasus region, is president clinton trying to gamble to show that he is -- he can pull this off and is stronger than the insurgency the bid inn he made 2007, i'm sure he did not know that the issue in the caucuses would still be going on. i do think security in sochi itself is likely to be adequate. >> there have been 70 controversies in the run-up. everything from anti-gay laws to grumbles about the cost of the security issues. what do you think will make the
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games a success and president clinton's eyes? >> there were a number of things, and you just mentioned them. basically, it will be about the games. it will be about athletics. it will be about flawless or less than flawless performance of the game organizers, so the real gains -- the real game for russia is only starting today. >> back in the days of the cold war, the medal count was always hugely important -- the american medal count versus the russian medal count. do you think there will be a huge focus in russia over how many medals they win? >> there will be a huge focus. they are very ambitious, so they hope for the best, but they are not claiming they will be number one. they have had a number of setbacks in areas where they were traditionally strong, including hockey, so they are trying to downplay it and hope
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for the best. >> with that choice of opening ceremony song, was that diplomatic of more than just sports, do you think? >> absolutely. it is a message of confidence with a bit of defiance. >> thank you so much for joining us. syria claims ain british citizen has become the first to blow himself up in a suicide truck tom attack. the claim by a terror group went to al qaeda whose native people were evacuated from the city of homs for the first time in 18 months. >> the siege of homs is not over. these are the first people to escape in a very long time. weary and hungry, some 80 women, children, and elderly men were army's out of the syrian cordon. they had adored 600 days of siege.
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shortd and water is so inside, he says. look at me. there are only bones. click the syrian regime has pursued a policy known as star, but the rebels, too, want to keep people inside besieged areas. the regime has promised to allow some aid in tomorrow, but not if any goes to the rebels. this cease-fire is extremely fragile. no cease-fire and aleppo. a rebel commander tells his men a suicide bomber just left. the whole islamic nation will hear him roar. the bomber was british, driving this truck packed with explosives. he was thought to be the first british suicide bomber in syria. the war then continues with no end in sight.
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-- but thean regime g hotties are not part of that dialogue, and they are doing most of the fighting in syria -- the jihadis are not part of that dialogue. >> a violent protest in rio de janeiro today. what started as demonstrations over increased fares for public transport turned into clashes with police. it's the latest in a wave of protests that started in brazil last year. .e have this report from rio by the radicals, thousands of demonstrators marched through rio announcing rising public transport costs and excessive world cup spending. a, payotesters cry, "fif my fare."
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the events soon descended into violence and they growing battle between riot police and demonstrators. these are the most violent scenes we have had for several weeks or months. thousands of protesters have , and they'venow been met by riot police with situation herehe has grown desperately violent. >> hundreds of commuters were ,aught between the two sides and the clashes spilled out onto rio's main avenue. as what appears to be a homemade device or improvised firework explodes, the journalists at the lord. first to help, we tried to stop the bleeding from a gaping wound . angry protesters blame police for the attack. that quite possibly came from
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the other side. still alive but now in a deep , and the clashes soon resumed. these anti-world cup antigovernment protests have not relented. >> dramatic scenes there. in other news now, thousands of muslims have fled the capital of the central african republic escorted by chadian troops. they were the latest groups to sectariantinuing violence between muslims and the christian majority. entire muslim neighborhoods have .een in deep a u.s. missionary being held in north korea has been moved back to a labor camp in the country. he seen here with his mother, and he's been held for more than a year in north korea after being sentenced to 15 years of hard labor for allegedly trying to overthrow the state. he was moved on january 20.
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the president of haiti is in washington this week for meetings with the white house and members of congress. four years after a powerful earthquake devastated the country. yesterday, president obama met with the haitian leader and urged him to hold elections that have been much delayed. mr. obama also praised the ongoing recovery effort in the caribbean nation. >> it is a slow, difficult process, and i think we are all recognizing we have a lot more work to do, but my main message today as president and to the people of haiti is that the american people are committed to standing with you in this process. >> president obama speaking in the white house yesterday. the earthquake in haiti killed an estimated 300,000 people and left more than 1.5 million without permanent homes. for a look at the country's, i spoke to the haitian president
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just a short time ago. says there are still a lot of work to be done in haiti as you recover from the earthquake. what is your biggest challenge? >> the biggest challenge is to make my education program a success. because i believe for haiti to change, we must change the , get theentality haitian persona, the soul back to where it needs to be. the government has kept our kids out of school, and i want to make sure i leave this legacy. it's working now. i already have 1.4 million kids enrolled. >> how about the 200,000 people who are still homeless after the earthquake? what are you doing to get them permanent housing? >> actually, it's less than that. it's 127,000. the big number, but much smaller than the 1.5 million people i found living under the caps. also, you have to understand, it's costly and time-consuming.
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we do not kick them out of the camps. we rehabilitate homes that have been destroyed. .e rent the house for one year those 147g until thousand people get a home? >> i cannot promise because we need to find the money and find these homes, but one thing i can tell you -- we will not stop working until the last person is out of a tent. >> when you met with president obama, did you promise you would hold these much-delayed elections in haiti? >> i have explained to him why it has not been held yet. >> why is that? >> because the opposition, i guess, wants to keep me from having elections so i can be blamed for it, but i'm the one who wants elections. >> some people say you do not want elections, that you're just appointing mayors all over the place because it's more convenient for you. why.do not see
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i have to bridge the electoral law, but i'm ready. >> when will they be held? these elections? >> again, if parties do not register, you cannot force them and cannot have an election. that's why to convince everybody, we are having that dialogue where all the parties are coming together, proposing whatever they want to propose, so i can have whatever compromise with them. i want elections asap. >> i was impressed by your slogan that haiti is open for business, yet your country is also perceived as being one of the most corrupt in the world. how do you overcome this? >> the image is changing, and we are working closely with the strengthening the unit in charge of corruption, so we are working transparently, and friends of the president have been arrested. our national police has been reinforced. our judicial system is being
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reinforced. last time the attorney general was in haiti, he mentioned the three most dangerous places in the caribbean, and haiti was not one of them. >> how will you bring jobs to people in haiti? when people say all they want is a job, a chance to earn a living. >> all it did was encourage ,ongress to renew the hope law which is expiring in 2020. the new initiative we have built together, jointly, the u.s. and haiti -- we need to create jobs, and one of the incentives is having that law so people can export to the u.s. >> thank you so much for joining us. haiti's road to recovery. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, america is expanding military presence in the horn of africa. the bbc gets exclusive access to combat forces battling violent
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extremism. winter olympics in sochi are, of course, a showcase not just for sport but for the russian nation, but how favorably is russia viewed as a host? >> when it comes to the olympics, it's never really just about the games. this year, the world's opinion of russia is mixed ahead of the winter olympics. a survey of 30 eight countries by the pew research center found only nine have a vrable views of the olympic host. europe and the middle east have more negative views. -- america, russia's cold war adversary, is somewhere in the middle. in 1980, the u.s. boycott of the summer olympics in moscow, and later, the soviet union and its allies stayed away from the los angeles summer games. things have certainly changed, but distrust still lingers.
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in 2012 survey that more than half of americans do not trust russian president vladimir putin in global affairs. this year, his views on homosexuality are big topics. he has been widely criticized internationally for restricting gay rights. it was found that inside russia, three quarters of the population agreed with their president. you might think that when pew asked americans what they thought of the games being held in sochi, gay rights would be an issue of concern. 44% and holding the games in russia is a bad idea, but only 4% of those said it was because of anti-gay laws. 62% of the critical crowd said security and the threat of terrorism was their biggest concern. but it turns out folks might mellow. before the beijing games in 2008, a large number of americans thought having them in china was a bad idea, but once the games were under way, that number went down.
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more than half were satisfied. >> u.s. forces come home from afghanistan, there's another part of the world where the american military is expanding its presence. that's the horn of africa. there's a place where the main mission is to counter the growing threat from al qaeda from al-shabaab on the continent. bbc has been given exclusive access to the base. our security correspondent has this report. >> in the deserts of djibouti, the u.s. military is stepping up operations. it is flying long-range missions home to east africa, what it calls violent extremism. these are special forces rescue paratroopers, trained to retrieve field commanders or others from deep inside somalia.
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america is extending its reach across this region. it is not alone. this is a french helicopter refueling from a u.s. tank or -- tanker. this is just one tiny part of andhuge buildup in u.s. coalition military operations here in the horn of africa, and djibouti is the nerve center. me itreign minister told .s a target for al-shabaab he supports controversial u.s. drone strikes launched from this country. >> these people are very dangerous. whatever it takes. if we can contain them, ok. if we can get rid of them, it's better, but we don't have to on whether we should
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use drones or not. >> the u.s. base here has swollen to over 12,000 people. trainers go out to african nations sending soldiers to fight al-shabaab. seen by washington as the main threat in the region. >> the real reason we are here is to neutralize al-shabaab and somalia. that's why i'm sitting right here, so i can assist the other nations to neutralize al-shabaab in small he a so it will not leave somalia or threatened a united states interest or our country, the united states, as a whole. certainly has the tools in its armory, but does it have the patience? 20 years ago, it rushed to leave the region after getting embroiled in somalia's land wars. now it's trying a different approach. the extremism here could still .ake years
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>> extremism in the horn of africa and u.s. attempts to defeat it. other news now from around the world -- there have been antigovernment protest threading unrest over employment and hardship. the government capital in sarajevo was set on fire, and there was also unrest in the northern town where the protests began earlier in the week. people involved there do not have jobs. south africa's president has announced that a general election will be held on may 7. finally tonight, 50 years ago today, this very day, form of top musicians got off at pan am flight in new york to the screams of adoring fans who just wanted to hold their hands. it was the official start of the ia here in-- beatleman
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america. days later, they performed on "the ed sullivan show" to nearly 40% of the american population. we look at that event that changed music history. beatlesoubts about the "reception in america were dispelled the moment they stepped out. click the beatles arrived in a country that wanted something to smile about. 77 days after the death of john f. kennedy. the fab four was just the tonic america needed. they lifted the national mood in an instant. will you be getting a haircut at all? >> no. >> no? >> i had one yesterday. >> this was the moment they sang themselves into history. >> ♪ close your eyes and i'll miss you ♪ >> the performance was watched by almost half the american population and help usher in the
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country's modern age. what happened inside this theater changed america from the clothes people wore to the way they style their hair. the fab four also set the musical agenda for the rest of the 60 -- the 1960's. seeing thatished, old marquis. >> henry grossman was there that night. >> it was incredible to be there, to partake in that moment , in what we now know is history. wow. >> it became an iconic image of the 1960's. the teenager a symbol of her generation. >> at the age of 13, i thought paul mccartney is the best looking thing i have ever seen in my entire life, and i want to marry him. >> the beatles thought they would not make a lasting impact. 50 years on, it is still being out. .- still being felt >> great tunes. thanks for watching.
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>> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, union bank, and charles schwab. >> there's a saying around here -- you stand behind what you say . are here, you don't make excuses, you make amendments. and when you cannot live up to them, you own up and make it .ight some people think the kind of accountability that thrives on so many streets in this country has gone missing in the places where it's needed most, but i know you will still find it when you know where to look. >> for nearly 150 years, we have believed a commercial bank owes its clients strength, stability,
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> woodruff: a disappointing national jobs report for the second straight month. but there were signs the employment picture wasn't as dreary as it could have been. good evening, i'm judy woodruff. also ahead. the front lines in the fight against a.i.d.s. researchers are working to go beyond controlling the disease, to finding a cure. what we really want to do is make it so that the people around the world, all 34 million of them infected with hiv, can lead a disease-free life without having to take anti-retrovirals for the rest of their lives. and it's friday...mark shields and david brooks are here to analyze the week's news. those are just some of the stories we're covering

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