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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  February 11, 2014 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> for nearly 150 years, we have believed that the commercial bank owes its clients strength, stability, security. we believe in keeping lending standards high, capital ratios
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high, credit ratings high. companies expected it then -- companies expect it now. doing right -- it's just good business. union bank. >> and now, "bbc world news." >> this is bbc world news america. it reported from washington, i'm katty kay. inside the deceased city, syrians try to flee during a temporary cease-fire. a bbc team is on the ground there. from syria to iran, all topics on the agenda as the french president visited the white house. and she had the voice, personality, and the curls to make her a child star. tonight, we look back on the incredible life of shirley temple.
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. united nations agencies are expressing serious concern about the fate of hundreds of men and boys who have been detained by -- ayrian authorities temporary cease-fire has allowed to flee. of civilians we've been sent this report. >> they came in the hundreds to the edge of the city, desperate and there are deal. they have already come under
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fire under this temporary truce. no wonder everyone is nervous. on this day, the guns are silent. worried, they lived under siege by 18 long months. all that matters now is getting out. for operation was arranged the elderly, the women, and children. young men were also taken for questioning. the government insists the men are being treated well. more than 100 days they have already been released. >> those men have been cleared of suspicion. this morning, their problems were solved and they had the right to go where ever they wanted. no obstacle was put in there path. -- in their path.
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the present centers are where the men are being questions. >> some say the syrian army is using this as a cover to arrest its opponents. >> it is going a long way to inspire a new spirit of peace. if it works here, it can work anywhere else in syria. but there are worries. it has seen some of the worst fighting in syria's war. been no man's land for the past two years. gunfire used to ring out. there is no certainty as to what will happen next once the truce ends. and what they will say to the city that lies just beyond here. >> a desperate situation inside
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of a syrian city. a lot of attention at a press conference today between president obama and french president francois hollande. today, it was all business. >> they don't throw welcomes like this for everyone. is onlyger of the visit for america's most important allies. hollande the first to receive the honor. >> bonjour. that is the extent of my french. [laughter] previously did not want to support the iraq war but it is different now.
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>> it is cold in washington. what it is a beautiful day, a great day for america and france. hollande without his plus-one. he split up with his partner over claims that he had an affair with a french actress. at least this relationship is going strong. the nations share many common bonds. >> right now, we don't think that there is a military solution for the problem. but the situation is fluid and we continue to explore every possible avenue to solve this problem. heart of the chemical weapons stockpile has been destroyed but we have not found a political solution. we need to support the opposition. to stop itsran nuclear program is another issue
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the two nations agree on. sanctions are still in place. >> there are still possibilities to get in sooner rather than later if and when there is an actual agreement to be had. i can tell you that they do so at their own peril right now because we will come down on them like a ton of bricks. leaderss clear the two are heading in the same direction on a range of issues. u.s. anger at france's refusal to back the war was so strong that the french cuisine was even taken off of some menus here. the strength of the partnership between two longtime
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allies. >> for more on the situation, i am joined by the director of the french national peace and middle east center based in beirut. thank you very much for coming in. there really aren't any new options being discussed when it comes to the situation in syria. both seem to recognize that the humanitarian situation is getting worse. >> the situation is in the hands of russia rather than the heavens -- the hands of the united states or france. >> is there no leverage that either washington or paris or somebody has over russia?
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you see the humanitarian situation is getting a lot worse at the moment. is likely to continue or worsen as long as the conflict continues in its current form. the only way it could and is if russia recognizes that in its own interest, not to keep supporting the assad regime. >> you see no indication the calculation is starting to be made in moscow. you only look at the geneva conference and the public debate around the issue, you will not see much help. the fact that russia has agreed for the conference to be held in the first place is a sign that there is likelihood that the situation will change in the future. the political steps seem to be incremental at best.
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the united nations, we have russia blocking humanitarian access in the country. what, from your point of view, is going to be the thing that pushes this conflict in some ?irection or another echo we needve to trust that to work on short-term and small and work to achieving bigger names. stepse to start with baby and eventually hope to reach a resolution in the future. for example, having
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cease-fires in place. the larger debates about transition and one big step that should happen is the attaching assad himself from the regime. meaning, i don't see why russia would not accept the scenario whereby he is removed from power. but russia's own interests are maintained through a sharing arrangement with the opposition. you're based in beirut. how tense is the situation in lebanon? >> it is indicative of why we .hould resolve this crisis asap it is impacting stability across the region. >> let's look at other news around the world. the military transport plane
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crashed in the mountains. it went down, and thought that -- explosions inside of a cinema in the pakistani city. the second such bombing in two weeks. islamist militants to shut down their businesses. their first talks. there to establish regular communications. taiwanese ministers in charge of policies say this is a new chapter in relations. the obama administration is whether orweighing to wheth
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not to use a drone strike. they identify the individual, the suspect affiliated with al qaeda. it wouldn't be the first time u.s. citizens have been killed by american drones. the issue is controversial. the u.s. attorney general for president george w. bush. >> i think he knows a lot less than the government has. much of it will be classified. someone that we believe may be a terrorist. >> critics would charge that that is eg precisely part of the problem. that the members of the public
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sense of what he might be doing or where he is. a challenge for the obama administration in terms of the process of naming this person an enemy combatant. it calls into question whether or not this american citizen is inng afforded due process the process of designating him an enemy combatant. in the event that this issue comes before a court. >> as the drone policy was being drawn up, it sounds like you aboutome concern
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targeting an american citizen abroad. >> i think it has been very effective. i am worried that when the not haveegan, we did the benefit of supreme court decisions that came about after the program began. i think we have a better understanding and feel as to where the court might go. decision-makers are the congressman. they need to take into account how we process the war on terror. prevent the case that it should take out an ?merican citizen
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>> i think the administration would say that this is not something we have interest in doing. when you think about the possibility that the war on terror will be fought in the future on u.s. soil, it may involve u.s. citizens, and it is a legitimate question to ask. i suspect they are looking into that and deciding whether or not there are protocols that would and protecte safety the rights of american citizens on u.s. soil. it is one that the obama administration is currently wrestling with. >> a question the white house is wrestling with but a decision that will be very controversial in the united states and around the world as well. the river thames
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is bursting its banks as britain experiences its most exceptional rain in 200 years. the mass vaccination program underway after the first recorded case of polio. >> modern medicine delivered to the most traditional people in afghanistan. health workers tracked down small children to deliver olio vaccines. theiris an urgency in work because a three-year-old girl was recently diagnosed with polio. the first case in the capital for more than a decade. they were nomadic herdsman until recently.
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the nomad life has become harder and they settled on this. the uncle says that she is paralyzed and complains, i can't stand up. the other children are playing and i cannot. wealthgside increasing and a disease that has been wiped out almost everywhere else in the world. >> just 14 this last year. taliban,extremist killing health workers. the health minister said it would make iharder to eradicate the disease here. >> in your relatives of the
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polio victim have now been vaccinated. could comedisease back at any time. >> the eastern seaboard is bracing for another winter storm today with ice and snow in the forecast. in the u.k., the problem is rain. the prime minister even cancel the trip to the middle east to deal with the crisis at home. duncan kennedy has been to look at how one english community is coping. >> this is the story of a street under pressure. where the river meets road. it now starts with the wellies routine.
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this is the view out the front door. 100 yards of it. to your own devices, really. >> they have their own sand delivery. an army of sandbagged. >> they are your neighbors. -- takes as a lot to lot to bring people together. >> from thence to shopping trolleys to baby buggies. men and women in a backbreaking tend to their homes.
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>> we have no idea what is coming next. >> he is helping barricade number two, the stress of rising water getting to his mother. >> we can't say more than that. >> nearby number 20 are also losing hope. >> how long can you live like this? >> may a day or two. things will calm down so we can leave. >> late this afternoon, lindsay joyce returns home with six-year-old marshall. it has been another draining day.
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>> we are stressed thinking, is it going to go? will it be worse? >> the lives of one community facing nature, fighting bureaucracy, fending for themselves. duncan kennedy, bbc news. >> too much rain in england. a well he, for our american viewers, is what you might call a rain boot. it was invented in the 19th century for the duke of wellington. which is probably all you need to know about the wellington boot. the only thing little about shirley temple was her size. her voice was big, her charm was huge. she began her film career at the age of three and died last night at the age of 85. ae moved on to become diplomat.
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our editor has more on her incredible life. ♪ >> shirley temple, the little girl that began the world's ingest -- she made her name 1934 as a six-year-old sensation. cheering optimism america up in the depths of the depression. she quickly became the dimple cheeked princess. 1935, awarded a special juvenile oscar. her mother managed every step of her career, making sure that the precocious prodigy was never without 56lic
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perfectly formed laundering let's. ringlettes. she was a superstar and a million-dollar global brand who reportedly received more than 135,000 presents. including a kangaroo from australia. as the child became a teenager, the sparkle required to succeed started to fade. she got married, had a child, divorced, carried again. i now, she was 21. a year later, she quit hollywood saying she had enough of pretend and probably had a reality check. the $3,200,000 i earned from left in aad $44,000 trust account. i was shocked.
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>> the now happily married shirley temple stepped back onto the public stage and into the world of politics. >> i am dedicating my life and my energy to public service. because i think our country needed now more than it ever has before. thatnry kissinger said shirley temple succeeded as the ambassador to ghana and czechoslovakia because she is tough-minded and disciplined. friends and family would probably add she is internally optimistic and invariably charming. temple,ting on shirley i grew up on her and my household. a breath of optimism in the 1930's in europe which is why my grandparents decided to call my mother shirley. that brings the program to a close.
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at your local listings, we will find it there. to reach the rest of the bbc team, you can reach me over twitter. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank, >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture
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new ventures and provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> woodruff: the obama administration is weighing whether to add a new target to its drone campaign. and green-light a strike against an american citizen in pakistan suspected of plotting terrorist attacks. good evening, i'm judy woodruff, gwen ifill is away. also ahead, new concerns over the safety of the nation's electrical power grid and ideas to make it safer. plus, the story of the "tenderloin," san francisco's last working-class neighborhood. left behind while the rest of the city saw years of prosperity. >> why do you live in the

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