tv BBC World News America PBS March 14, 2014 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, charles schwab, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering specialized solutions and capital to meet your growth objectives. expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you?
>> now "bbc world news america. >> this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington. there may have been a handshake, but there is no deal between the u.s. and russia on how to handle the crisis in ukraine. the malaysia airlines flight went missing, theories expand, and so does the area they are searching. breaking into music is never easy. just imagine trying to do it from iran. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe.
a common vision. that is how russia's foreign minister summed up the split over how to deal with the crisis in ukraine. comments came after a six-hour meeting. two days before a referendum in crimea, where people will decide if they should remain in ukraine or join russia. correspondent bridget kendall reports. >> an intensive six hours of thes in the sunshine of u.s. ambassador's london garden. narrowing of the gap over ukraine's future. the region could either break away from ukraine or even opt to join russia. in the west, they say that would be illegal and a violation of ukraine's sovereignty.
u.s. secretary of state john made one last try to warn his russian counterpart that if crimea is annexed by russia, there will be grave consequences. >> we believe a decision to move , ratified russia officially within the duma, would be a backdoor annexation of crimea. it would be against international law. >> mr. laurent says the agreement remained. lavrov said the agreement remained, and if crimea wished to join, russia would not stand in its way. expect crimea to become independent or part of the russian federation? referendum, we have already said we will respect the choice of the makean people, and will
clear our position once the outcome of the referendum is known. >> it is pretty clear these last-ditch talks have gotten nowhere. if crimea was to break away from crimea and join russia, the stage is set for new western sanctions against russia, and further deterioration in east-west relations. and immediately, a further worry. an explosion in eastern ukraine last night. russia has no plans to intervene, but the foreign ministry warned russia reserve the right to protect its compatriots, worrying hints of possible things to come. i spoke with the director of the kenan institute at the woodrow wilson center. when russia's foreign minister says there is no common vision between moscow and washington
over what is happening in ukraine, and you have russian troops massing, how worried are you? >> i would be worried if the sides were not talking to each other. i think the big concern is to avoid an unintended or uncontrolled explosion of violence. i think, for example, the russians assume, because they have so many troops on the ground, they control events in crimea. that i do not exclude the possibility that a disgruntled ukrainian nationalist, volunteers from other parts of ukraine, might decide to kill a russian officer. or some of the russian self-defense squads could kill some minority folks. you could quickly have a situation that spirals out of both sides of control. >> had you expect russia to respond? are they going to annex it? >> in a way, the status quo is
probably the most favorable for russia. actual set aside an invasion, the suggestion was they might move it to eastern ukraine. consequences become quite severe. they do endure the economic sanctions the west has been set -- has been threatening. the pointat to get to where the russians have actually fundamentally changed the map of europe, overturned the postwar economic and political order, i think even the germans -- >> is that what angela merkel is signaling? >> the message has been very clear. to take the threat of sanctions from the west -- we are willing to endure the pain on our end. >> there will be sanctions? >> there is no doubt about that. there are probably assets that will be seized. but we have to be prepared to accept that outcome in order for
our threat to be credible, in order for us to have leverage. >> will this de-escalate? >> it depends on what moscow does. if the russians recognize the result if they annex, and certainly if they move into other parts of ukraine, it is a war. it is certainly one that triggers sanctions. if the russians content themselves, i think this would be far smarter, they say, great. you had a referendum. just like other post-soviet conflicts. we will move our troops there to keep everyone safe, that we are not going to annex the territory. they could have their cake and eat it too. quick -- >> thank you for joining us. we started to get reports of a missing malaysian airline plane. seven days later, no trace of the aircraft with 239 people on board. there is evidence the plane sent out a signal hours after radio
contact was lost, which explains why the search area has expanded so greatly. beijing, the hostility was palpable. >> what has malaysia airlines been doing throughout this event? >> no one here is satisfied. how can their loved ones have simply disappeared? it is incompetence of all. but astonishingly, a week on, there is still no trace of the flight. bbc confirmed the plane continued to send out a satellite, for several hours after radio contact was lost. hours, we have seen a significant shift of resources, a shift in aircraft, from the original search area in the gulf of thailand, over to here, and even far out into the
indian ocean. the u.s. navy is sending one of its destroyers up here today. what still remains very unclear is why. >> a malaysia airlines pilot for 35 years says there is no way they are now starting to search the indian ocean just on a hunch. >> i have a feeling. saying to america, send a ship there -- do you have any ships around the area? please, send it there. it is our property. we can do what we want. but there must be some strong conviction. something has happened. an event has taken place. >> prayers for the missing today.
bbc news. >> for more on the search for the missing plane, i spoke with a former inspector with the federal aviation administration. know that a satellite company recorded electronic signals from the plane after it disappeared. even though the transponder had been turned off. what does that suggest to you? >> the pain they are talking about -- one of the parts of the system -- theding data that is in that is not being sent. it is just hanging. ringing,e a cell phone but no one is answering. >> is it possible somebody fly the plane undetected, but did not have the wherewithal to turn off the pinging? >> i suspect exactly that.
fact, it would be easy to overlook turning off what we call the satcom system. tot people would know how turn off the acars or transponders. but the satcom is not on the main display unit. it is on the center unit down below. it would be easy to overlook that if you were trying to hide the aircraft. >> if the search has been widened to the indian ocean, a pilot said there is a good reason for that. just how daunting is the task? >> there are two reasons. witness the fact that they are going there and doing this. the other is, this is real data. there is no reason that pinging sound would come anything -- come from anything but an aircraft, trying to communicate with the system. the only other way would be another aircraft trying to
communicate. it would have to have a transponder connected in the same region. >> how difficult will it be to search the indian ocean? it is such a vast area. >> i can only imagine what it would be. this data gives us a good feel for where the aircraft was at a specific time. although it looks like we are expanding the search, the team, the investigation team, is coming together and starting to prioritize. what is most important? where do we use our resources? the most important thing is managing resources, damaging information. it makes sense to me why malaysia has contacted the malaysian airlines. they have contacted rolls-royce. they said, we have no data. what is this about? that would make sense if the acar system was off. it would be like a cell phone
ringing with no one on the other end. >> is this one of the biggest mysteries in aviation history? >> without a doubt. particularly in modern aircraft history. , to all of the advancements try to keep this safe -- i was with the faa for 17 years. there are people doing a lot of great things to make this the safest system in the world. to see something like this that is in explainable is really beyond comprehension for me. and it is unprecedented. >> thank you so much for joining us. >> thank you for having me. in march 2011, a demonstration began in a syrian town against the government of president assad. that spiraled into a civil war that three years on is still raging. increasingly, there is a war within a war going on in syria. kurds in the northeast clashed daily with islamists and other rebel groups.
this report. >> killed by a suicide bomber. givenr young fighter is an emotional funeral. among more than 500 from the syrian kurdish militia who have died in the struggle with islamic extremist, not the assad regime. this part of syria is controlled by the kurds. we have a rare glimpse of women fighters that make up part of the kurdish force. the family of the man who died blamed foreign jihad is -- jihadis and those who sent them. >> you are sending us this, written, the scum of europe. they grow their beards, but they have nothing to do with islam. >> fighters from a group even more extreme than al qaeda are on the offensive here.
this mosque was virtually demolished when they attacked the village recently. it belongs to a sect of islam they do not like. this was not random damage. this was systematic destruction of the mosque. there is virtually nothing left. >> they even burned a pile of korans, for most muslims, the ultimate insult. that village is still deserted. this struggle is also about who controls the oil that abounds here. gangs fight over it at night. homemade refineries like this come out pollution. this nearby village was operated -- occupied for six months by the official al qaeda group in syria. were gladers say they to see the back of them.
>> the whole village fled. themrtainly do not want back. you would not last five minutes. they would kill you. >> they showed us a jail for captured militants. a group of prisoners were paraded for our camera. we were told they are all syrians, although we were not allowed to speak to them. ,ut we were shown libyan tunisian, iraqi, and turkish papers, found, we were told, on the bodies of islamist fighters killed in recent battles, evidence of al qaeda involvement in syria's war. war,is a war within a kurds fighting islamic extremists while the regime watches on. like the wider war, it shows no sign of ending, wisteria plunging ever deeper into conflict and disintegration.
bbc news in northeast syria. come, on edge in iraq as elections approach. once roaming shops are setting down due to the violence and uncertainty. on day 10 of the oscar pistorius murder trial, the court was shown the former olympian in his garage on bloody prostatic legs. pistorius maintains he shot her by mistake, thinking she was an intruder. andrew harding reports. >> in court today, a haunting image. oscar pistorius in the hour or so after he had killed reeva steenkamp, blood on his shorts, exhaustion on his face. he had already carried his girlfriend's body downstairs. now, he stands in his garage on prostatic legs, no longer the
global icon. in court today, the first policeman on the scene described finding pistorius. >> it was very emotional. i would say unstable, but emotional. pistorius was quietly taking notes. some of reeva steenkamp's friends were also in court. >> it has been an uncomfortable weekend for oscar pistorius. his defense team has made it seem as if it is the south african police that are on trial. >> today, investigators were accused of stealing, lying, and contaminating vital evidence. and so, the end of another bruising but inconclusive day. bbc news, pretoria. public number of cities,
transit was free. paris has been the worst affected. a lack of wind combined with unusually warm temperatures. the hope is that keeping cars off the road will freshen the air. millions will take advantage of the free ride. at least 1500 people have already been killed in iraq this year. month's elections, there are fears the country could once again descend into sectarian violence. over the past seven years, mark urban has reported from dürer. -- dura. tonight, he returns for this look. cross theh dura, you tigris, south of central baghdad. these days, the americans are isg gone, and the area
surrounded with police checkpoints. since shiites dominate, many sunnis feel besieged. dura is famous for its sprawling markets. you can buy everything from river carp to spices, dresses, or even television. >> the great metric for the americans was how many shops were opening. in the darkest moment of what was happening in 2006, it went down to a couple of dozen. then they got it up to a few hundred. 20,000ago, it was stallholders. it was one of the biggest in baghdad. some of them have started getting into financial trouble again. and stem of the stalls have closed. on christmas day, a series of bombs killed 26 people and shattered the peace.
what bombs aimed at local christians, or the sunnis who are the majority, or simply at the government? nobody knew. but it traumatized this community. >> i would not go to a very congested area. you never know when a bomb is going to start. somebody could plant one of these bombs where you are. you would be pleased to go spend it on drinks or other things, but they do not care. the iraqi citizen or iraqi care whether he lives or dies. >> combat has broken out in western iraqi cities like falluja. -- to linked to falluja al qaeda battle the army. in baghdad, sunni opposition is underground. but the recent bombings have stoked public fear.
in places like the central kindergarten school. >> security is the most important thing for people. in the security we did have, you saw the elements of life. people felt safe, and went out in the street. they went to work. now, many are leaving their homes in dangerous areas. already, baghdad is facing a new wave of bombings and assassinations. as april's elections approach, politicals braced for and sectarian violence to gather pace. >> mark urban reporting from dura on iraq's dissent into chaos again. in a run, some young musicians were hoping to be in texas today rather than tehran. scheduledg band were
to play at the sxsw festival in austin tonight. they were unable to make the trip because of a delay in getting their visas. the lead singer parked to the bbc about his life as an underground musician in the islamic state. >> rock 'n roll music is illegal in iran. with my kind of music, people are going to want to dance with it, or had been with it, or jump with it. ♪ ♪ >> there are many more bands in tehran.
in the studio, under the ground. everything is a little bit it legal. it depends how you play it. >> the biggest problem as a musician in iran is that i was not able to play any shows. you cannot promote your music. you can to covers. i heard that a guy had a country music and going on. he had a show. my mission as a musician is to start from somewhere. want to show the music on satellite, but they have to really like it. living in iran now, life is not dangerous if you behave in certain ways.
they take you in or give you tickets if you do not have a real job or have crazy hair. although the relationship with europe is getting better, in the country, there is nothing different. we cannot -- we do not know what to do in life. >> the iranian rock band on the challenges of playing in tehran. that brings today's program to a close. from all of us here, thank's for watching. have a great weekend. see you next week.
>> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity in pursuing the common good for over 30 years, union bank, and charles schwab. >> you stand behind what you say. around here, you do not make excuses. you make commitments. and when you cannot live up to them, you make it right. kind ofple think the accountability that thrives on so many streets in this country has gone missing in the places where it is needed most, that i know you will still find it when you know where to look. >> for nearly 150 years, we have believed that commercial banks owed clients strength, stability, security.
captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> woodruff: the search for that missing malaysian airliner took another twist today, after a week of few clues and no answers, new evidence suggests it flew for hours after vanishing from radar. good evening, i'm judy woodruff. also ahead, margaret warner reports from crimea, ahead of a key decision to pick a side in the crisis that's splintered ukraine. a lot of unease. even among pro russian people.